Exile in DapitanPresented By:Indoso, Lyn Jazmin A.Dela Pea, Rik Laurenz D.Fallaria, Richmond Adrian
Reason's of Rizal Deportation in Dapitan Rizal had published books and articles abroad which showed disloyalty to Spain and which were frankly anti-Catholic and imprudently anti-friar.
Having a bundle of handbills entitled Pobres Frailes in which the patient and humble generosity of Filipinos is satirized, and which accusation is published against the customs of the religious orders.
His novel El Filibusterismo was dedicated to the memory of threetraitors (Burgos, Gomez, Zamora), and on the title page he wrote that in view of the vices and errors of the Spanish administration, the only salvation for the Philippines was separation from the mother country.
Beginning of Exile in Dapitan.The steamer Cebu which brought Rizal to Dapitan carried a letter from Father Pablo Pastells, Superior of the Jesuit Society in the Philippines, to Father Antonio Obach, Jesuit parish priest of Dapitan.
Fr. Antonio ObachFr. Pablo Pastellswas the Jesuit priest who attempted to convince Jose Rizal to return to orthodox Roman Catholicism through letters.A Jesuit parish priest of Dapitan.
Rizal could live at the parish convent on the following conditions: That Rizal publically retract his errors concerning religion and make statements that were clearly pro-Spanish against revolution.
That he perform the church rites and make a general confession of his past life.
That henceforth he conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish Subject and a man of religion.
ADonRicardoCarniceroPoem written by Rizal to his friend DonRicardo Carnicero.
DonRicardo Carnicero-The Captain served as Rizal's warden but eventually became his friend.
TheHomeof Commandant Carnicero
Wins in Manila LotteryButuan mail boat which brought the news about Rizals winning in the lottery. The Lottery Ticket No. 9736P20,000 lottery prizeP6,200 of it was givento Rizal P2,000 of his share he gave to his father andP200 to Basa in Hong Kong, The rest heinvested thru purchasing agricultural lands from the coast of Talisay about kilameter away from Dapitan
Family members who visited Rizal were:His motherHis sisters Trinidad, Maria and NarcisaNephews Teodosio, Estanislao, Mauricio and Prudencio
Rizal built a house by the seashore of Talisay surrounded by fruit trees, a school for boys, and a hospital for his patients.
Works of Rizal in DapitanWater System for DapitanCommunity Projects for DapitanArtistic Works in DapitanRizal as PhysicianRizal as TeacherRizal as FarmerRizal as Businessman
Water System in Dapitan
Rizal held the title of expert surveyor (perito agrimensor), which he obtained from Ateneo. He supplemented his training as a surveyor by reading engineering books. In Dapitan, he applied his knowledge in engineering by constructing a system of waterworks in order to furnish clean water to the townspeople.
Artistic Works in Dapitan
He had contributed his talent in the Sisters of Charity who were preparing for the arrival of the image of the Holy Virgin.He also sculptured the statue called The Mother's Revenge which represented his dog, Syria, avenging her puppy to a crocodile which killed it. 13
Rizal as Physician
As a physician, Rizal provided free medicine to his patients, most of them were underprivileged. However, he also had wealthy patients who paid him well enough for his excellent surgical skill. Among them were Don Ignacio Tumarong who gave Rizal 3000 pesos for restoring his sight, an Englishman who gave him 500 pesos, and Aklanon haciendero, Don Francisco Azcarraga, who paid him a cargo of sugar. His skill was put into test in August 1893 when his mother, Doa Teodora Alonzo, was placed under opthalmic surgery for the third time. The operation was a success.
Rizal as TeacherRizal established a school in Dapitan which was attended by 16 young boys He taught them reading, writing in English and Spanish, geography, history, mathematics, industrial work, nature study, morals and gymnastics. There was no formal room, like the typical classroom nowadays. Classes were conducted from 2 p.m to 4 p.m. with the teacher sitting on a hammock while the students sat on a long bamboo bench.
Rizal as FarmerRizal devoted time in planting important crops and fruit-bearing trees in his 16-hectare land (later, reaching as large as 70 hectares). He planted cacao, coffee, sugarcane, and coconuts, among many others. He even invested part of his earnings from being a medical practitioner .He introduced to the native farmers of Dapitan the modern agricultural methods. Rizal also visualized of having an agricultural colony in Sitio Ponot, within the Sindagan Bay.
Rizal as BusinessmanRizal, with his partner, Ramon Carreon, tried his luck in the fishing, hemp and copra industries. In a letter to his brother-in-law, Manuel T. Hidalgo, he pointed out the potential of the fishing industry in the province He also requested that two good Calamba fishermen be sent to Dapitan to teach the fisher folks of the new fishing methods, using a big net called pukutan. But the industry in which Rizal became more successful was in hemp, shipping the said product to a foreign firm in Manila.
Rizals Encounter with the Friars SpyPablo Mercado assumed name of the spy who visited Rizal at his house and pretended to be a relative by showing a photo of Rizal and a pair ofbuttons with the initials P.M. as evidence ofkinship.The spy stayed in Dapitan and spread talks among the people that he was a relative to Rizal. Rizal went to the comandancia and reported the impostor to Captain Juan Sitges (successor ofCarnicero)
Rizals Encounter with the Friars SpySitges ordered Pablo Mercados arrest and told Anastacio Adriatico to investigate him immediately.
a.k.a Pablo Mercado, single and about 30 years old who washired by the Recollect friars to spy on Rizals activities.
Josephine Bracken Irish girl of sweet eighteen who was born on Hong Kong.James Bracken and Elizabeth Jane MacBride Josephines parents who are both Irish in citizenship.Mr. George Taufer man who adopted Josephine after her mother died of childbirth
Marie Josephine Leopoldine Bracken(9 August 1876 16 March 1902)
Rizal and Josephine BrackenManuela Orlac Filipina companion who accompanied Josephine Bracken to Dapitan.
Josephine give birth to an eight-month baby boy. The baby lived for only three hours. He was named Francisco in honor of Rizals father.
Rizal and the KatipunanPio Valenzuela emissary to Dapitan in order to inform Rizal of the plan ofKatipunan during the meeting at a little river called Bitukang Manok.
Venus steamer Valenzuela boarded to reach Dapitan Raymundo Mata blind man who came with Valenzuela to camouflage his mission
Volunteer as Military Doctor in CubaWhen Cuba was under revolution and raging yellow fever epidemic, Rizal wrote to GovernorGeneral Ramon Blanco offering his services as military doctor.He wrote a poem El Canto del Viajero
The Song of the Traveler
Upon receiving the acceptance of his offer to go to Europe then to Cuba to help in the curing ofpatients suffering yellow fever, he wrote a poem El Canto del Viajero
Adios, DapitanEspaa steamer which brought Rizal to Manila from Dapitan Rizal was accompanied by Josephine, Narcisa, Angelica (Narcisas daughter), his three nephews and six pupils. As farewell, the town brass of Dapitan played the dolorous Funeral March of Chopin. He stayed in Dapitan for four years, thirteen days and a few hours.