In general medicine, enteral drug administration is feeding by the digestion process of a gastrointestinal (GI) tract, such as the human gastrointestinal tract.
Enteral administration involves the esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines .
Methods of administration include oral, sublingual, and rectal
Oral route of administration:
Oral administration is a route of administration where a substance is taken through the mouth. Many medications are taken orally because
they are intended to have a systemic effect, reaching different parts of the body via the bloodstream
Oral dosage forms:
Specialty tablet like buccal ,sublingual , or orally disintegrating
It is more safer, more convenient
No assistance is required for administration
It is painless.
The medicament need not be sterile and so is cheaper
Sometimes inefficient – only part of the drug may be absorbed.
Irritation to gastric mucosa(nausea and vomiting).
Effect too slow for emergencies.
Unpleasant taste of some drugs.
Unable to use in unconscious patient
what cautions must be taken with taking drugs orally??
some drugs should be taken on an empty stomach, others should be taken with food, others should not be taken with certain other drugs
Do you think some orally administered drugs irritate the digestive tract?