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Tahitian Limes from New Caledonia

Draft Import Risk Analysis Report

September 2003

Draft Import Risk Analysis: Importation of fresh Tahitian lime fruit from New Caledonia

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Draft Import Risk Analysis: Importation of fresh Tahitian lime fruit from New Caledonia

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Foreword

Commonwealth of Australia 2003

This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this material in unaltered form only (retaining this notice) for your personal, non-commercial use or use within your organisation. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved.

Requests for further authorisation should be directed to the Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Intellectual Property Branch, Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, GPO Box 2154, Canberra ACT 2601 or by email to [email protected]

Draft Import Risk Analysis: Importation of fresh Tahitian lime fruit from New Caledonia

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Contents

LIST OF TABLES.............................................................................................................................................. 7

GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. .................................................................................. 8

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................................................... 11

BIOSECURITY FRAMEWORK ................................................................................................................ 13

INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................ 13 AUSTRALIAN LEGISLATION ......................................................................................................................... 13

Quarantine Act: Scope............................................................................................................................ 13 Quarantine Proclamation....................................................................................................................... 14 Development of Biosecurity Policy......................................................................................................... 14

AUSTRALIAS INTERNATIONAL RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS......................................................................... 15 AUSTRALIAS APPROPRIATE LEVEL OF PROTECTION (ALOP) ..................................................................... 16

Risk Management and SPS Measures..................................................................................................... 17 IMPORT RISK ANALYSIS............................................................................................................................... 17

Description ............................................................................................................................................. 17 Undertaking IRAs ................................................................................................................................... 17 Environment and human health.............................................................................................................. 17 The IRA process in summary .................................................................................................................. 18

POLICY DETERMINATION.............................................................................................................................. 18

METHOD FOR PEST RISK ANALYSIS................................................................................................... 19

STAGE 1: INITIATION.................................................................................................................................... 19 STAGE 2: PEST RISK ASSESSMENT ................................................................................................................ 19

Pest categorisation ................................................................................................................................. 20 Assessment of the probability of introduction or spread ........................................................................ 21 Method for evaluating the probability of entry, establishment or spread............................................... 22 Assessment of consequences ................................................................................................................... 24 Direct pest effects ................................................................................................................................... 24 Indirect pest effects ................................................................................................................................. 25 Method for assessing consequences in this IRA...................................................................................... 26

STAGE 3: PEST RISK MANAGEMENT.............................................................................................................. 28 Method for pest risk management in this IRA......................................................................................... 28

PROPOSAL TO IMPORT TAHITIAN LIMES FROM NEW CALEDONIA ....................................... 31

BACKGROUND ............................................................................................................................................. 31 ADMINISTRATION ........................................................................................................................................ 31

Timetable ................................................................................................................................................ 31

Draft Import Risk Analysis: Importation of fresh Tahitian lime fruit from New Caledonia

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Scope....................................................................................................................................................... 31 Other assessments................................................................................................................................... 31

AUSTRALIAS CURRENT QUARANTINE POLICY FOR THE IMPORTATION OF FRESH LIMES............................... 32 International quarantine policy .............................................................................................................. 32 Domestic arrangements .......................................................................................................................... 32

PEST CATEGORISATION......................................................................................................................... 33

RISK ASSESSMENTS FOR QUARANTINE PESTS............................................................................... 35

FRUIT FLIES .................................................................................................................................................. 35 Consequences ......................................................................................................................................... 37 Unrestricted risk estimate....................................................................................................................... 37

HEMIPTERA .................................................................................................................................................. 38 Consequences ......................................................................................................................................... 40 Unrestricted risk estimate....................................................................................................................... 40

SPIDER MITE................................................................................................................................................. 41 Consequences ......................................................................................................................................... 42 Unrestricted risk estimate....................................................................................................................... 43

LITTLE FIRE ANT........................................................................................................................................... 43 Consequences ......................................................................................................................................... 44 Unrestricted risk estimate....................................................................................................................... 45

CITRUS SCAB ................................................................................................................................................ 45 Consequences ......................................................................................................................................... 47 Unrestricted risk estimate....................................................................................................................... 48

BLACK MILDEW ........................................................................................................................................... 48 Consequences ......................................................................................................................................... 49 Unrestricted risk estimate......................................................