A presentation given at the Northern Collaboration conference on Friday 13th September at the University of Huddersfield. The presentation proposes the vision of a shared repository underpinning a digital library of institutional assets to enable repository collection scalability and promote public awareness of research and teaching within northern universities.
- 1.The Digital Academic Library of the North Chris Awre Northern Collaboration Conference, 13th Sep 2013
2. Introduction DPLA and DALN Libraries of the future Trends Repository development Repositories and collaboration DALN vision From here to there 3. Background Jisc Programme Manager for FAIR Programme, 2002-4 Working with Fedora since 2005 Jisc projects RepoMMan, REMAP, CLIF Fedora UK&I User Group formed 2006 Hulls IR implemented in 2008 Helped found the Hydra project the same year software implemented in 2011 4. DPLA Digital Public Library of America http://dp.la Why? Lots of knowledge in discrete packages across libraries and other collections DPLA acts as a means of linking these packages and linking knowledge Create new connections, and new knowledge 5. DPLA 6. DPLA A collaboration Those involved recognise the value of working together to achieve more than they could manage individually Level of collaboration Metadata feeds from multiple sources Focused search engine Facilitating interaction 7. DALN Digital Academic Library of the North Similar scenario We each hold multiple packages of knowledge There is value in accessing knowledge across these packages We recognise the value of collaboration How might we be inspired by the DPLA? 8. Academic Libraries of the Future Accessing knowledge, managing knowledge are key parts of all three scenarios 9. Other observations Ithaka S+R UK survey of academics (2012) Access to openly accessible materials outside the library is closely complementary to resources within the library Derek Law environment scan (2009) Managing institutional assets Contributing to national and international virtual research environment Importance of quality assurance 10. Trends All these observations are trying to identify the trends in how libraries are developing or need to develop Predicting the future is never easy DPLA is one reaction to this Extending the reach of individual collections Adding additional value in its own right 11. Personal libraries Books/e-books Web resources Music/film Journals/e-journals Grey literature 12. Print to digital Print Digital Books E-Books Journals E-Journals Reference works Online reference works / The Internet Videos/DVDs YouTube, NetFlix, etc. CDs iTunes, Spotify, etc. Slides Flickr, Google Images, etc. Theses E-Theses, EThOS 13. Owning to renting Elsevier Wiley Sage Netflix Jisc Collections 14. Shift to the network level Resources Discovery Library management systems Subject guides Reading lists ERM 15. The good the bad and the ugly Greater breadth of resources Greater width of access Greater depth of functionality Freedom to switch (?) Enables focus on what libraries do best (?) Licences! Although maybe just extending library paradigm? Finance!! Ongoing, if regular, costs 16. IT input A possible paradox The level of effort working with digital resources and systems is increasing Is the level of local IT input developing in parallel with this increased work with the digital landscape? How much IT effort is being outsourced? To resource suppliers To library technology companies 17. Repository development OpenDOAR now lists 218 UK repositories Drivers? Focus on institutional repositories (170/218) Focus on institutional assets Focus on local Open access Open educational resources Research data Images 18. Building a local digital library Repository as home to a variety of local digital assets Repository as infrastructure, not application How much resource is needed to build a library? Where does this come from? What skills are required? What can be learned from those who have built digital libraries? 19. Repository development Getting to the Repository of the Future workshop, Repository Fringe 2013 The role and need for a repository for managing digital stuff is here to stay There is a need to re-state and define what our repositories are for We know what we want to do with repositories We need to clarify the barriers to achieving this but but 20. Scaling up 124,778 10,83 5 2012 academic publications in the UK Repositories (CORE) Journals (Scopus) 21. Working with academics Where does the focus in our efforts with repositories lie? With the system and library processes? With the academic scholarship it serves? Stuart Basefsky (2009) Exploit the technology to better serve research http://www.llrx.com/node/2177 22. How institutional does an IR need to be? Brand / design Advocacy Strategy / policy Cataloguing / description Impact / statistics QA Tin Access / interface Software functionality Storage Preservation Scalability of operation Local Network level 23. Parallels e-books Brand / design Advocacy Strategy / policy Cataloguing / description Impact / statistics QA Tin Access / interface Software functionality Storage Preservation Scalability of operation 24. Parallels e-books Brand / design Advocacy Strategy / policy Cataloguing / description Impact / statistics QA Tin Access / interface Software functionality Storage Preservation Scalability of operation Red - local Orange mixed? Blue - network 25. Similar trends, different context Repository content as part of personal library Managing a digital rather than a physical library Exception focus on ownership, not rental Could move to the network level 26. Collaboration at the network level Models currently exist SDLC hosting of IRs for Scottish Universities White Rose EPrints Services / BMC Open / Digital Commons Shared infrastructure, individual services Shared service? 27. Digital Academic Library of the North a vision 28. DALN Digital Academic Library of the North Similar scenario to DPLA We each hold multiple packages of knowledge There is value in accessing knowledge across these packages We recognise the value of collaboration How might we collaborate to enrich the assets/knowledge we hold? 29. A shared service Recognise the value and benefits of taking services to the network level Take action on institutional limits Scaling operation IT resource requirement Take ownership of the means by which we can jointly develop our digital libraries Maximise the potential for getting local assets into personal libraries 30. DALN model Digital Academic Library of the North Institution A Institution B Institution C Archive A Museum B Other 31. DALN model Individual repository services served from a central, combined digital library Local management requirements Network access / preservation benefits from collaboration Focused definition of roles and responsibilities at different levels Showcase of institutional output from window onto combined collections Facilitating linkages across content 32. Content vs. metadata DPLA is focused on metadata Discovery and linking are core drivers Are there network benefits to managing content through a shared service? How do we scale the management of local assets? Local management Central management DALN 33. DALN benefits Facilitate the management of different types of content Enable repository provision to become a part of IT infrastructure Provide common solutions to repository feeds to other services e.g., Google, Research Outcomes System Allow local focus to be on working with academic community 34. Getting there from here We have considerable expertise and knowledge of what it takes to run repositories and digital libraries Can we bring this together in some way to identify a collaborative way forward? Can we identify how to exploit the best of moving service to the network level to aid repository development? 35. To conclude Repositories have become integral parts of how we operate as libraries They have the potential to evolve into true digital libraries Responding to library trends We can add value to these through working collaboratively DALN vision is one way are there others? 36. Image attributions Paul Stainthorp, IMAG2719, 13 Aug 2005, Online image, Flickr, 10 Sep 2013, http://www.flickr.com/photos/pstainthorp /4192270743/ Mark Stevens, The Road Ahead, 14 Oct 2012, Online image, Flickr, 10 Sep 2013, http://www.flickr.com/photos/14723335@ N05/9013482834/ 37. Thank you Chris Awre Head of Information Management University of Hull http://www.hull.ac.uk/lib http://hydra.hull.ac.uk http://projecthydra.org