ROR review

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  • 1. Rules of The Road Review

2. Navigation RulesPurpose and ScopeApplicable reading: USCG ROR. 3. Purpose of Scope of the Rules of the RoadSources: 1972 COLREGS (International Rules)Regulations for the Prevention of Collisions at SeaAmended in 1983, 1989, 1991 by the IMO 1980 Navigation Rules Act (Inland Rules)Applies exclusively to US inland watersNOTE: Navigation Rules have the force of law. 4. Rule 1(a): ApplicabilityNav Rules apply based upon a vesselslocation. COLREGS Line of Demarcation These rules shallapply to all vesselsupon the high seasand in all watersconnected therewithnavigable byseagoing vessels. 5. Rule 2: ResponsibilityNothing in these Rules shall exonerate any vessel, orthe owner, master or crew thereof, from theconsequences of any neglect to comply with these Rulesor of the neglect of any precaution which may berequired by the ordinary practice of seaman.General Prudential Rule: the mariner is responsible notonly for complying with the Rules but also for avoiding acollision.Special SituationsIn extremis situations 6. Special Situations(not covered by the Rules) 7. Rule 3: General DefinitionsVesselUnderway Power driven vessel Making way Sailing vessel Not making waySpecial ConditionsVessel engaged in fishingNot under commandRestricted in ability to maneuverConstrained by draft (intl rules only) 8. Rule 3: Definitions VesselVessel: includes every description of water craftused or capable of being used as a means ontransportation on water. Includes: Power-driven vessels Sailboats Seaplanes Non-displacement craft Power driven vessel 9. Rule 3: Definitions Vessel engaged in fishingVessel engaged in fishing means any vesselfishing with nets, lines, trawls or other fishingapparatus which restrict maneuverability. Does NOT include: Vessel engaged in trolling. 10. Rule 3: Definitions Vessel not under commandVessel not under command means a vesselwhich through some exceptional circumstancesis unable to maneuver to comply with the Rules. Examples: Propulsion casualty Steering casualty 11. Rule 3: DefinitionsVessel restricted in ability to maneuver Vessel restricted in ability to maneuver means a vessel which from the nature of her work is unable to keep out of the way of another vessel. Examples: Laying navaids Dredging/Surveying UNREP Flight Ops Mineclearance Ops 12. Rule 3: Definitions Vessel constrained by draftVessel constrained by draft means a powerdriven vessel which, because of her draft inrelation to the available depth is severelyrestricted in her ability to deviate from herpresent course. 13. Rule 3: DefinitionsUnderway, Not-underway 14. Rule 3: DefinitionsRestricted Visibility 15. Lights and DayshapesAGENDA: Rule #20/21 Application and Definitions Rule #22 Visibility of Lights Rule #23 Power Driven Vessels Underway Rule #24 Towing and Pushing Rule #25 Sailing Vessels Rule #26 Fishing Vessels Rule #27 Vessels not under command / restricted in ability Rule #28 Vessels constrained by draft Rule #29 Pilot vessels Rule #30 Vessels aground/at anchor 16. Rule 20: Application of Lights and DayshapesLights shall be displayed: From sunset to sunrise In conditions of restricted visibility In all other circumstances when deemed appropriatePurpose of Lights and Dayshapes: Helps determine stand on/give way status. Indicates the occupation of certain vessels. Aids in the determination of target angle and course. 17. Rule 21:DefinitionsRule 22: Visibility of Lights Min RangesTYPE OF LIGHT COLORARC 50M+ 12-50MMastheadwhite225 6 nm 5 nmSidelight red/green112.5 3 nm 2 nmSternlightwhite135 3 nm 2 nmTowingyellow 135 3 nm 2 nmAll aroundvarious360 3 nm 2 nmFlashingyellow/blue3603 nm 2 nmRange Light - refers to the second masthead light placed aft and higher than the forward masthead light (>50 m)Flashing Light - flashes at regular intervals at 120 hz. Found on surfaced subs and non-displacement craft in the non- displacement mode. 18. Rule 21:DefinitionsRule 22: Visibility of Lights 19. Rule 23: Power-Driven VesselsPower Driven vessels underway Vessel > 50 m Vessel < 50 m Vessel < 12 m Vessel < 7 m 20. Rule 24: Towing and PushingTOWING ASTERNVessel < 50 mTow < 200 mVessel < 50 mTow > 200 mVessel > 50 mTow < 200 mVessel > 50 mTow > 200 mCOMPOSITE UNITPUSHING AHEAD/ALONGSIDEVessel > 50 mInternational, InlandVessel < 50 mInternational, InlandTOWING and RESTRICTED IN ABILITY TO MANEUVERLIGHTING THE TOW 21. Rule 25: Sailing Vessels 22. Rule 26: Fishing Vessels 23. Rule 27: VesselsNot Under Command 24. Rule 27: Vessels Restricted in their Ability to Maneuver 25. Rule 28: Vessels Constrained by Draft (Inlt Only) 26. Rule 29: Pilot Vessel 27. Rule 30: Vessels Anchoredand Vessels Aground 28. Steering and Sailing Rules Conduct of Vessels in any Condition ofVisibilityRule #6 - Safe SpeedRule #7 - Risk of CollisionRule #8 - Action to Avoid CollisionRule #9 - Narrow ChannelsRule #10 - Traffic Separation Schemes 29. Rule 4: Application Rule 5: Look-outApplication (Rule 4) - Rules in this section apply in Any condition of visibility.Look-out (Rule 5) Maintain Proper Lookout Use all available meansMust use sight and hearingBinoculars/RadarBearing circle/AlidadeNight vision devices Also required at anchor 30. Rule 6: Safe SpeedDeterminants of Safe Speed Draft of vessel in relation to charted depth Stopping distance and turning ability Presence of background lighting State of winds, sea, and current State of visibility Traffic density 31. Rule 7: Risk of CollisionRisk of Collision (Rule 7) Every vessel shall use all available means todetermine if risk of collision exists.Early use of RADARSystematic observationSuch risk is deemed toexist if the compass bearing of an approaching vesseldoes not appreciably change. 32. Rule 8: Action to Avoid CollisionAny action taken to avoid collision shall bepositive, made in ample time, and with dueregard to the observance of good seamanship. Action taken must be positive and timely.Action taken to avoid collision with anothervessel shall result in passing at a safe distance.The effectiveness of the actionshall be carefully checked until thevessel is passed and clear. 33. Rule 8: Action to Avoid CollisionTwo variables can be altered to avoid collision:course and speed. Change course to avoidclose-quarter situations. Slacken speed or take all wayto allow more time to assess the situation.Escape clause: if the circumstances of the case admit 34. Rule 9: Narrow ChannelsNarrow Channels (Rule 9) Stay on the right side of the channel Sailing vessels and vessels < 20 metersshall not impede vessels restricted to thechannel. Fishing vessels shall notimpede other vessels. Crossing vessels shall notimpede other vessels. 35. Rule 10: Traffic Separation SchemesTraffic Separation schemes my be adopted bythe IMO for the purpose of these Rules. Use small angle of approachto enter/depart. Cross the scheme at rightangles. You can fish in the lanes aslong as you do not impedepassage of the other vessels. 36. Conduct of vessels in sight of one anotherConduct of vessels in sight of one another Rule #12 - Sailing Vessels Approach Situations Rule #13 - Overtaking Rule #14 - Meeting Rule #15 - CrossingRule #16 - Action by the Give-way VesselRule #17 - Action by the Stand-on VesselRule #18 - Responsibilities Between Vessels 37. Vessels in Sight of One Another Rule 12: Sailing Vessels 38. Vessels in Sight of One Another Rule 12: Sailing Vessels 39. Vessels in Sight of One AnotherRule 13: OvertakingRule 13 requires the overtaking vessel to keep out of theway of the vessel being passed.An overtaking situation exists when a vessel approachesAn overtaking situation exists when a vessel approaches anothervessel more than 22.5deg abaft the beam. 40. Vessels in Sight of One Another Rule 14: Meeting SituationRule 14 requires both power vessels to maneuver tostarboard.An overtaking situation exists when a vessel approachesA meeting situation exists if two power vessels approach onreciprocal or near reciprocal courses. 41. Vessels in Sight of One AnotherRule 15: Crossing SituationRule 15 requires the vessel that has the other on itsstarboard side to keep clear.An overtaking situation exists when a vessel approachesAt night the stand-on vessel sees the green sidelight of the give-way vessel, and the give-way vessel sees the red sidelight of thestand-on vessel. 42. Rules 16/17: Action by Give-wayand Stand-on VesselsGive-way:Every vessel which is directed to keep out of theway of another vessel shall, so far as possible,take early and substantial action to keep wellclear.Stand-on:Where one of two vesselsis to keep out of the waythe other vessel shall keepher course and speed. 43. Rule 18: Responsibilities BetweenVessels (Order of Precedence)Vessel being overtakenVessel not under command orRestricted in ability to maneuverVessel constrained by draftVessel engaged in fishingSailing vesselsPower driven vesselsSeaplanes 44. Rules 13-15: Vessels in Sight and in Risk of Collision (Review) HEAD ONOVERTAKING CROSSINGDescription Meeting onOvertaking another Two vesselsreciprocal courses, vessel more than crossing, risk ofmasthead lights in22.5 abaft the beam, collision exists.line, both sidelights at night only thevisible.sternlight visible.Action Both vessels turn to Overtaking vesselThe vessel which starboard to passkeeps out of the way holds the other port-to-port.on the overtaken on her starboardvessel.must keep out of the way of the stand-on vessel. 45. HomeworkReview and Be Familiar with the Rules ofThe Road