The Shard Story – Developing The Shard Shard Story – Developing The Shard. ... vine Sellar met Renzo Piano for the first time in Ir ... y run at the steel-fabricator’s

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  • LEARNING LONDON EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMME

    FACT SHEETS 1

    The Shard Story Developing The Shard

    The idea for The Shard was the brainchild of property developer, Irvine Sellar

    Southwark Towers, a 1970s office block, had been purchased as an investment

    It made poor use of a good site which had excellent transport links

    In 1999, a proposal for a high building on the site was put forward

    Opposition came from English Heritage and Historical Royal Palaces

    Support came from the Mayor of London and the local community in Southwark

    Originally the building was planned to be 400 metres high, but the height was reduced following 9/11

    Planning consent was obtained in November 2003

    The architect, Renzo Piano, was appointed in

    2000 he had been suggested to Sellar by a colleague who admired his work

    Not known for designing tall buildings, Renzo Piano saw the sense of a high-rise development at London Bridge

    The idea was to create a vertical city, a place where people live, work and enjoy themselves

    The roads in this city are the buildings banks of lifts and escalators

    Having public access was seen as a vital component of the project, but it is highly unusual for a tall building in London

    Investment in the project came from the Sellar Property Group and the State of Qatar

    The Shard is the centrepiece of London Bridge Quarter a 2bn development to regenerate and rejuvenate the area adjacent to London Bridge Station

  • LEARNING LONDON EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMME 2

    The Shard Story Designing The Shard

    The architect of The Shard is Renzo Piano, one of the most innovative architects in the world today

    Piano achieved international acclaim when, in partnership with Richard Rogers, he designed the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris in the 1970s

    The Renzo Piano Building Workshop was established in 1981 and notable projects include The New York Times Building in New York, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston and Central St Giles in London

    Irvine Sellar met Renzo Piano for the first time in 2000 in a restaurant in Berlin to discuss the idea of a tall building at London Bridge

    Piano sketched his initial design thoughts on the back of a napkin in the restaurant that initial sketch bears a remarkable resemblance to the finished building

    Piano wrote on the sketch To Irvine from Renzo, May 2000 Berlin

    Pianos inspiration for the design of The Shard comes from the sailing masts of the ships that docked in the river Thames and the steeples of Sir Christopher Wrens churches in the City of London

    Sitting on the banks of the Thames, Piano designed his building to be a kaleidoscope that responds to changeable London weather, to light and shade like a mirror, reflecting the city

    Realising the vision of a shard of glass meant the design of the faade was critical, with large sheets of floor-to-ceiling glazing providing unobstructed views of London

    Piano envisaged a building that would respond to the changeable English climate

    The form of the tower itself is configured with views in mind, but equally to optimize climatic conditions for its users

    The mix of uses within The Shard meant that office workers, hotel guests and diners, residents of the apartments, and the public visiting The View from The Shard all had to have their own points of entry to the building, with no fewer than 44 lifts to whisk them to their required levels

    The top of the building is a spectacular glass and steel spire

    The dramatic design forms a new London landmark

    FACT SHEETS

  • LEARNING LONDON EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMME 3

    The Shard Story Constructing The Shard

    The Shard took three years to build, with up to 1,500 people working on its construction

    Nothing about the project was simple: the team had to work on a constricted site, hemmed in by streets and buildings, including a major hospital, and overlapping one of Londons busiest railway stations

    The foundations began with 120 piles extending 54 metres (177 feet) deep into the ground

    Each of these had to bear a weight of 2800 tonnes (3086 US tons) as the first 21 storeys of the tower were constructed around a central core

    The Shard has three basement levels used for services and vehicle access, the lowest extending more than 13 metres (42 feet) below ground level

    Excavating the basements was a tricky operation, given the proximity of the Thames, so a massive retaining wall was built to enclose the site and provide a safe, dry base for the tower

    A massive concrete raft was constructed at the lowest basement level, which provided the structural underpinning for construction of the upper levels

    The 4-metre (13-foot) thick basement raft was an operation of heroic proportions: it was probably the largest concrete pour ever carried out in Britain

    In a space of 36 hours, 700 truckloads of concrete were delivered in a military-style operation

    The core of The Shard was built top down the strategy used to construct the basements allowed the concrete core of the building to be raised simultaneously

    A rig on top of the core was used to pour concrete as the structure rose

    On top of the core a crane was installed, steadily rising as the core itself grew

    Four tower cranes were installed to deliver steelwork.

    In the final stages of construction, the site boasted the tallest tower crane in Europe

    The Shard is clad with more than 11,000 individual glass panels, assembled in prefabricated sections to form a unitised faade system

    Assembled in a factory in Holland, the glass panels incorporate two layers of glass, blinds and the motors powering them

    On site, they were raised by lift and installed floor by floor each panel typically took 15 minutes to install

    The Spire contains some 1,300 individual parts Assembling it at the summit of the tower was

    always a challenge A dry run at the steel-fabricators works in

    Yorkshire was followed by the Spire being dismantled and transported to the site and assembled in sections

    These were lifted into place and fixed into position with the aid of a team of expert steel erectors

    FACT SHEETS

  • LEARNING LONDON EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMME 4

    The Shard Story Inside The Shard

    The Shard contains a mix of uses and is a vertical city of offices, hotel and restaurants, apartments and public viewing galleries

    Levels 2-28 are offices Entered via a double-height lobby clad in white,

    hand-chiselled Carrara marble

    Levels 31-33 have some of the highest restaurants in London

    Aqua Shard on Level 31 serves innovative contemporary British cuisine and features a three-storey high atrium bar

    Oblix on Level 32 features an aged cocktail library and live music

    Hutong on Level 33 serves Chinese cuisine and features traditional Chinese decor and hand-carved Moon Gates

    Level 34-52 is the Shangri-La Hotel, with 202 guestrooms and its own restaurant

    The spa and infinity pool is on Level 52

    Level 53-65 are exclusive residences with unparalleled views over London

    The penthouse on Levels 64 and 65 is rumoured to have seven bedrooms

    The View from The Shard occupies Levels 68-72 and offers the highest viewing gallery in London

    The building is crowned by the dramatic steel and glass spire, which occupies Levels 75-95

    Travel up this vertical city is via the 44 lifts, some of which are double-decker, and the 306 flights of stairs

    FACT SHEETS

  • LEARNING LONDON EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMME 5

    Fast Facts The View from The Shard

    The View from The Shard sits 244 metres (800 feet) above London, almost twice as high as any other view in the city

    Double-decker elevators travel at speeds of 6 metres a second

    The lifts have kaleidoscope ceilings, which change as you ascend and descend to The View

    The View has 360 degree uninterrupted viewsfor up to 40 miles

    It is possible to see Windsor Castle on a clear day

    The View is a day and night experience, open from 10am - 10pm (in summer)

    Guests can stay as long as they like, taking time to appreciate the city from this unique perspective

    Iconic London landmarks are laid out before you, including:

    to the EAST: Olympic Stadium, Tower Bridge and Canary Wharf

    to the WEST: Big Ben and the Houses of

    Parliament, Buckingham Palace and the BT Tower to the SOUTH: Battersea Power Station, the

    Imperial War Museum, Crystal Palace and The Oval cricket ground

    to the NORTH: St Pauls Cathedral, the Tower of London, Alexandra Palace and the Monument

    Level 72, the highest public level, allows people to stand in the open, exposed to the elements and the sounds of the city beneath, and look up to the shards of glass that form the top of the remarkable building

    The Tell:scopes on Level 69 are state-of-the-art interactive telescopes with unique views of London

    London can be viewed in real-time, by day, by night, at dusk and going back through the centuries

    One Tell:scope also provides a view of London in the future, taking account of planned building work

    The View from The Shard has the highest toilets in London with the Loo with a View on Level