The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk.

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The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk Slide 2 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 2.For starters: The United Kingdom: the most advanced in Europe see Douwe Korff, Guaranteeing Liberty or Big Brother: Surveillance in the United Kingdom, presentation at the 2007 Summer Academy of the Schleswig Holstein Independent Privacy Protection Centre (ULD), Kiel, 24 August 2007. https://www.datenschutzzentrum.de/sommerakademie/2007/.https://www.datenschutzzentrum.de/sommerakademie/2007/ Slide 3 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 3. DIRECT SURVEILLANCE - The good old British Bobby: Slide 4 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 4. And the 2007 one: Slide 5 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 5. The new guardian: Slide 6 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 6. CCTV in figures: Slide 7 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 7. Talking CCTV: Slide 8 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 8. Theres a tiny camera behind the badge... Slide 9 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 9.... and several in the air (to be used for the Olympics): Slide 10 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 10.BIOMETRICS: The UK DNA database - holds DNA data on 100,000 innocent children, and on 40% of the black population - and on him (and he wanted everyones details to go on it): Slide 11 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 11 More insiduous: DATAVEILLANCE Slide 12 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 12 A further trend: Bringing protection forward not really new: cf. See Sebastian Cobler, Die Gefahr geht von den Menschen aus: der vorverlegte Staatsschutz, 2nd Ed., Berlin, 1978 (the 1st edition was published in 1976). Slide 13 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 13 These are general trends, also notable in other European countries (and encouraged by the EU, but Ill come to that in a minute) Slide 14 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 12 Drivers: e-services, e-learning, e-government, e-everything and e-identity (ID Cards, e-IDM) Joined-up government / Full societal alliance Terrorism: massive funding (EC security research; US DARPA) Slide 15 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 15 Targetting by computer, using profiles - results inevitably in: false positives: people wrongly identified as abusers/criminals/terrorists false negatives: the real culprits being missed STUDY THE BASE-RATE FALLACY! Slide 16 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 16ALSO: Inherent biases and limitations, e.g.: Racial bias in face-recognition software Slide 17 Guaranteeing Liberty or Big Brother: Surveillance in the United Kingdom 2007 Summer Academyof the Schleswig Holstein Independent Privacy Protection Centre (ULD) by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 17 GENERAL, SUSPICIONLESS MASS SURVEILLANCE Slide 18 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 18. And now to Europe...... where the same is being encouraged, in particular in the Third Pillar Slide 19 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 19BASIC EUROPEAN THIRD PILLAR POLICIES: Cooperation in police/criminal matters Establishment of EU databases and institutions: * Europol * Eurojust * Eurodac * Schengen Information System SIS-I, SIS-1+ SIS-II (& VIS) * CIS * The Prm Treaty The principle of availability Slide 20 Guaranteeing Liberty or Big Brother: Surveillance in the United Kingdom 2007 Summer Academyof the Schleswig Holstein Independent Privacy Protection Centre (ULD) by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 20. Policy-Laundering & Function-creep Slide 21 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 21 The Draft EU Council Framework Decision on data protection in the Third Pillar - a disgraceful proposal (see handout) Slide 22 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 22. Data transfers to non-EU countries general Slide 23 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 23. The EU-US PNR Controversy Slide 24 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 24. Data collection in Europe by the US authorities (1): ECHELON Slide 25 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 25. Data collection in Europe by the US authorities (2): SWIFT (et al.) Slide 26 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 26. Profiling at the European level Slide 27 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 27. The legal framework: * ECHR & cases * ECJ & cases * COE Convention No 108 * COE Recomm R(87)15 Slide 28 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 28. ASSESSMENT (1): The current EU rules relating to anti- terrorist measures seriously fail to meet ECHR and EU dp-standards: The EU citizen is stripped before the eyes of the Third Pillar authorities Slide 29 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 29. ASSESSMENT (2): The European Surveillance Society is not a democratic one: the Councils Third-Pillar measures threaten the most fundamental values supposedly underpinning the European political settlement, at both national and international level. In its actions against terrorism, the EU is doing the European ideal a serious disservice by undermining democracy and the rule of law. Slide 30 The Naked European Citizen: State surveillance in the EU University of Maastricht Studium Generale 2007 by Douwe Korff d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk d.korff@londonmet.ac.uk 30. ASSESSMENT (3): At a more practical level, these issues will create serious problems for European and wider international cooperation in the fight against terrorism, including constitutional-legal challenges to such (intra-EU- and EU-US) arrangements in countries in which data protection is given a high level of protection under the national Constitution (such as Germany). They will therefore ultimately undermine, rather than help, in the fight against terrorism and organised crime.

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