Fa124 5 - baroque art

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  1. 1. Baroque
  2. 2. Baroqueperiod of artistic style with exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance and grandeur Began in 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe, until in some places, the 1750s
  3. 3. Baroque art sensual, ornate and fantastic implies power and renewed authority of Latin church after the Reformation, appealing to the emotions of the faithful and dogmatic reaffirmations of the Council of Trent. Jesuits - adopt Baroque as the official style Religious art used in defense against criticism by the scientists and philosophers, and in response to the Protestant Reformation
  4. 4. also political situations, absolute monarchies of France and Spain prompted the creation of works that reflected their size and splendor of the majesty of kings, Louis XIV and Philip IV.
  5. 5. BAROQUE ARTbaroque, from the Portuguese word barroco, Spanish barroco or French baroque, all which means rough or imperfect pearl
  6. 6. Eccentric redundancy and noisy abundance of details, sharply contrasting to the clear and sober rationality of the Renaissance Also applied in architecture and music
  7. 7. Baroque Art Art, Painting, Sculpture
  8. 8. DevelopmentDuring the late 16th century, a desire for greater clarity and simplification inspired artists against the anti-classical Mannerist style with emphasis on distortion, asymmetry, bizarre juxtaposition and biting colors. Should speak to the illiterate rather than the elite wellinformed
  9. 9. Mannerist paintings
  10. 10. BAROQUE
  11. 11. From the witty, intellectual qualities to a visceral appeal aimed at the senses Iconography that is direct, simple, obvious, theatrical.
  12. 12. PeriodsEarly Baroque High Baroque Late Baroque (Rococo)
  13. 13. Subject matter Scenes of martyrdom, suffering saints, dogmatic positions Mythological or classic motifs with erotic overtones Portraits of nobility, church figures, commissioned corporation pictures, genre, classic landscapes Sculptures in movement and large fountains
  14. 14. TechniqueGreat freedom in paint application Carravaggio abandoned underpainting, composed as he painted Textured surfaces, transparent shadows, dark backgrounds tenebrosi painters
  15. 15. Early BaroqueAnnibale Carracci Michelangelo Merisi, also known as Carravaggio
  16. 16. Carracciperfection of drawing from the classic arts composition of Raphael, color of Titian & grandeur of Michelangelo
  17. 17. Flight into Egypt Cara========== Caracci
  18. 18. CarravaggioItalian painter, pupil of Titian Vivid use of lighting effects, realistic view of physical and emotional human state
  19. 19. Conversion of Saint PaulCaravaggio's art is influenced by naturalism and the grand humanism of Michelangelo and the High Renaissance. His paintings often include types drawn from everyday life engaged in completely believable activities, as well as heroic and tender depictions of religious and mythological subjects.
  20. 20. Carravaggio - Crucifixion of St. Peter
  21. 21. Characteristics Sense of movement, energy or tension (whether real or implied) Strong contrasts of light and shadow to enhance dramatic effect Decorative Surface Elements in Buildings Intense spirituality and religious themes Infinite space and true perspective Realism--figures with their own personalities and inner workings of the mind and soul
  22. 22. Realism--figures with their own personalities and inner workings of the mind and soul
  23. 23. Strong contrasts of light and shadow to enhance dramatic effectCarravaggio - single shaft of light Tintoretto - flickering light El Greco - lightning de la Tour - candlelight Rembrandt - inner light
  24. 24. STYLE Eye gradually led towards infinity. Deep perspectives, picture plane Figures in diagonals, twists, zigzag or strong foreshortening Ceiling paintings imitate sky, framed by bulky, architectural elements putti and saints floating or tumbling in space. Figures loosely draped, leaving enough flesh to heighten sensual appeal Dramatic devices of lighting
  25. 25. Dramatic devices of lighting
  26. 26. BAROQUE SCULPTURE Gianlorenzo Bernini dominated baroque sculpture in Rome early over-life-size group sculptures mastery in marble use of realistic dramatic tension strong light and dark contrasts
  27. 27. BerNiniAbduction of Proserpina
  28. 28. BerniniApollo and Daphne
  29. 29. Bernini Ecstasy of St. Theresa Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome highly charged theatricality marble and bronze
  30. 30. Bernini Bernini was also an accomplished architect Colonnade in St. Peters Square Sant Andrea al Quirinale
  31. 31. Sant Andrea al Quirinale
  32. 32. BERNINI SCULPTURESDavid - moment of maximum physical contortion, concentrated energy and emotion as he hurls the stone at the giant Goliath
  33. 33. Fountain of the Four Rivers
  34. 34. Sense of movement, energy or tension (whether real or implied)
  35. 35. Intense spirituality and religious themesThe Ecstasy of St. Teresa
  36. 36. Infinite space and true perspective
  37. 37. Notable Artists Peter Paul Rubens Jan Vermeer Rembrandt van Rijn Diego Velasquez Gentelleschi
  38. 38. Decorative Surface Elements in BuildingsPhilippines: (UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE) San Agustin Church (Manila) Santa Maria Church (Ilocos Sur) San Agustin Church (Ilocos Norte) Sto. Tomas de Villanueva (Iloilo)
  39. 39. San Agustin (Manila)
  40. 40. Santa Maria (Ilocos
  41. 41. San Agustin (Ilocos)
  42. 42. Santo Tomas (Iloilo)
  43. 43. Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral