Click here to load reader

Special Report - Small Arms Survey - Small Arms Survey Special Report Wepundi et al. Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya 3 The Small Arms Survey The Small Arms Survey is

  • View
    219

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

Text of Special Report - Small Arms Survey - Small Arms Survey Special Report Wepundi et al. Small Arms and...

  • Availability of Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya: An Assessment

    Manasseh Wepundi, Eliud Nthiga, Eliud Kabuu, Ryan Murray, and Anna Alvazzi del Frate

    Special Report

  • Availability of Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya: An Assessment

    Manasseh Wepundi, Eliud Nthiga, Eliud Kabuu, Ryan Murray, and

    Anna Alvazzi del Frate

    A study by the Small Arms Survey and Kenya National Focus Point on Small Arms

    and Light Weapons with support from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark

    Special Report

    June 2012

  • 2 Small Arms Survey Special Report Wepundi et al. Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya 3

    Copyright

    Published in Switzerland by the Small Arms Survey

    Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development

    Studies, Geneva 2012

    First published in June 2012

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in

    a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the

    prior permission in writing of the Small Arms Survey, or as expressly per-

    mitted by law, or under terms agreed with the appropriate reprographics

    rights organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the scope of

    the above should be sent to the Publications Manager, Small Arms Survey, at

    the address below.

    Small Arms Survey

    Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

    47 Avenue Blanc, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland

    Copy-edited by Alex Potter

    Proofread by John Linnegar

    Cartography by Jillian Luff, MAPgrafix

    Typeset by Frank Benno Junghanns

    Printed in France by GPS

    ISBN 978-2-9700771-8-3

    ISSN 1661-4453

  • 2 Small Arms Survey Special Report Wepundi et al. Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya 3

    The Small Arms Survey

    The Small Arms Survey is an independent research project located at the Gradu-

    ate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland.

    Established in 1999, the project is supported by the Swiss Federal Department

    of Foreign Affairs and current contributions from the Governments of Australia,

    Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway,

    Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The Survey is grateful for

    past support received from the Governments of France, New Zealand, and

    Spain. The Survey also wishes to acknowledge the financial assistance it has

    received over the years from different United Nations agencies, programmes,

    and institutes.

    The objectives of the Small Arms Survey are: to be the principal source of

    public information on all aspects of small arms and armed violence; to serve

    as a resource centre for governments, policy-makers, researchers, and activists;

    to monitor national and international initiatives (governmental and non-

    governmental) on small arms; to support efforts to address the effects of small

    arms proliferation and misuse; and to act as a clearinghouse for the sharing of

    information and the dissemination of best practices. The Survey also sponsors

    field research and information-gathering efforts, especially in affected states

    and regions. The project has an international staff with expertise in security

    studies, political science, law, economics, development studies, sociology, and

    criminology, and collaborates with a network of researchers, partner institutions,

    non-governmental organizations, and governments in more than 50 countries.

    Small Arms Survey

    Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

    47 Avenue Blanc, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland

    p +41 22 908 5777 f +41 22 732 2738

    e [email protected] w www.smallarmssurvey.org

  • 4 Small Arms Survey Special Report Wepundi et al. Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya 5

    The Kenya National Focal Point

    The Kenya National Focal Point (KNFP) on Small Arms and Light Weapons

    is a multi-agency initiative and a directorate within the Ministry of State for

    Provincial Administration and Internal Security, and is located within the

    Office of the President. The KNFP was established in 2002 and became opera-

    tional in 2003, bringing together various Government ministries, depart -

    ments and Civil Society organizations in the management and control of

    small arms and light weapons in Kenya.

    The KNFP has a vision of having a peaceful, secure and prosperous society

    free of illicit small arms and light weapons for sustainable development, with a

    mission to manage and coordinate all actions in addressing the proliferation of illicit

    small arms and light weapons in all its aspects in Kenya.

    The KNFP derives its mandate from the various international, regional

    and sub-regional legal instruments to which Kenya is a signatory and is

    responsible for liaison with states at sub-regional, regional and international

    level, as well as with relevant organizations, on all matters relating to their

    implementation. This includes developing policy guidelines and research;

    monitoring efforts to combat, prevent and eradicate illicit trade in small arms

    and light weapons in all its aspects; and coordinating collection and destruc-

    tion of small arms and light weapons.

    Noting the geographical spread of the small arms and light weapons

    problem in the country, the KNFP has established Provincial and District

    Task Forces (DTF) to focus on addressing this problem across Kenya. The

    DTFs mandate is to facilitate the implementation of the Kenya National

    Action Plan for Arms Control and Management at district and grass-roots

    levels, partnering with the district peace committees and community-based

    civil society organizations, to bring about an all-inclusive approach to con-

    flict prevention, resolution and management. This is in tandem with the

    KNFPs core values of responsiveness, cooperation and collaboration, inclusive-

    ness, leadership, and integrity.

  • 4 Small Arms Survey Special Report Wepundi et al. Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya 5

    Kenya National Focal Point on Small Arms and Light Weapons

    Bruce House, 14th Floor (South Wing)

    Standard Street

    PO Box 30510 00100

    Nairobi, Kenya

    p +254 20 343 462 / 8 f +254 20 31 33 35 (fax/direct line)

    e [email protected] w www.knfparms.go.ke

  • 6 Small Arms Survey Special Report Wepundi et al. Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya 7

    Table of contents

    List of maps, figures, and tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

    Abbreviations and acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    Executive summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    The small arms problem in Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    Historical and regional developments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Domestic causes of small arms proliferation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Impact of small arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Security and disarmament interventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    Achievements and challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

    Objectives for the National Arms Mapping project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    Methodology and scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

    II. Small arms and perceptions of security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Small arms trends and extent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Perceived causes of small arms demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Estimates of household firearms ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

    Public perceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

    Perceived modes of small arms acquisition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

    Indicators of the perceived impact of small arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    Gun deaths and/or injuries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    Small arms impact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    Small arms sources and mov

Search related