Cultural Framing in English Language (ESL) classrooms How cultural difference operates in the second language classroom.

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  • Cultural Framing in English Language (ESL) classroomsHow cultural difference operates in the second language classroom.

  • A frame within a frame

  • What is meant by framing?Metaphor of picture frameMetaphor of camera frameExtended metaphor of lens

  • Michael HallidayMalinowski -> Hallidaytheory of context ->theory of textcontext-> textHalliday & Hasan, 1985, Language, context, and text: Aspects of language in a social semiotic perspective.

  • Claire KramschLanguage teaching relies on our common humanity.Cultural perspectives lead us to look for learning that emerges at points of difference.Kramsch, 1993, Context and Culture in Language Learning.

  • Deborah TannenRelated concepts:Schema (Bartlett, 1932)Script (Schank and Abelson, 1975)Frame (Bateson, 1955; Hymes, 1974; Goffman, 1974; Frake, 1977)Structures of expectations (Ross, 1975)Tannen, 1993, Framing in Discourse.

  • The English language classroom in ThailandHow is language construed?Who has ownership?How is learning construed?Who has ownership?C1 or C2?Who is teaching and who is learning?How do cultural differences affect English language learning in Thailand?

  • The study so far Visits to universities in Thailand.Plans for involvement in an intensive English course at RMUT.Application for position as teacher/researcher at CMU.Methods: text analysis; notes and journal; classroom recordings; interviews of students, teachers and others.Methodology: grounded theory.

    A little bit of history. Describe my class at MLI: young men, Arabic, Muslim, rural origins, limited education and travel, military. State the proposed site for this study: Thailand.The overarching metaphor for my thesis.Picture frame: example of the meaning of the word privacy for a Chinese-English bilingual.Camera frame: example of Bedas polite refusal to shake hands.Lens: either example can be examined for detail or for broader context (zooming in or out, focusing).Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942) investigated Kiriwinian, the language of the Trobriand Islands.context of situation the particular actions and circumstances specific to the communicative task.context of culture social organisation, concepts of time and space, etc.

    Discuss the phenomenon of uncritical approaches to text in ELT. Mention Wallace, and the potential for cultural perspectives to inform critical thinking.Frame not static (eliciting frames) but interactive what people are doing as they speak relational concept rather than a sequence of events. (Frake, Bartlett, Gumperz).Shared expectations are invisible. (Tannen, 2006, Language and Culture Ch. 10 in An Introduction to Language and Linguistics, ed Rasold & Connor-Linton.)Language written or spoken; grammar, vocab, pronunciation; communicative competence (whatever that means).NS vs global languageLearning memorisation, rote learning, drills; learning through play; learner-centred.objectified or personalC2 dominates linguistic discourses, C1 dominates education discourses.For the foreign language teacher, C1 means they are the learners. Example of teaching military language at MLI and issues of authority.

    This is my Research Question for now!! DoneThree visits: October, January, MayOne semester of teachingThe lens zooms in and out!! Need to capture the wider frame.Constructionist/interpretivist epistemology.


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