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VAANAVIL VAANAVIL VAANAVIL VAANAVIL ,jo; ,jo; ,jo; ,jo; - 78 78 78 78 Mdp Mdp Mdp Mdp 2017 2017 2017 2017 ISSUE ISSUE ISSUE ISSUE – 78 JUNE JUNE JUNE JUNE 2017 2017 2017 2017 mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;! jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;! jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;! jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;! nghWj;jtiuapy;> Vfhjpgj;jpa rhu;G> juF Kjyhspj;Jt> rpq;fs ,dthj gpw;Nghf;F fl;rpahd If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rpAld; njhlu;r;rpahf murpay; cwitAk;> xUikg;ghl;ilAk; Ngzp tUjy;. ru;tNjr murpay; epiyg;ghl;ilg; nghWj;jtiu> Nkw;fj;ija vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfSlDk;> ,e;jpa gpuhe;jpa Nkyhjpf;f tp];jupg;Gthj rf;jpfSlDk; $l;Lr; Nru;e;J mtw;wpd; Mjuthsu;fshfTk; ifahl;fshfTk; nraw;gLjy;. ,e;j %d;W epiyg;ghLfisAk; nghWj;jtiuapy;> Muk;gfhy mfpk;ir uPjpapyhd jkpo; jiyikfSf;Fk;> gpd; du; cUthd MAjg; Nghuhl;l ,af;fq;fSf;Fk; mbg;gilapy; ve;j tpj;jpahrKk; ,y;iy. rpW tpj;jpahrk; vd;dntdpy;> rpy MAjg; Nghuhl;l ,af;fq;fs; ,e;jpahtpd; ifahl;fshfr; nraw;gl;Lf; nfhz;L> mg;Nghija ,e;jpuhfhe;jpapd; ,e;jpahTf;F vjpuhd Nkw;fj;ij Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfSf;F vjpuhf ,Ue;jd. tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Nkw;fj;ija Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfisr; rhu;e;J epd;W nfhz;L ,e;jpahit vjpu;j;jdu;. ,j;jifa xU tuyhw;Wg; gpd;dzpapy;> kPz;Lk; jkpo; njhl njhl njhl njhlHr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;f Hr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;f Hr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;f Hr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;f,yq;ifj; jkpou;fspd; murpay; kPz;Lk; xUKiw ehwpg;NghapUf;fpwJ. ,e;jKiw mJ tlf;F khfhzrig tbtj;jpy; te;jpUf;fpwJ. Mdhy; ,g;gbahd epiyikfs; Vw;gl;lJ ,Jjhd; Kjy; rk;gtKk; my;y. ,ij ehk; jpUk;gj; jpUk;g vOJtjhy; ,J cldbahf epd;W Nghfg;NghtJk; ,y;iy. ,Ug;gpDk; ehk; vkJ flikiar; nra;a Ntz;batu;fshf cs;Nshk;. Kjypy; xd;iwf; $wptpl Ntz;Lk;. 1948,y; gpupj;jhdpahtplk; ,Ue;J Rje;jpuk; ngw;w gpd;du; ,yq;ifj; jkpou;fspd; KjyhtJ murpay; fl;rpahd mfpy ,yq;if jkpo; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpAk; rup> mjpypUe;J gpupe;J cUthd jkpouRf; fl;rpAk; rhp> mjd; gpd;du; me;j ,uz;L fl;rpfSk; Nru;e;J cUthf;fpa jkpou; tpLjiyf; $l; lzpAk; rup> gpd;du; mtu;fsJ Nghf;fpy; mjpUg;jpAw;W Mdhy; mtu;fspd; topj;Njhd;wy;fshf gpd;du; cUthf;fg;gl;l jkpo; MAjg; Nghuhl;l ,af;fq;fSk; rhp> md;wpypUe;J ,d;Wtiu xNu ghijapapNyNa gazpj;J tUfpd;wd. xNunahU tpj;jpahrk; vd;dntdpy;> Muk;gfhyj; jiyikfs; mfpk;ir Ngrpd> gpd;du; te;j jiyikfs; MAjg; Nghuhl;lk; nra;jd. topKiwapy; tpj;jpahrNknahopa nfhs;iffspy; vt;tpj tpj;jpahrKk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. md;wpypUe;J ,d;Wtiuahd jkpo; jiyikfspd; murpay; epiyg;ghl;il gpd;tUkhW njhFj;Jf; $wyhk;. ,d kw;Wk; r%fuPjpapyhd epiyg;ghl;ilg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> tl gFjp epyg;gpuj;Jt mbg;gilapyhd> rhjpg;ghFghL nfhz;l> aho;.ikathjj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l Nkl;Lf;Fohkpd; eyd;fisg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;jy;. NjrpauPjpahd epiyg;ghl;ilg; E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk; E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk; E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk; E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk; thdtpy thdtpy thdtpy thdtpy;

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Text of thdtpy; ,jo; - ,jo; --- 78778878 VAANAVIL ISSUE – ISSUE ... ,jo; - ,jo; --- 78778878 VAANAVIL...

  • VAANAVILVAANAVILVAANAVILVAANAVIL ,jo; ,jo; ,jo; ,jo; ---- 78787878

    MdpMdpMdpMdp 2017201720172017

    ISSUE ISSUE ISSUE ISSUE 77778888

    JUNEJUNEJUNEJUNE 2017201720172017

    mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; mOfp Kilehw;wk; vLf;Fk; gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;!jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;!jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;!jiyikia kf;fs; J}f;fp vwpa Ntz;Lk;!

    nghWj;jtiuapy;> Vfhjpgj;jpa rhu;G> juF Kjyhspj;Jt> rpq;fs ,dthj gpw;Nghf;F fl;rpahd If;fpa Njrpaf; fl;rpAld; njhlu;r;rpahf murpay; cwitAk;> xUikg;ghl;ilAk; Ngzp tUjy;.

    ru;tNjr murpay; epiyg;ghl;ilg; nghWj;jtiu> Nkw;fj;ija vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfSlDk;> ,e;jpa gpuhe;jpa Nkyhjpf;f tp];jupg;Gthj rf;jpfSlDk; $l;Lr; Nru;e;J mtw;wpd; Mjuthsu;fshfTk; ifahl;fshfTk; nraw;gLjy;.

    ,e;j %d;W epiyg;ghLfisAk; nghWj;jtiuapy;> Muk;gfhy mfpk;ir uPjpapyhd jkpo; jiyikfSf;Fk;> gpd;du; cUthd MAjg; Nghuhl;l ,af;fq;fSf;Fk; mbg;gilapy; ve;j tpj;jpahrKk; ,y;iy. rpW tpj;jpahrk; vd;dntdpy;> rpy MAjg; Nghuhl;l ,af;fq;fs; ,e;jpahtpd; ifahl;fshfr; nraw;gl;Lf; nfhz;L> mg;Nghija ,e;jpuhfhe;jpapd; ,e;jpahTf;F vjpuhd Nkw;fj;ij Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfSf;F vjpuhf ,Ue;jd. tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Nkw;fj;ija Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfisr; rhu;e;J epd;W nfhz;L ,e;jpahit vjpu;j;jdu;.

    ,j;jifa xU tuyhw;Wg; gpd;dzpapy;> kPz;Lk; jkpo;

    njhlnjhlnjhlnjhlHr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;fHr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;fHr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;fHr;rp 14k; gf;fk; ghHf;f

    ,,,,yq;ifj; jkpou;fspd; murpay; kPz;Lk; xUKiw ehwpg;NghapUf;fpwJ.

    ,e;jKiw mJ tlf;F khfhzrig tbtj;jpy; te;jpUf;fpwJ. Mdhy; ,g;gbahd epiyikfs; Vw;gl;lJ ,Jjhd; Kjy; rk;gtKk; my;y.

    ,ij ehk; jpUk;gj; jpUk;g vOJtjhy; ,J cldbahf epd;W Nghfg;NghtJk; ,y;iy.

    ,Ug;gpDk; ehk; vkJ flikiar; nra;a Ntz;batu;fshf cs;Nshk;. Kjypy; xd;iwf; $wptpl Ntz;Lk;.

    1948,y; gpupj;jhdpahtplk; ,Ue;J Rje;jpuk; ngw;w gpd;du; ,yq;ifj; jkpou;fspd; KjyhtJ murpay; fl;rpahd mfpy ,yq;if jkpo; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpAk; rup> mjpypUe;J gpupe;J cUthd jkpouRf; fl;rpAk; rhp> mjd; gpd;du; me;j ,uz;L fl;rpfSk; Nru;e;J cUthf;fpa jkpou; tpLjiyf; $l;lzpAk; rup> gpd;du; mtu;fsJ Nghf;fpy;

    mjpUg;jpAw;W Mdhy; mtu;fspd; topj;Njhd;wy;fshf gpd;du; cUthf;fg;gl;l jkpo; MAjg; Nghuhl;l ,af;fq;fSk; rhp> md;wpypUe;J ,d;Wtiu xNu ghijapapNyNa gazpj;J tUfpd;wd. xNunahU tpj;jpahrk; vd;dntdpy;> Muk;gfhyj; jiyikfs; mfpk;ir Ngrpd> gpd;du; te;j jiyikfs; MAjg; Nghuhl;lk; nra;jd. topKiwapy; tpj;jpahrNknahopa nfhs;iffspy; vt;tpj tpj;jpahrKk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

    md;wpypUe;J ,d;Wtiuahd jkpo; jiyikfspd; murpay; epiyg;ghl;il gpd;tUkhW njhFj;Jf; $wyhk;.

    ,d kw;Wk; r%fuPjpapyhd epiyg;ghl;ilg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> tl gFjp epyg;gpuj;Jt mbg;gilapyhd> rhjpg;ghFghL nfhz;l> aho;.ikathjj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l Nkl;Lf;Fohkpd; eyd;fisg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;jy;.

    NjrpauPjpahd epiyg;ghl;ilg;

    E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk;E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk;E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk;E}W rpe;jid kyul;Lk;

    thdtpythdtpythdtpythdtpy;

  • Mdp> 2017 2

    Ml;rpahsHfisf; fpypnfhs;s itf;Fk; r%f ClfMl;rpahsHfisf; fpypnfhs;s itf;Fk; r%f ClfMl;rpahsHfisf; fpypnfhs;s itf;Fk; r%f ClfMl;rpahsHfisf; fpypnfhs;s itf;Fk; r%f Clfq;fs;q;fs;q;fs;q;fs; ehehehehl;by; Njrpa xUikg;ghl;bid cUthf;Ftjw;F KfE}Yk; r%f Clfq;fSk; ngUe;jilahf cs;sjhf ,yq;if [dhjpgjp ikj;jpupghy rpupNrdh mz;ikapy; njuptpj;Js;shH. jPtputhjf;FOf;fs; ,e;j khjpupahd Clfq;fisg; gad;gLj;jp ehl;by; Fog;gj;ij cUthf;f Kaw;rpg;gjhfTk; vy;NyhUk; ,e;j epiyia tpsq;fpf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; mtH NkYk; $wpapUf;fpwhH. ,yq;if [dhjpgjp khj;jpuky;y> cyfpYs;s gy ehLfspYs;s Ml;rpahsHfSf;Fk; ,Nj fUj;J cs;sd. Mdhy; ,e;j khjpupahd Ml;rpahsHfs; ehl;by; Njrpa xUikg;ghl;bid tsHg;gjw;F r%f tiyj;jsq;fis vg;gbg; gad;gLj;J vd;gijg;gw;wp Mokhfr; rpe;jpf;fhky;> r%f tiyj;jsq;fSf;F vjpuhf ,g;gb NghHf;nfhb J}f;FtJ [dehaf tpNuhjr; nraw;ghNl.

    ,izankd;gJ jtwhd fzpg;Gld; ghu;f;fg; glNtz;ba xd;wy;y. ,J cyfj;ij tpuy; Edpf;Ff; nfhz;L tUk; xU rpwg;Gkpf;f njhopy;El;gr; rhjid. ,izag; Gul;rpapy; Social Media (r%f Clfk;) vDk; Social Netwoks (r%f tiyj;jsq;fs;) ,d; gq;F msg;gupaJ. fzdpiaf; ifahsj; njupe;j midtH kj;jpapYk;> r%f tiyj;jsk; vd;gJ ,d;W gue;Jgl;l> gutyhfptpl;l xU [dehaf jfty; rhjdk;. mj;NjhL ,J xU Gjpa Clf Nkil. ghuk;gupakhd ntF[d Clfk; Nghyy;yhky;> r%f tiyj;jsk; xt;nthU jdpegUf;Fk; my;yJ rpwpa rpwpaf; FOf;fSf;Fk; mtutu; fUj;Jfis jzpf;ifapd;wp xU ngupa kf;fs; jpusplk; nfhz;L nry;y tha;g;gspf;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; mt;thW nra;tjw;F kpfg;ngupa KjyPL Njitapy;iy> cupkk; ngw Ntz;bajpy;iy> mjw;fhd fl;likg;GfisAk; cUthf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy.

    r%f tiyj;jsj;jsq;fspy; ntspahFk; fUj;Jf;fis itj;Nj kf;fspd; ifehb gpbj;Jg; ghHf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. kpfg; ngupa Clfq;fNs jw;nghOJ r%f Clfq;fspd; Nghf;fpd; mbg;gilapNyNa jq;fspd; nra;jpfis jahupf;f Ntz;ba epiyapy; cs;sd. ,d;W r%f tiyj;jsj;jsq;fspy; kpfTk; gpugy;akhdJk; ngUe;njhifapduhy; gad;gLj;jg;gLtJk; Facebook (KfE}y;) MFk;. 2004 Mz;L ngg;utup khjk; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;l Facebook, 2017 Mz;bd; Kjw;fhy; gFjpapy; cyfpy; 1.94 gpy;ypad; ghtidahsHfisf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

    xU ehzaj;jpd; ,U gf;fq;fisg; NghyNt r%f tiyj;jsq;fs; ed;ik> jPiknad ,U

    gf;fq;fisf; nfhz;ld. r%f tiyj;jsq;fspd; Nghf;Ffs; kpfg; ngupa mstpy; tyJrhupf; fUj;JfspNyNa epuk;gpAs;sd vd;gJ kWf;fg;gl Kbahj cz;ik. ,e;jpahitj; jw;NghJ Ml;rp nra;Ak; ghujpa [dehaff;fl;rpapd; NjHjy; ntw;wpf;F r%f tiyj;jsk; ngupJk; cjtp Gupe;jjhff; $wg;gLfpd;wJ. kj mbg;gilthjf; fUj;JfSk; jPtpu Njrpathjf; fUj;JfSk; r%f tiyj;jsq;fspd; Clhfg; gug;gg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. mNjNtis> Vfhjpgj;jpa vjpHg;G> cyfkakhjy; vjpHg;G> Aj;j vjpHg;G kw;Wk; ,lJrhupf; fUj;Jf;nfhz;l FOf;fSk; r%f tiyj;jsq;fis jpwk;glg; gad;gLj;jp tUfpd;wd.

    fhy; E}w;whz;Lf;F Nky; ePbj;j ,yq;ifapd; cs;ehl;L Aj;jj;jpy;> ,yq;if murpdJk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg;GypfspdJk; kdpj cupik kPwy;fis mk;gyg;gLj;Jtjpy; r%f tiyj;jsq;fs; ngUk; gq;fhw;wpd vd;gij vtuhYk; kWf;f KbahJ. Fwpg;ghf Gypfspd; muh[fk; ,yq;ifapYk; Gyk;ngaH ehLfspYk; Nfhuj;jhz;ltkhba nghOJ mjid vjpHj;Jf; Fuy; nfhLj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ r%f tiyj;jsq;fNs. mNjNghy ,yq;if muRk; GypfSk; jj;jkJ gpur;rhu Nehf;fq;fSf;Fk; r%f tiyj;jsq;fis jhuskhfg; gad;gLj;jpdH. 2009 Mz;L Ks;sptha;f;fhy; ,WjpAj;jk; njhlHghd nra;jpfis r%f tiyj;jsq;fspd; thapyhfNt KOikahf mwpaf;$bajhf ,Ue;jJ. Aj;jk; Kbe;j gpd;dUk; Aj;jj;jpy; epfo;e;j mtyq;fis mizahjpUf;Fk; tifapy; ,d;W tiuf;Fk; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;bUg;gJk; r%f Clfq;fNs.

    mz;ikapy; tlf;F khfhzrigapy; Kjyikr;rUf;Fk; jkpouRf;fl;rpapdUf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j Nkhjy;fis r%f tiyj;jsq;fs; clDf;Fld; ntspapl;ld. ,U jug;gpdUk; ClftpayhsHfis re;jpj;j nghOJ> r%f tiyj;jsq;fspy; ntspahd fUj;Jf;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;Nl ClftpayhsHfs; gy Nfs;tpfisj; njhLj;jdH. ,jdhy; ,U gFjpapdUNk mnrsfupaj;jpw;Fs;shdij mtjhdpf;ff; $bajhf ,Ue;jJ. ,yq;ifapd; ,d;iwa ey;yhl;rpapy; ek;gpf;ifapoe;Js;s midj;Jj;jug;gl;l kf;fspd; Nghuhl;lq;fisAk; r%f Clfq;fNs gjpT nra;J tUfpd;wd. Xd;Wgl;l vjpHf;fl;rpapdupd; fhypKfj;jply; Nkjpd CHtyj;jpid Vuhskhd r%f tiyj;jsq;fs; Neub xspgug;G nra;jd. xl;L nkhj;j ,yq;if kf;fspd; RgPl;rkhd vjpHfhyj;jpw;F Kw;Nghf;fhd r%f Clfq;fs; ngupa gq;fpid tfpf;fyhk; vd;gij ek;gyhk;.

    njhlHG njhlHG njhlHG njhlHG kpd;dQ;ry; kpd;dQ;ry; kpd;dQ;ry; kpd;dQ;ry; Kfthp:Kfthp:Kfthp:Kfthp: [email protected] thdtpy; ,jOf;F Mf;fq;fis mDg;g tpUk;GgtHfSk;> ,jo;fisg; ngwtpUk;GgtHfSk; kw;Wk; midj;Jj; njhlHGfSf;Fk; NkYs;s kpd;dQ;ry; KfthpAld; njhlHG nfhs;sTk;:

    ,izaj;jsk;: http://manikkural.wordpress.com/ ,e;j ,izaj;jsj;jpy; ,Jtiuapy; ntspte;j midj;J thdtpy; ,jo;fisAk; thrpf;fyhk;.

    tttttttttttthhhhhhhhhhhhddddddddddddttttttttttttppppppppppppyyyyyyyyyyyy;;;

  • Mdp> 2017 3

    epidj;Jg; ghu;f;fpNwd; : kPdtu; gpur;idf;Fepidj;Jg; ghu;f;fpNwd; : kPdtu; gpur;idf;Fepidj;Jg; ghu;f;fpNwd; : kPdtu; gpur;idf;Fepidj;Jg; ghu;f;fpNwd; : kPdtu; gpur;idf;F jPu;T jPu;T jPu;T jPu;T ,,,,yq;if nrd;w Nkhb> kPdtu;fs; gpur;idiag; gw;wp Ngr khl;Nld; vd;W $wpapUf;fpwhu;. ,J Vd; vd;W Nfl;bUf;fpwhu; vk;.vd;.uhkRg;gpukzpauh[h (nrd;id-35) vd;fpw thrfu;. jkpof - ,yq;if kPdtu;fs; gpur;id vd;gJ rpf;fyhd gpur;id. cz;ikfs; kiwf;fg;gl;L> ngha;fs; gug;gg;gl;L> murpay; fye;J> gpur;id vd;d vd;W njupahkNyNa mJ NkYk; rpf;fy; Mfptpl;bUf;fpwJ. ek; ehl;L kPdtu;fs; kPJ jtNw ,y;iy> ,yq;if muR jhd; tpy;yd; vd;gJNghy; jkpofj;jpy; elf;Fk; Ngr;Rk;> vOj;Jk;> tpthjKk; jtW. ,Jtiu ,q;F $w Ntz;Lk; vd;W epidf;fpNwd;. mg;NghJjhd; cz;ikapNyNa ntspg;gilahfg; Ngrg;glhj> mjdhy; kf;fSf;Fj; njupahj> rpy cz;ikfis> gpur;id vd;d vd;W GupAk;. ek; kPdtu;fis ,yq;if muR mbf;fb ifJ nra;J fhtypy; itj;jpUe;jJ cz;ik. Mdhy;> Nkhb muR te;j gpwF ,J kpfTk; Fiwe;jpUf;fpwJ. ek; kPdtu;fs; ahUk; ,g;NghJ ,yq;if murpd; fhtypy; ,y;iy. filrpahff; fpilj;j tpgug;gb (2017 Vg;uy; 4-Mk; Njjp)> MW jkpof kPdtu;fs; (kPd; gpbj;jjw;fhf my;y - NghijnghUs; flj;jpajw;fhf) ,yq;if murpd; fhtypy; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ,g;NghJ gpur;idapd; rupj;jpuj;ijg; ghu;g;Nghk;.

    ,yq;if flypy; ek; kPdtu;fs; ,yq;if flypy; ek; kPdtu;fs; ,yq;if flypy; ek; kPdtu;fs; ,yq;if flypy; ek; kPdtu;fs; mj;JkPwy;mj;JkPwy;mj;JkPwy;mj;JkPwy;

    1974-76-y; fr;rj;jPit ,yq;iff;F ,e;jpuh fhe;jp tpl;Lf; nfhLj;J ifnaOj;jpl;l> ,e;jpa - ,yq;if fly; top vy;iy xg;ge;jq;fspy;> ek; kPdtu;fs; vq;F kPd; gpbf;fyhk;> vq;F $lhJ vd;gJ njspthf tiuaiw nra;ag;gl;bUf;fpwJ. fr;rj;jPit ,yq;iff;F

    toq;fpaij ek; kPdtu;fs; tpUk;gtpy;iy. fhuzk;> mjw;F Kd;G> mtu;fs; ek; ehl;Lf; fly;top vy;iyiaf; fle;J ,yq;iff;Fr; nrhe;jkhd fly; gFjpapy; kPd; gpbg;gJ tof;fkhf ,Ue;J te;jJ. xg;ge;jj;Jf;Fg; gpwF> mg;gbr; nra;tJ fbdkhdJ. Mdhy;> ,yq;ifapy; cs;ehl;Lg; Nghu; jPtpukhf ele;jNghJ> ,yq;if muR mtu;fs; ehl;L (jkpo;) kPdtu;fs; kPJ fl;Lg;ghLfs; tpjpj;J> ,yq;ifapd; tl-fpof;F> tl- Nkw;Fg; gFjpfspy; kPd; gpbg;gijj; jil nra;jpUe;jJ. mjw;Ff; fhuzk;> kPd; gpbf;Fk; Nghu;itapy; MAjk; flj;Jjy; cl;gl gy;NtW flj;jy;fs; ele;J te;jd. me;jr; rkaj;jpy;> ,yq;if kPdtu;fs; flYf;Fs; tuhjjhy;> ,yq;iff;Fr; nrhe;jkhd fly; gFjpfspy;> ek; kPdtu;fs; vy;iy kPwpr; nrd;W kPd; gpbf;Fk; gof;fk; kPz;Lk; Jtq;fpaJ. ,g;gb vy;iy kPwp> ,yq;iff;Fr; nrhe;jkhd fly; gFjpf;Fr; nrd;W kPd; gpbg;gjpy; uhkehjGuk;> GJf;Nfhl;il>

    ehfg;gl;bdj;ijr; Nru;e;j kPdtu;fs; mjpfkhf kw;w ,aw;iff;F khwhd KiwfspYk; kPd; gpbj;jjhy;> ,yq;if fly; gFjpapy; kPd; tsk; ghjpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fs;> ,yq;ifapy; cs;s jkpo; NgRk; kPdtu;fs;jhNd jtpu> rpq;fsk; NgRk; kPdtu;fs; my;y. ,Jjhd; gpur;idapd; Jtf;fk;. ,yq;iff;Fr; nrhe;jkhd fly; gFjpf;F mtu;fs; nrd;wjhy;> ,yq;if gFjpapy; ek; kPdtu;fs; kPd; gpbg;gJ kl;Lky;yhky;> mq;F jtwhd kPd; gpb tiyfis cgNahfpg;gJk; jhd; gpur;idia tsu;j;jJ. NkYk;> ,yq;if flw;gilf;Fk; mbf;fb gpur;idfs; tu Muk;gpj;jJ.

    ,d;Dk; Kf;fpakhd> ahUk; Ngrhj> mjdhy; vtUk; mwpahj tp\ak; - uhNk];tuj;jpy; ngUksT kPd; gpbf;Fk; tpirg; glFfSk;> kPdtu;fSk; %d;W egu;fspd; Mjpf;fj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mtu;fsJ ngau;fis ,g;NghJ

  • Mdp> 2017 4

    Fwpg;gpl tpUk;gtpy;iy. mtu;fs; ghJfhg;gpy; kPd; gpbg;gNjhL - ,d;Dk; nrhy;yg; Nghdhy;> kPd; gpbg;gij tpl - ,e;jpahtpypUe;J ,yq;iff;Fg; Nghijg; nghUs;fisAk;> ,yq;ifapypUe;J ,e;jpahTf;F jq;fj;ijAk; flj;JtJ Kf;fpakhd tpahghukhf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. kPdtu;fs; gpur;idiaj; jPu;f;f vd;d Kaw;rp nra;jhYk;> flj;jy; tpahghuk; jilg;gLk; vd;gjhy;> me;j Kaw;rpfs; jilg;gLfpd;wd. jtpu> ,yq;if jug;gpypUe;J kPd; gpbg;gtu;fs;> ngUk;ghYk; me;j ehl;bd; tl- fpof;Fg; gFjp jkpo; kPdtu;fs;jhd;. ,yq;if kPdtu;fs; vd;why; rpq;fsu;fs; vd;W nfhs;sf; $lhJ. ek; kPdtu;fSld; ,yq;ifj; jkpo; kPdtu;fs;jhd; mjpfk; Nghl;bapLfpwhu;fs;. Mf> gpur;id ngUk;ghYk; jkpo; kPdtu;fSf;Fs; jhd;.

    jtwhf kPd; gpbf;Fk; Kiwfs;jtwhf kPd; gpbf;Fk; Kiwfs;jtwhf kPd; gpbf;Fk; Kiwfs;jtwhf kPd; gpbf;Fk; Kiwfs;

    NkYk;> ek; ehl;L kPdtu;fs; fly; kPd; tsj;ij xNuabahf mopf;Fk;> nraw;if kPd; tiyfs;> gu;]; nra;d; tiyfs;> jtpu ,ul;il kb tiyfs;> kPd; gpbf;Fk; tpirg; glFfs; Nghd;wtw;iw cgNahfpj;J kPd; gpbg;gij> ,yq;ifiar; Nru;e;j jkpo; kPdtu;fs;jhd; Kf;fpakhf vjpu;f;fpwhu;fs;. jtpu> ,yq;if kPdtu;fs;> mtu;fs; murpd; fl;Lg;ghL fhuzkhf> gfypy; kl;Lk; kPd; gpbg;ghu;fs;. ek; kPdtu;fs; ,utpYk; kPd; gpbf;fpwhu;fs;. kPd; tsj;ij mopf;Fk; Kiwfis cgNahfpf;fpwhu;fs; vd;gJjhd; ek; kPdtu;fs; kPJ ,yq;if kPdtu;fs; $Wk; Kf;fpag; Gfhu;. me;j Kiwapy; ek; fly; gFjpapy; ek; kPdtu;fs; neLehl;fs; kPd; gpbj;jjhy;> ek;Kila fly; gFjpapy; kPd;tsk; Vwf;Fiwa mope;J tpl;lJ. ,q;F kPd; fpilf;fhjjhy;> ek; kPdtu;fs; vy;iyiaf; fle;J> ,yq;ifapd; fly; gFjpf;Fr; nrd;W kPd; gpbf;f Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. mq;Fk; ek;Kila kPdtu;fspd; jtwhd kPd;

    gpbKiwfshy;> ,yq;ifg; gFjp flypYk; kPd; tsk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,itnay;yhk; murpay; fhuzkhf ehk; Ngr kWf;Fk; cz;ikfs;.

    gpur;idf;F vd;d jPu;Tgpur;idf;F vd;d jPu;Tgpur;idf;F vd;d jPu;Tgpur;idf;F vd;d jPu;T

    gpur;idiaj; jPu;f;f ,Jtiu ehd;F Rw;Wg; Ngr;Rthu;j;ijfs; ele;jpUf;fpd;wd. ek; jug;gpYk;> ,yq;ifj; jug;gpYk; kPdtu;fSk;> murhq;f gpujpepjpfSk; NgrpapUf;fpd;wdu;. Mdhy;> ve;jtpj Kd;Ndw;wKk; Vw;gltpy;iy. gpur;idiar; rkhspf;fr; rpy topfs; cs;sd. Nfusk;> fu;ehlfk;> tq;fhsj;jpy; ,Ug;gJ Nghy;> uhkehjGuk;> GJf;Nfhl;il> ehfg;gl;bdk; kPdtu;fSf;F> $l;LwT Kiwapy; kPd; gpbf;f> kPdtu;fs; $l;LwTr; rq;fq;fis mikg;gJ> kPd; tsj;ij mopf;Fk; mg;gl;lkhd kPd;gpb Kiwfisj; jil nra;tJ> gpur;idf;Ff; fhuzkhd tpirg; glFfis kPdtu;fsplkpUe;J ekJ muR jpUk;g thq;FtJ> mjw;Fg; gjpy; tof;fj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Mo;flypy; kPd; gpbf;Fk; buhyu; fg;gy;fis kPdtu;fs; thq;f epjp cjtp nra;tJ> fpof;F Mrpahtpy; kPd; tsj;ijg; ngUf;Fk;> Nf[; kPd; tsu;g;G Kiwia ek; kPdtu;fSf;F gof;FtJ - ,JNghd;w gy Mf;fG+u;tkhd eltbf;iffSk; Njitg;gLk;. Mdhy;> ,itnay;yhk; elf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;why;> kPdtu;fis ikakhf itj;J murpay; nra;ahky;> njUtpy; $r;ryplhky;> tpthjk; nra;a Ntz;Lk;. cz;ikia gj;jpupiffSk;> njhiyf;fhl;rpfSk;> tp\akwpe;jtu;fSk; vy;NyhUf;Fk; vLj;Jf;$wp czu itj;jhy;jhd;> gpur;idf;Fj; jPu;T fhZk; R+o;epiy cUthFk;.

    ey;y R+o;epiy cUthfhky; jLg;gJ vJ? 10 yl;rk; kPdtu;fspd; thf;Ffisf; $W NghLk; murpay; fl;rpfs;; %d;Nw Ngupd; Mjpf;fj;jpy; %d;W khtl;lq;fspy; kPd; gpbf;Fk; kPdtu;fs;Sk; rpf;fpapUg;gJ; kPd;

    gpbg;gJk;> flj;jYk; fye;jpUg;gJ; ,tw;iwj; jtpu rpy murpay; jiytu;fs; tpirg; glF Kjyhspfshf ,Ug;gJ> ,itnay;yhk; ek;Kila gpur;idfs;. ,tw;iw ehk; rup nra;jhy;jhd;> jkpof kPdtu;fs; gpur;idf;Fj; jPu;T tUk;. ,yq;ifia kl;LNk tpy;ydhfr; rpj;jpupg;gjhy; kl;Lk; gpur;id jPu;e;J tplhJ. khwhf> mJ gpur;idf;Fj; jPu;T tUtijj; jLf;Fk;.

    ----v];. FU%u;j;jpv];. FU%u;j;jpv];. FU%u;j;jpv];. FU%u;j;jp

    Fwpg;G:Fwpg;G:Fwpg;G:Fwpg;G: ,e;jf; fl;Liu Mrpupau; v];.FU%u;j;jp Jf;sf; gj;jpupifapd; Mrpupau; Nrh fhykhd gpd;du; jw;nghOJ Jf;sf; Mrpupauhf ,Uf;fpd;whu;. Nrhitg; NghyNt ,tUk; ,e;Jj;Jt tyJrhupf; fl;rpahd ghujPa [djh fl;rpapd; jPtpu Mjuthsu;. Mdhy; Nrhitg; NghyNt ,yq;if jkpof kPdtu;fSilf;fpilapyhd gpur;rpidapy; ajhu;j;jG+u;khd nfhs;ifiag; gpd;gw;Wgtu;. mjd; fhuzkhfNt vkJ thrfu;fspd; ghu;itf;fhf ,e;jf; fl;Liuiag; gpuRuk; nra;Js;Nshk;.

    ----MrpupaH FOMrpupaH FOMrpupaH FOMrpupaH FO

    gioa fhydpj;Jtj;jpy;> Fiwe;jgl;rk; ekJ vjpup ahu; vd;gJ Fwpj;j njspT ,Ue;jJ. KJFf;Fg; gpd;dhy; gjpf;fg;gl;bUe;j fj;jp ek;ik cWj;jpf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jJ. ekJ tho;it rPuhf;fp vd;d nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;w mwpT ekf;F ,Ue;jJ. Gjpa tpahghukakhd cyfpy; ehk; mbikg;gLj;jg;gl;bUf;fpNwhk;. Mdhy; mijf; Fwpj;j czu;T ekf;F Kw;wpYkhf ,y;iy. mbikg;gLj;jg; gl;bUg;gtDf;F> jd;idg; gpizj;jpUf;Fk; tpyq;F Fwpj;j czu;Nt ,y;iynad;why; tpbaYf;fhd ek;gpf;if VJ? cyfkakhf;fypd; jw;fhy Nghf;ifg; ghu;j;jhy; kdpjdpd; MirfSk; fw;gidfSk; cyfkakhf;fYf;F mbikahfp cs;sd> ,J kpfg; ngUk; mghakhFk;.

    ----uhk;Nr fpshu;f;uhk;Nr fpshu;f;uhk;Nr fpshu;f;uhk;Nr fpshu;f; (Ramsey clark) mnkupf;f Kd;dhs; ml;lu;dp mnkupf;f Kd;dhs; ml;lu;dp mnkupf;f Kd;dhs; ml;lu;dp mnkupf;f Kd;dhs; ml;lu;dp n[duy; (murhq;f jiyik n[duy; (murhq;f jiyik n[duy; (murhq;f jiyik n[duy; (murhq;f jiyik tof;FiuQu;)tof;FiuQu;)tof;FiuQu;)tof;FiuQu;)

  • Mdp> 2017 5

    QhdrhuNjuupd; fpd;d]; rhjid!

    nfhz;bUe;jdu;.

    ,uz;lhtJ tplak;> Njuiuf; ifJ nra;tjw;F 5 nghyp]; FOf;fs; mikf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;Jk;> nghyprhuhy; Vd; mtiuf; ifJ nra;a Kbatpy;iy. me;jsTf;F ,yq;ifg; nghyprhu; jpwikaw;wtu;fsh my;yJ nghyprhupd; iffis kiwKfkhf ahuhtJ fl;bg; Nghl;bUe;jhu;fsh?

    QhdrhuNjuiu [hjpf n`y cUkatpd; jiytUk;> mikr;rUkhd rk;gpf;f uztf;f jhd; kiwj;J itj;jpUg;gjhfTk;> mjdhy;jhd; nghyprhuhy; mtiu mZf Kbatpy;iy vdTk;> yq;fh rkrkh[f; fl;rpapd; jiytu; Nguhrpupau; jp];] tpjhuz gfpuq;fkhff; Fw;wk; rhl;ba gpd;du;jhd;> mtiu mtruk; mtrukhf ePjpkd;wj;jpy; Kd;dpiyg;gLj;Jk; fhl;rp muq;NfwpAs;sij njspthfg; ghu;f;f KbfpwJ. rk;gpf;f kPJ Rkj;jg;gl;l ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf; Fwpj;J [dhjpgjpNah my;yJ gpujkNuh vt;tpjkhd mf;fiwAk; nrYj;jpajhfj; njupatpy;iy.

    jkJ mikr;ru; xUtu; Fwpj;J ehl;bd; Kf;fpakhd murpay; fl;rpapd; jiytUk;> Kd;dhs; mikr;rUkhd xUtu; Rkj;jpa Fw;wr;rhl;Lf; Fwpj;J mur jiytu;fs; ghuhKfkhfg;

    nghWg;gpd;wp ,Ug;gJ ey;yhl;rpapy; ve;j tifiar; Nru;e;jJ vd;W njupatpy;iy. ,e;j tptfhuj;jpy; ehl;by; cs;s K];ypk; kf;fisg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;Jtjhfr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L xt;nthU murhq;fj;jpYk; mikr;Rg; gjtpfisg; ngw;W Rfpj;jpUf;Fk; K];ypk; murpay; jiytu;fSk; fhj;jpukhfr; nraw;glhky; jkJ flikiaj; njhlu;e;Jk; jl;bf;fopj;Nj tUfpd;wdu; vd;gJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

    ,itnay;yhk; xUGwkpUf;f>

    njhlHr;rp 6k; gf;fk; ghHf;f

    ,,,,yq;ifapd; mz;ikf;fhy tuyhw;wpy; nghJgyNrdhtpd; nrayhsu; QhdrhuNjuu; epfo;j;jpa rhjidNa nghd;ndOj;Jf;fshy; nghwpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba xd;whf ,lk; gpbj;jpUf;fpwJ.

    QhdrhuNjuu; kPJ gy tof;Ffs; ,Ue;jJld;> ePjpkd;w cj;juit kPwpajw;fhf gpbtpwhe;Jk; tpLf;fg;gl;L ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy;; Njuu; vjw;Fk; mQ;rhky; Rkhu; xUkhj fhyk; ntw;wpfukhfj; jiykiwthf ,Ue;Js;shu;. ,yq;ifapd; tuyhw;wpNyNa mfpk;iriag; Nghjpf;Fk; xU kjj;jpd; FUitg; gpbg;gjw;F 5 nghyp]; FOf;fs; murhq;fj;jhy; mikf;fg;gl;l ntl;ff;NfL ele;jpUf;fpwJ. ,Ue;Jk; Njuiug; gpbf;f Kbatpy;iy.

    gpd;du; Njuu; jhkhfNt Kd;te;J ePkd;wj;jpy; ruzile;J jdJ jiykiwT tho;f;iff;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp

    itj;jhu;. rl;lj;ij kPwpAk; ePjpkd;wj;ij mtkjpj;Jk; nraw;gl;l Qhdrhu NjuUf;F cldbahfNt gpizAk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,itnay;yhk; rpdpkhtpy; tUk;

    fhl;rpfs; Nghy ey;yhl;rp

    eilngWk; xU [dehaf ehl;by; ele;NjwpAs;sd.

    QhdrhuNjuupd; tptfhuj;jpy; tpilfhz Ntz;ba gy tplaq;fs; nghjpe;Js;sd. KjyhtJ tplak;> QhdrhuNjuupd; K];ypk;fs; kw;Wk; rpWghd;ik ,dq;fSf;nfjpuhd nraw;ghLfis Ml;rpapy; ,Uf;Fk; ,uz;L gpujhd fl;rpfSk; rup> vjpu;f;fl;rpapdu; vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhs;gtu;fSk; rup> xUNghJk; Neubahf td;ikahff; fz;bf;ftpy;iy. ,dq;fSf;filapy; FNuhjj;ijj; Jhz;Lgtu;fs; kPJ eltbf;if vLf;fg;gLk; vdg; nghJthfNt nrhy;ypf;

  • Mdp> 2017 6

    rk;ge;jdpd; eifr;Rit!

    mz;ikapy; murpayikg;Gg; Nguitapd; $l;lk; eilngw;wNghJ> mikr;ru; epky; rpwpghy b rpy;thTf;Fk;> jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;Gj; jiytu; ,.rk;ge;jDf;Fk; ,ilNa fLikahd thf;Fthjk; Vw;gl;lJ. mg;nghOJ xUfl;lj;jpy; epky; rpwpghy b rpy;th rk;ge;jidg;

    ghu;j;J jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G ru;tNjrj;jpd; jhsj;Jf;F Vw;g MLfpwJ vdf; Fw;wr;rhl;L xd;iw Kd;itj;jhu;.

    ,jdhy; Mj;jpukile;j rk;ge;jd;> cq;fs; vy;NyhiuAk; tpl ehd;jhd; cz;ikahd ,yq;ifad;. ,e;j ehl;by; xUrjNkDk; ehd; fsthltpyiy. Mdhy; cq;fspy; ahuhtJ ,jidj; ijupakhf Vw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAkh? mg;gbapy;iyahapd; ehd;jhd;

    cz;ikahd ,yq;ifad; vd Mf;FNuhrj;NjhL $wpAs;shu;. rk;ge;jdpd; ,e;j ehfupfkw;w $w;why; me;jf; $l;lj;jpy; fye;Jnfhz;l gpujku; uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;f c;gl midtUk; rq;flj;Jf;F cs;shdjhfj; njupa tUfpwJ.

    mNjNeuj;jpy; rk;ge;jd; nrhd;dgb mtu; Jha;ikahdtu;jhdh vd;gij jpupNfhzkiy kf;fisf; Nfl;Lj;jhd; njupe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

    ghypahw;iw ghypahw;iw ghypahw;iw ghypahw;iw ghjpg;GfSf;F ghjpg;GfSf;F ghjpg;GfSf;F ghjpg;GfSf;F cl;gLj;jhky; cl;gLj;jhky; cl;gLj;jhky; cl;gLj;jhky; ghJfhg;gjw;F ghJfhg;gjw;F ghJfhg;gjw;F ghJfhg;gjw;F eltbf;if eltbf;if eltbf;if eltbf;if vLf;fTk;!vLf;fTk;!vLf;fTk;!vLf;fTk;! lf;s]; Njthde;jh lf;s]; Njthde;jh lf;s]; Njthde;jh lf;s]; Njthde;jh typAWj;J!typAWj;J!typAWj;J!typAWj;J!

    ttttlf;F khfhzj;jpy;> ghypahw;Wf; fiuNahuq;fspy; ,lk;ngw;W tUfpd;w rl;ltpNuhj nraw;ghLfis cld; epWj;Jtjw;Fk;> jw;NghJ mg;gFjpapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s Nrjq;fis eptu;j;jp nra;J> mjidg; ghJfhg;gjw;Fk;> NkYk; ,j;jifa nraw;ghLfs; mg;gFjpfspy; Vw;glhj tifapy; ghJfhg;G Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fk; eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lnkd ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdu; lf;s]; Njthde;jh mtu;fs;> ePu;g;ghrd kw;Wk; ePu; Kfhikj;Jt mikr;ru; tp[pj; tp[aKdp b nrha;rh mtu;fsplk; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; typAWj;jpAs;shu;.

    ,t;tplak; njhlu;gpy; NkYk; njuptpj;js;s mtu;> tTdpah khtl;lj;jpd; Gspaq;Fsk; gFjpaUNf cUthf;fk; ngw;W>

    tlf;F kw;Wk; tlNkw;F Nehf;fp tTdpah> Ky;iyj;jPT> kd;dhu; khtl;lq;fspD}lhf kd;dhu; ghf;F ePupiz fly; gFjpapy; fyf;fpd;w> tuyhw;W uPjpapYk; Gfo;ngw;w> tlf;fpd; ePu;j; Njitapid XusT G+u;j;jp nra;fpd;w ghypahw;wpid ghJfhg;gjw;fhf Nkw;gb Mw;wpd; ,U kUq;FfspYk; gy fpNyh kPw;wu;fs; J}uk;tiuapy; murhq;fj;jpdhy; fhzpfs; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sd vd;Wk;> ,e;jf; fhzpfspy; Kjpiu> ghiy> fUq;fhyp> kUjk; Nghd;w kuq;fs; ghupastpy; tsu;e;J ,aw;ifiaAk;> kz;zupg;Gfs; Vw;glhkYk; ghJfhj;J tUtjhfTk; njupa tUfpd;w epiyapy;> jw;NghJ gyu; mg;gFjpf;Fs; mj;JkPwp Eioe;J> fhl;L kuq;fis ntl;bAk;> Mw;wpd; fiuNahug; gFjpfis ghupastpy; Nrjg;gLj;jpAk;> rl;ltpNuhjkhd Kiwapy; gapu;r; nra;iffis Nkw;nfhz;L> Mw;W ePiug; gad;gLj;jp tUtjhfTk;> Nkw;gb fhzpfs; tTdpf;Fsk; ePu;g;ghrdj; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F cl;gl;lJ vd milahsg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; ePu;g;ghrdj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; vy;iyf; fw;fs; elg;gl;Ls;s NghjpYk;> mjidAk; kPwpNa Nkw;gb rl;ltpNuhj nraw;ghLfs; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;L tUtjhfTk;> ,jd; fhuzkhf Nkw;gb MW gy;NtW ghjpg;GfSf;F cl;gl;L> mjid ek;gpapUf;fpd;w kf;fSf;F ePu;tsk; fpilf;fhky; Nghff;$ba mghaKk;> ghupa ,aw;if mopTfSk; Vw;gl;Ls;sjhfTk; mk; kf;fs; njhlu;e;J typAWj;jp tUfpd;wdu;.

    tlf;fpy; mbf;fb Vw;gLfpd;w tul;rp fhy epiy Kd;ghf ,j;jifa ePuhjhuq;fisg; Ngzpg; ghJfhf;f Ntz;ba nghWg;G ,d;wpaikahjjhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy;> Nkw;gb rl;ltpNuhjkhd nraw;ghLfs; cldbahf jLj;J epWj;jg;gl Ntz;ba mtrpaNkw;gl;Ls;sJ vdj; njuptpj;jik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

    5k; gf;fj;njhlHr;rp

    ehl;bd; ePjpj;JiwiaAk;> fhty;JiwiaAk; Vkhw;wpa QhdrhuNjuu; ruzile;j clNdNa mtUf;F cldbahf gpiz toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. rhjhuz gpuir xUtu; ,t;thW ele;Jnfhz;lhy; mtUf;Fk; ,t;thwhd eilKiw gpd;gw;wg;gLkh? tuyhw;iw vLj;Jg; ghu;j;jhy; epr;rakhf ,y;iy.

    nkhj;jj;jpy; QhdrhuNjuupd; tptfhuj;ij vLj;J Nehf;fpdhy;> fle;j gy tUlq;fshfNt mtu; ,dq;fSf;filapy; FNuhjj;ij cUthf;Ftjw;fhf Nkw;nfhz;L te;j eltbf;iffs; midj;Jk; gpujhd murpay; fl;rpfs; vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; njupe;jpUe;Jk;> mitfs; mJgw;wp VNdhjhNdh vd;Wjhd; ,Ue;J te;Js;sd. Fwpg;ghfr; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; mjpfhuj;jpy; ,Ug;gtu;fspd; Jizapd;wp Njuu; ,t;tsT Jzpr;ryhfTk;> njhlu;r;rpahfTk; nraw;gl;bUf;f KbahJ.

    -Ngupd;gd;

  • Mdp> 2017 7

    ,,,,e;j ehty; 1953 ,y; ,e;jpa fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpiar; Nru;e;j gpugy vOj;jhsu; uFehjd; mtu;fshy; vOjg;gl;ljhFk;. ];lhu; gjpg;gfk; ,e;j ehtiy ntspapl;bUe;jjhf Qhgfk;. 1960 fspd; eLg;gFjpapy; Kw;Nghf;F ,yf;fpaq;fs; gupr;rakhd fhyg; gFjpapy; thrpj;jpUe;Njd;. rkPgj;jpy; mjd; VohtJ gjpg;ig kPz;Lk; thrpf;Fk; re;ju;g;gk; fpilj;jJ.

    ,e;j ehtypd; fUg;nghUs; 1951 Mk; Mz;L thf;fpy; jkpofj;jpd; nerTj; njhopyhsu;fis cYf;fpa gQ;r epiyikahFk;. me;jf; fhyfl;lj;jpy; njhopy; fpilf;fhkYk;> nerT nra;j Jzpfis tpw;f KbahkYk;> tho topapd;wp nerTj; njhopyhsu;fs; gyu; jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhz;ldu;. gyu; njUj;njUthfg; gpr;ir vLj;jdu;. rpyu; xU Neu czTf;fhfg; ngw;w Foe;ijia tpw;wdu;. ngz;fs; tapw;Wg; grpiag; Nghf;f cliy tpw;wdu;. ,t;thwhf mtu;fs; capu; tho;tjw;fhf Gay;fisAk;> ngUk; miyfisAk;> ,bKof;fj;ijAk; vjpu;j;J vjpu;ePr;ry; Nghl;ldu;.

    ,e;j ehtiy vOjpa uFehjd; jdJ ,e;j gQ;Rk; grpAk; ehtypd; gilg;gDgtk; Fwpj;J 13 8 1961 jpfjpa fy;fp ,jpopy; vOjpa gpwe;j fij vd;w jiyg;gpyhd fl;Liuapy; gpd;tUkhW $Wfpwhu;:

    gQ;Rk; grpAk; rupj;jpu ehty;>

    thrpg;gDgtk;:

    gQ;Rk; grpAk;gQ;Rk; grpAk;gQ;Rk; grpAk;gQ;Rk; grpAk; (ehty;)(ehty;)(ehty;)(ehty;)

    vOjpatu; - uFehjd;

    gj;jhz;LfSf;F Kd;dhy; ekJ ehl;by; ifj;jwp nerthsu;fs; gl;l mtyj;ijAk; mijg; Nghf;f mtu;fs; Nkw;nfhz;l Kaw;rpfisAk; rpj;jpupf;Fk; ehty;. md;W vy;NyhiuAk; NghyNt ehDk; kTz;l; Nuhl; uTz;lhzhthapDk;> kq;fk;khs; rhiyahapDk; vq;Fk; ve;jj; jpf;fpYk; gQ;irauhfpj; jpupe;j nerthsu;fisf; fz;Nld;. ehl;L kf;fspd; khdj;ijf; fhg;gjw;fhf cioj;j kf;fs; jq;fs; khdj;ijf; fhg;gjw;F tifaw;Wj; jpupAk; myq;Nfhyj;ijf; fz;Nld;. MZk; ngz;Zk; Foe;ij Fl;bfSk; my;Nyhyfy;Nyhyg;gl;Lr; rPuoptijg; ghu;j;Njd;. mtw;iwf; fz;l NghJ vdJ cs;sKk; cjLk; Jbj;jd. mtw;iwr; nrhy;Y nrhy;Y vd vdJ kdf;Fwsp ,bj;jJ. Mk;> mtw;iwr; nrhy;yj;jhd; Ntz;Lk;! vg;gbr; nrhy;tJ? me;j kf;fNshL Nru;e;J ehDk; fz;zPu; tbg;gjh? ehd; mOFzpr; rpj;jd; my;y. fz;zPu; tpLgtNdhL Nru;e;J fz;zPu; tpLtJ> mtDld; Nru;e;J xg;ghup itg;gJ vOj;jhsDf;F mofy;y. fz;zPiuj; Jilf;f topfhZk; ghijapNy nry;gtd;jhd; rpwe;j vOj;jhsd;. kdpjj; jd;ikia ,oe;J epw;Fk; me;jg; gpwtpfis kdpju;fshff; fhl;l Ntz;Lk; vd;W epidj;Njd;. ntWk; [PtfhUz;a czu;r;rpahd kuf;fwpthjk; mjw;Fg; gad;glhJ vd;gJk; vdf;Fj; njupAk;. vdNt ehd; md;iwa rupj;jpu R+o;epiyiag; Gupe;Jnfhs;s Kide;Njd;. mjd; fhuz fhupaq;fis Muha;e;Njd;. mjw;fhf vt;tsNth gbj;Njd;. me;jj; Jiwapy; mDgtk; kpFe;jtu;fsplk; NgrpNdd;. nerthsu;fspd; Jd;g Jauq;fisAk; gpur;rpidfisAk; me;jr; r%fj;jpduplkpUe;Nj fz;Lk; Nfl;Lk; mwpe;Njd;. fhjpy; tpOe;j nra;jpfs;> fz;zpy; gl;l epfo;r;rpfs; Kjypatw;iwf; ftdk; nra;J vd; kd Vl;by; gjpT nra;J nfhz;Nld;. ,t;tsTk; nra;j gpd;du; vdf;Ff; fpilj;jJ vd;d? fijapd;

    MjhuRUjpahf tpsq;f Ntz;ba jj;Jt juprdk;jhd;. Mdhy; rupj;jpuNkh> jj;JtNkh kl;Lk; ,yf;fpakhfp tpLtjpy;iyNa! capUk; czu;r;rpAk; nfhz;l fjhghj;jpuq;fs; my;yth fijia> ehtiy cUthf;f KbAk;!... ,t;thW jdJ gQ;Rk; grpAk; ehty; gpwe;j fijia uFehjd; nrhy;ypr; nry;fpwhu;. mtuJ ,e;j ehty; mJ ntspte;j fhyj;jpy; gyuJ ftdj;ijAk; ngUk; gz;izahu;fs; [kpd;jhu;fspd; tuyhwhf> my;yJ fhjy; fijfshfNt ,Ue;jd. mfpyd; Nghd;w xUrpyu; ,e;jpa Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;ij ikakhf itj;J ,yf;fpak; Gide;jhu;fs; vd;gjpYk; Iak; ,y;iy.

    Mdhy;> uFehjdpd; gQ;Rk; grpAk; ehty; mtw;iwtpl tpj;jpahrkhdJ. mtuJ ehty; ehl;L kf;fspd; xU gFjpapduhd tu;f;f uPjpahfr; Ruz;lg;gl;l nerTj;; njhopyhs tu;f;fj;ij itj;J> cz;ikapy; epfo;e;j tuyhw;iw mbg;gilahf itj;J Gidag;gl;l rpj;jpukhFk;. mJ Vffhyj;jpy; ajhu;j;jthj ehtyhfTk;> Kw;Nghf;F ehyhfTk;> Kw;Nghf;F vOj;jhsu;fspd; gilg;Gfspy; gpur;rhu thil tPRfpwJ vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;Fg; gjpy; ,Wg;gjhfTk; mike;jJ.

    mjdhy;jhd;> uFehjdpd; ,e;j gQ;Rk; grpAk; ehty; gw;wp ,yq;ifiar; Nru;e;j gpugy khu;f;rpa ,yf;fpa tpku;rfuhd fhyQ;nrd;w Nguhrpupau; f.ifyhrgjp mtu;fSk; kpfTk; tpje;J $wpapUf;fpwhu;. mtu; jdJ jkpo; ehty; ,yf;fpak; vd;w Ehypy; uFehjdpd; gQ;Rk; grpAk; ehty; Fwpj;J gpd;tUkhW $Wfpwhu;:

    rKjha ,af;f tpjpfisAk; vjpu;fhyr; rKjha tsu;r;rpiaAk; ed;F tpsq;fpf; nfhz;L mt;Tzu;Tld; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f ghj;jpuq;fis nka;k;ikAld; rpj;jupg;gtNd ajhu;j;jthjp. ,j;jifa rpwg;Gkpf;f ajhu;j;j ,yf;fpa newp jkpo; ehtYyfpw; ngUtof;Fg; ngw;Ws;snjdf; $w KbahJ. ,e;j tifapy; njd;dfj;jpy; uFehjDila gQ;Rk; grpAk; xd;Wjhd; tpje;J $wj;jf;fJ.

    mjd; fhuzkhfNt> uFehjd; vOjpa gQ;Rk; grpAk; ehty; 64 Mz;Lfisf; fle;Jk; ,d;Wk; capNuhl;lKs;sjhf> Rit Fd;whjjhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

    -fq;if

  • Mdp> 2017 8

    Nrhou; fhy Nju;jy; Nrhou; fhy Nju;jy; Nrhou; fhy Nju;jy; Nrhou; fhy Nju;jy; [dehafk;![dehafk;![dehafk;![dehafk;!

    ,g;nghOnjy;yhk; ve;j ehl;il vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk;> Nju;jy; vd;why; rfytpjkhd KiwNfLfSk;> td;nray;fSk; eilngwhky; eilngWtjpy;iy. Mdhy; gyEhW tUlq;fSf;F Kd;du; jkpofj;ijAk;> Mrpahtpd; rpy gFjpfisAk; jkJ gyj;jhy; fl;b Mz;l Nrho kd;du;fspd; Nju;jy; Kiw vg;gb ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ vd;W ghUq;fs;.

    Nju;jypy; epw;fNtz;Lkhdhy;> 35 taJf;F Nkw;gl;ltu;fshfTk; 70 taJf;Fl;gl;ltu;fshfTk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. nrhe;jkhf tPL itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. nghJr;nrhj;ij Mf;fpukpg;Gr; nra;jpUf;ff;$lhJ. yQ;rk; thq;fpajhff; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;bUf;ff;$lhJ. vy;yh tupfisAk; fl;bapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. xUKiw Nju;jYf;F epd;wtu; mLj;j %d;W Nju;jy;fspy; epw;f KbahJ. mtuJ FLk;gj;jhUk; epw;ff;$lhJ. Fz;lu;fs;> uTbfs; vd;W milahsk; fhl;lg;gl;ltu;fSk; ,jpy;

    mlq;Fk;.

    ,e;jj; jfty;fs; jkpo;ehl;by; cj;jpuNk&u; vd;w ,lj;jpy; cs;s fy;ntl;L xd;wpy; fhzg;gLfpwJ. kd;du; Ml;rpapy; ,Ue;j ,e;j eilKiw> kf;fshl;rp eilngWtjhfr; nrhy;yg;gLk; ,d;iwa fhyfl;lj;jpy; ekJ ve;jnthU murpay;thjpf;Fk; nghUe;Jkh?

    ngupJ ngupJ!

    tl nfhupa jiyefu; gpNahq;ahq;fpy; cs;s Rungardo May Day stadium vd;w rJf;fNk cyfpd; kpfg;ngupa rJf;fkhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. ,jpy; 150>000 kf;fs; mku;e;jpUe;J epfo;r;rpfisg; ghu;itapl KbAk;.

    mNjNtis> tl nfhupa ,uhZtKk; cyfpd; kpfg;ngupa ,uhZtkhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjd; njhif 7.7 kpy;ypad; (77 ,yl;rk;) MFk;. mjd; vjpup ehlhd njd;

    nfhupahtpd; ,uhZtj;jpd; vz;zpf;if 6.6 kpy;ypad; (66 ,yl;rk;) MFk;.

    KjyhtJ Ruq;f KjyhtJ Ruq;f KjyhtJ Ruq;f KjyhtJ Ruq;f topapyhd fg;gy; ghij!topapyhd fg;gy; ghij!topapyhd fg;gy; ghij!topapyhd fg;gy; ghij!

    cyfpd; KjyhtJ Ruq;f topapyhd fg;gy; ghijia mikf;Fk; gzpfis 2019,y; Muk;gpg;gjw;F Nehu;Nt jpl;lkpl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; ePsk; 5>610 mbfshfTk;> cauk; 162 mbfshfTk;> mfyk; 118 mbfshfTk; ,Uf;Fk;.

    Gay;fs; epiwe;j Stadhavet flypdhd gazj;ijj; jtpu;g;gjw;fhfNt Nehu;Nt ,e;jr; Ruq;fg; ghijia mikf;fj;

    jpl;lkpl;bUf;fpwJ.

    gf;fl; czTg; gpupau;fs;!gf;fl; czTg; gpupau;fs;!gf;fl; czTg; gpupau;fs;!gf;fl; czTg; gpupau;fs;!

    Euromonitor International vd;w mikg;G mz;ikapy; ntspapl;l xU jftypd;gb> ngUk;ghyhd Nkw;fj;ija ehLfspy; cs;s kf;fs; 2016,y; cld; tpise;j czT tiffis tpl gf;fl;Lfspy; milf;fg;gl;l czTg; nghUl;fisNa $Ljyhfg; gad;gLj;jpapUf;fpd;wdu;. ,jpy; Nehu;Nt ehl;L kf;fNs Kd;dzpapy; epw;fpd;wdu;. rpy Nkw;F ehLfspy; cs;s kf;fspy; ruhrupahf egu; xUtu; tUlnkhd;Wf;F gf;fl; czTfSf;F nrytspj;j tpguk; tUkhW:

    Nehu;Nt 2>240 nlhyu;fs;

    nld;khu;f; 1>544 nlhyu;fs;

    ag;ghd; 1>387 nlhyu;fs;.

    mT];jpNuypah 1>318 nlhyu;fs;

    mnkupf;fh 1>152 nlhyu;fs;

    rpNyhNtdpah 781 nlhyu;fs;

    1000 Mz;Lfhy 1000 Mz;Lfhy 1000 Mz;Lfhy 1000 Mz;Lfhy cyfpd; kpfr; rpwe;j cyfpd; kpfr; rpwe;j cyfpd; kpfr; rpwe;j cyfpd; kpfr; rpwe;j rpe;jirpe;jirpe;jirpe;jidahsu;!dahsu;!dahsu;!dahsu;!

    fle;j Mapuk; Mz;Lfspy; kdpj ,dk; fz;l kpfg;ngUk; (rpwe;j) rpe;jidahsu; ahu;? vd;w Nfs;tpf;F tpil ngWk; Kfkhf gpgprp xypgug;Gr; Nrit xU njhlu;r;rpahd fUj;Jf; fzpg;ig 1999,y; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; elhj;jpaJ. ,e;jf; fUj;Jf; fzpg;G elhj;jg;gl;l

    nghOJ fpof;F Nkw;F N[u;kdpfSf;fpilapyhd ngu;ypd; Rtu; ,bf;fg;gl;L 10 Mz;Lfs; MfpapUe;jd.

    mf;fzf;nfLg;gpd; Kbtpd;gb> fhu;y; khf;]; KjyhtJ ,lj;jpYk;> mtuJ nfhs;ifiag; ngupJk; tpUk;gpa tpQ;Qhdp Id;];iud; ,uz;lhkplj;jpYk;> kw;Wk; tpQ;Qhdpfshd epAw;wd;> lhu;tpd; MfpNahu; KiwNa %d;whk; ehd;fhk; ,lj;jpYk; ,Ug;gJ fz;lwpag;gl;Ls;sJ.

    Nee;jpud; thiog;gok;Nee;jpud; thiog;gok;Nee;jpud; thiog;gok;Nee;jpud; thiog;gok;

    xU Nee;jpud; thiog; goj;ij xUtu; rhg;gpl;lhNy %r;R Kl;Lk;. me;jr; ruhrup msT Nee;jpud; thiofisj; J}f;fp rhg;gpLk; msTf;F ngupa ir]; Nee;jpud; thiofisj; jw;NghJ Nfusj;J tptrhapfs; gapupl;Lf; fyf;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;.

    Nee;jpud; thiokuk; 15 mb Kjy; 20 mbtiu cauk; tsuf;$baJ. 10 Kjy; 12 rPg;Gfs; tUk;. mjpy; xU rPg;gpy; 12 Kjy; 18 fha;fs;tiu fha;f;Fk;. ,g;NghJ jpUtde;jGuk; thio Muha;r;rp ikak; mwpKfg;gLj;jpAs;s Gjpa thio ufk;> Nee;jpud; tifiar; Nru;e;jJ vd;whYk; fha; Fz;L Fz;lhf cs;sJ. xU Fiy 30 fpNyh Kjy; 40 fpNyhtiu tUfpwJ. xU thiog;gok; vdj; jdpahf vLj;jhy; miu fpNyh Kjy; Kf;fhy; fpNyh vil tUfpwJ. Ie;J my;yJ MW rPg;G kl;LNk fha;f;fpwJ. xU rPg;gpy; 11 Kjy; 13 thiof;fha;fs; fha;f;fpd;wd. Kw;wpa ,e;j thiof;fhiag; gad;gLj;jpr; rpg;]; Nghl;lhy; mJ gg;glk; Nghy; ngupa ir]py; ,Uf;fpwJ.

  • Mdp> 2017 9

    fpA+ghtpy; thdj;jpd; fpA+ghtpy; thdj;jpd; fpA+ghtpy; thdj;jpd; fpA+ghtpy; thdj;jpd; rupghjp ngz;fs;!rupghjp ngz;fs;!rupghjp ngz;fs;!rupghjp ngz;fs;!

    fpgh cz;ikahd xU Nrhrypr ehlhf ,Ug;gjhy;> mq;F ngz;fSf;F vy;yhj;JiwfspYk; rkj;Jtk; mspf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. cjhuzkhf> me;ehl;bd; ehlhSkd;wkhd Njrpa kf;fs; Nguitapy; 48 rjtPjkhd cWg;gpdu;fshfg; ngz;fNs

    ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. ,J thdj;jpd;

    rupghjp ngz;fNs vd;w Nrhrypr Nfhl;ghl;bd; mbg;gilia vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ.

    fpghtpy; toq;fg;glLs;sJ Nghd;w ngz;fSf;fhd murpay; rkj;Jtk; [dehafk; gw;wp cuj;Jg; NgRk; tsu;r;rp mile;j Kjyhspj;Jt ehLfspy; $l ,Uf;FNkh vd;dNth?

    ,jaj;ijf; fhf;f

    kdpju;fs; jpdrup 15>000 fhybfs; elg;gJ ,Ujaj;Jf;F ey;yJ vd> ];nfhl;yhe;jpy; 111 kj;jpk taJ jghy; Copau;fsplk; elhj;jpa Ma;Tfs; %yk; njupa te;jpUf;fpwJ.

    cyfpd; kpfg;ngupa cyfpd; kpfg;ngupa cyfpd; kpfg;ngupa cyfpd; kpfg;ngupa ,uj;jpdf;fy;!,uj;jpdf;fy;!,uj;jpdf;fy;!,uj;jpdf;fy;!

    Mgpupf;fhtpy; cs;s rpahuhypNahd; ehl;by; 50>000>000 nlhyu;fs; ngWkjpahd 706 ful; (Carat) epiwAs;s ,uj;jpdf;fy; xd;W fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

    kpfg;ngupa ilNdhrupd; fhybfs;!

    tlNkw;F mT];jpNuypahtpy; cyfpd; kpfg;ngupa ilNdhrupd; fhybfis (Dinosaur Footprints) Ma;thsu;fs; fz;Lgpbj;Js;sdu;. ,e;jg; ghjr;RtLfs; 115 gpy;ypad; Mz;LfSf;F Ke;jpait vd fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; ePsk; 5 mb 9 mq;FykhFk;.

    G+kpiag; Nghd;w fpufq;fs;

    ghy;ntsp kz;lyj;jpy;> tho;tjw;F Njitahd #oy;fs; nfhz;bUf;ff;$ba gj;J Gjpa fpufq;fis fz;Lgpbj;Js;sjhf tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rpahsu;fs; njuptpj;Js;sdu;.

    kpia Nghd;w gpw Nfhs;fis fz;lwpa ehrh tpQ;Qhdpfshy; epWtg;gl;l nfg;yu; tpz;ntsp njhiy Nehf;fpapd; rkPgj;jpa jfty;fis Muha;e;J ghu;j;jjpy;> jq;fspd; el;rj;jpuq;fsplkpUe;J rupahd J}uj;jpy; mike;jpUf;Fk; ghiwfs; nfhz;l 10 Nfhs;fis fz;lwpe;Js;sjhf ehrh tpQ;Qhdpfs; njuptpj;Js;sdu;.

    el;rj;jpuj;jpypUe;J rupahd J}uj;jpy; ,Ug;gjhy; Nfhs;fspy; ePu; jput epiyapNyNa ,Uf;ff;$ba tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ.

    kpasT ,Uf;Fk; me;j Nfhs;fs; ekJ #upa FLk;gj;jpw;F ntspNa>

    rpf;d]; vd;Dk; el;rj;jpuf; $l;lj;jpy; cs;sd.

    jw;NghJ tiu ghy;ntsp kz;lyj;ijr; Rw;wp> thof;$ba epiyfspy; cs;s 50 Nfhs;fis nfg;yu; tpz;ntsp njhiyNehf;fp fz;lwpe;Js;sJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

    nfg;supd; ehd;F Mz;L gzpapy;> 2>335 Nfhs;fSk;> 1>699 rpwpa tpz; cWg;GfSk; fz;lwpag;gl;Ls;sd. #upaf; FLk;gj;jpw;F ntspNa Vwf;Fiwa 3>500 Nfhs;fis mwptpayhsu;fs; fz;Ls;sdu;.

    fiyfspd; ftu;r;rp!

    2016,y; cyfk; KOtJk; fiyg;nghUl;fspd; tpw;gid 56.6 gpy;ypad; nlhyu;fis vl;bAs;sJ. ,jpy; Kf;fpakhd ehLfspd; tpw;gid tUkhW:

    mnkupf;fh 40 rjtPjk;>

    gpupj;jhdpah 21 rjtPjk;> rPdh 20 rjtPjk;> gpuhd;]; - 7 rjtPjk;>

    N[u;kdp 2 rjtPjk;> ,j;jhyp 1 rjtPjk;.

    kdpjhkdpjhkdpjhkdpjhkdpjhkdpjhkdpjhkdpjh

    gRgpf; rKj;jpuj;jpYs;s kdpju;fs; trpf;fhj xU rpwpa jPtpy; kdpjdhy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l nghUl;fspd; 38 kpy;ypad; fopTg; nghupUl;fs; mile;Js;sjhfj; njuptpf;fg;gLfpwJ. xU rpwpa jPtpy; ,t;tsntd;why; cyfk;

    KOtJk;?

    ,ij vg;gbj; ,ij vg;gbj; ,ij vg;gbj; ,ij vg;gbj; Jhf;fpr; nrd;whu;fs;?Jhf;fpr; nrd;whu;fs;?Jhf;fpr; nrd;whu;fs;?Jhf;fpr; nrd;whu;fs;?

    N[u;kdpapd; ngu;ypd; efupYs;s kpfg; ghJfhg;ghd Bode mUq;fhl;rpafj;jpypUe;J xU Fspu;rhjdg;ngl;bapd; epiwAs;s 220 ,whj;jy; epiwAs;s kpfg;ngupa jq;f ehzankhd;W jpUl;Lg; NghAs;sJ. jpUlu;fs; ,ij cUf;fp tpLtjw;F Kd;du; fz;L gpbf;Fk; jPtpu Kaw;rpapy; nghyprhu;

  • Mdp> 2017 10

    ngz;fs; njhlq;fpa ngUk; Gul;rngz;fs; njhlq;fpa ngUk; Gul;rngz;fs; njhlq;fpa ngUk; Gul;rngz;fs; njhlq;fpa ngUk; Gul;rp!p!p!p! etk;gu; 7 mjpfhiy 1.25 kzp. cyfpd; Kjy; Nrh\yp];l; Gul;rp njhlq;fpaJ.

    etk;gu; Gul;rpapd; E}w;whz;Lj; njhlf;fk; ,d;W! cynfq;Fk; Gul;rp tpijfisg; gug;gp> u\;ag; Gul;rp ve;jr; #oypy;> vg;gb ele;jJ? xU epidT$uy;!

    Kjy; cyfg; Nghu; 1914-k; Mz;by; njhlq;fp> ehd;F Mz;Lf; fhyk; ele;jJ. u\;ahTf;Fk;> n[u;kdpf;Fk; ,ilapy; mg;NghJ ele;j Nghupy;> u\;ah Njhy;tp mile;J nfhz;bUe;jJ. 1914> 15> 16 Mfpa %d;W Mz;Lfspy; kl;Lk; nfhy;yg;gl;l u\;ag; gil tPuu;fs; 17 yl;rk;. Nghu;f; ifjpfshfg; gpbj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;Nlhu; 20 yl;rk;. fhzhky;Nghdtu;fs; 10 yl;rk;!

    nfhe;jspj;j u\;ah

    ,tu;fisg; gwpnfhLj;j yl;rf;fzf;fhd jha;fSk;> kidtpfSk; Ntjidapy; Jbj;jhu;fs;; tho topapd;wpj; jtpj;jhu;fs;. kWGwk; njhopyhsu;fs; Ntiy Neu mjpfupg;G> Cjpag; gw;whf;Fiw> Nghu;f;fhyf; nfLgpbfs;> mlf;FKiwfs;. tpiythrpNah cr;rj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ.

    ,e;jr; #oYf;F ,ilapy;> Nghiu epWj;j Ntz;Lk;> kd;duhl;rp xopa

    Ntz;Lk; vd;W Fuy; nfhLj;Jte;jhu;fs; nydpd; jiyikapyhd Nghy;\;tpf; fl;rpapdu;.

    u\;ah nfhe;jspf;fj; njhlq;fpaJ. kd;duhl;rpiaj; J}f;fpnawpe;J> cyfpd; Kjy; Nrh\yp];l; Ml;rp miktjw;F cz;ikapy; fhy;Nfhs; ,lg;gl;l gpd;dhspy; kfspu; ehshf mwptpf;fg;gl;l - 1917> khu;r; 8.

    xU nuhl;bj; Jz;L$lf; fpilf;fhky;> jhKk; Foe;ijfSk; FLk;gj;jpdUk; grpahy; Jbg;gij ,dpAk; nghWf;f KbahJ vd;W ngz; njhopyhsu;fs; nfhjpj;njOe;jhu;fs;> u\;aj; jiyefu; ngl;Nuhfpuhby;. njhopw; rhiyfs; epiwe;j itNghu;f;

    gFjpapy; Jzp Miyfspy; Ntiy nra;j ngz; njhopyhsu;fs; njhopw;rhiyfspypUe;J ntspNawpdhu;fs;. NtiyepWj;jj;jpy; jhq;fs; mUfpy; ,Ue;j njhopw;rhiyfSf;Fr; nrd;W> mq;F Ntiyapy; ,Ue;j Mapuf;fzf;fhd Mz; njhopyhsu;fisAk; Nghuhl

    mioj;jhu;fs;. midtUk; ntspNa thUq;fs;. ekf;F czT Ntz;Lk;. Nghu; epWj;jk; Ntz;Lk;. Rje;jpuk; Ntz;Lk;. njUtpy; ,wq;fpg; NghuhLtijj; jtpu NtW topapy;iy.

    Nghuhl thUq;fs; vd;W ngz;fs; miw$ty; tpLj;jhu;fs;.

    ,uj;j QhapW

    ,g;gb ngl;Nuhfpuhl; efupd; Kjd;ikr; rhiyahd net;];fp rhiyia Nehf;fp Mapuf;fzf;fhd njhopyhsu;fspd; Nguzp gpuk;khz;lkhfg; Gwg;gl;lJ. gy ,lq;fspy; NghyP]hNuhL Nkhjy; Vw;gl;lJ. ngz;fNs Kd; epd;W rkhspj;jhu;fs;. mJ kl;Lky;y; gy ,lq;fspy; fhty; epd;w uhZtj;jpdiuAk; jq;fs; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,ize;J nfhs;SkhW md;NghLk;> fz;zPu; tpl;Lk; mioj;jhu;fs;. gil tPuu;fSk; mtu;fisg; gupNthL mZfj; njhlq;fpdhu;fs;. ,jdpilNa Nguzpapd; MNtrj;jhy; kWehs; njhlu; Nghuhl;lkhf ePs toptFj;jJ. kWehs; Nguzpapy; gq;Nfw;Nwhu; vz;zpf;if 2 yl;rj;ijj; jhz;baJ.

    Kjy; ehs; czT> tpiythrp> njhopyhsu; cupik vd;W Koq;fpa $l;lk;> ,g;NghJ Gjpa Kof;fk; xd;iw NkYk; Nru;e;Jnfhz;lJ:

    kd;duhl;rp xopf!

    khu;r; 10 ,utpy; ,uhZtj;Jf;F [hu; kd;du; cj;juT gpwg;gpj;jhu;:

    Nghuhl;lj;ij xLf;F! kWehs; QhapW> kPz;Lk; xU uj;j QhapW MdJ. jiytu;fs; ifJnra;ag;gl;lhu;fs;. Nghuhl;lf;fhuu;fs; kPJ kd;dupd; tpRthrg; gilapdu; elj;jpa rukhupahd Jg;ghf;fpr; R+l;by; 169 Ngu; nfhy;yg;gl;lhu;fs;; Mapuj;Jf;Fk; Nkw;gl;Nlhu; gLfhak; mile;jhu;fs;.

    tPo;e;jJ Kbahl;rp

    ,e;jr; rk;gtk; vupjoypy; Cw;wg;gl;l vz;nzahdJ. ,uhZtj;jpYk; Gul;rp ntbj;jJ. xt;nthU gpuptpduhf MAjq;fSld; nrd;W Nghuhl;lf;fhuu;fSld; Nru;e;jhu;fs;. kWehs; khiyf;Fs; 66 Mapuk; gil tPuu;fs;> jiyefupy; ,Ue;j nkhj;jg; gil tPuu;fspy; fpl;lj;jl;l Kf;fhy;thrpg; Ngu;> Gul;rpapy; Nru;e;Jtpl;lhu;fs;. Nghu;f;Fzk; kpf;f njhopyhsu;fSf;F MAjq;fisg; gil tPuu;fs; toq;fpdhu;fs;.

    tuyhw;Wr; rpwg;G kpf;f ngl;Nuhfpuhl; njhopyhsu;fs; kw;Wk; gil tPuu;fspd;

    Nrhtpaj;(FO) mikf;fg;gl;lJ.

    ehlhSkd;wf; fl;blj;jpd; xU gFjpapypUe;J ,e;j Nrhtpaj; nray;glj; njhlq;fpaJ. kWgFjpapy; ehlhSkd;wj;jpd; Kjyhspj;Jtf;

    fl;rpfs; $b ehlhSkd;w

  • Mdp> 2017 11

    ,ilf;fhyf; FOit mikj;Jr; nray;gl;ld. kWehs;> khu;r; 15 md;W> 10 mikr;ru;fisf; nfhz;l

    ,ilf;fhy muR ehlhSkd;w ,ilf;fhyf; FOthy; mikf;fg;gl;lJ. md;W ,uNt> [hu; kd;du; gjtp Jwg;gjhf mwpf;if vOjp> kWehs;> khu;r; 16 md;W mij ,ilf;fhy murhq;fj;jplk; mspj;jhu;. tPo;e;jJ Kbahl;rp!

    Kbahl;rp tPo;e;jJ. Fbahl;rp vd;d nra;jJ? Gul;rpapd; %y Nehf;fq;fshd czT> Nghu; epWj;jk; kw;Wk; tptrhapfspd; ePz;l fhyf; Nfhupf;ifahd cOgtUf;Nf epyk; Mfpa %d;W kpf Kf;fpaf; Nfhupf;iffs; vd;dthapd?

    vJTk; elf;ftpy;iy. ehSf;F ehs; epiyik NkhrkhdJ. kd;du; ifapypUe;J Ml;rp khwpaNj jtpu> ,ilf;fhy muR mikj;j Kjyhspj;Jt rf;jpfs;> jkf;Nf cupa Vkhw;W Kfj;ij ntspf;fhl;bd.

    ehL flj;jg;gl;L ntspehLfspypUe;J nray;gl;Lte;j nydpd;> Vg;uypy;

    ehL jpUk;gpdhu;. ,e;j muR Kjyhspj;Jt muR. ,e;j muirf; fiyf;f Ntz;Lk;. njhopyhsu;fs;> tptrhaj; njhopyhsu;fs;> tptrhapfspd; gpujpepjpfs; $b Nrhtpaj; Fbauir mikf;f Ntz;Lk;. midj;J mjpfhuq;fSk;

    Nrhtpaj;JfSf;Nf! vd;W miw$ty; tpLj;jJ nydpd; jiyikapyhd Nghy;\;tpf; fl;rp.

    mLj;jLj;J njhlu; Nghuhl;lq;fs;. E}w;Wf; fzf;fhd capu;j; jpahfq;fs;. ehl;fs; Xbd. nfhe;jspj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jJ u\;ah. etk;gu; 7 mjpfhiy 1.25 kzp. cyfpd; Kjy; Nrh\yp];l; Gul;rp

    njhlq;fpaJ! nrq;fhtyu;fs; vd;w ngaupy; mikg;ghf;fg;gl;l MAjk; Ve;jpa njhopyhsu;fSk;> gil tPuu;fSk; ngl;Nuhfpuhl; efiur; Rw;wp tisj;jhu;fs;. ,ilf;fhy murpd; mikr;ru;fs; ifJnra;ag;gl;lhu;fs;. murpd; Kf;fpa epWtdq;fs;> mYtyfq;fs; midj;Jk; nrk;gilapd; fPo; te;jd. kWehs; etk;gu; 8 mjpfhiy 3.40 kzp. u\;ah KOtjpYkpUe;Jk; te;jpUe;j Nrhtpaj; gpujpepjpfspd; khehl;by;

    nydpDila jPu;khdk;

    Kd;itf;fg;gl;lJ. murjpfhuj;ij

    ,e;j khehL Vw;fpwJ. Nrh\ypr u\;ahtpd; ntw;wpg; gazk; njhlq;fpaJ!

    ngz;Zupikr; rhjidfs;!

    md;Nw (1917> etk;gu; 8 mjpfhiy) Gjpa murpd; Kjy; rl;lkhf> Nghu; Ntz;lhk;. epahakhd rkhjhdj;Jf;Fj; jahu; vd;w rl;lj;ij khehL epiwNtw;wpaJ. mLj;J> ,uz;lhtJ rl;lkhf epyg; gpuGf;fs;> kj epWtdq;fs; Nghd;Nwhupd; epyq;fisf; ifg;gw;wp> cotu;fSf;F toq;Fk; tifapy;> midj;J epyq;fSk; muRf;Nf nrhe;jk; vDk; jPu;khdk; khehl;by; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ. %d;whtjhf> njhopyhsu;fs;> tptrhapfs; murhq;fkhf nydpd; jiyikapy; mikr;ruit mikf;fg;gLfpwJ vd;w jPu;khdk; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ. mLj;j %d;W ehl;fspy;> etk;gu; 11 md;W 8 kzp Neu Ntiyr; rl;lk; gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;lJ.

    ];uPkhd; nydpd; jiyikapy; u\;ahtpy; ,d;W eilngWtJ fk;A+dp]k;. ,e;jj; jj;Jtk; cyfstpy; ntw;wp ngWk;NghJ kf;fspd; tho;f;if newpfSk;> cz;ikahd ehfupfKk; ntw;wp fhz KbAk; vd;W ghujpahu; 1917 etk;gu; 27-y; vOjp tuNtw;whu;.

    mLj;j Xuhz;L fhyj;Jf;Fs; ngz;fs; kw;Wk; ciof;Fk; kf;fspd; cupikfSf;fhf tuyhw;Wg; Gfo;ngw;w murikg;Gr; rl;lk; cs;spl;l gy rl;lq;fs; u\;ahtpy; epiwNtw;wg;gl;ld. 18 taJ epuk;gpa> ntspapy; Ntiy nra;J my;yJ jdJ tPl;L Ntiyfisr; nra;J cioj;J tho;fpw my;yJ Ntiy nra;Ak; rf;jpia ,oe;j Mz;> ngz; midtUf;Fk; thf;FupikAk;> Nju;e;njLf;fg;gLk; cupik Ak; mspf;fg;gl;lJ. gpwiu Ntiyf;F mku;j;jp yhgk; rk;ghjpg;gtu;fSf;Fk;> tl;b tUkhdk;> nrhj;jpypUe;J tUkhdk; ngw;W tho;gtu;fSf;Fk;> Jwtpfs;> kjj; jiytu;fSf;Fk; thf;FupikAk;> Nju;e;njLf;fg;gLk; cupikAk; kWf;fg;gl;lJ.

    Mz; - ngz; NtWghL ,y;yhky; rk Ntiyf;Fr; rk Cjpak;> Ntiy ngWk; cupik cs;spl;l Mz; - ngz; rkj;Jtk; cWjpnra;ag; gl;lJ. fUTw;w

    ngz; njhopyhsu;fSf;F kfg; NgWf;F Kd;du; ,U khjq;fs;> gpd; ,U khjKk; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba tpLKiw> Foe;ijg; gpwg;Gf;F Kd;Dk;> gpd;Dk; jdpr; rpwg;ghd guhkupg;Gfs;> Ntiyapd;NghJk; Foe;ijfisg; guhkupg;gjw;fhd ,ilNtis fs;> gzpahw;Wkplj;jpy; Xa;tiwfs;> gz cjtp fs; cs;spl;l cupikfs; rl;lkhf;fg;gl;ld.

    cz;ikahd fk;dp]k;

    jpUkzk; - tpthfuj;J Nghd;wtw;wpypUe;J kjk; tpyf;fg;gl;lJ. gjpthsu; mYtyfj;jpy; gjpTnra;ag;gLk; jpUkzk; kl;LNk rl;lg;gbahd jpUkzkhf mq;fPfupf;fg;gLk; vd;whdJ. fUf;fiyg;G jz;lidf;F cupa Fw;wk; vd;w Ke;ija rl;lk; flhrg;gl;L> fUf;fiyg;G rl;lG+u;tkhdJ. muR kUj;Jt kidfspy; ghJfhg;ghd fUf;fiyg;Gf;fhd trjpfs; njhlq;fg;gl;ld. NkYk; ahUf;Fk; fhak; Vw;gLj;jhkYk;> ahUila eyd;fisAk; Mf;fpukpf;fhkYk; cs;s clYwT tp\aj;jpy; muNrh> rKjhaNkh jiyaplf; $lhJ vd;gJ murpd; nfhs;ifahdJ.

    etk;gu; Gul;rp rhjpj;jit Vuhsk;. Mdhy;> nydpd; Mz; - ngz; rkj;Jtj;Jf;fhd eltbf;iffisNa Kjd;ikg; ngUiknadf; fUjpdhu;. nydpd; 1919-y; vOJfpwhu;: ngz;fspd; epiyikia vLj;Jf;nfhs;Nthk;. ehk; mjpfhuj;Jf;F te;j Kjy; Xu; Mz;Lf;Fs; nra;j rhjidapy; E}w;wpy; xU gq;iff; $l> cyfpy; gy gj;jhz;Lfspy; vtUk; nra;atpy;iy. ,e;jr; rhjid gw;wpg; ngUiknfhs;s ekf;F Mapuk; klq;F cupik cs;sJ. $lNt> mtu; Xu; vr;rupf;ifAk; tpLj;jhu;. ngz;fisj; jho;thf elj;Jk; ,opthd rl;lq;fs;> epWtdq;fs; Mfpatw;iw nehWf;fpj; js;sptpl;Nlhk;. Mdhy;> fl;blk; fl;Ltjw;fhf kidiar; Rj;jg;gLj;jpapUf;fpNwhNk jtpu> ,d;Dk; fl;blj;ijf; fl;btpltpy;iy vd;gJk; ekf;Fj; njspthfNt njupfpwJ! NkYk; mtu; nrhd;dhu;: cz;ikahd ngz; tpLjiyapypUe;Nj cz;ikahd fk;A+dp]k; njhlq;FfpwJ!

    -,uh.[t`H ed;wp: jp ,e;J

  • Mdp> 2017 12

    khakhd;fs; Fwpj;J kf;fs; khakhd;fs; Fwpj;J kf;fs; khakhd;fs; Fwpj;J kf;fs; khakhd;fs; Fwpj;J kf;fs; tpopg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;!tpopg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;!tpopg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;!tpopg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;!

    ,yq;ifapd; Njrpa Kjyhspj;Jtk; I.Nj.ftpd; tpNjrpa rhu;ghd Nghf;if tpUk;gtpy;iy. vdNt ,yq;if Kjyhsp tu;f;fj;jpy; xU gpsT Vw;gl;L> Njrpa Kjyhsp tu;f;fk; jd;Dld; ,izaf;$ba njhopyhs tptrha kj;jpaju tu;f;fq;fisr; Nru;j;Jf;nfhz;L v];.lgps;A.Mu;.b.gz;lhuehaf;f jiyikapy; jdJ nrhe;jf; fl;rpahd rpwPyq;fh Rje;jpuf; fl;rpia ];jhgpj;jJ.

    ,jd; gpd;du;> ,yq;ifapd; murpay; fhl;rp epiyikfs; njsptilaj; njhlq;fpd. mjhtJ> Vfhjpgj;jpaKk; mjw;F JizNghFk; juF Kjyhspj;Jtf; fl;rpahd I.Nj.fTk; ,yq;if kf;fspd; gpujhd vjpupahf tiuaWf;fg;gl;ld. Vfhjpgj;jpa vjpu;g;G epiyg;ghl;il vLj;j rpwP.y.R.fl;rpAk;> ,lJrhupf; fl;rpfSk; (,yq;if fk;A+dp];l; fl;rpAk;> yq;fh rkrkh[f; fl;rpAk;) Vfhjpgj;jpa tpNuhj> kf;fs; rhu;Gf; fl;rpfshfTk;> jkf;fpilNa Nerrf;jpfshfTk; ,dk;fhzg;gl;ld. ,e;j epiyikapy; ,d;wsTk; mbg;gilahd khw;wk; vJTkpy;iy.

    kWgf;fj;jpy;> jkpou; murpaiyg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> [P.[P.nghd;dk;gyk; jiyikapyhd mfpy ,yq;if jkpo; fhq;fpu]; fl;rp I.Nj.ftpd; xU fpis NghyTk;> aho;.epyg;gpuGj;Jt Nkl;Lf;Fohkpd; gpujpepjpahfTk;> ,dthjf; fl;rpahfTk; nraw;gl;ljhy;> mf;fl;rpAk; Vfhjpgj;jpa rhu;G> gpw;Nghf;Ff; fl;rpahfNt ,dk; fhzg;gl;lJ. mjpypUe;J gpupe;J gpd;du; v];.N[.tp.nry;tehafk; jiyikapy; cUthd jkpouRf; fl;rpAk; mNj ghijapy; gazpj;jjhy;> mf;fl;rpAk; mt;thNw fUjg;gl;lJ.

    ,,,,yq;ifapd; ,d;iwa murpay; R+oy; rw;Wf; Fog;gkhfNt ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ,e;jf; Fog;gk; ,yq;iff;F kl;Lk; gpuj;jpNafkhd xd;W my;y. cyf uPjpapy; Vw;gl;Ls;s Fog;gkhd R+oypd; tpisNt ,yq;ifapYk; vjpnuhypf;fpwJ vdyhk;. ,uz;lhk; cyf Aj;jj;jpd; Kbtpd; gpd;du; mnkupf;fh> Nrhtpaj; A+dpad; vd;w ,uz;L Nky;epiy ty;yuRfs; cyf muq;fpy; tsu;r;rp ngw;wd. Mdhy; 90fspd; Muk;gj;jpy; Nrhtpaj; A+dpadpy; ,Ue;j Nrhrypr muR jfu;e;J NghdJld;> mjd; gy FbauRfSk; gpupe;J nrd;wd. ,e;jr; R+oiyg; gad;gLj;jp mnkupf;fh xNunahU Nky;epiy ty;yurhf tsu;r;rp ngw Kad;wJ.

    Mdhy; rPdhtpd; mgupkpjkhd nghUshjhu> murpay;> ,uhZt tsu;r;rp mnkupf;fhtpd; fditj;; jtpLnghbahf;fpaJ. mj;Jld; Kjyhspj;Jtg; ghijapy; mbnaLj;J itj;j u];ahTk; (Kd;dhs; Nrhtpaj; A+dpad;) jd;id kPz;Lk; gyg;gLj;jj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,e;j epiyikfshy; cyf muq;fpy; Gjpa mzpNru;f;iffs; Muk;gkhfj;

    njhlq;fpd. mjd; jhf;fk; ,yq;if cl;gl gy ehLfisAk; ghjpg;Gf;F cs;shf;fpAs;sJ.

    ,yq;ifiag; nghWj;jtiuapy;> rpy gpuj;jpNaf R+o;epiyfSk; ,e;j khw;wq;fSf;Fj; Jiz Gupe;Js;sij mtjhdpf;fyhk;.

    NjhoH kzpak;

    1948 ngg;Utup 4Mk; jpfjp ,yq;if Rje;jpuk; ngWtjw;F Kd;dNu Nrhrypr ,yl;rpaj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l ,lJrhupf; fl;rpfs; nraw;glj; njhlq;fptpl;ld. Mdhy; ,yq;ifapd; Kjyhspj;Jtk; juF Kjyhspj;Jt tu;f;fkhf ,Ue;jJld;> gpupj;jhdpa fhydpj;JtthjpfisNa rhu;e;Jk; ,Ue;jJ. Rje;jpuj;Jf;F rw;W Kd;du;jhd; mJ jdJ nrhe;jf; fl;rpahd If;fpa Njrpa fl;rpia ];jhgpj;jJ. me;jf; fl;rp gpupj;jhdpa Vfhjpgj;jpa rhu;ghdjhfTk;> cs;ehl;by; epyg;gpuGj;Jt ngUKjyhsp tu;f;fj;ijg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg; gLj;JtjhfTk; ,Ue;jJ.

    ,yq;if Kjyhspj;Jtj;jpd; ,e;jg; Nghf;F ePz;lfhyk; ePbf;ftpy;iy.

  • Mdp> 2017 13

    gpd;du; jkpouR fhq;fpu]; fl;rpfs; ,ize;J cUthf;fpa jkpou; tpLjiyf; $l;lzp> mjd; njhlu;r;rpahf cUthd tpLjiyg; Gypfs; vd;gdTk;> mtu;fshy; cUthf;fg;gl;l ,d;iwa jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G vd;gdTk; $l mNj Vfhjpgj;jpa rhu;G> I.Nj.f. rhu;G epiyg;ghl;il vLj;jjpdhy;> mitAk; kf;fs; tpNuhjg; gpw;Nghf;Ff; fl;rpfshfNt ,dk; fhzg;gl;ld. me;j epiyg;ghl;bYk; ,d;Wtiu ve;j khw;wKk; epfotpy;iy.

    ,yq;ifapd; murpay; epiyikfisg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> ,e;j mbg;gil epiyikfspy; ,d;Wtiu vt;tpj khw;wq;fSk; Vw;glhjNghJk;> Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfspd; cjtpAld; nraw;gl Muk;gpj;j rpy murpay; rf;jpfSk;> murrhu;gw;w epWtdq;fSk;> ,yq;ifapd; murpay; epytuq;fisf; fzpf;Fk; msTNfhy;fis khw;wpaikg;gjw;F Kad;W tUfpd;wd. mjpYk; Fwpg;ghf mit kf;fis Vkhw;wtjw;fhf jkJ thjq;fSf;F ,lJrhupf; fUj;Jf;fis Jizf;F ,Of;f Kaw;rpf;fpd;wd.

    ,yq;ifapd; murpay; epytuk; Fwpj;j khu;f;rpa uPjpapyhd epiyg;ghl;ilj; jlk; Gul;Lk; Kaw;rp Kjd;Kjypy; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJ N[.tp.gpapd; fhyj;jpyhFk;. ghuk;gupa ,lJrhupf; fl;rpfspd; jtWfis cukhff; nfhz;L tsu;e;j N[.tp.gp.> jd;id xU gjpa Gul;rpfukhd ,af;fkhf fhl;bf;nfhz;L ,isQu;fspilNa Ntfkhfr; nry;thf;Fg; ngw;wJ.

    Mdhy; mjd; eltbf;iffs; ahTk; vjpu;g;Gul;rpfukhditahfTk;> I.Nj.ftpw;F cjTgitahfTk;> mopTfukhditahfTk; ,Ue;jd. mjw;Ff; fhuzk;> cz;ikahd ,lJrhupf; fl;rpfisAk;> mtw;wpd; ,ay;ghd Ner mzpahfTk; ,Ue;j rpwP.y.R.fl;rpiaAk; mopf;f tpUk;gpa I.Nj.fTk;> Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfSk; N[.tp.gpAld; ,ufrpa cwT itj;J> mij topelhj;jpr;

    nrd;wikapdhyhFk;. mjd; fhuzkhfNt ,yq;ifapd; tuyhw;wpy; vd;wkpy;yhjthW> jd;id xU ,lJrhupf; fl;rp vd;W nrhy;ypf;nfhz;L N[.tp.gp. gpw;Nghf;F I.Nj.fTld; ,ize;J Ntiynra;J te;Js;sJ.

    ,e;j khjpupahd epytuk; jkpo; gFjpapYk; Vw;gl;lJ. ghuk;gupakhd jkpo; jiyikfspd; ifahyhfhj;jdj;ij itj;Jf;nfhz;L cUthd jkpo; ,isQu;fspd; MAjg;Nghuhl;l ,af;fq;fisAk;> Fwpg;ghf Gypfs; mikg;ig Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfs; topelhj;Jk; R+oy; Vw;gl;lJ. ,jw;F xU cjhuzk;> Gypfs; mikg;G ,];Nuypa rpNahdpr murpd; csT mikg;ghd nkhrhl;blk; MAjg; gapw;rp ngw;wikahFk;.

    cz;ikahd ghrpr mikg;ghd Gypfis ,e;j Vfhjpgj;jpa rf;jpfs; xU tpLjiy mikg;ghf khw;wpf;fhl;l Kad;wd. ,jd; fhuzkhf gy jkpo; ,lJrhupfs; $l epiyjtwp mjDld; ,ize;jdu;. mjd; jhf;fk; vt;tsT Jhuk; ,Ue;jJ vdpy;> ,yq;ifapy; jd;id xU J}a;ikahd khu;f;fpa nydpdpathjp vdf;$wpr; nraw;gl;L te;j eh.rz;Kfjhrd; Nghd;wtu;fNs ghrprg; Gypfis tpLjiythjpfshfr; rpj;jupj;J mwpf;iffs; tpLj;jdu;. ,e;jpahtpYs;s ef;riyw; FOf;fs; rpyTk; Gypfis VNjh khu;f;rpa ,af;fj;ijr; Nrue;jtu;fs; NghyNt fUjpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdu;. ru;tNjr fk;A+dp];l; ,af;fj;jpd; tuyhw;wpy; Kd;ndhUNghJk; ,g;gbahd gpwo;Tfs;> jLkhw;wq;fs; ,Ue;jJ fpilahJ.

    ,J xUGwkpUf;f> 2015 [dtup 08,y; ,yq;ifapy; Ml;rp khw;wk; xd;W Nkw;fj;ija rf;jpfshy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;L> tyJrhup murhq;fk; xd;W Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l gpd;du;> ehl;bd; murpay; epiyik NkYk; NkhrkhdnjhU fl;lj;ij mile;Js;sJ. ,e;j Ml;rp khw;wj;jpYk; gpw;Nghf;F jkpo;

    NjrpathjpfSk; (Gyk;ngau; Gypj; jkpou;fs; cl;gl)> njd;dpyq;ifapd; Nghyp ,lJrhupfshd N[.tpgpapdUk; Kf;fpakhd gq;F tfpj;jdu;. ,tu;fsJ gq;fspg;G vjpu;ghu;j;jNj.

    Mdhy;> jk;ik cz;ikahd ,lJrhupfs; vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;ltu;fSk;> kdpj cupik Ngrpatu;fSk;> Clf Rje;jpuk; Ngrpatu;fSk;> Gypfis vjpu;g;gjhff; $wpatu;fSk;> ,d;iwa I.Nj.f. jiyikapyhd tyJrhupg; gpw;Nghf;F muirg; gjtpf;Ff; nfhz;L tUtjw;F cjtp Gupe;jikjhd; vt;tpjj;jpYk;> ve;jf; fhyj;jpYk; epahag;gLj;j KbahjJ. ,tu;fs; tpl;l jtiw ,tu;fs; czu;tjw;F Kd;Ng vjpu;g;Gul;rpr; rjpfhuu;fs; ehl;Lf;Fs; Mokhf CLUtptpl;lhu;fs;.

    ePz;lfhykhf Nkw;fj;ija ehLfspy; thrk; nra;J ,yq;iff;F vjpuhd rf;jpfSld; ,ize;J Ntiynra;J te;j ,e;jr; rjpfhuu;fs;; Nghu; KbTw;wJk; ehL jpUk;gp ,g;nghOJ xU FOthf (Fwpg;ghf tl khfhzj;jpy;) Ntiy nra;fpd;wdu;. ,tu;fsJ Ntiyfis mtjhdpj;Jg; ghu;j;jhNy ,tu;fsJ Nehf;fj;ijg; Gupe;Jnfhs;s KbAk;.

    ,tu;fs; jkpo; Njrpathjj;ijg; gpd;gw;Wk; rhjhuz kf;fis rupahd ghijf;Ff; nfhz;L tUtjw;fhd Ntiyia xUNghJk; nra;tjpy;iy. khwhf> ,tu;fsJ CLUty; vy;yhk; ,lJrhup rf;jpfs;> mtu;fisg; ghuk;gupakhf Mjupj;J tUk; njhopyhsu;fs;> kPdtu;fs;> jho;j;jg;gl;l kf;fs; kj;jpapNyNa eilngWfpd;wd. mjw;fhd fhuzk;> ,e;j kf;fs; ,lJrhupfspd; nraw;ghLfs; tl gFjpapy; gytPdg;gl;Lg; Nghdgpd;du;> ghrprg; GypfSf;Fk;> mtu;fs; cUthf;fpa gpw;Nghf;F jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;Gf;Fk; vjpuhf cWjpahfg; Nghuhb tUk; lf;s]; Njthde;jh jiyikapyhd

  • Mdp> 2017 14

    ,Ug;gjhy;> me;j epiyikia cilg;gNj ,tu;fsJ gpujhd Nehf;fk;.

    ,e;jr; rjpfhuu;fs; Kw;Nghf;F> kdpj cupik> [dehafk; vy;yhk; Ngrp kf;fisf; ftu Kaw;rpf;fpwhu;fs;. mjdhy; kf;fspy; xU gFjpapdu; ,tu;fsplk; Vkhe;Jk; Nghfpd;wdu;. ,tu;fis ,dk; fhz;gjhdhy; ,tu;fsJ murpay; epiyg;ghl;il mtjhdpj;jhy; KbAk;.

    Kw;Nghf;Fg; NgRk; ,tu;fs;> Vfhjpgj;jpaj;ijNah> gpw;Nghf;F I.Nj.fitNah> mtw;Wld; $bf;FyhTk; jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G Nghd;w gpw;Nghf;Fj; jiyikiaNah xUNghJk;

    vjpu;j;Jg; gpur;rhuk; nra;akhl;lhu;fs;. gjpYf;F vg;NghJk; kfpe;j uh[gf;ritAk;> lf;s]; Njthde;jhitAk; vLj;jjpw;nfy;yhk; tirghLtjpNyNa fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf ,Ug;gu;. mjpypUe;Nj mtu;fis ,dk;fhz KbtJld;> mtu;fis mtu;fsJ v[khdu;fs; vd;d Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf ,yq;iff;F mDg;gp itj;Js;shu;fs; vd;gijAk; Gupe;J nfhs;s KbAk;.

    vdNt> Kw;Nghf;F rf;jpfs; ,e;jtpjkhd rf;jpfs; Fwpj;J kpfTk; tpopg;ghf ,Ug;gJld;> kf;fisAk; vr;rupf;ifAld; ,Uf;FkhW ghu;j;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

    ,yq;ifapd; rfy ,d kf;fspdJk; gpujhd tpNuhjpfs; Vfhjpgj;jpathjpfSk;> mtu;fis Mjupf;Fk; I.Nj.f.> ikj;jpupghy rpwpNrd jiyikapyhd rpwP.y.R.fl;rpapd; tyJrhupg; gpupT> jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G vd;gdNt vd;gjpy; ehk; vg;nghOJk; njspthf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. khu;f;rpa nyypdpa mbg;gilapyhdJk;> ,yq;ifapd; kpf cd;djkhd vkJ ,lJrhup Kd;Ndhbj; jiytu;fshYk; tFj;j ,e;j epiyg;ghl;bypUe;J ,k;kpasT tpyfpdhYk;> ehk; tyJrhupfspd; gf;fk;jhd; Ngha;r; NrUNthk; vd;gjid vg;nghOJk; epidtpy; ,Uj;jpr; nraw;gl Ntz;Lk;.

    Kd;gf;fj; njhlHr;rpKd;gf;fj; njhlHr;rpKd;gf;fj; njhlHr;rpKd;gf;fj; njhlHr;rp

    murpay; rf;jpfs; kj;jpapy; vjpUk; GjpUkhd ,U mzpfs; vd;w xU Njhw;wg;ghL cUthfpAs;sJ. Mdhy; murpay; uPjpahf ,uz;L mzpfs; cUthfpAs;sdth vd;gJ Nfs;tpf;FupaJ.

    ,d;W rk;ge;jd;> khit Nrdhjpuhrh> Rke;jpud; MfpNahuhy; jiyik jhq;fg;gLk; jkpouRf; fl;rpf;Fk;> tlf;F khfhz Kjyikr;ru; tpf;Nd];tudhy; jiyikjhq;fg;gLk; jPtpu jkpo; Njrpathjpfs; Nghy; Njhw;wkspf;Fk; mzpapdUf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Kuz;ghl;il itj;Jf;nfhz;L> jkpo; murpay; muq;fpy; vjpUk; GjpUkhd ,uz;L mzpfs; cUthfpAs;sjhfr; rpyu; jg;Gf;fzf;Fg; NghLfpd;wdu;. Mdhy; cz;ik mJty;y.

    jkpoupd; murpay; tuyhw;wpy; ,jw;F Kd;dUk; vjpUk; GjpUkhd murpay; mzpfs; ,Ue;jpUf;fpd;wd. jkpou;fspd; %j;j murpay; fl;rpahd jkpo; fhq;fpurpw;Fk; jkpouRf; fl;rpf;Fk; ,ilapy; Rkhu; 27 tUl fhyk; Nghl;b murpay; epytpaJ. jkpo; kf;fspd; eyd;fSf;fhf ,uz;L fl;rpfisAk; xd;Wgl;Lr;

    nraw;gLkhW kf;fs; jug;gpypUe;J tpLf;fgl;l Nfhupf;ifis ,U jug;gpdUNk Vw;Wf;nfhs;shky; fPupAk; ghk;Gkhfr; nraw;gl;L te;jdu;. Mdhy; 1970 nghJj;Nju;jypy; ,uz;L fl;rpfspdJk; Kf;fpa jiytu;fs; kf;fshy; Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;lNghJ> jk;ikg; ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;sTk;> kf;fis Vkhw;wTk;> ,uz;L fl;rpapdUk; ,ize;J jkpou; If;fpa tpLjiy Kd;dzp (jkpou; tpLjiyf; $l;lzp) vd;w Gjpa mikg;ig cUthf;fpaJld;> jhq;fs; mJtiu fhyKk; gpd;gw;wpa tq;FNuhj;Jj;jdkhd murpay; nfhs;iffis kiwf;f jkpoPok; vd;w ,d;ndhU tq;FNuhj;Jj;jdkhd nfhs;ifiaAk; Kd;itj;jdu;.

    mJNghd;wnjhU epiyikjhd; ,g;nghOJ rk;ge;jd; FOtpdUf;Fk;> tpf;Nd];tud; FOtpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy; cUthfpAs;sJ. tpf;Nd];tud; ,g;nghOJ NgRfpd;w mjpjPtpuj; jkpo; Njrpathjk;> Kd;ida kfpe;j uh[gf;rtpd; Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpy; rk;ge;jd; FOtpduhy; jPtpukhfg; Ngrg;gl;l xd;Wjhd;. kfpe;j uh[gf;rtpd; Ml;rp mtu;fSf;Fg; gpbf;fhjjhy;> mtu;fs; mg;nghOJ mg;gbg;

    Ngrpdhu;fs;. gpd;du; mtu;fSf;F kpfTk; gpbj;jkhd I.Nj.f. jiyikapyhd tyJrhup murhq;fk; mike;j gpd;du;> jhk; mJtiu Ngrpa jkpo;j; Njrpathjf; nfhs;iffis %l;ilfl;b itj;Jtpl;L me;j muRld; nfhQ;rpf;Fyht Muk;gpj;jpUf;fpwhu;fs;. ,J toikahf vy;yhj; jkpo; jiyikfSk; fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; nra;JtUk; xd;Wjhd;.

    ,jpy; tpf;Nd];tud; FOtpdu; Vd; vjpu; epiyg;ghL vLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w xU epahakhd Nfs;tp voyhk;. mjw;F %d;W fhuzq;fisf; $wyhk;.

    Xd;W> ,yq;ifapYk;> Gyk;ngau; ehLfspYk; ,Uf;fpd;w Gyp Mjuthsu;fs; cl;gl jPtpu jkpo; Njrpathjpfspd; gpujpepjpahfj; jd;id epiyepWj;jp> jkpo; kf;fspd; jiyikj;Jtj;ijf; ifg;gw;Wk; tpf;Nd];tudpd; mgpyhir.

    ,uz;lhtJ> jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; jkpouRf; fl;rp jtpu;e;j %d;W gq;fhspf; fl;rpfSk; jkpouRf; fl;rpj; jiyikapd; vNjr;rhjpfhug; Nghf;if Vw;fhJ ,Ug;gJld;> mf;fl;rpf;F vjpuhf ntspapy; ,Uf;fpd;w fN[e;jpuFkhu; nghd;dk;gyj;jpd; jkpo; Njrpa kf;fs; Kd;dzp> tP.Mde;jrq;fupapd; jkpou;

  • Mdp> 2017 15

    tpLjiyf; $l;lzp vd;gdTk; jkpouRf; fl;rpf;F vjpuhfg; Nghu;f;nfhb Jhf;fpAs;sjhy;> mtw;wpd; JizAld; jkpouRf; fl;rpapd; jiyikia vjpu;j;J ntw;wpngw KbAk; vd tpf;Nd];tuDf;F Vw;gl;Ls;s ek;gpf;if.

    %d;whtjhf> jkpo; kf;fs; jkpo; Njrpaf; $l;likg;Gj; jiyik kPJk;> mJ Mjupf;fpd;w ,d;iwa ey;yhl;rp muR kPJk; ek;gpf;if ,oe;Js;sjhy;> kf;fspd; Mjuit jkJ gf;fk; ntd;nwLf;fyhk; vd tpf;Nd];tud; mzpf;F Vw;gl;bUf;Fk; mjPj ek;gpf;if.

    ,itjhd; cz;ikapy; rk;ge;jd; mzpf;Fk;> tpf;Nd];tud; mzpf;Fk; ,ilapy; Vw;gl;Ls;s KWfypd; mbg;gilfs;. cs;Sf;Fs; ghupa Neha; ,Ug;gtDf;F mjd; ntspg;ghlhf fha;r;ry; mbg;gJ Nghy> ,e;j mbg;gil Neha;fspd; ntspg;ghlhf tl khfhzrigapd; rpy mikr;ru;fs; kPjhd Coy; Fw;wr;rhl;Lfs; ntspf; fha;r;ryhf ntspg;ghlile;Js;sd.

    me;j Coy; Fw;wr;rhl;LfSf;F jw;fhypf epthuzk; Njb> ,U jug;Gk; rpy rkurq;fSf;F te;jhYk;> mbg;gilahd tpahjp jPug;Nghtjpy;iy. mKf;fp itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; me;j tpahjp NkYk; G+jhfukhf ntbj;Jf; fpsk;GtJ jpz;zk;.

    ,q;Nf gpur;rpid vd;dntdpy;> mjpfhuj;Jf;fhf ky;Yf;fl;b epw;Fk; ,uz;L mzpfSf;filapYk; mbg;gilahd murpay; tpj;jpahrk; vJTk; fpilahJ vd;gJjhd;. mbg;gilahd tpj;jpahrk; ,Uf;Fkhdhy; kf;fs; rupahd ghijapy; epw;Fk; mzpia Mjupf;fyhk;. Mdhy; epiyik mg;gb ,y;iy. xU mzp kpjkhd jkpo; Njrpathjj;ijg; gpd;gw;w> kw;iwa mzp jPtpukhd jkpo; Njrpathjj;ijg; gpd;gw;WfpwJ vd;gJjhd; tpj;jpahrk;. rhuhk;rj;jpy; ,uz;LNk gpw;Nghf;Fj; jkpo; Njrpathjj;ijj;jhd; jkJ mbg;gilahff; nfhz;Ls;sd. mjpy; khw;wk; te;J jkpo; Njrpathjk; vd;gJ Kw;Nghf;fhd jpirtopapy; xU Njrpa [dehafg;

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  • Mdp> 2017 16

    // Vaanavil is a registered member of the National Ethnic Press and Media Council of Canada//

    // thdtpythdtpythdtpythdtpy;;;; //

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