EMOTIONAL DEVEOPMENT. THE FIRST YEAR. Emotional Development. The process of learning to recognize and express one’s feelings and learning to establish one’s identity and individuality. Social Development. The process of learning to interact with others and to express oneself to others. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Text of EMOTIONAL DEVEOPMENT
THE FIRST YEAREmotional DevelopmentThe process of learning to recognize and express ones feelings and learning to establish ones identity and individuality.Social DevelopmentThe process of learning to interact with others and to express oneself to others.Emotional DevelopmentFollows predictable patterns according to each babys individual timing.Two other important influences are:1. the type of care the baby receives when an infants needs are met a baby learns to trust parents and caregivers and will grow into a child who can trust himself/herself and into an adult who can establish and maintain caring relationships with others.Attachment bonding is most crucial in the first 2 months of life but fully formed until age 2.2. the atmosphere of the homeAffection and harmony between parents, caregivers, and all family members is the bases for successful family life.Each child needs to be loved as an individualFailure to ThriveA condition in which a baby fails to grow and develop properly resulting from a lack of love and attention. This children maybe unable to develop caring, meaningful relationships with others, even with psychological help.TemperamentA persons unique nature.It will determine how a baby reacts to others and to the world.There are nine different temperament traits.Everybody has each trait to a greater or lesser degree.Intensity How strong or weak are the childs responses to events or people?Intense children react loudly, may cry loudly.PersistenceHow determined is a child to complete an action?A persistent child will get upset if unable to finish a project. They are goal oriented and unwilling to give up easily. Doesnt accept no for an answer.Less persistent children accept no for an answer.SensitivityHow strongly does a child react to his or her feelings?A highly sensitive child has strong reactions.Fussy eaters, complains about uncomfortable clothing.Bothered by lights, sounds, or smells.PerceptivenessPerceptive children are:Aware of their environment. Easily distracted.Have a hard time following directions with different steps.AdaptabilityChildren low in adaptability resist change. Highly adaptable child isnt bothered by surprises.RegularityHighly regular get tired an go to sleep at the same time each evening.Go to the bathroom at the same time.Get hungry at the same time.EnergyHigh-energy children are physically active.Squirm and move around even when sitting.Prefer to run rather walk.
First reactionIn facing new situations some children jump right in. Open to new activities and will try new foods.Others hold back and watch what others do before joining in. MoodCheerful or not.Some have a positive outlook while others point out problems.
Problems arise when the adults temperament conflicts with the childs. Understanding such differences can prevent such clashes.Care givers need to be able to adapt to the temperament of the child.CryingThe most obvious sign of an infants emotions.Attention and care is needed 1st check for any physical problems Hunger, diaper change, too hot or too coldIf none of these the infant needs cuddlingComforting techniques provided by caregiver1. rocking2. move baby to a new positionComforting techniques provided by caregiver1. rocking2. move baby to a new position3. talk softly to the baby, or sing4. offer a toy to interest and distract the baby5. Place baby facedown across your legs as you sit in a chair.
Babies Own Comforting techniquesSucking on thumbs, fist, or pacifierSoft blanket or stuffed toyTwisting their hairRocking themselves back and forth in their crib
Babies range of emotions is limited at birthPleasure or satisfaction baby is quietPain or discomfort baby criesBy the 2nd month babies produce different cries for different feelings.ColicBabies who are extremely fussy may have colic.This baby cries a lot and cant be comforted.Occurs usually between 6pm and midnight.Seems to be the worst around 6 weeks of age.Not sure what causes colic, maybe due to gas collecting in their stomachs or from certain foods.