Human Development - Personality

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    HUMAN DEVELOPMENTHUMAN DEVELOPMENT

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    COMPARE AND CONTRASTCHARACTERISTICS OF

    INTROVERTED ANDEXTROVERTED

    PERSONALITIES IN THEPRIMARY CLASSROOM

    COMPARE AND CONTRASTCHARACTERISTICS OF

    INTROVERTED ANDEXTROVERTED

    PERSONALITIES IN THEPRIMARY CLASSROOM

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    DEFINITIONS

    CHARTERISTICS

    TEACHERS ROLE

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    WHAT IS PERSONALITY?WHAT IS PERSONALITY?

    Santrock (2008) Personality refers to distinctive

    thoughts, emotions, and behaviours that characterizethe way an individual adapts to the world.

    J ung (1934) Personality is a supreme realization of the innate idiosyncrasy of a living being.

    Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (2004)

    Someone s character, especially the way they behavetowards other people.

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    Bioghraphy of Carl Gust av Jun gBioghraphy of Carl Gust av Jun g

    B orn on July 26, 1875, in the small Swiss village of

    Kessewil.

    He went to boarding school in B asel, Switzerland.

    Although his first career choice was archaeology, hewent on to study medicine at the University of B asel.

    W hile working under the famous neurologist, Krafft-Ebing, he settled on psychiatry as his career.

    He took a position at the B urghoeltzli Mental Hospital inZurich under Eugene B lueler, an expert on schizophrenia.

    He married Emma Rauschenbach in 1903.

    He died on June 6, 1961 in Zurich.

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    Introver ts are people who prefer their inter nal world of tho ugh ts, feeli ngs, fanta s ies, dream s, a nd s o on, w hile

    ex trover ts prefer the ex ter nal world of things a nd people a nd ac tivities (Jun g, 1934 cited from Boeree , 2006)

    Introver ts are people who prefer their inter nal world of tho ugh ts, feeli ngs, fanta s ies, dream s, a nd s o on, w hile

    ex trover ts prefer the ex ter nal world of things a nd people a nd ac tivities (Jun g, 1934 cited from Boeree , 2006)

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    INTROVERTINTROVERT

    S omeo ne who thinks mai nly abo ut t heir owntho ugh ts a nd per s onal life a nd doe s n ote njoy s pe nding time with other people.

    Longma n D ictionary of Contemporary

    En glis h (2004)

    Introver s ion is t he te nde ncy to foc us onesa tte nt ion t oward s t he inn er , me ntal world ra ther tha n ex ter nal , phy s ical reali ty.

    Ne w Age S pirituality (2006)

    A per s on w ho te nds t o s hrink from s ocial co ntac ts a nd to become preocc upied with their own t ho ugh ts

    Word Refere nce.com En glis h Dictionary

    (2010)

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    EXTROVERTEXTROVERT

    S omeo ne who is ac tive a nd co nfide nt, a nd who e njoys s pe nding time with

    other people.

    Longma nDictionary of

    Contemporary

    En glis h (2004)

    A per s on co ncer ned more with prac tical reali ties t ha nwith inn er tho ugh ts a nd feeli ngs .

    Word Ne t(2010)

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    CHARACTERISTICSOF INTROVERTED

    CHILD

    Like s t o be qu iet

    Like to wor kindepe nde ntly or with one or two

    other people

    Talk less a nd reflec t more

    before ac ting

    Fe wer friends

    Enj oys s olitude

    P refer low level of ac tivity

    Excel a t foc us ing a tte nt ion for long period s of time ins itua tions if there

    are no dist rac tions

    Thinks before s pea king

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    CHARACTERISTICSOF EXTROVERTED

    CHILD

    Talka tive

    Like s t o wor k ingro ups

    Excel during cla ss e s w ith high level of

    ac tivity

    Ha s ma ny friends

    Ea s y to approach

    High s elf co nfide nce

    Expre ss ive a nd e nthus iast ic

    En ergized by interac tion

    Re s po nds w ell to prai s e a nd compe tition

    P refer brigh tcolo ur s a nd exci teme nt

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    ISSUE IN THE CLASSROOM SETTING

    ( PRAISE AND BLAME)

    Teacher s us e prai s e a nd blame daily a s

    a n ince nt ive s t o stu de nt t o increa s e their wor k output . G.G. Thomp s on a nd C.W Hunn icut (1944)inve st iga ted the differe nt ial effec ts of prai s e a nd blame on childre n cla ss ified a sex trover ts a nd int rover ts .

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    Thomp s on a nd Hunn icut

    co ncluded tha t:

    Thomp s on a nd Hunn icut

    co ncluded tha t:Teachers praise will improve the work of the

    introverts more than that of the extroverts. B lame will improve the work of the extroverts

    more than that that of the introverts.

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    TEACHERS ROLETEACHERS ROLE

    Teacher s s ho uld not us e the s ame teachi ng

    tech niqu e s on a ny pupils .

    En co urage pupils t o par ticipa te ac tively in cla ss

    dis cuss ion by a sk ing a nd a nsw ering qu e st ions .

    Teacher s ac t a s mo tiva tor a nd provide s po s itive approach to bo th int rover t a nd ex trover t pupils .

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    INTROVERTS EXTROVERTS

    Individ ual wor k G roup wor k

    Must a sk t he pupil direc tly to re s po nd P rovide them with high level ac tivities

    Readi ng a nd writing ta sks M a king complex model s

    De s igning ro ta tions s o tha t all stu de nts are a sk ed to par ticipa te will ma ke the int rover t more of a par t of the cla ss

    Extrover ts w ho recog nize the intellige nce of the int rover t ca ne nco urage him to be more ac tive

    Allowing the pupils t o prepare qu e st ions a t home by

    a ss igning the ma terial in adva nce for the nex t cla ss

    dis cuss ion.

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    REFERENCES

    Boeree , C .G., (2006) . Personality Theories Carl Jung. Re trieved March 9, 2010, from World Wide Web : http://web s pace. s hip.ed u/cgboer /jun g.h tml

    Extraversions/ Introversions . Re trieved March 10, 2010, from World Wide Web :http://people. us d.ed u/~ss a nto/ex traver t.h tml

    Extraverted or Introverted Preference Re trieved March 10, 2010, from World Wide Web : http://www .myper s onality.info/per s onality-type s/ ex traver ted-i ntrover ted /

    Isaac s, T ., (2007 ). Introverted Students In The Classroom: How To Bring Out Their Best. Re trieved March 10, 2010, from World Wide Web :http://www .fac ultyfoc us .com /ar ticle s/t eachi ng-a nd-lear ning/ introver ted-stu de nts -in-the cla ss room- ho wto-bri ng-o ut -their-be st/

    Miller , A.G., (2003 ). Introvert . Re trieved March 9, 2010, from World Wide Web : http://word ne t.prince ton.ed u

    Miller , A.G., (2010) . Extrovert . Re trieved March 9, 2010, from World Wide Web : http://word ne t.prince ton.ed u

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    Ne w Age S pirituality, (2006) . The Introvert Personality: Definition of Introvert . Re trievedMarch 11, 2010 from World Wide Web : http://www .ne w-age- s pirituality.com /s elfhelp /int

    rover t.h tml

    S a nt roc k J .W. , ( 2008 ). Educational Psychology 3 rd Edition, M cGra w H ill: Un ited St a te s

    Su mmer s, D ., (2004) . Longma n D ictionary of Contemporary En glis h3 rd Edition, L ongma n: Un ited St a te s .

    Wils on, J . A.R., R obec k, M.C., & Michael W.B , ( 1974) . Psychological Foundations Of Learning And Teaching, McGra w H ill: Un ited St a te s .

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