Chapter 016 skeleton

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anatomy and physiology

Text of Chapter 016 skeleton

  • 1. Chapter 16 The skeletonCopyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.

2. Figure 16.1 A mature long bone partially sectioned. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 3. Figure 16.2 Sections of flat and irregular bones. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 4. Figure 16.3 Microscopic structure of compact bone. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 5. Figure 16.4 Microscopic structure of cancellous bone. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 6. Figure 16.5 The stages of development of a long bone. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 7. Figure 16.6 The skeleton. A. Anterior view: axial skeleton gold; appendicular skeleton brown. B. Lateral view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 8. Figure 16.7 The bones of the skull and their sutures (joints). Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 9. Figure 16.8 The bones forming the base of the skull and the cranial fossae. Viewed from above. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 10. Figure 16.9 The right temporal bone. Lateral view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 11. Figure 16.10 The occipital bone viewed from below. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 12. Figure 16.11 The sphenoid bone viewed from above. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 13. Figure 16.12 The right ethmoid bone and its related structures. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 14. Figure 16.13 The bones of the face. Anterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 15. Figure 16.14 The left mandible. Lateral view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 16. Figure 16.15 The skull showing the fontanelles and sutures. A. Fontanelles viewed from above. B. Fontanelles viewed from the side. C. Main sutures viewed from above when ossification is complete. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 17. Figure 16.16 The vertebral column. Lateral view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 18. Figure 16.17 A lumbar vertebra showing the features of a typical vertebra viewed from above. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 19. Figure 16.18 A cervical vertebra showing typical features viewed from above. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 20. Figure 16.19 The upper cervical vertebrae viewed from above: A. The atlas. B. The axis. C. The atlas and axis in position showing the transverse ligament. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 21. Figure 16.20 A thoracic vertebra: A. Viewed from above. B. Viewed from the side. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 22. Figure 16.21 The sacrum and coccyx: A. Anterior view. B. Lateral view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 23. Figure 16.22 Section of the vertebral column showing the ligaments, intervertebral discs and intervertebral foramina. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 24. Figure 16.23 Lower cervical vertebrae separated to show the spinal cord and spinal nerves emerging through the intervertebral foramina. Anterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 25. Figure 16.24 The order of development of the curves of the spine. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 26. Figure 16.25 The thoracic cage. Anterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 27. Figure 16.26 The sternum and its attachments. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 28. Figure 16.27 A typical rib viewed from below. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 29. Figure 16.28 The right clavicle. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 30. Figure 16.29 The right scapula. Posterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 31. Figure 16.30 The right humerus. Anterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 32. Figure 16.31 The right radius and ulna with the interosseous membrane. Anterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 33. Figure 16.32 The bones of the wrist, hand and fingers. Anterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 34. Figure 16.33 The right innominate bone. Lateral view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 35. Figure 16.34 The bones of the pelvis and the upper part of the left femur. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 36. Figure 16.35 The difference in shape of the male and female pelves. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 37. Figure 16.36 The left femur. Posterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 38. Figure 16.37 The left tibia and fibula with the interosseous membrane. Anterior view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 39. Figure 16.38 The bones of the foot. Lateral view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 40. Figure 16.39 The tendons and ligaments supporting the arches of the left foot. Medial view. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 41. Figure 16.40 Stages in bone healing. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved. 42. Figure 16.41 Achondroplasia. Copyright Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.