Presentación Baroque Art

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Source: 10 March 1682 construction began on the building in the exterior walls of Seville, near the Guadalquivir river. On property belonging to the Tribunal of the Holy Office. At first Antonio Rodrquez was encharged of the construction but Leonardo Fiqueroa and his family finished it. It last more than 70 years, finished in 1730.

San telmo palace in Seville is a work of the architect Leonardo de Figueroa.Source:

4The palace is one of the emblematic buildings of Sevillian Baroque arquitectureAt first this palace was dedicated to the University of Navigators (It was called San Telmo because he was the patron of the navigators), later it became the Colegio de Marina and then Colegio de Natica, a role in which it continued until 1847. Then, it was the headquarters of the Railway Society and site of the Literary University , but it was underutilized. After that it was used as the residence of kings, duckes, archbishops It was also a seminary until 1989, when the arch-episcopate of Seville ceded the building to the Andalusian Autonomous Government to be the new seat of the presidency. Nowadays it remained like that.

5The palaces main feature is the exuberant churrigueresque portal on the main faade , it was built by three generations of Figueroa family.This massive building, painted in distinctive red and dark yellow, covers an entire city block. There is movement on the portal but there are also straight lines in the rest of the building.

His evolution has been marked in epochs of reforms and constant rehabilitations as consequence of his changes of propertySource: the portal we can distinguish three parts: The lower part is made up of Toscan columns with ornamental shaft (decorated with geometrical and figurative elements) The middle part its made up of a balcony decorated with nautic sculptures and columns. Surrounding the columns you can see 12 female a figures representing the arts and sciences. On the third part there are the sculptures of the patrons of the city (Saint Ferdinand and saint Hermenegildo) and San Telmo.. This part was destroyed by a lightning and rebuilt with a neoclassical style. de las.casasFernando Afn de RiveraBartolom Esteban Murillo.Benito Arias MontanoLuis Daoz, Fernando de HerreraDiego Ortiz de ZigaLope de RuedaMiguel Maara. Diego de Silva VelzquezRodrigo Ponce de Len,Marqus de CdizJuan Martnez MontasIn the upper part, on the roof there are 12 sculptures of distinguished Sevilians

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San Telmo floor plan9The plant is rectangular, with two more plants and the attic.There are towers on the corners, gardens and several interior courts, the principal one has a squared cloister in the center.

Source: palace has many rooms as the mirrors gallery ,a chapel and it has also gardensIt is decorated with emblems, religious and naval themes Baroque art style is found in this building. The main characteristics are :-Twisted columns, sometimes simply decorative instead of supportive-More curves instead of straight lines-Highly decorative details and ornaments-Appearance of movement-Towers or domes-An abundance of windows-Broad naves-Ceiling frescos-Optical illusions

The main style of this building is the Baroque but as there were many reforms there are elements with a Neoclassical style and also Rococ

The facade has a lot of Baroque elements as Toscan columns, curved lines, concave lines.There is movement.It is overelaborated there are many sculptures and decorative items.We can find decorative exhuberance in the exterior and the interior of the building.The structure is rectangular with 4 towers, so common in this period in the peninsula, it has a stone facade and overelaborated and the building is made of bricks.The color is also a classical link with the architecture in this city. In the Chapel there are frescoes also in ceilings.

13Additional information:The building has much influence from other buildings :In the structure and also the interior by the Escorial and the retiros palace

The escorial:Source:

Buen retiro palaceSource:

-On the facade it was influenced by The Hospice and the count duckes cuartel

Count duckes quartelSource:

The HospiceSource: -It has a mirror hall as the Versailles palace in France

Versailles palace, hall of mirrorsSource : Telmo palace, hall of mirrorsSource:

The spinners

The Spinners is a painting made by Diego Rodrigo de Silva and Velzquez from 1655 to 1660 also known as the tale of Aracne. Now its on the Prado museum .The sizes are:2,20 x 2,89m.It is made with oleo painting over a canvas.The theme is Mithological, it tells the tale of Aracne

VelzquezSource: It was one of the last paintings of the author, Don Pedro de Arce commissioned this painting, the painting tells us a mithological tale, the leyend of Aracne:Aracne was a weaver who defy Atenea in being better than her in weaving, Aracne made a tapestry representing the infidelity of his father ,Zeus ,becoming a bull and kindnapping the god Europa.As Atenea noticed the taunt and Aracne lost, she decided to take revenge and she turn Aracne into a spider and she sentenced her to weaw all her lifeThis tale explains the spider's ability to weave its web.

The mith of

In the spinners we can see that the most important action the drama, the fable is in the background and that in the foreground its a normal day in a spinning workshop.

The spirit of Titian fills the Spinners with reds, russets and golden browns, and gives to its plain peasant-women a classical grace of gesture The bit of tapestry in the lighted alcove sets the theme for the whole composition. Its diagonal curves are developed. There is richness of color, there are silvery gray-blues, dull rose and olive, are gently diffused over the standing ladies (almost indistinguishable from the tapestry) to the spacious plainness of the work-room. The colors go from the gray-green wall with its skeins of yarn and its ladder through the shadowy, flat, red-skirted woman in the center, to the girl winding yarn at the right. This girl, with strongly lighted and rounded waist, with skirt of green intenser than the walls, her body swaying in the natural dance-rhythm of her work, is the most important part of the composition.

Part Of The PaintingHe received dutch influences :a homelike, realistic group, drawn in short, irregular curves without classical grace, against a plain interior full of rectangular planes at different angles; cool, clear daylight from a side-window to bring out richly colored textiles against plain, dull, gray-green walls.

As to composition: the Dutch genre painters rarely attempted designs so spacious and complex


In its composition, the artist looks back to his still life, where two different areas and two planes of reality balance each other. The everyday scene in the foreground shows a plainly furnished room where women are at work spinning. Sunlight falling in from above conjures up a complex range of colours. On the left, an elderly woman is at the spinning wheel, while the young woman seated to the right is winding yarn.There is a second room in the background, It is flooded with light and contains several elegantly dressed women. The woman on the left wearing an antique helmet and with her arm raised is a figure of Athena. Opposite her stands the young Arachne, who has committed the sacrilegious act of comparing her skill in weaving with the goddess's. She has begun their competition with a tapestry showing one of the love affairs of Jupiter, the rape of Europa. Velzquez borrowed the theme of this tapestry from afamous picture by Titian,also extant in a copy by Rubens, to show his artistic veneration for the Venetian master.This interpretation is still relevant if Velzquez has in fact represented the figures of Athenea and Arachne a second time in the figures of the old woman and the young woman in the foreground. Here, at least, Velzquez has transferred mythology to everyday reality. However, there is a whole series of possible meanings beneath the surface of this painting, and scholars are still puzzling over some of them to this day.

Baroque painting characteristicsThey prefered a balance naturalism,. Predominance of the religious themes, wi