Assignment No. 1Q 1: Why we should believe in the life of Hereafter?Answer: Belief in life after death has always been part of the teachings of the Prophets and is an essential condition of being a Muslim. Holy Quran tells us that a day will come when whole universe will be destroyed and every human will die. In Islam, an individual's life after death or their Hereafter is very closely formed by their present life. Life after death begins with the resurrection of man, after which there will come a moment when every human will be surprised as they are confronted with their intentions and deeds, good and bad, and even by their failure to do good in this life. On the Day of Judgment, the entire record of people from the age of puberty will be presented before God. God will weigh everyones good and bad deeds according to His Mercy and His Justice, forgiving many sins and multiplying many good deeds. One who excels in goodness will be rewarded kindly, whereas one whose evils and wrongs overweigh his good deeds will be punished. Those who emerge successful in this judgment will go to paradise and the doors of eternal bliss will be opened to them. Those who are condemned and deserve punishment will be sent to Hell - the abode of fire and torture. In Quran, Allah says:
So, he who has done an atom's weight of good shall see it.
And he who has done an atom's weight of evil shall see it. The life in the hereafter is a true life. There was a time when a man was lying in the womb of his mother in a contracted and shrunken position and as breathing in this limited world. If he could think at that time, he would have considered this state as his real life and would never agree to leave it and emerge from the womb of his mother, unless forcibly removed from it. If he were able to speak, he would have considered his emergence as his death and would have constructed it as being buried in a dark dungeon, although it was his birth, which meant that he was to inhabit this vast and wide world after leaving the womb of the mother. In the same way, we consider death banishment from his world; although that too is a kind of our re-birth and progress to a very comfortable life, that is, transfer to purgatory, which is a temporary halting place between this material and transitory world and the eternal world of the Hereafter. It is related that a Companion once inquired from the prophet, O Messenger of God, who will God raise up his creatures from the dead? Is there anything like it here in this world, which may be cited as example? The prophet replied. Has it never accrued to you that you may have passed by a stretch of land in your country and found it dry and bereft of all vegetation, and then, on coming upon it again, after sometime, discovered that it was covered lavishly with fresh green grass? The Companion replied, Yes, may master. It has, The Prophet Remarked, This typifies resurrection. God will raise from the dead in the same manner. The non-believers of Hereafter used to criticize this fact that how a human being will again rise after when his bones will be destroyed. Quran has said that you should look back at your life. How different elements of your body have been put together in order to give you life. Do you not see in the universe that life emerges from non-living things? Trees, plants and even human beings
have passed through different periods in order to get life. The only one Allah has the power that can show you different miracles, then how it is impossible for Him to reproduce you in the life of Hereafter? Do you not see that you were in the womb of your mother?
What! did you then think that We had created you in vain and that you shall not be returned to Us? Man has both powers of virtues and evil. Due to these powers of virtues and evil every nation and country has its some laws according to which someone is punished. We see that some people do evil deeds but still they do not get punishment in this world. On the other side, there are some people, who do good deeds but no one appreciates those people. They do not get any reward of those deeds in this world. Now both who have done evil deeds and good deeds become equal. How our mind can say that both have died equally. It is the need of the Human Nature that there should be justice where evil and good deeds should be put to results. This is the Believe of the life of Hereafter.
Shall We treat those who believe and do good like the mischief-makers in the earth? Or shall We make those who guard (against evil) like the wicked?
Question 2: Give the detailed definition of Taqwa? Answer:Taqwa is the Islamic concept of God-Consciousness or higher consciousness. Taqwa is one of the most reflective concepts in Islam. Taqwa is a path by which Muslims relate to one another in society and a means to focus their actions. Because of the great importance of Taqwa, it has been referred to numerous times in the Quran and Sunnah in order to emphasize its relevance and significance to the Muslims. Allah strongly emphasizes the rewards of people with Taqwa in his life and the Hereafter. Thus, understanding the concept of Taqwa is vital and mandatory for every Muslim. In the Holy Quran Allah tells us the qualities of those people who attain Taqwa.
It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the last day and the angels and the Book and the prophets, and give away wealth out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and the beggars and for (the emancipation of) the captives, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate; and the performers of their promise when they make a promise, and the patient in distress and affliction and in time of conflicts- these are they who are true (to themselves) and these are they who guard (against evil). According to the above Ayat of Holy Quran, those people who have the following sixteen qualities attain Taqwa.
1. Believe in Allah 3. Believe in Angels 5. Believe in the Prophets 7. 9. 11. 13. 15. To orphans To wayfarers To set slaves free Gives Zakat To be patient in extreme poverty and ailment
2. Believe in last day 4. Believe in Book 6. Give his wealth in spite of Love for it to kinsfolk. 8. To poor 10. To those who ask 12. Performs Al-Salat 14. To fulfill the promise 16. To be patient during the battles
A Hadith about Piety (Taqwa): Narrated by Anas bin Malik (R.A): Abu Talha had the greatest wealth of date-palms amongst the Ansar in Medina, and he prized above all his wealth (his garden) Bairuha', which was situated opposite the Mosque (of the Prophet ). The Prophet used to enter it and drink from its fresh water. When the following Divine Verse came:-"By no means shall you attain piety until you spend of what you love," (3.92) Abu Talha got up saying. "O Allah's Apostle! Allah says, 'You will not attain piety until you spend of what you love,' and I prize above al I my wealth, Bairuha' which I want to give in charity for Allah's Sake, hoping for its reward from Allah. So you can use it as Allah directs you." On that the Prophet said, "Bravo! It is a profitable (or perishable) property. (Ibn Maslama is not sure as to which word is right, i.e. profitable or perishable.) I have heard what you have said, and I recommend that you distribute this amongst your relatives." On that Abu Talha said, "O Allah's Apostle! I will do (as you have suggested)." So, Abu Talha distributed that garden amongst his relatives and cousins. A man who attains piety has been given many rewards by Allah which are obvious from the following Hadith: Narrated by Abu Al-Aswad (R.A): I came to Medina when an epidemic had broken out. While I was sitting with 'Umar bin AlKhattab a funeral procession passed by and the people praised the deceased. 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed to him." And another funeral procession passed by and the people praised the deceased. 'Umar said, "It has been affirmed to him." A third (funeral procession) passed by and the people spoke badly of the deceased. He said, "It has been affirmed to him." I (Abu Al-Aswad) asked, "O chief of the believers! What has been affirmed?" He replied, "I said the same as the Prophet had said, that is: if four persons testify the piety of a Muslim, Allah will grant him Paradise." We asked, "If three persons testify his piety?" He (the Prophet) replied, "Even three." Then we asked, "If two?" He replied, "Even two." We did not ask him regarding one witness. If we see in our daily life, Prayers, Zakat, Hajj, fasting and other Islamic worships are developed in order to attain Taqwa. If we see fasting, we have to be hungry all the time, Being hungry all the
time during fasting is the body of the fasting but the main objective of fasting is to attain Taqwa. The main objective of every worship of Islam is to attain Taqwa.
Assignment No. 2
59In above-mentioned verse, we have been ordered to obey Allah Tala, His Prophet and the executive authorities. Explain the criteria for the obedience of the executive authorities in the guidance of this Divine injunction.Answer: The role of the executive authority in the Islamic system is essentially to ensure the implementation of the Shariah for those who follow it among the resident of the Islamic State, owing to their faith in Islam, or to their desire for the protection it provides. Thus, the Islamic State does not require of its subjects any new sort of legal encum