The Federal Bureaucracy Chapter 15. What is a bureaucracy?
<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> The Federal Bureaucracy Chapter 15 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> What is a bureaucracy? </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Bureaucracy is an administrative system in which agencies staffed largely by non-elected officials perform specific tasks in accordance with standard procedures. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Three Features of the U.S. Bureaucracy 1. Hierarchical authority like a pyramid. 2. Job specialization specific divisions of labor 3. Formalized rules follows regulations & procedures. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> See Chart page 338. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> The Fifteen Cabinet Departments The Cabinet is the informal advisory body brought together by the president to serve his needs. It is NOT specifically mentioned in the Constitution, but helps the president to execute the laws and carry out his Constitutional obligations. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> The Original Four Departments Department of State Department of the Treasury Department of Defense (called the War Department) Department of Justice (called the office of the Attorney General) </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Department of State Issues passports, visas, travel warnings Provides information on emergencies outside the U.S. Advises the President on foreign policy Negotiates foreign policy Represents the U.S. at the United Nations. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Department of the Treasury Collects taxes Borrows money for the government Coins and prints money Enforces alcohol, tobacco, and firearms laws. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Department of Defense national security (Pentagon: Joint Chiefs, Army, Navy, Air force, Marines) Department of Justice enforces federal law gives legal advice to the president runs the U.S. court system and federal prisons </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Department of the Interior manages public lands, national parks, wildlife refuges, hydroelectric power plants, Native American affairs, mining, and natural resources. Department of Agriculture inspects food, manages school lunch and food stamp programs, helps farmers, manages national forests, promotes U.S. ag products overseas. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Department of Commerce international trade, economic growth, census, protects ocean and coastal resources, manages patents and trademarks (NOAA, NHC) Department of Labor enforces work laws, promotes job training & childcare </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Department of Health & Human Services healthcare programs, prevention & control of diseases, medicare & medicaid, enforces food & drug laws (CDC, FDA) Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD) low income housing, home financing, fair housing </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Department of Transportation oversees highways, mass transit, air travel, railroads, pipelines, maritime laws Department of Energy oversees energy technology, nuclear weapons research, hydroelectric power, operates energy facilities, regulates nuclear power plants </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Department of Education distributes federal money to public schools, oversees educational research Department of Veterans Affairs oversees benefits, pensions, and medical programs for veterans; maintains military cemeteries (VA hospitals) </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Department of Homeland Security Created in 2002 in response to attacks of 9/11/2001. Mission is to prevent terrorist attacks within the U.S., reduce the U.S.s vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize damage from attacks. Also responds to natural disasters Customs Service, ICE, Secret Service, FEMA, Coast Guard </li> </ul>