British Troops in Borneo and N.E.I 1941 42 1

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12 May 2012 [BRITISH TROOPS IN BORNEO & N.E.I.]

British Troops in BorneoBritish Troops in Borneo 2nd Bn. 15th Punjab Regiment(1)

www.britishmilitaryhistory.co.uk

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12 May 2012 [BRITISH TROOPS IN BORNEO & N.E.I.]

British Troops in Netherlands East IndiesArmoured Troops B Squadron, 3rd Kings Royal Hussars 16th Anti-Aircraft Brigade(3) (4) (5) (2)

6th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artilleryth th

(H.Q., 12th & 15th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Batteries, Royal Artillery)

77th (Welsh) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery(H.Q., 239 (Glamorgan), 240 (Glamorgan) & 241 Aircraft Batteries, Royal Artillery)st

(Glamorgan) Heavy Anti-

21st Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery 48th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery(H.Q., 49 , 95 & 242th th nd

(6) (7)

(H.Q., 48th, 69th & 79th Light Anti-Aircraft Batteries, Royal Artillery) Light Anti-Aircraft Batteries, Royal Artillery)(8) (8)

78th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, Royal Artillery 89th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, Royal Artillery Royal Engineers

Detachment, 287th Field Company, Royal Engineers Field Survey Section, Royal Engineers (9) Royal Corps of Signals(10)

(9)

General Headquarters, British Troops on Java Signals, Royal Corps of Signals 44th Technical Maintenance Section, Royal Corps of Signals 79th Dispatch Rider Section, Royal Corps of Signals 51st Telephone Operator Section, Royal Corps of Signals 48th Operator Section, Royal Corps of Signals 3rd Company, Malaya Command Signals (Special Wireless), Royal Corps of Signals nd 62 Line Maintenance Section, Royal Corps of Signals 65th Line Maintenance Section, Royal Corps of Signals 28th Wing Signal Section, Royal Corps of Signals Infantry(11)

Details from the Leicestershire Regiment, East Surrey Regiment, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanderswww.britishmilitaryhistory.co.uk Page 2

12 May 2012 [BRITISH TROOPS IN BORNEO & N.E.I.]

Supply and Transport

(12)

Headquarters, Java Supply Company, Royal Army Service Corps Java Supply Section, Royal Army Service Corps 68th Petrol, Oil and Lubricants Section, Royal Army Service Corps 206th Petrol Section, Royal Army Service Corps 68th Detail Issue Section, Royal Army Service Corps 23rd Field Bakery, Royal Army Service Corps 1st Base Supply Depot, Royal Army Service Corps Ordnance(13)

5th Port Workshop Detachment, Royal Army Ordnance Corps 20th Base Ordnance Depot, Royal Army ORdance Corps Medical(14)

K Field Hospital, Royal Army Medical Corps Pioneer Units(15)

No. 4 Group Headquarters, Pioneer Corps 175th Pioneer Company, Pioneer Corps Miscellaneous(16)

Detachment, Corps of Military Police Detachments, Movement Control (Batavia, Tjilatjap and Sourabaya).

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12 May 2012 [BRITISH TROOPS IN BORNEO & N.E.I.]

United States Forces26th Field Artillery Brigade 2nd Bn. 131st Field Artillery Regiment

(17)

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12 May 2012 [BRITISH TROOPS IN BORNEO & N.E.I.]

Australian ForcesHeadquarters, Blackforce 2nd/3rd Machine Gun Battalion 2nd/2nd Pioneer Battalion Composite Australian Imperial Force Battalion 2nd/6th Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers

(18)

2nd/2nd Casualty Clearing Station, Australian Medical Corps A Field Ambulance, Australian Medical Corps 105th General Transport Company 2nd/3rd Reserve Motor Transport Company

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12 May 2012 [BRITISH TROOPS IN BORNEO & N.E.I.] NOTES: 1. This battalion a pre-war Regular Indian Army unit. It was part of the 6th Indian Infantry Brigade, which moved to Malaya from India in November 1940; from where it was posted to Borneo in February 1941. Lieutenant Colonel C. M LANE was the commanding officer of the battalion, being designated as the Officer Commanding British Troops in Borneo. The Japanese landed at Kuching on the 24th December 1941, and despite fierce resistance by the Punjabis, the Allied forces were forced back. The remaining members of the battalion surrendered on the 1st April 1942. 2. This squadron was detached from the 3rd Kings Royal Hussars which were then serving in Egypt as part of the 7th Armoured Brigade. Seven officers and one-hundred and thirty men under the command of Major William POWLETT were selected and they left Egypt on the 7th January 1942. Bound originally for Singapore with eighteen Vickers light tanks, as the island was close to defeat they were diverted to Sumatra. They landed on the 13th February 1942, and were then directed to Palembang. As the dockers had fled, the men had to unload the tanks and equipment themselves. On the 15th, having unloaded and prepared their tanks, they were ordered to re-embark and transfer to Java due to the sizable landings by Japanese forces in Sumatra. As their freighter had already sailed, the soldiers had to load their tanks and equipment onto a small steamship and a lighter towed by a tug. They landed at Batavia, and spent a couple of days acclimatizing. On the 28th March, they came under command of BlackForce and moved to the outskirts of Buitenzorg. Despite holding up the Japanese advance, the force had to withdraw to Bandoeng. With the Dutch decision to surrender being made on the 8th March, the squadron withdrew to the coast. The last entry in the war diary was made on the 10th March, as most of the men tried to escape. None succeeded 3. This brigade was formed in the United Kingdom. The Commanding Officer was Brigadier H. D. W. SITWELL. The Brigade Headquarters, with the 77th H.A.A. Regiment and 21st & 48th L.A.A. Regiment arrived at Batavia from the United Kingdom on the 4th February 1942. The brigade headquarters was established at Bandoeng. 4. This was a Regular Army unit. The 3rd H.A.A. Battery was detached, so only the Headquarters with the 12th and 15th H.A.A. Batteries were deployed to Sumatra. The regiment guarded P1 and P2 Airfields on the island, but with the invasion of the Japanese troops, it was withdrawn to Java where it served as infantry without its guns. 5. This regiment was a Territorial Army unit, which had been formed in 1939. It comprised four batteries; the 239th and 240th Batteries were based in Cardiff, with the 241st and 242nd Batteries being based in the Rhondda. The regiment formed part of the 45th Anti-Aircraft Brigade in South Wales at the outbreak of the Second World War. It was deployed to Singapore in December 1941, but was diverted to Java with the brigade. The regiment was equipped with 24 x 3.7 anti-aircraft guns. The Headquarters, 240th and 241st Batteries were located at Sourabaya with sixteen 37 guns; whilst 239th Battery was stationed at Batavia with eight guns. 6. In the December 1938, this regiment was formed in the United Kingdom. Its headquarters were located in Liverpool, with the 67th Battery based at Bromborough on the Wirral, 68th Battery at Ellesmere Port, 69th Battery at Northwich, and the 80th Battery at Kearsley at Manchester. At the outbreak of the Second World War, it was under command of the 53rd Light Anti-Aircraft Brigade based in the North West of England. It left the United Kingdom in December 1941 bound for Singapore, but was diverted to Java. The Headquarters Battery, plus one Troop each from the 69th and www.britishmilitaryhistory.co.uk Page 6

12 May 2012 [BRITISH TROOPS IN BORNEO & N.E.I.] 79th Battery were based in Malang with eight 40 mm Bofors guns. The 48th Battery was stationed at Sourabaya, the 69th Battery was based at Madioen, and the 79th Battery based at Koepang. The first battery had twelve Bofors guns, the latter two had eight guns. 7. In November 1940, batteries from the 17th and 19th Anti-Aircraft Regiments were used to form a new regiment, the 48th Anti-Aircraft Regiment. It left the United Kingdom in December 1941. The 242nd and Headquarters Batteries were based at Batavia, the 95th Battery was based at Bandoeng, and the 49th Battery at Kalidjati. Each battery was equipped with ten 40 mm Bofors guns. 8. These two batteries were detached from the 35th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, which had landed at Singapore. They were deployed to Sumatra to guard Palembang and P1 airfield. Following the Japanese air and sea landings on Sumatra, the batteries withdrew to Java. Their 40 mm guns had to be left on Sumatra, so on Java they were employed as infantry together with soldiers from the 6th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment. Together they numbered about 50 officers and 1,100 men. They were deployed at Tjimahi on the western side of Bandoeng. 9. This detachment, which only numbered 9 other ranks, was detached from the field company which had arrived at Singapore as part of the 18th Infantry Division. The field survey section had 1 officer and 15 other ranks. They were based at Batavia. In addition, there were another 13 Royal Engineers officers and 13 other ranks stationed on Java in various roles. 10. The total number of members of the Royal Corps of Signals deployed on Java number 17 officers and 334 other ranks, plus another 14 officers and 63 other ranks who were members of the signal sections of the anti-aircraft regiments on the island. The G.H.Q. Signals were based at Bandoeng, together with the 51st Telephone Operator Section, the 48th Operator Section, 3rd Company Malaya Command Signals. The rest of the unis were based in Batavia, with the exception of the Technical Maintenance Section and Dispatch Rider Section which were based at Tjimahi. 11. These details from regiments stationed in Singapore were the only British trained infantry personnel on the island, and only number 32 other ranks. They were all based at Batavia. 12. The Pioneer Corps Group consisted of 4 officers and 41 other ranks. They were all located at B