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Adapt. Improvise, Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class Technology Class

Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

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Page 1: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Adapt. Improvise, Adapt. Improvise, OvercomeOvercome

Meeting the Challenges of Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Today’s Manufacturing

Technology ClassTechnology Class

Page 2: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

WelcomeWelcome

• The purpose of this session is to facilitate/encourage conversation around the current state of manufacturing technology in our schools

• My name is Paul Fraser and I’m a curriculum chair for technology, business, and computer science

• My background:

Page 3: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Impact!Impact!

517,000 Ontario jobs at risk517,000 Ontario jobs at risk Manufacturing price index declinesManufacturing price index declines Auto slump drags manufacturing downAuto slump drags manufacturing down Manufacturing sales stumbleManufacturing sales stumble Tooling firms plead for auto aidTooling firms plead for auto aid CAW warns plants could go southCAW warns plants could go south Auto workers crumple at each economic Auto workers crumple at each economic

blowblow Manufacturing sector on the brink of Manufacturing sector on the brink of

collapse: CME presidentcollapse: CME president 239,100 jobs `gone for good'239,100 jobs `gone for good'

Page 4: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

ChallengesChallenges

Global economy and competitionGlobal economy and competition Industry is moving away from Industry is moving away from

primary fabrication and more towards primary fabrication and more towards product assembly and finishingproduct assembly and finishing

Shrinking industry base in OntarioShrinking industry base in Ontario Lower enrolment in our programsLower enrolment in our programs Older equipmentOlder equipment Idle roomsIdle rooms

Page 5: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

CurriculumCurriculum

Definition of manufacturingDefinition of manufacturing The The process of converting of converting

raw materials, , components, or , or parts into into finished goods that meet a that meet a customer's expectations or or specifications. Manufacturing . Manufacturing commonly employs a man-machine commonly employs a man-machine setup with with division of labor in a large in a large scale production..

Page 6: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Curriculum DocumentsCurriculum Documents OverviewOverview

Manufacturing is the transformation of materials into Manufacturing is the transformation of materials into products to meet human needs and wants. In today’s global products to meet human needs and wants. In today’s global economy, manufacturing is the foundation of a nation’s economy, manufacturing is the foundation of a nation’s wealth and power.wealth and power.These courses provide students with opportunities to These courses provide students with opportunities to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to understand, acquire the knowledge and skills needed to understand, use, and manage manufacturing systems. use, and manage manufacturing systems. They will also They will also help students understandhelp students understandthe role of manufacturing technology in our economy; its the role of manufacturing technology in our economy; its relationship to other economic sectors; and its effects on relationship to other economic sectors; and its effects on people, society, and the environmentpeople, society, and the environment.. Their study of Their study of manufacturing technology will prepare students for change manufacturing technology will prepare students for change and for making critical decisions regarding the future.and for making critical decisions regarding the future.

Page 7: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

What We Do WellWhat We Do Well

Develop skillsDevelop skills Provide a well educated work forceProvide a well educated work force Our students are good problem Our students are good problem

solverssolvers Extensive and focused Extensive and focused

apprenticeship, co-op, and special apprenticeship, co-op, and special programs (SHSM)programs (SHSM)

Page 8: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Changing The FocusChanging The FocusOverviewOverview

Ontario has a very strong advanced Ontario has a very strong advanced manufacturing sector (automotive, manufacturing sector (automotive, telecommunications, electronics, telecommunications, electronics, computers, aerospace, chemicals, plastics, computers, aerospace, chemicals, plastics, transportation, and food processing) that transportation, and food processing) that not only utilizes traditional skills, but also not only utilizes traditional skills, but also advanced techniques associated with CNC advanced techniques associated with CNC and Roboticsand Robotics

Industry is looking for and needs creative Industry is looking for and needs creative problem solvers who can apply their skills at problem solvers who can apply their skills at all levels of an organizationall levels of an organization

Page 9: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Meeting The ChallengeMeeting The Challenge Changing The Focus Changing The Focus

We need to:We need to: Broaden the knowledge base of our students, Broaden the knowledge base of our students,

and not just concentrate on skill development and not just concentrate on skill development e.g. the role of the manufacturing e.g. the role of the manufacturing technologist/engineertechnologist/engineer

Work with our colleagues and industry partners Work with our colleagues and industry partners to become more cross curricular e.g. integrate to become more cross curricular e.g. integrate more business and environmental science into more business and environmental science into our programsour programs

Create a more “questioning” attitude e.g. not Create a more “questioning” attitude e.g. not just how to create this part, but what impact just how to create this part, but what impact will it have locally, nationally, globally. How will it have locally, nationally, globally. How can we do It better (methods engineering)can we do It better (methods engineering)

Page 10: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Meeting the ChallengeMeeting the ChallengeThe ClassroomThe Classroom

Tech teachers are creative. We are very Tech teachers are creative. We are very good at “making do” with what we havegood at “making do” with what we have

It is easy to get caught up in the day to day It is easy to get caught up in the day to day routine and postpone thinking about tomorrow. routine and postpone thinking about tomorrow. We have to make the time to think about how We have to make the time to think about how we can change and adapt to the current and we can change and adapt to the current and future needs of the students, industry, and future needs of the students, industry, and communitycommunity

Equipment:Equipment: We have to think about not just what the We have to think about not just what the

equipment is for, but what can it be used forequipment is for, but what can it be used for

Page 11: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Meeting the ChallengeMeeting the ChallengeThe ClassroomThe Classroom

Partnerships:Partnerships: Explore, expand, and investigate more community Explore, expand, and investigate more community

and industry involvementand industry involvement Guest speakers, tours, donations, projectsGuest speakers, tours, donations, projects

Become leaders and advocatesBecome leaders and advocates Develop a relationship with the elementary panel. Develop a relationship with the elementary panel.

Develop projects that would benefit and encourage Develop projects that would benefit and encourage elementary students to take tech in high school elementary students to take tech in high school (almost like a SHSM reach ahead)(almost like a SHSM reach ahead)

FundingFunding Explore potential revenue sources e.g. Ministry Explore potential revenue sources e.g. Ministry

initiatives, local partnerships, providing a serviceinitiatives, local partnerships, providing a service

Page 12: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Personal ExamplePersonal Example

When I started to teach manufacturing, I When I started to teach manufacturing, I used the same techniques that my used the same techniques that my teachers used; everyone was taught the teachers used; everyone was taught the same skills and created the same project. same skills and created the same project. Theory was confined to the operation of Theory was confined to the operation of the equipment and the material. A the equipment and the material. A narrow focus. The students became very narrow focus. The students became very good at manufacturing the product, but good at manufacturing the product, but had little or no knowledge of how a had little or no knowledge of how a manufacturing organization worked.manufacturing organization worked.

Page 13: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Personal ExamplePersonal Example

Although the students achieved a Although the students achieved a satisfactory level of success, being satisfactory level of success, being new from industry I felt something new from industry I felt something was missing. That summer I was missing. That summer I revamped my content and revamped my content and methodology to include a broader methodology to include a broader manufacturing focus. I introduced manufacturing focus. I introduced concepts that relate to the operation of concepts that relate to the operation of a typical manufacturing organizationa typical manufacturing organization

Page 14: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Personal ExamplePersonal Example

E.g. process planning (how something moves E.g. process planning (how something moves through production), methods engineering, through production), methods engineering, cost control, production control, efficiency cost control, production control, efficiency calculations, quality assurance. Along with calculations, quality assurance. Along with this, I also gave the students more input re: this, I also gave the students more input re: project choices. Recently (within the last project choices. Recently (within the last couple years), I have introduced global couple years), I have introduced global issues and how they affect the local and issues and how they affect the local and national economy (I work in Oshawa). To national economy (I work in Oshawa). To help with this, I often have the economics help with this, I often have the economics and business teachers in as guest speakers.and business teachers in as guest speakers.

Page 15: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Personal ExamplePersonal Example

The results have been favourable. The The results have been favourable. The students continue to develop skills, but students continue to develop skills, but have become more aware of how have become more aware of how manufacturing works and it’s impact. manufacturing works and it’s impact. This has enhanced their problem This has enhanced their problem solving abilities as they consider a solving abilities as they consider a bigger picture e.g. improved an bigger picture e.g. improved an operation and retrain personnel instead operation and retrain personnel instead of laying off or what is the impact to of laying off or what is the impact to the communitythe community

Page 16: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Personal ExamplePersonal Example

Next steps for me include more Next steps for me include more interaction with local business, interaction with local business, which should result in partnerships.which should result in partnerships.

Many of you are already doing this, Many of you are already doing this, and have your own stories to relate, and have your own stories to relate, this is why sharing of best practices this is why sharing of best practices is essentialis essential

Page 17: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

The FutureThe Future

As the focus of society becomes more As the focus of society becomes more environmental based, so will the jobs and environmental based, so will the jobs and careerscareers

Sustainable design and constructionSustainable design and construction Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy

Wind powerWind power Solar powerSolar power

Research and DevelopmentResearch and Development Alternative fuelsAlternative fuels Hybrid vehiclesHybrid vehicles Geo Thermal energyGeo Thermal energy Fuel Cell technologyFuel Cell technology

Page 18: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

ResourcesResources

http://www.thestar.com/article/584410--manufacturers-http://www.thestar.com/article/584410--manufacturers-look-to-futurelook-to-future

http://brantrenewable.ca/node/33http://brantrenewable.ca/node/33 http://heshomeenergy.com/news/?p=385http://heshomeenergy.com/news/?p=385 http://www2.macleans.ca/2011/09/21/economy-up-off-http://www2.macleans.ca/2011/09/21/economy-up-off-

the-factory-floor/the-factory-floor/ http://www.sse.gov.on.ca/medt/investinontario/en/http://www.sse.gov.on.ca/medt/investinontario/en/

Pages/brochures_advancedmanufacturing.aspxPages/brochures_advancedmanufacturing.aspx http://www.ontariocanada.com/ontcan/1medt/http://www.ontariocanada.com/ontcan/1medt/

downloads/sector_2pgr_auto2_en.pdfdownloads/sector_2pgr_auto2_en.pdf http://www.techtriangle.com/include/get.php?http://www.techtriangle.com/include/get.php?

nodeid=231nodeid=231

Page 19: Adapt. Improvise, Overcome Meeting the Challenges of Today’s Manufacturing Technology Class

Questions, Discussion, Next Steps

• Sharing of best practices and general discussion

• If you would like to share ideas and receive an update, I can be contacted at [email protected]