Written Language2

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  • 1. Written Language: Pictures to the Alphabet Claudetta Estes RDG 511
  • 2.
    • Written language develops when oral language is insufficient for meeting language needs of a society
    • ~Ken Goodman
  • 3. Why Written Language?
    • Even societies that appear to have no written language use symbols or graphics in order to communicate.
    • Written language becomes necessary, however when societies and their cultures spread out and develop in complex ways. (Goodman)
    • When a culture needs a written language they simply invent it in order to communicate.
    • Communication in Society
  • 4.
    • Around 3000 B.C.E. language was found
    • Land lies along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This area today is now modern Iraq.
    • Early Mesopotamian writing was found in trade, business and farm records.
    • Mesopotamia traded regularly with ancient Egyptian and ancient Indian civilizations, thus having the idea of writing spread into other cultures.
    • The first written language?
  • 5.
    • 20,000 years ago.
    • These drawings and paintings developed later into "pictograms".
    • These paintings depicted literal portrayals of various aspects of life.
    • Pictograms gradually developed into "ideograms.
    • They represented ideas rather than objects.
    • Ideograms might include a picture of the sun to represent heat, light and daytime.
    • Ideograms became more abstract and eventually began to represent the sounds of spoken language
    Pictograms and ideograms
    • Pictures that evolved..
  • 6. Pictograms in Mainstream Culture
    • Hospital, Airport
    • A form of pictograms can also be found in mainstream cultures as road signs, on public bathroom doors, and used to represent a place to eat, to sleep, to fill your gas tank, or make a phone call. These symbols are internationally recognizable, producing meaning that might not be expressible in spoken language.
  • 7. Cuneiform Writing
    • Mesopotamias Written Language
    • This literally meant "wedged shape".
    • They pressed a wedged shape object in clay tablets.
    • Each of these abstract symbols represented a single word.
  • 8.
    • The Egyptians had developed a writing system similar to the Sumerians called "hieroglyphics". Hieroglyphics were also pictographic.
    • It came to represent syllables, and the sounds of language.
    • Around 1500 B.C. the Phoenicians of the eastern shores of the Mediterranean adopted the Egyptian hieroglyphics and developed them into a set of 22 consonant vowel pairs.
    • This syllabic system was later used by the Greeks.
    • Egypt's Language
  • 9. Logographic System
    • Writing for different cultures Three Writing Systems
    • Logographic system is a word writing system.
    • An idea of this system is single characters represent single words. The problem with this system is that thousands of symbols must be memorized.
    • In recent years the Chinese government has adopted a spelling system using the Roman alphabet, called "Pinyin".
    • Pinyin can be used to teach the intensive logographic system. It is used to help foreigners, often found on street signs and other forms of instruction.
  • 10.
    • A syllabic system is a syllable writing system that is used in Japan.
    • They have two systems. One, called "kana", is made up of two 46 characters syllabaries, "katakana" and "hiragana.
    • The first represents syllables and the second represents inflections.
    • The Japanese language can be represented with kana.
    • All words can be represented in kana, and many of those can also be represented in kanji. Other syllabic writing systems are used by the Cherokee people.
    • There writing system was developed relatively recently in 1821.
    Syllabic System
    • Writing for different cultures Three Writing Systems
  • 11.
    • The alphabetic system is a sound writing system common to most modern cultures.
    • Though alphabetic systems can appear quite different from each other, they all have a common letter to sound correspondence.
    • Most alphabetic systems do not represent every sound with a different letter.
    • The United States uses an alphabetic system to produce written language.
    Alphabetic System
    • Writing for different cultures Three Writing Systems
  • 12.
    • Language is a living, dynamic organism (Goodman).
    • We us all forms of communication in order to communicate.
    • Language is the most important idea in reading and making sense of our world.
    • Written Language Importance