Learning and teaching in the digital age (By Steve Wheeler)

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The world is in a constant state of change. The changes are profoundly affecting every part of the fabric of our society. Education is particularly is affected by change, with a direct impact on the cultures of our schools and universities, and also by projection with implications for all our futures. It is likely that the students we now teach will leave school to enter a world of work that is radically different to the world with which we are currently familiar. The evolution of digital media has brought us to an unprecedented point in history where we are able to connect, create and collaborate in new ways on a global basis. Knowledge production is burgeoning, to the extent that any fact or statistic is now openly searchable and available on the Web. Such cultural shifts necessitate new modes of thinking, new ways of communication and new rules of engagement with people, content and organisations. Mobile technologies, handheld devices and social media have combined to create fertile, anytime-anyplace learning opportunities that are unprecedented. Teachers and learners are adapting to these new untethered and ubiquitous modes of education, and in so doing, are discovering an entirely new array of skills which we shall call the digital literacies. These include the ability to learn across and between multiple and diverse platforms, the ability to self broadcast to large audiences and the discernment to select and filter out good and bad content, all achievable within ever changing mediated environments. What will be the new skills and literacies that teachers and students will need, to survive and thrive in the digital age? How will assessment of learning change? What will be the expectations of young learners, and will these differ from what the institutions can offer? Ultimately, how will teachers prepare students for a world of work we can no longer clearly describe? I n this presentation he will explore these concepts and discuss the future of learning and teaching in the digital age.

Transcript

  • 1.Learning and teaching in the digital age
    Steve Wheeler
    @timbuckteeth
    Plymouth University, UK
    8th International Teacher Training Seminar, Barcelona, Spain: October 6th, 2011

2. Here's to the crazy ones. The misfits. The rebels. The troublemakers. The round pegs in the square holes. The ones who see things differently.They're not fond of rules. And they have no respect for the status quo.You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them. But the only thing you can't do is ignore them. Because they change things. They push the human race forward.And while some see them as the crazy ones, we see genius.Because the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world, are the ones who do.
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
3. Our SharedProblem...
For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.
David Warlick
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/
4. Introducing technology into education
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com
5. New and emerging technologies...
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
...are often met with opposition.
http://www.weirdthings.org.uk
6. I P D
Innovation
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Prevention
Department
7. Introducing computers into schools
Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com
8. We are battling against a common enemy....
ignorance
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
9. If you think education is expensive...
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
...try ignorance.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk
10. What is wrong with school?
11. Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school. Albert Einstein
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://gradeproud.com
12. Does education need transformation?
"In large states public education will always be mediocre, for the same reason that in large kitchens the cooking is usually bad."
-Nietzsche
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.com
Source: Chambers English Dictionary
13. Young peoples out-of-school experiences with technology can mean that students find the presentation of school curriculum less challenging, less relevant and less engaging.
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://encefalus.com/
Source: http://community.learningobjects.com
14. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://flickr.com/photos/thomcochrane/416206133/
Education is changing for young people as they experience self-directed learning, (mostly outside school) about things that interest them.
Source: http://community.learningobjects.com
15. Education must begin with the solution of the teacher-student contradiction, by reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students.
- Paulo Friere
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://arts.anu.edu.au
16. Does education need reform?
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
The wish to preserve the past rather than the hope of creating the future dominates the minds of those who control the teaching of the young"- Bertrand Russell
http://flickr.com/photos/shu1/6065783/
17. The School Computer Suite...
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
http://www.hseb.utah.edu
18. Objections from educators
Mobile phones are banned in most schools because...
...they are distracting and disruptive. The phone becomes the focus of attention,
inappropriate images/videos can be taken and sent, leading to invasion of privacy and loss of teacher control!
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
http://i.dailymail.co.uk
19. Mobile phones are the natural communication tool of choice for youngerusers.
Are we preparing this generation for the future or for the past?
Half of teens send 50 or more text messages a day, or 1,500 texts a month, and one in three send more than 100 texts a day, or more than 3,000 texts a month. (2009 statistics)
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
Source: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones.aspx
http://blog.roadandtravel.com
20. What are the needs of todays learners?
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
21. The Net Generation?
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Digital Natives?
Homo
Zappiens?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/56155476@N08/5667863948/
22. Learners will need new literacies
Social networking
Privacy maintenance
Identity management
Creating content
Organising content
Reusing and repurposing
Filtering and selecting
Self presenting
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://www.mopocket.com/
23. anytime
personalised
anyplace
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://ithalas.com
24. Trends in Education
Just for me
Apprenticeship model
Just in case
Standard Curriculum
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Just in time
Bespoke Curriculum
Just for me
Personalised Learning
Personal Learning Environment
25. Personal Learning Environment
Asystem that helps learners take control of and manage their own learning. This includes providing support for learners to
ccSteve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
set their own learning goals
manage their learning
communicate with others
User Generated Content
26. What does a personal learning environment look like?
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
27. Personalised Learning
Today you are You,
that is truer than true.
There is no one alive who is Youer than You.
- Dr Suess
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://images.fanpop.com/images
28. Personalisation of learning means ensuring that individual differences are acknowledged
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
29. Personal Web Tools
Generating Content
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Sharing Content
Organising Content
30. Personal Web Tools
Generating Content
Blog
Mashup
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
E-portfolio
Wiki
Tagging
Sharing Content
Organising Content
31. Personal Learning Environments
PLEs are not only personal web tools and personal learning networks. PLEs are much wider than this, taking in experiences and realia, as well as learning through TV, music, paper based materials, radio & more formal contexts.
Personal
Learning
Network
Personal
Learning
Environment
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Learning content is not as important now as where (or who) to connect to, to find it.
Personal
Web Tools
PWTs are any web tools, (usually Web 2.0) chosen by learners to support their lifelong learning.
Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html
32. Learning to learn
Critical thinking
Collaboration
Creativity
Reflection
Evaluation
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk
33. Why social media?
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
34. Social media use 2011
>750 Million
>200Million
95 million tweets/day
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
>125 Million
>100 Million
>17 million
articles
(in English)
>5 Billion images
3000 images/minute
2 Billion views/day
24 hours/minute
Source: http://www.browsermedia.co.uk
35. The global context...
There are 5 billion mobile phone connections. 3 times as many mobile phones as computers on the planet.
Social media use is on the rise with over 750 million users on Facebook and 24 hours of video uploaded every minute on Youtube.
Data consumed in 2010 for mobiles 2.8 exabytes
Data consumed in 2009 1.1 exabytes
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
Source: BBC News 2010
36. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
With access to Social Media everyone has a voice
http://www.uksmallbusinesswebsites.co.uk
37. What are the new pedagogies?
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
38. Education
Educere (latin) = to draw out what is within
= to bring out potential
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
39. Education
Educere (latin) = to draw out what is within
= to bring out potential
Socratic discourse is
based on asking and answering questions
to stimulate critical
thinking and illuminate ideas.
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Image source: http://laescueladeateanas.files.wordpress.com
40. Self Organised Learning
We cannot manage self-organised learning for our students.
We can only create conducive environments within which students will organise their own learning.
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
41. Formal and Informal learning
Formal Learning
Informal Learning
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
20%
80%
Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning.
42. Networked learning
Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st Century.
- Howard Rheingold
ccSteve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu
43. Making Connections
In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and
self organised learning.
(Its not what you know but who you know)
ccSteve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
Source: Wikipedia
http://www.pestproducts.com
44. Social Networks...
Redefine community, friendship, identity, presence, privacy, geography, power relationships
Enable learning, connections, collaboration, sharing, exploration
http://www.guardian.co.uk
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://strategicdc.com
Adapted from Couros, A. (2010)
45. Social Networks...
Redefine community, friendship, identity, presence, privacy, geography, power relationships
Enable learning, connections, collaboration, sharing, exploration
Networks form around shared interests, ideas and objects
http://www.guardian.co.uk
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://strategicdc.com
Adapted from Couros, A. (2010)
46. Rhizomes
Deleuze & Guattari
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Anarchy of the Web
47. Rhizomatic learning
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://archbold-station.org
...multiple, non-hierarchical entry and exit points in data representation and interpretation.
48. Rhizomatic learning
In the rhizomatic view, knowledge can only be negotiated, [and is] a personal knowledge-creation process with mutable goals and constantly negotiated premises.
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008
Community as curriculum: The users become the arbiters of what constitutes knowledge
Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/
49. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://www.flickr.com/photos/luc/
Paragogy
50. The kinds of learner support
These are often provided by peers
Social
support
Technical
support
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Academic
support
Traditionally the domain of the teacher/tutor
Reference: (Carnwell, 2000)
51. Image source: http://businessinnovationfactory.com
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
We are seeing peer-based learning networks where students are learning as much from each other as they are from their mentors and tutors.
John Seely-Brown
52. What will be the new
teacher roles?
53. Any teacher who can be replaced by a computer....
.... should be.
- Arthur C. Clarke
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com
54. A computer once beat me at chess...
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
...but was no match for me at kickboxing.
http://woodforthetrees.files.wordpress.com
55. Content curation
Collaboration
Co-learning
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Facilitation
Learning support
Inspiration!
http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/2760560588/
56. Doctors save lives. Teachers make lives.
http://www.taranakicareers.co.nz
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
57. Digital Content Curation
www.scoop.it/t/future-school
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
58. We need to trust the innate ability of learners to self assess.
- Derek Robertson
E-Assessment Scotland, 2010
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
59. Ipsative assessment...
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
...where a students learning is measured against previous attainment. This is observed in games where players are constantly trying to better their own previous top scores.
60. Triadic assessment
Self Assessment
Peer Assessment
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
Tutor Assessment
Triadic Assessment (Gale et al, 2002)
61. Multimedia brought the world into the classroom...
Smart technologies will take the classroom out into the world.
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
www.canada.com
62. The future?
All too often today we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants.
-John W Gardner
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
http://www.newcastle.edu.au
http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpg
63. Thank you!
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
W: steve-wheeler.net
E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
B: steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
T: @timbuckteeth
Picture by Helen Keegan
64. Steve Wheeler swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
University of Plymouth, United Kingdom
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: International Licence.