Graphic NovelsGraphic novels are book-length comics.Continuous narrative from first page to lastUsually cover fictional material in comic book form through the use of sequential illustrations.What is Graphic Novel?
Differences between graphic novels and comicStudents tend to talk about the story-talking about the text before teacher ask them to talk about the text. Gives a clearer understanding, and it lets you comprehend the story fasterEasier to visualize and put in motionIncrease understanding by using two ways to understand, visually and mentally,Graphic Novel in ClassroomConcerns about Graphic NovelsGraphic novel now offers English language arts teachers opportunities to engage all students in a medium that expands beyond the traditional borders of literacy (Schwarz 2006, 58)Opportunity to Engage all Students
To read a graphic novel, students need to understand traditional literacy, including character, plot, theme, and writing craft, particularly dialogue, but they also have the opportunity explore visual elements such as color, shading, panel layout, perspective, and even the lettering style (Schwarz 2006,59)
Provide Visual ElementsA study conducted by Joanne Ujie and Stephen Krashen found that middle school boys who read comics read more in general than boys who did not read comics, read more books, and enjoyed reading more (1996, 52) Provide Reading OpportunityTeachers read graphic novels and note their own reading experience in order to better literacy skills understandingTalk with your administration and your department about the use of graphic novelsSelect the graphic novel excerpts with care; many of them are not school appropriateObtain graphic novel although it is only black and white. Suggestion in support of using Graphic NovelGraphic Novels in Support of Reading SkillsIt requires readers to draw background knowledge with both pictures and text to infer what is happening.graphic novels can teach about making inferences, since readers must rely on pictures and just a small amount of text. (Council Chronicle 2005, 2)Teach or reinforce InferenceStudents have to pay attention to colour, shading, panel layout, perspective, and lettering style. (Schwarz 2006, 59)For students who lack the ability to visualize as they read, it provides a graphic sense that approximates what good readers do as they read (Council Chronicle 2005, 2)
Support Visual Literacy
CharacterSettingPlotThemeLiterary craft (dialogue and metaphor)Provide opportunities for exploring story telling elementsTeaching strategies:- Teachers who have incorporated graphic novels into their classrooms- interviews with adolescents who want to encourage teachers to bring graphic novels into the classroom.
Graphic Novels in Support of Story ElementsStudents are invited to draw the main character exploration in selecting two or three excerpts that help the reader to see the characterCharacter
The details of the setting increase when the picture comes to lifeUses colours (shades) to develop settingSetting
Students read these picture-only texts , then work in small groups to identify the key plot points. Or, use a story that the students have learnt, then ask them to draw panels to illustrate key plot points. Plot
Maus by Art Spiegelman: paints a story through pictures that encourages students to explore questions of relationships between groups.Its a Bird by Steven T. Seagle & Kristiansem: explores relationship between man and Superman who learns that life, even if shortm is worth living.ThemeGraphic novels in Support of Literary Terms and CraftGraphic novel utilizes a format in which text is placed beneath the storyboard panels.Result: Dialogue is written with quotation marks under each characterStudents can see how punctuation takes the place of word bubbles. Dialogue
Maus by Art Spielgram, the story of Holocaust is retold with animals.Jews are depicted as mice and Nazis are cats.Maus and Maus II (1993) use animals as metaphors to capture rhe relationships of the Holocaust. Metaphor
Ridiculing foolish ideas or customs for the purpose of improving society, is alive and well in graphic novels. Eg: Batman: The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller with Klaus Janson and Lynn VarietyBatman is now aging- his costume and stomach sagging- considers leaving retirement and returning to crime fighting. Satire