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Seeing is not always believing!

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Seeing is not always believing!. Common Data-Different Conclusions. The Scientific Revolution. 6.6.1. What is Science?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Seeing is not always believing!
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Seeing is not always believing!

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Common Data-Different

Conclusions

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The Scientific Revolution

6.6.1

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What is Science?Before the nineteenth century, what we call science was referred to as natural philosophy, and was to varying degrees entangled with moral philosophy, theology, numerology, and magic.

By the Renaissance, science was often to also mean “art” in describing a particular body of knowledge. These usages continued until the early nineteenth century. But also, by the end of the sixteenth century, “science,” requiring theoretical knowledge, was often differentiated from “art,” a skill that required only practice.

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What is Science?By 1800, though science mostly meant just the theoretical and methodical study of nature, it had for a growing number become associated with specific ways of thought and methods that we would now consider scientific.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the word “scientist” was first used to replace the earlier term “natural philosopher;” and “science” referred primarily to the, by then, well differentiated fields of physics, chemistry, and biology.

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Science-Noun

1.a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws: the mathematical sciences.2.systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation.3.any of the branches of natural or physical scence

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The Roots of Modern Science

Before 1500- Greek or Roman Authors, The Bible

True vs. False

Few scholars challenged ideas by observing nature

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STOP!

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The Medieval View

Thought-Earth was an immovable object located at the center of the universeThe moon, sun and planets all moved in perfectly circular paths around the earth (common sense)

Geocentric Theory

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The Medieval View

Aristotle

Ptolemy

Christianity-God had placed Earth at the center of the universe

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A New Way of Thinking

Scientific RevolutionDef.- a new way of thinking about the natural world, based upon careful observation and a willingness to question accepted beliefs

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The Heliocentric Theory

Nicolaus Copernicus-Sun=center of universe (heliocentric theory)Kepler

Elliptical orbits

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Galileo GalileiDiscoveries