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FlightPlan Research Phase 2 Summary Results Jim McGee Global Mapping International IAMA Conference May 2006

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Slide 2 FlightPlan Research Phase 2 Summary Results Jim McGee Global Mapping International IAMA Conference May 2006 Slide 3 2 Global Mapping International Part of and committed to the mission community Unaffiliated with the mission aviation community Focus and commitment to research GMIs Mission: Produce and present world-class research that fuels emerging mission movements and leaders. Background Slide 4 3 Key Elements of the Project Collaboration and involvement sought from all stakeholders A visible, open process Compilation of valuable information for distribution throughout the mission aviation community Funding provided from several sources Third-party analysis and reporting Slide 5 4 Phases Phase 1: Document the status, dynamics and trends Phase 2: Explore perceptions, needs, challenges, opportunities Phase 3: Envision and analyze possible & preferable futures Slide 6 Phase 1: Status & Trends Slide 7 6 Phase 1 CD Contents Research Report: Status of Mission Aviation History Global Trends Missiology Finance Training Technology Strategy/Practice Slide 8 7 Phase 1 CD Contents Directory of mission aviation service providers Web directory of mission aviation web sites Library of 300 mission aviation documents Key documents Dave Bochman Ed Robinson Scott Zibell Key measures Slide 9 8 Sample of Phase 1 Info National and global trends Number of student pilots has dropped 41% in past 20 years Slide 10 9 Sample of Phase 1 Info Slide 11 10 Sample of Phase 1 Info Technical m.a. staff is up by 44% since 1988 Flight hours are roughly unchanged (Chart does not show all known orgs) Slide 12 11 More Phase 1 Learning (plus) Roadless population growing: 1 billion by 2030 Among poorest peoples, mobility not expected to increase substantially Building roads often doesnt give poorest access to services they need Economic-valuation models say the value of time saved is multiplied by a factor of (significant given rapid population increase) Slide 13 12 More Phase 1 Learning (plus) Fuel savings from diesel/autofuel aircraft expected to recoup cost in 4 years of service Staff attrition at MAF (6.5% annually) is similar to that of all U.S.-based missions (6.0%) Projected supply of pilot trainees runs fairly close to expressed agency need (but do they reach the field?) Projected supply of maintenance specialists runs somewhat short Slide 14 Phase 2: Perceptions, Needs, Opportunities, Challenges Slide 15 14 Methodology Objectives: Gather internal (stakeholder) and external perspectives Internal: Interview leaders/representatives within stakeholder groups to explore key issues, questions Depth interviews Online focus groups External: Survey current and potential users of mission aviation to explore needs, perceptions Slide 16 What Stakeholders See Slide 17 16 Depth Interviews 40 depth interviews (phone, email) 15 service providers (10 agencies; senior leaders, field leaders, pilots, recruiters) 8 trainers/equippers (5 schools, 3 bridge programs) 6 support specialists (4 agencies) 5 donors 4 service users (representing Guatemala, Ecuador, Cameroon, South Africa, China and PNG) 2 current/former students Slide 18 17 Online Discussions Discussion Boards 75 mission-aviation stakeholders Topical: focusing on questions outlined in Phase 1 Situational: getting reactions to ideas that could have application for mission aviation, e.g. corporate-NGO partnership for global logistics federal giving initiative to give $200 million to faith-based organizations working in AIDS-ravaged countries...Islamic competition in community air service small-scale tribal tourism operations 2-year field internship for prospective missionaries Slide 19 18 Values In relative frequency of mention Cooperate with other agencies Be a missionary first, a pilot second Empower indigenous peoples by increasing their access to health/education services Partner closely with national believers/churches Leave when appropriate; establish exit parameters Select appropriate technology for situation Emphasize safety and safety standards Seek sustainability, financially and otherwise Slide 20 19 Values Focus on learning/research/using information Define and measure effectiveness Speed the path to the field; show agility on the field Consider God-honoring business applications Smaller aircraft have a place Internships must meet objectives (not just exposure) Users pay portion of costs Variety in the enterprise is good Slide 21 20 Concerns In relative frequency of mention Cost of aviation for nationals (and expats) Government resistance/regulation Rising operational costs (and currency devaluation) Students failing to get to field due to cost, debt and distractions Supply of students Insurance costs Slide 22 21 Concerns Service providers staying too long Changing technology (training, certification) Declining funding sources/trends Avgas supply Agencies less likely to place missionaries in isolated locations Slide 23 22 Opportunities In relative frequency of mention Internship opportunities for trainees Low-tech/simple tech (Steve Saint) Mission-Business ventures and models Partnership/consultation with governments on infrastructure Cargo capacity more stuff, fewer trips (Kodiak) Second-career people/volunteers Secular schools supplying students Slide 24 23 Opportunities Humanitarian opportunities in closed places Airstrip construction in areas where governments are committed to providing services Pilots returning from the field (training, promoting) Tentmaking opportunities for trainees Need of nationals to learn English Use of commercial pilots for short-term needs Navigation technology Community air service Slide 25 24 Opportunities Group insurance Microaviation small-scale do-it-alls FBOs lying dormant Running national training institutions Slide 26 25 Needs Relative frequency of mention Intentionally reduce dependence on expats Speed the transition to new aircraft Recruit more people Help trainees get field ready (skill & finances) Measure opportunity/effectiveness Evaluate viability of new tech applications Market the benefits to users, churches Slide 27 26 Needs Intentionally seek national administrators (not just technicians) Adopt standards across organizations as appropriate (unity without uniformity) Understand total cost/investment Train pilots and trainees on diesel/turbine Communicate better across agencies Recruit people with business acumen Slide 28 What Others See Slide 29 28 Internet Survey of Potential Users Internet survey of field leaders whose agencies work among remote peoples Offline version made available Languages: English, Spanish, Portuguese Recruiting sources emphasized global South WEA Mission Commission Associates (global) Ethne 2006 email list (primarily Asia) Comibam email list (Latin America) MANI network regional leaders Slide 30 29 Internet Survey of Potential Users Survey billed as Remote Peoples and Mission Transportation Survey to avoid potential response bias 40+ data points, including attitude/behavior ratings, 2 open-ended questions, demographics Respondents asked to identify themselves by name and mission organization 119 valid responses from approximately 800 invitations (approx. 15% response) Slide 31 30 Involvement with Remote Peoples Respondents asked about relationship with remote peoples Those not directly engaged with remote peoples were filtered out, as were aviation service providers Reporting based on 82 responses Slide 32 31 Demographics 83% of responses from people living in the majority world Half of respondents live in Latin America For most measures, no bias based on region of residence Slide 33 32 Demographics Most respondents represent missions active in multiple regions Slide 34 33 Demographics Mix of national- oriented and expat-oriented missions Relatively few missions have a balance of missionaries from both types of countries Slide 35 34 Demographics More than half of respondents from smaller missions; Nearly 4 in 10 from missions with more than 100 field staff Slide 36 35 Attitudes: Challenges in Ministry Top challenges: Access Health/Security Concerns Slide 37 36 Attitudes: Use of Big Grant Aviation is complex, so no surprise to see it low on priority list Other responses related to aviation: Telecommunications Transport Services Slide 38 37 Attitudes: Transport Problems Expense is top problem; a challenge for aviation Cargo transport is an opportunity for aviation Also, to a lesser degree, speed, safety & reliability Slide 39 38 Air travel used moderately, as is boat and foot travel Boat use much higher in Latin America than Africa or Asia Behaviors: Travel Modes Slide 40 39 Behaviors: Aviation Usage Second half of survey specific to aviation Mission aviation not seen as available in many areas Unavailable? Unaware? 1 in 4 missions note use of aviation at some level Slide 41 40 Attitudes: Barriers to Aviation Use Confirms cost issue and perception of unavailability Few have problem with use of planes generally Slide 42 41 Anticipated Behavior: If Given Aircraft 2 of 3 missions would keep a plane if given one Only 1 in 8 would sell it outright rather than work to keep it in mission service Slide 43 42 Attitudes: Mission Aviation In general, strong support for use of aviation in mission Slide 44 Analysis/Ideas Slide 45 44 Analysis / Ideas Marketing/Communications Movement from reactive to proactive, especially among agencies that have few North Americans Awareness: Potential users should be aware of the opportunities to use mission aviation service Benefits of mission aviation should be more intentionally communicated to potential users (transportation consulting) Grants for marketing could be tied to follow-up funding based on increases in requests for service Slide 46 45 Analysis / Ideas Failure to Get to the Field With partne