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The presentation deals with the various literacy trends that have been changed since the Independence of our nation, India.
Literacy Trends In India
Literacy Trends In India
EDUCATION Education is the most effective tool ever developed. Education makes the man wiser and independent. There is an old saying Education makes you right and responsible. But it was not the case earlier. It was believed that education was meant only for rich and great people. But after so many attempts by Government the entire scenario has changed in our country.Literacy Rate A literate is the one who has acquired the skills of reading, writing and arithmetic and the ability to apply them to one's day-to-day life. As recorded in 1901 the Literacy rate of India was 5.40% which has grown to 74.04% in 2012.
The literacy rate has constantly increased since 1901 as shown below. Its basically because of efforts of Government.StatisticsThe Misconception There is a misconception among people in Indian society that women should not be allowed to study as they are expected to manage domestic chores. The number of literate women among the female population of India was between 26% from 1901 to 1947.Concerted efforts led to improvement from 15.3% in 1961 to 28.5% in 1981.By 2001 literacy for women had exceeded 50% of the overall female population.Women literacy Rate improvedWith concerted efforts of government and many NGOs the literacy rate has sharply increased. The first woman who educated herself in spite of so much pressure from society was Dr. Ramabai Ranade. The sharp increase in female literacy rate can be seen as below.The Urban-Rural Rift Earlier only urban people were expected to be educated as the schooling facilities were only applicable there. But now Government has started many schools in various urban and rural areas where a very meager fee is charged. Also many private schools have come up in many districts.
The rural areas have always shown literacy rate as compared to urban areas but the difference is decreasing as shown below.STATISTICSTHE RESERVED CATEGORIES From very earlier times the right to education had been to only upper castes and rich people but afterwards the people became aware and various policies started by government helped in educating lower castes and Right to education was also a boon.
THE MALE-FEMALE DISCRIMINATION Women are always considered inferior to men and the same is in case of education. In 1901 the literacy rate of women was far more less than men but it has considerably improved.
It can be seen in the graph below that the female literacy rate was much less than the male literacy rate and total literacy rate but further because of changing trends and policies it has increased.STATISTICSRIGHT TO EDUCATION-A MILESTONE The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education ActorRight to Education Act (RTE), which was passed by theIndian parliamenton 4 August 2009.It describes the modalities of the provision of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 inIndia.
SMART SCHOOLS The days of carrying huge bags, textbooks are going to be over as concept of smart schools has arrived which deals with everything online. This will attract more and more students towards education. And there would be no more discussions on School made us 'literate' but did not teach us to study for pleasure.
FUTURE TARGET The literacy rate is improving as we know. The Government has assured the change will come from small cities. Kerala has the best literacy rate in India but the focus will be on small states like Bihar which had shown a sharp increase from 47% in 2001 and 63.82 % in 2011.
FUTURE OF EDUCATION The government may propose new school, colleges and numerous reforms but these cannot see the light without adequate money. The central government allocated Rs.42,036 crore (Rs.420 billion/ $ 9.1 billion) for both the school and higher education sectors in 2010-11, an increase of over Rs.5,600 crore from the previous fiscal a move that aims to reform education by bringing equality in the sector.