of 47 /47
The topic for today, September 10 th : re did the first people in America come fro Iberia or Siberia? For the next two weeks: Peopling of the New World (Spain) (Russia)

Week 4 iberia or siberia

  • Upload
    maajek

  • View
    256

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: Week 4  iberia or siberia

The topic for today, September 10th:

Where did the first people in America come from:Iberia or Siberia?

For the next two weeks:

Peopling of the New World

(Spain) (Russia)

Page 2: Week 4  iberia or siberia

What is the new world?What does it mean to ask where did the first people in America come from?

Page 3: Week 4  iberia or siberia

--Recognizing multiple dimensions to a good question

Aspects of Critical Inquiry in the Social Sciences

--Evaluating evidence

--Recognizing multiple answers to a question or a problem

--Exploring the ethical implications of differing approaches, methods, or conclusions

--Developing potential solutions to problems based on sound evidence and reasoning

Page 4: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Consensus in the 1970s: People came to America… --from Siberia --on foot --13500 years ago.

The Iberia hypothesis did not have anyStrong supporters until about 10 years ago

Page 5: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 6: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 7: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Clovis and Folsom sites, New Mexico

Folsom point in associationwith extinctbison bones

Page 8: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Miles point

Cactus Hill

MeadowcroftSites thatdate to14000 yearsago or earlier

Page 9: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 10: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Solutreans!!!People from what is not Spain and Southern France, 21000 years ago

Page 11: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Page 12: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Dennis Stanford Bruce Bradley

What are some of immediate problems with the Solutrean Hypothesis?

What is the evidence of the Solutrean Hypothesis?

Page 13: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Clovis Solutrean

Similarities in stone tools:

1. Bifacial technology (two faces: biface)

front side & back sideof same tool.

Both sides sharpened

Page 14: Week 4  iberia or siberia

10cm

Clovis Solutrean

Similarities in stone tools:

1. Bifacial technology (two faces: biface)

2. These bifaces are big!

3. Overshot flaking(outrepassé)

Page 15: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Other Similarities in stone tools:

Clovis Solutrean

BorersNotchesBurins

32 similarities in total!…and no similarities between Clovistools and Siberian/Alaskan tools

Page 16: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Page 17: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 18: Week 4  iberia or siberia

On land

At sea/on ice

Land and sea

Page 19: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 20: Week 4  iberia or siberia

I’m on a boat!

Page 21: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Ring seal

Page 22: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Page 23: Week 4  iberia or siberia

On land

At sea/on ice

Land and sea

Page 24: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Page 25: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Page 26: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 27: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Skull of Kennewick Man/The Ancient One

Forensics expert’sRepresentation of Kennewick Man/The Ancient One

Warning: this slide contains an image of Native American skeletal material

Page 28: Week 4  iberia or siberia

21,000 BP

17,000 BP

13,500 BP

Clovis

Pre-Clovis

Solutrean

12,000 BP

Lawrence Straus David Meltzer

Problems with Solutrean hypothesis

Page 29: Week 4  iberia or siberia

10cm

Clovis Solutrean

Similarities in stone tools:

1. Bifacial technology (two faces: biface)

2. These bifaces are big!

3. Overshot flaking(outrepassé)

Page 30: Week 4  iberia or siberia

10cm

Clovis Solutrean

Differences in stone tools:

1. Concave base rare in Solutrean points

2. No fluting in Solutrean points

Page 31: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Clovis Solutrean

Page 32: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Other Similarities in stone tools:

Clovis Solutrean

Burins

But are both of these green tools actually similar?

Page 33: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Clovis Solutrean

Shouldered point

Stemmed point

Page 34: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Clovis Solutrean

Bone needle

hook for atlatl(spearthrower)

Page 35: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Clovis Solutrean

Antler points(a kind of tool)

Page 36: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Clovis Solutrean

Mobiliary art

Page 37: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Are there really no similarities between Clovis tools and stone tools in Beringea and Sibera?

Page 38: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Table showing similarities between Clovis tools and tools in Siberia

But Stanford says there are no similarities: who do we trust? How do we evaluate evidence?

Page 39: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Page 40: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012

Page 41: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Evidence for hunting seals or fish?

Clovis Solutrean

Page 42: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Skull of Kennewick Man/The Ancient One

Forensics expert’sRepresentation of Kennewick Man/The Ancient One

Page 43: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Skull of Kennewick Man/The Ancient One

Forensics expert’sRepresentation of Kennewick Man/The Ancient One

Anotherforensics expert’sRepresentation of Kennewick Man/The Ancient One

Portrait of contemporaryAinu person, an ethnic

minority in northern Japan

Page 44: Week 4  iberia or siberia

Shovel-shaped incisors

Page 45: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 46: Week 4  iberia or siberia
Page 47: Week 4  iberia or siberia

From Stanford and Bradley 2012