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Unit 1: Self Portraits

Self-Portait Art History

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Self-Portraits from the Renaissance to contemporary work

Text of Self-Portait Art History

  • 1.Unit 1: Self Portraits

2. Jan van Eyck, Man in Red Turban (1433) Flemish (Belgian) Northern Renaissance painter,ca.1395-1441 Northern Renaissance artists weremasters of technique, and their worksare amazingly detailed. Their goalwas to paint as realistically aspossible. Van Eyck worked for Europeanroyalty, earning a very good salary. 3. Leonardo da Vinci, Self-Portrait(1512)Part of the Italian High Renaissance(1452-1519)Painter, sculptor, architect, musician,scientist, mathematician, engineer,inventor, anatomist, geologist,cartographer, botanist, and writer High Renaissance artists studiednature and the human body in order toperfect their understanding of anatomyand perspective. 4. Rembrandt,Self-Portrait (1660) Dutch Painter andEngraver, 1606-1669,during the Baroque EraLess complex, morerealistic and moreemotional than previoustrends in art history.This movement wasencouraged by theCatholic Church, themost important patron ofthe arts at that time. Rembrandt specialized inportraits and illustrationsof scenes from the Bible. 5. Vincent van Gogh,Self Portrait with Fur Capand Bandaged Ear (1889) Dutch Post-Impressionistpainter, 1853-1890Impressionists were known fortheir light, spontaneouslandscapes. Post-Impressionists were influencedby them, but took their art inother directions. Van Goghs paintings areknown for their thick, texturedbrushstrokes, bold colours, andemotional expression. 6. V. van Gogh,Self Portrait at Auvers(1889-90) Van Gogh suffered fromyears of painful anxiety andfrequent periods of mentalillness Towards the end of his life,van Gogh moved to Auvers-sur-Oise to be near hisdoctor and his brother. 7. Pablo Picasso,Self-Portrait (1899-1900) Spanish Cubist Painter andSculptor, 1881-1973 Picasso started by drawing &painting realistically. Eventually he began toexperiment with differenttechniques and styles. 8. P. Picasso,Self-Portrait Facing Death(1972) Picasso became influenced by African art, with its simplified shapes and bright colours.The goal of Cubism is to show an object from multiple points of view simultaneously.Cubism encouraged many other art movements to develop in the 20th century. 9. Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace (1940)Born 1907 in Coyoacn, Mexico Frida Kahlo survived manydifficult events in her life, includingcontracting polio as a child, a longrecovery from a serious caraccident, two failed marriages,and several miscarriages. She used these experiences,combined with strong Mexicanand Native American influences, tocreate highly personal paintings.Kahlo used personal symbolismmixed with Surrealism (dreamimagery) to express her sufferingthrough her artwork. 10. Francis Bacon,Self-Portrait (1958) Irish-born British ExpressionistPainter, 1909-1992The goal of Expressionism isnot to reproduce a subjectaccurately, but instead to portray itin such a way as to express theinner state of the artist.Bacons work is known for beingbold, graphic, and emotionallyraw. Bacon specialized in abstractedportraits on fairly plainbackgrounds. 11. Emily Carr,Self Portrait Canadian Expressionist Painter, 1871-1945 Carr specialized in painting landscapesbased on her life in British Columbia.She is also known for including Nativeimagery (lots of totem poles) in herpaintings in an effort to document theirculture.Being an Expressionist painter, Carrfocused on the emotional andmythological content in her landscapes,and she used highly stylized andabstracted forms. 12. Chuck Close,Self-Portrait (1997) American Photorealist painter,born in 1940The goal of Photorealism is topaint in a style closelyresembling photographs. Close specialized in enormousportraitsClose suffers from faceblindness, in which he isunable to recognize faces. Bypainting portraits, he is betterable to recognize and rememberfacesTo create his grid work copiesof photos, Close puts a grid onthe photo and on the canvas andcopies cell by cell 13. V. Van Gogh 14. Picasso 15. Kahlo