From comic to graphic novel

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Join us to explore the universe of comics which is considered as the 8th Art in France. Let’s focus on current innovative cartoonists and genres of graphic novels. After an introduction to the techniques of page design, panel composition and illustration techniques, learn what it takes to make your own mini comic! Enjoy the discovery of graphic novels and if you like, practice it to perfection.

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From comic to graphic novel(De la bande dessine au roman(De la bande-dessine au roman

graphique)Workshop

Albane Buriel

I. BrainstormingIdeas to begin :

h i i ?What is a comic ?Do you know technical words ?

D k th ?Do you know some authors ?Do you know some characters ?

II History of comicsII. History of comicsI. Firsts comic stripsII. The Golden Age in U.SIII.A popular style in France IV. The 9th Art

Firsts comic strips Rodolphe Topfer (Swiss 1827) Rodolphe Topfer (Swiss, 1827)

Firsts comic stripsFirsts comic strips The Yellow Kid (U S 1896) The Yellow Kid (U.S, 1896)

Firsts comic stripsFirsts comic strips Bcassine (Fr 1905) Bcassine (Fr., 1905)

First comic stripsFirst comic strips Les Pieds Nickels (Fr 1908) Les Pieds Nickels, (Fr. 1908)

The Golden Age in U.Sg(1930-1940)

Comics but not only humoristic : detectives, science fiction heros anddetectives, science fiction heros and

superheros appeared Before comics were only in newspapersBefore comics were only in newspapers

and magazines In 1934, the first comic book wasIn 1934, the first comic book was

published After the WW2, heros are moreAfter the WW2, heros are more

vulnerable Comics and their superheros screened

Superman (1932)Superman (1932)

Batman (1939)Batman (1939)

Flash (1940)Flash (1940)

Wonder Woman (1941)Wonder Woman (1941)

A popular style in Francep p y Les Aventures de Tintin, Herg

(Belgium, 1929-1983)

A popular style in Francep p y Astrix, le scnariste Ren

Goscinny et le dessinateur Albert Uderzo (1961 aujourdhui)

A popular style in Francep p y Les Schtroumfs, cr par Peyo (1963-

2008)

A popular style in FranceA popular style in France In the 70 new In the 70 , new

comic books for adultsadults,

especially for men with a lotmen with a lot

of innovations

Corto Maltese, Hugo Pratt (Italie, 1967-

A popular style in FranceA popular style in France Adle Blanc-sec Adle Blanc sec,

Jacques Tardi(1976)(1976)

A popular style in FranceA popular style in France Moebius Jean Giraud Moebius, Jean Giraud

(1976)

Jean Giraud, La Jeunesse de Bl b Blueberry

A popular style in FranceA popular style in France In the 80In the 80 ,

comics wereinternationally y

recognized, U.S, European authors

but also asiaticauthors with the M hi h h dManga which hada great success(references at(references atfamous cartoon heros in

A popular style in FranceA popular style in France Large public Large public Available in

b k hevery bookshops

XIII, William Vance et Jean

Van Hamme (belgium, 1983-2007)

A popular style in FranceA popular style in France In the 90 :

diversification Nouvelle Vague (creativity(creativity, originality) Different genres Trendy and adapted

cinema, animatedfilms, advts, video, ,games...

Popular and recognizedrecognized

Lanfeust de d

A popular style in France

Comic-strips in press

Le Chat GelluckLe Chat, GelluckOne of the most famous character of comic-strip pFirst publication in Le Soir a belgium newspaper

in 1983

Garfield Jim DavisGarfield, Jim Davis First publication in 1978 in 41 newspapers in the world. Today, in 2 570 newspapers, in 111 contries, one of the most

published in the world.

The 9th ArtThe 9th Art Market and business Market and business Festivals Exhibitions Famous artists and their personality Adaptations in cinema Video Games Video Games Internet (blogs)

The 9th ArtThe 9th Art http://www.bdangouleme.co

m/137,concert-lescop-ill b iillustre-par-bastien-vives

The 9th ArtThe 9th Art Ex: Engagement politique et social Ex: Engagement politique et social Le Monde Diplomatique en BD

The 9th Art

Ex :Ex : Autobiographie

LAssociation,L Association, un diteur indpendant, (an

independanteditor)

Chroniques birmanes,

(Myanmar(Myanmar chroniques)

Guy Delisle 2007

III Literary genres in comicsIII. Literary genres in comics

Biography Autobiography

Humoristic adventure Autobiography

Historical For children

adventure Thriller

Fantasy For children Science fiction Adventure

Fantasy Comic

Manga Adventure Manga

IV. Techniques to create a icomic

Mettre les choses en place Mettre les choses en place , Cestac

P t thi i dPut things in order Mettre son dessin au service du

rcit , JuillardDrawing for the narrative Rentrer dans le secret du

personnage , Giraudp g ,Come inside the character secret

Mettre les choses en place , C tCestac

Put things in orderPut things in orderVIDEO

After the writer Ren Cotillon, whatCestac needs to do ?

In which order, she does it ?, Do you recognize the comic-book she

is drawing ?is drawing ?

1. Dcouper une page en cases.l b l2. Calibrer le texte.

3. crire le texte et calibrer les bulles.4. Dessiner les personnages.p g5. Passer la page lencre.6 Finir le dcor et lencrer6. Finir le dcor et l encrer.

7. Faire la couleur.

LHistoire du conteur

lectrique, Fred - Dargaud

Mettre son dessin au service du rcit Juillard

Drawing for the narrativeDrawing for the narrativeVIDEO

Titeuf, LAmour cest p propre, Zep Whats next?

Les Bidochons, Le Dmon de midi, Fl C tFlorence Cestac

Understand pictures / Comprendre lesUnderstand pictures / Comprendre les illustrations

Understand narrative / Comprendre leUnderstand narrative / Comprendre le rcit

Work in group / Travailler en groupeWork in group / Travailler en groupe Complete dialogues / Complter les

dialoguesdialogues Draw the missed strip / Dessiner

brivement lillustration dans labrivement l illustration dans la case manquante

Read dialogues / Lire les dialogues

Rentrer dans le secret du personnage personnage

Jean GiraudCome inside the character secretCome inside the character secretVIDEO

V Comics and creativityV. Comics and creativity Le Petit Spirou Dis bonjour la Le Petit Spirou, Dis bonjour la

dame, Tome and Janry (1990) (Say Hello at the woman)Hello at the woman)

What happens in firsts strip ? By groups, try to find by writing and

drawing which happens ?

Alb B i lAlbane Burielalbaneburiel@gmail.com

Site internet de lAF Bombay : http://bombay.afindia.org/

Le rseau social des tudiants de l'Alliance Franaise de Bombay : h // f b /http://afmumbai.ning.com/