The Federal Bureaucracy What is a bureaucracy, and how does it affect our daily lives?

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    18-Dec-2015

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  • Slide 1
  • The Federal Bureaucracy What is a bureaucracy, and how does it affect our daily lives?
  • Slide 2
  • Bureaucracy A large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization Federal Government = nations largest employer; about 3 million men and women carry out the daily work of our government
  • Slide 3
  • Features of a Bureaucracy 1.) Hierarchical authority pyramid-shaped organization in which the chain-of-command runs from the top to the bottom 1.) Hierarchical authority pyramid-shaped organization in which the chain-of-command runs from the top to the bottom The higher the job on the pyramid, the more authority that person has in making final decisions that shape public policyThe higher the job on the pyramid, the more authority that person has in making final decisions that shape public policy
  • Slide 4
  • Features of a Bureaucracy 2.) Job Specialization Clear-cut Division of labor 2.) Job Specialization Clear-cut Division of labor Each bureaucrat has specific responsibilities Each bureaucrat has specific responsibilities Promotes efficiency Promotes efficiency
  • Slide 5
  • Features of a Bureaucracy 3.) Formalized Roles Work is carried out in a procedural way Regulations or standards are followed by each bureaucrat to complete a specific task
  • Slide 6
  • Primary Task The primary task of the Bureaucracy is. The primary task of the Bureaucracy is. ImplementationImplementation The efforts of departments and agencies to translate the goals and objectives of a policy in an operating, ongoing program The efforts of departments and agencies to translate the goals and objectives of a policy in an operating, ongoing program
  • Slide 7
  • Implementation Congress is fond of stating a broad policy goal in legislation and then leaving implementation up to the Bureaucracies.. Congress is fond of stating a broad policy goal in legislation and then leaving implementation up to the Bureaucracies.. Why?Why? SpecializationSpecialization Shifting BlameShifting Blame
  • Slide 8
  • Implementation Rule Making Rule Making Quasi-legislative process by which the government agencies produce regulationsQuasi-legislative process by which the government agencies produce regulations Administrative Adjudication Administrative Adjudication Applying Rules and Precedents to specific cases to settle disputes between regulated parties
  • Slide 9
  • Federal Employees What bureaucrats do: Regulate business practices Deliver the mail Clean the streets Conduct social security programs Collect taxes Carry out U.S. foreign policy Manage parks and national forests
  • Slide 10
  • Created by Congress Created by Congress Appointed by President Appointed by President Funded by Congress Funded by Congress Governed by the president Governed by the president Paid for by the taxpayer Paid for by the taxpayer Who is the bureaucracy accountable too?
  • Slide 11
  • Making Agencies Accountable President has authority to President has authority to Appoint and remove agency headsAppoint and remove agency heads Reorganize the bureaucracyReorganize the bureaucracy Make changes in budget proposalsMake changes in budget proposals Issue executive ordersIssue executive orders Reduce an agencys budgetReduce an agencys budget Congress has the Authority to Congress has the Authority to Pass laws that alter an agencys functionsPass laws that alter an agencys functions Abolish existing programsAbolish existing programs Investigate activitiesInvestigate activities Limit the use of fundsLimit the use of funds Write legislation to limit the BureaucracyWrite legislation to limit the Bureaucracy
  • Slide 12
  • By the People Freedom of Information Act Freedom of Information Act 1966- Allowed citizens the right to inspect all government documents except intelligence reports1966- Allowed citizens the right to inspect all government documents except intelligence reports

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