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Urban Administration bBy ,Naveen,Bhavik,Nabeel.Anmol

Urban adminstration

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Page 1: Urban adminstration

Urban Administration

bBy ,Naveen,Bhavik,Nabeel.Anmol

Page 2: Urban adminstration

Index MuncipalityCompostionMuncipal CoporationSources of FundFunctions oMuncipalityMuncipality:is communty protest

viableMuncipality or private initiatives


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A municipality is usually an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government or jurisdiction. The term municipality is also used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district. The term is derived from French "municipalité" and Latin "municipalis".

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All citizens of India can vote at 18 years of age or above can vote in muncipal elections.

Candidates who wishes to take part in elecations should be 21years of age or above.

Members of State Legislature(MLAs) and Members of Parliament(MPs) are also members of the council.

Its head is a Councillor. The councillor meets regularly to solve problems of us.

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Muncipal Coporation

A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities,counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.

Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. Often, this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter.

A muncipal coporation office

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Sources of Fund

Provision for services provided byMuncipality requires money.It gets funds from the following sources:

Taxes on residential houses,shops and offices,

Water and electricity taxScavenging tax for cleaning of

streets and drains.Octroi or terminal Tax

A man cleaning the street

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Functions oMuncipality

The function of Muncipality are as follows:To make provision for collection and

disposal of garbage.To build hospitals,buildings and

dispensaries.To provide fresh and clean drinking water

and electricity.To ensure adequate lighting of streets.To maintain record of births and deaths in

the area.

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Muncipality:is communty protest viableAn individual sometimes cannot make the government act but the community can do wonders .In a small town of Pune,inactation of muncipality let to the collection of garbage.Children started following ill.The people of the town requested the local councillor but no action was taken place.Then the local women gathered along with the local councillor and a mass protested outside the mayors office.Still ther was no action taken place

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Muncipality or private initiatives welcome Things are changed now and so the people and rules.Even the muncipal

coporation that it cant meet all expectation.With the rise in population garbages are increased ernomously.The water and power needs of the people have also gone up.The commissioners of many muncipalities,throughout the country,now hire private contractors to get the garbage collected and processed .The nature of this kind of hiring of private contractors is called subcontracting.The same work was earlier being done by government employees but,now,since the the work load has increased.,it has become necessery to hire the services of private companies. The workers employed by them are either on daily wages or on lesser payment.

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Surat Plague 1994 In 1994, a pneumonic

plague epidemic broke out in India. It was particularly widespread in Surat, Gujarat, where it resulted in 52 deaths and in a large internal migration of about a quarter of the city's 1.5 million, who fled fearing quarantine. A combination of heavy monsoon rain and clogged sewers led to massive flooding which resulted in unhygienic conditions and a number of uncleared animal carcasses. It is believed that this situation precipitated the epidemic.  There was widespread fear that the flood of refugees might spread the epidemic to other parts of India and the world, but that scenario was averted, probably as a result of effective public health response mounted by the Indian health authorities.

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1. The ______ that takes care of street lights, garbage collection, water supply, keeping the streets and the market clean.

1.Muncipal Coporation2.Muncipal Council3.Block4.Gram PanchayatThe city of Surat had a plague scare in1.19962.19903.19944.1992Surat had a plague in 1994 because 1. It was political city2. It was densely populated3. It was a dirtiest city4. It a cleanest cityUrban Adminstration is divided into1.Block2. Section3. District 4. Wards