Using Quotations. Why write something original when you can rip off what obviously took someone else weeks to come up with?. Why use quotations?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Using QuotationsWhy write something original when you can rip off what obviously took someone else weeks to come up with?Why use quotations?But you just said, Whack him upside the head! In other words, you gave me permission to break school rules, and thus you should be held accountable, not me!A. Choosing quotationsAsk yourselfHow does this quote illustrate or explain my point? Is it just added filler?
A. Choosing quotationsAsk yourselfDoes the quote really Support my point or does it weaken it?Come from a credible source?4. Zero in on the key words that prove my point?
Choose evidence from the text that, if it stood alone, would still clearly prove your point.A. Choosing quotationsNOTE: Watch your quote choice. Choose the quotes that specifically reference your topic. If you spend too much time trying to connect quote to topic/establish the significance of your quote, you may have chosen a weak quote.
Hey! Its a food metaphor!Think of inserting a quotation into an essay as if you were making a sandwichThe top piece of bread is the CONTEXT/INTRODUCTORY PHRASEThe filling is THE QUOTATIONThe bottom piece of bread is the EXPLANATORY SENTENCE.
A poorly sandwiched quote is like a speed bumpOr this...
B. The introductory phraseESTABLISHES CONTEXT FOR YOUR QUOTATION.
Context: May include, depending on what you want your reader to know:Who said it (Authority? Character? Part of narration?)The subject of the comment?When/where in the text/plot/time it was said?To whom were they speaking?How did they say it? (emotion or tone)What were they thinking about? (context)
Introductory phrase examplesEarly in his career, Hemingway observed, I like beer.The narrator plaintively notes that even the dogs dont like [her].Once trapped, Stephen worries, My dinner will get cold.At the party, Lizzie notices the cool disdain in the eyes of the others.On the subject of war, Eliot is clear: War sux.B. Introductory Phrase6. Or you can incorporate the quotation into a sentence --- must be grammatically correct.a. Edgar [worries] constantly about Minervas health.b. Antonia challenges the status quo by wearing a mans clothes and doing a mans job.c. Margaret then hides her guilt, smiling in public and crying in private.
B. Introductory Phrase6. Or you can incorporate the quotation into a sentence --- must be grammatically correct.d. Scholars agree, however, that there is no intrinsically coherent entity that corresponds to our idea of what a language is.e. That Henry VIII ripped the Church of England from its foundations and erected a shoddily-built house prone to fire and flood is evident through the many religious wars following his 1534 declaration.C. Format your IP correctlyWhen quoting a source, never leave that quote standing alone. In other words, not this format:The final proof of Hannas change comes at the party. She now no longer felt the need for Edwards approval, knowing now that so much of his life was a lie.
C. Format your IP correctlyMake sure that your introductory phrase and your quoted evidence make one seamless, grammatically-correct sentenceBy using who said it + verb of address (attributive tag) and a comma
Example: The final proof of Hannas change comes at the party, as she reflects, She now no longer felt the need for Edwards approval, knowing now that so much of his life was a lie.
C. Format your IP correctlyBy embedding the quotation within the sentence Example: The final proof of Hannas change comes at the party with the realization that She now no longer felt the need for Edwards approval, knowing now that so much of his life was a lie.
C. Format your IP correctlyBy using a verb of address and a colon, when a formal statement is involved Example: Winston Churchill ends his speech to Parliament with this ringing exhortation: We shall never give up, we shall never surrender!
C. Format your IP correctlyNOT:The speaker declares his independence, I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world.T.S. Eliots Prufrock is timid, I have measured out my life in coffee spoons.
ALL QUOTATIONS MUST BE FRAMED WITHIN AN INTRODUCTORY PHRASE NO QUOTE CAN STAND ALONE!Dickinsons speaker begins with the observation, Because I could not stop for Death, he kindly stopped for me.
C. Explanatory PhraseFor this section, Im using a quote from Emily Dickinsons poem, Because I Could Not Stop For Death.
C. Explanatory phraseWell, itexplainsamplifiesemphasizesa. What the quotation means (restate in your own words, interpret to show how the quote supports your topic, connects to your thesis.)Ex. The speaker has become so caught up in her busy life that she cannot catch a moment, even for Death, and is grateful when Death puts an end to the chaos.C. Explanatory phrasePick a word in the quotation and tell me why that word is key.Ex. The word kindly is significant; unlike the Grim Reaper of other texts, Dickinsons Death is personified as a gentleman.
C. Explanatory Phrasec. Pick a technique in the quotation and show me how the author uses that technique.Ex. Here, Dickinson uses personification to turn Death into a pleasant, long-awaited friend, not a feared enemy.
C. Explanatory phraseReconnect the quote to a previous quotation/sentence.Ex. As Whitman showed earlier, Death here is a welcome event, a part of the natural cycle of things. Existence goes on after death, albeit in different form.C. Explanatory phraseAbove all, use this to show how your chosen quote supports your thesis statement.
D. And phrases/clauses NOT to use..This quote showsAs exemplified (shown, discussed) in this quote:Elli is thinking in this quoteAs quoted by:One example is: