Citations – APA style

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Citations APA style. How to cite within the body of your essay or assignment. What is a citation?. A citation is an in-text note that tells your reader you are using information from a source. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Citations APA style

Citations APA styleHow to cite within the body of your essay or assignment

What is a citation?A citation is an in-text note that tells your reader you are using information from a source.Citations are important because if you dont show where you got your information from, you could be accused of plagiarism.Citations show your reader where you got your quotation from.How to make a citationFor APA (American Psychological Association) citations, you need the author of the article or book, the date the book or journal was published, and the page number.Much of what we know about string theory comes from the work of Heisenberg (Whittington, 2009, p. 64).

For texts with two or three authorsFor texts with two or three authors, use all the authors last names, in the order they are listed.String theorys origins can be traced back to 1942 (Whittington, Jones, & Peabody, 2011, p. 73-74).

Use the ampersand (&) before the last name listed.For texts with more than three authorsWrite the first authors last name, followed by the Latin phrase et al. Et al. means and others, and implies that there are more authors that arent listed.

String theory began in Heisenbergs lab in 1942 (Whittington et al., 2011, p. 43).

Note that there is a period after al. followed by a comma.You can mention the authors names in your own sentenceWhittington, Jones, and Peabody assert that string theory began in Heisenbergs lab in 1942 (2011, p. 42).

Since you already mentioned the authors, you only have to include the year of publication and the page number in your citation.You can mention the year of publication in your own sentenceWhittington et al. assert in their 2011 article that string theory began in Heisenbergs lab (p. 43).

Here, you only have to include the page number in your citation because youve already mentioned the author(s) and the date of publication.Citing websitesWhen you cite a website, you need to include the author or authors names (if available), the year the information was last updated, and the page number (if available, but probably it wont be), just like a book or article.According to recent studies, students do not recognize Heisenberg as the father of string theory (History of String Theory, n.d.).Here, the title of the website is in quotation marks, and n.d means that no date is listed. There is no page number either.When citing more than one source When your information comes from more than one source, you list the information in the citation as you usually would. Then, you add the next citation after a semi-colon.Many studies agree that students do not understand string theory (Whittington et al., 2011, p. 43; MIT., Student Responses to Theoretical Physics, n.d.).Summary & TipsUse the ampersand (&) before the last person named, if more than two authors.Use et al. with a period after the al when there are more than three authors listed.Use p. before writing the page number.Use a semi-colon (;) between multiple citations in the same parentheses.

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