Biweeklv No. 18. 5 - 18 Oct 201 5 (we
JO EPN TRITON 2015
BIWEEKLY ANALYTICAL UPDATE
+ As of 18 October, 139 358 irregular migrants have been intercepted in the Central Mediterranean, which represents
a 7% decrease compared to the same period of 2014.
+ Pakistani and Afghan asylum seekers arriving t o Crotone through the Balkan route.
+ During the reporting period 8 more fatalities were reported among migrants crossing from Libya to Italy.
+ Zuwara continues to be a non-departure area towards Italy.
During the period under analysis, 44 illegal
immigration incidents were reported (29 inci- Monthly Apprehensions l Jan - 180ct 2015/2014
dents in week 41, and 15 in week 42) involv-
ing the apprehension of 6 544 irregular mi- -2015 -2014
grants (4 446 detections in week 41, and
2 098 detections in week 42); 24 boats ar-
rived from Libya with 3 730 migrants on
board, 2 boats from Egypt involving 359 mi-
grants, 5 boats from Algeria with 60 migrants
on board, 2 boats from Tunisia with 11 mi- 0
grants, and 11 boats from unknown places of
departure involving 2 384 migrants.
The volume of irregular migrants thus far detected in 2015 (139 354) shows a -7% decrease compared to the numbers of
irregular migrants apprehended during the same period in 2014 (149 419). It is estimated that during the autumn period the
arrivals of irregular migrants to Italy will continue as the information gathered during interviews suggests that the number of
migrants waiting to cross from Libya, Egypt and Turkey remains high. Nevertheless the migratory pressure will
decrease as weather conditions worsens in the Central Mediterranean sea.
Main Nationalities l
Thus far in 2015, the most common nationalities reported within the framework of the JO Triton have been from the fol-
lowing countries: Eritrea, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Gambia, Bangladeshi, Mali, Senegal, and Ghana.
Main nationalities 2014-2105 (I Jan - 18 Oct)
arriving in Italy I:
Main Nationalities II
Trends by Nationalities
Most of the Egyptians arrived were unaccompanied minors or in some cases adults claiming to be unaccompanied mi-
nors in order to avoid an immediate repatriation. Different families were identified travelling with babies, while the
rest were adult men travelling alone.
Jm k b MÃ J^x May Jm Jd h1 Scp Oct 1-
Most of the Nigerians were adult men and wnmm trawllino alone and to a much lesser extent unaccomoanied minors,
claiming to be Christians. W
The main reason for leaving Nigeria was
socio-economic. The second reason
Jm fcb MÃ Ape MOT Jw Jd Alt h Oct
Main findings during the reporting period I
Once more, several fatalities were reported during the reporting period in the frame work of JO Triton 201 5. A total
number of 8 irregular migrants were found dead on board of a rubber dinghy that was transporting approximately
130 migrants from Libya. Suffocation seems to be the death of the migrants. Migrants are piled in rubber boats with
no space to move. In some cases, depending on the part of the rubber boat where they are placed there is hardly any
ventilation. Consequently they are exposed t o a high risk of death by suffocation.
These 8 new fatalities are only a small example of the rudeness shown by smuggling networks operating in Libya,
where migrants are piled in wooden and rubber boats despite the high risk that this implies for their lives.
During 2015, according to UNHCR (1) and IOM (2) more than 3 100 irregular migrants are considered t o have lost their
lives in the Mediterranean Sea, showing a slight decrease when compared to the same period of 2014. Most of these
fatalities were reported in the Central Mediterranean Sea (2 800) mainly involving migrants trying to reach Italy after
departing from Libya.
m m m m
Main findings during the reporting period II
Increasing numbers of irregular migrants, mainly Afghan and Pakistani nationals are arriving to Crotone following
In terms of percentages:
25% of the boats transporting migrants' intercepted in the Central Med in 2015 (916 incidents) were rescued by
22% of all the migrants apprehended in the Central Med in 2015 (139 358) were rescued by Commercial ves-
22% of the fatalities reported in the Central Med in 2015 (296) occurred during the rescue operation with the
involvement of commercial vessels.
Main trends by country of departure in 201 5
Thus far in October 2015, all the migratory routes towards Italy, except the Turkish route, have reported incidents. Fur-
thermore, thus far in 2015, the breakdown by migratory routes in the Central Mediterranean shows a slight overall de-
creasing trend (-7%) with decreasing arrivals from Libya (-6%), Turkey (-41%), Egypt (-30%) and Tunisia (-54%) and a stable
trend from Greece.
It is worth mentioning that during since July 2015, the flow towards Italy has been decreasing when compared to the pre-
vious months and also when compared to the same period of 2014. Among the main reasons of this decrease it should be
mentioned the diversion of part of the flow from Libya towards Turkey.
In fact the number of 4 Syrian nationals detected from Libya has decreased of approximately 79% in the period 1 Jan - 18
Oct of 2015 when compared to the same period of 2014 (from 31 278 migrants in 2014 to 6 687 migrants in 2015).
In parallel, migrants prefer the route from the western coast of Turkey to the Greek Eastern Aegean Islands and then to-
wards the Balkan route rather than using the longer, more expensive and less safe sea route from Turkey directly to Italy.
The following map shows the volume of the migratory flows by country of departure since the beginning of 201 5:
4 - d EGYPT
Total number of migrants by departure country, comparing 1 January - 18 October 2015 to the same period
last year, and the total percentage of decrease compared to 2014.
Statistics Weeks 41 - 42 (1 January - 18 October 201 5)
The JO Triton 201 5 was launched on 1 February 201 5 and is scheduled to conclude on 31 December 201 5.
916 Incidents occurred related to illegal border-crossing.
139 358 Irregular migrants were apprehended.
Most common nationalities - Eritrean (33 OIO), Nigerian (16 8381, Somali (10 1671, Sudanese
(7 777). Syrian (6 708), Ganibian (6 248), Bangladeshi (4 8201, and Malian (4 760).
The main countries of departure were Libya (1 18 01 9), Egypt (10 006), Turkey (2 1 53),
Greece (943), Tunisia (480) & Algeria (133). k
366 People smugglers were arrested in 178 incidents (several incidents pendins w i i d a t i o n ) ,
296 Fatalities were reported i n 36 incidents. 11
4 Incidents related to the prevention of departure.
-1 Irregular migrants were prevented from departure.
3 Incidents related to the smueeline of eoods.
19 Smugglers were arrested.
2 Incident related to third country acti-
102 Would-be migrants were reported by - A r d country-
7 Incidents related to ~ollution. - - -
I -86% Of detections were recorded outside the operational area, -14% inside. - - - - - -
-90% Of incidents were reported as SAR operations.
From the beginning of the operation on 1 February to 18 October 201 5
886 Incidents occurred related to illegal border-crossing. --
135 745 Irregular migrants were apprehended.
364 People smugglers were arrested in 177 inci
During the reporting period between 5 - 18 Oct 201 5
44 Illegal border-crossimg incidents occurred. -
6 551 Irregular migrants were apprehended.
Most common nationalities were Eritrean (1 8031, Somali (645), Nigerian (5761, Moroccan
(486), Egypt (293), Sudanese (2671, Gambian (218), Senegalese (130), and Syrian (123).
The main countries of departure were Libya (2 545 migrants), Egypt (3591, Tunisia (11);
and Algeria (60). The country o f departure of aver 3 500 irregular migrants is still pending.
0 People smugglers arrested.
Fatalities were reported.
-84% Of detections were recor3e^SIS!deTne^5e^55!!^^^^^^^b^ccurTe^nsMe. a -82% Of inciitents were reported as SW operations.
Disclaimer: All the figures in this report including those in the tables and charts are based on validated i n ~ , , , i reports .L, . ie JORA
system up to the day this report was written and finalized (22 October 2015, 12:00 hrs.).
Frontex Operations Division
Risk Analysis Unit
Reference number: I68721201 5
' FRONTEX r- - ̂ JO EPN TRITON 2015 BIWEEKLY ANALYTICAL UPDATE
l i w e e k l v No. 19. 19 Oct-1 Nov 201 5 [weeks 43-44). Ref. 17962/2015
The number of irregular migrants thus far detected i n 2015 on the Central Mediterranean route (over 141 000) shows a
slight decrease 8% compared to the number of irregular migrants apprehended during the same period in 2014.
During week 43 6 44, the overall decreasing trend continued on all migratory routes in the Central Mediterranean. From
19 October to 1 November, 1 549 irreg