Week 4 iberia or siberia

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  • 1. For the next two weeks: Peopling of the New WorldThe topic for today, September 10th:Where did the first people in America come from: Iberia or Siberia?(Spain) (Russia)

2. What is the new world?What does it mean to ask where did the first people in America come from? 3. Aspects of Critical Inquiry in the Social Sciences--Recognizing multiple answers to a question or a problem--Recognizing multiple dimensions to a good question--Evaluating evidence--Developing potential solutions to problems based on sound evidence and reasoning--Exploring the ethical implications of differing approaches, methods, or conclusions 4. Consensus in the 1970s: People came to America--from Siberia--on foot--13500 years ago.The Iberia hypothesis did not have anyStrong supporters until about 10 years ago 5. Folsom pointin associationwith extinctbison bonesClovis and Folsom sites, New Mexico 6. Sites thatMeadowcroft date to Miles point 14000 years Cactus Hill ago or earlier 7. Solutreans!!!People from what is not Spain and Southern France, 21000 years ago 8. From Stanford and Bradley 2012 9. What are some of immediate problems with the Solutrean Hypothesis?Dennis Stanford Bruce BradleyWhat is the evidence of the Solutrean Hypothesis? 10. Similarities in stone tools: 1. Bifacial technology (two faces: biface) Clovis Solutrean front side & back sideof same tool.Both sides sharpened 11. Similarities in stone tools: 1. Bifacial technology (two faces: biface) 2. These bifaces are big! 3. Overshot flaking(outrepass) ClovisSolutrean10cm 12. Other Similarities in stone tools: Borers 32 similarities in total! Notchesand no similarities between Clovis Burins tools and Siberian/Alaskan toolsClovisSolutrean 13. From Stanford and Bradley 2012 14. Im on a boat! 15. Ring seal 16. From Stanford and Bradley 2012 17. From Stanford and Bradley 2012 18. From Stanford and Bradley 2012 19. Warning: this slide contains an image of Native American skeletal materialForensics experts Skull of Representation of Kennewick Man/Kennewick Man/ The Ancient One The Ancient One 20. Problems with Solutrean hypothesis 12,000 BPClovis 13,500 BP Lawrence Straus David MeltzerPre-Clovis 17,000 BPSolutrean 21,000 BP 21. Similarities in stone tools: 1. Bifacial technology (two faces: biface) 2. These bifaces are big! 3. Overshot flaking(outrepass) ClovisSolutrean10cm 22. Differences in stone tools:1. Concave base rare in Solutrean points2. No fluting in Solutrean points Clovis Solutrean 10cm 23. Clovis Solutrean 24. Other Similarities in stone tools: BurinsBut are both of these green tools actually similar? ClovisSolutrean 25. Clovis Solutrean Shouldered point Stemmed point 26. Clovis Solutrean Bone needle hook for atlatl (spearthrower) 27. Clovis Solutrean Antler points (a kind of tool) 28. Clovis SolutreanMobiliary art 29. Are there really no similarities between Clovis tools and stone tools in Beringea and Sibera? From Stanford and Bradley 2012 30. Table showing similarities between Clovis tools and tools in SiberiaBut Stanford says there are no similarities: who do we trust? How do we evaluate evidence? 31. From Stanford and Bradley 2012 32. From Stanford and Bradley 2012 33. Evidence for huntingseals or fish?ClovisSolutrean 34. Forensics expertsSkull ofRepresentation ofKennewick Man/ Kennewick Man/The Ancient OneThe Ancient One 35. Anotherforensics expertsForensics expertsRepresentation ofSkull ofRepresentation ofKennewick Man/Kennewick Man/ Kennewick Man/The Ancient OneThe Ancient OneThe Ancient OnePortrait of contemporaryAinu person, an ethnic minority in northern Japan 36. Shovel-shaped incisors 37. From Stanford and Bradley 2012