Small Arms Training - BREN

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  • 8/13/2019 Small Arms Training - BREN



    NOT TO BE PUBLISHEDThe information given In this document Is not to be

    c - : ~ m m u n l c a t e d either directly or Indirectly, to the Pressor to any person not holding an official po,ltlon in HisMajesty's service.v ~ ' . '... . t . . L 1.10

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    0 C ii _orUNION OF SOUTH A F R I Q ~ 3

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    CONTENTSGeneral Notes PageI

    CHAPTER I-HOLDING, AIMING, AND FffiiNGLesson I Magazine filling, loading, unloading and sightsetting ... ... .. ... ... ... ...Lesson 2. Holding, aiming, and firing 7


    Lesson 3. The Piston and barrel groups ...Lesson 4 Butt, body and bipod groupsLesson 5. Additional strippingLesson 6. Cleaning ...Lesson 7. Mechanism


    FIXED LINESLesson 8. Immediate actionLesson 9. StoppagesLesson 10. Use of cover ...Lesson 11. Handling (bipod)Lesson 12. Handling (tripod)Lesson 13. Handlin (tripod) conttl.) Lecture: Firing on a fixed line and within fixed limil:.lLesson 14. Fixed lines

    CHAPTER IV-8ECTION HANDLINGLec:rure : Section handlingLesson 15. Section handlin (movement)Lesson 16. Section handl,ing (defence)Tesh of Elementary Training






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    The Object of Weapon Training1 The sole object of weapon training is to teach all ranks

    the most efficient way of handling their weapons in order tokill th e enemy. Instructors will always bear this fact inmind, and will continually impress it upon those whom theyinstruct.General Description

    2 This pam phlet deals primarily with the Mark I Bren.Any differences in the Mark II are dealt with in the lessonsconcerned.3. Weight of gun complete with bipod

    Weight of spare barrelWeight of tripodTraverse given by arcElevation by elevating gearBeaten 'zone

    Range. Bipod.500 yards. 175 X 2 yards.

    1,000 , 115 X4 ,The Mark II Bren see Fig. 20) approximatesto the above figures.

    Characteristics of tbe Bren L.M.G.

    23 lb.6

    26t ..38019

    4. The chief characteristic of the weapon is its power of'deliveril" g a volume of fire with the employment of few men.When fired from the bipod, the effective range is 1,000 yards.When fired from the tripod, given perfect conditions of visibility, this distance may be iiiCreased.5. t is an air-cooled weapon, capable of a high rate of fire(automatic or single rounds), and is fired either shouldercontrolled from a bipod, or from a tripod . To avoid overheating, strain and excessive expenditure of ammunition andat the same time to produce the necessary volume of fire aswell as to maintain accuracy, it is best, in employing automatic, to fire in bursts of four or fivy rounds. When thetarget permits, single shot firing should be used so as toconserve ammunition. By means of single shots, veryaccurate shooting is possible.

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    2The accuracy of the gun permits of only a small marginof error in aiming, range estimation, or wind. Accurateobservation of fire is, therefore, essential; i less th an four orfive rounds are fired in a burst , observation will be possibleonly in the most favourable circumstances.

    System of training6. To ensure that the section will fulfil its role in war, thepersonnel must be trained so that each individual is cap ableof performing the following duties concerned with the handlingof the gun

    i. To prepare the gun for firing and maintain it in action.ii. To carry the gun and get it quickly into action on anytype of ground.iii. To fire accurately at various rates up 112 rounds aminute according to the requirements of varioustypes of targets likely to be encountered in battle.iv. To observe fire and correct its application accordingly.v. To assist forward movement by fire while at the sametime ensuring that such fire does not endanger hisown To fire with effect at low-flying aircraft.vii. To perform the duties assigned to any member of thesection.

    7. In this pamphlet, solely to make training easy, membersof a section are sometimes ref erred to by numbers. Everyman in a section, however, must be an efficient shot with theL.M.G., and in addition be able to carry out every duty thatwill maintain the gun in action und er all conditions. Allmen, in fact, will be in terchangeable so far as duties with theL.M.G. are concerned,Recruit instruction

    8. The principles of instruction laid down in Pamphlet1 of this series will be followed during inst ruction in theL.M.G. In addition, th e following points will be observed:-j Battle order will be worn for all lessons except thosecontained in Chapter 2.

    ii. The squad shbuld normally be on the left of the gunto wat ch demonstrations, but th ey may be movedto the right if necessary.

    3ii i . Practice s hould be arranged in such a way as to ensurethat no time is wasted . This can be done by eachindividual carrying out a cycle of actions whichleaves the gun ready for the nexi: m : : ~ . n . Th ose notactually h andling the gun will be constantlyquestioned so that int erest may be maintained. A

    further. demonstration should be given when it isapparent that a point is not clear.iv. Instructors mu st appreciate that, while the lessons aredesigned to be taught in one period, more ti me willbe necessary for practice and revision to obtainefficiency.

    9. Instruction in this weapon f;hould be preceded by ademonstration of th e weapon's capabilities using live ammunition on the range. This will arouse the recruit's interest andmake him eager to learn how to handle the Bren himself.10. When exercising recruits in their lat er stage of trainingor trained soldiers all the lessons in Chapters 2 and 3 shouldbe done on rough ground.

    Trained soldier instruction11. Once men have been trained in the elementary lessonsof the Bren L.M .G. it is wrong to repeat these lessons continually und er easy conditions . There must be progression.Trained soldiers will th erefore be exercised in the moreadvanced lessons of Chapter 4. During th ese lessons greatcare must be taken to ensure that the details learned in theearlier lessons are applied correctly. Special stress will belaid on training on different types of ground an d firing fromawkward positions . The correct handling of the Bren mustbe conscientiously practised on all tactical exercises. DuringLessons 15 and 16 live ammunition should be fired by alltrained soldiers in the advanced stage of tr aining. The enemyshould also be provided with live ammunition to fire nearanyone making obvious errors of over exposure . See S.A.T.,Vol. I, Pamphlet No. 1, Sec. 17 .

    Safety precautions12. Before all lessons the gun, m a g : : ~ . z i n e s drill cartridgesand pouch equipment will be inspected by the instructor.Improvisation

    13 . When drill car tridges are not av ailable a halfpenny willmake a good m agazine platform depressor.For improvised cover, targets, aiming discs, s S.A.T\ 'ol. I, P am phlet 3, General Notes.

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    The importance of correct holding of the gun will be impressed on the soldier from the start, but Qfficiency cannotbe obtained until ball ammunition is fired. Instruction incorrect holding cannot, however, be delayed until this periodof training, and any tendency to loose holding even during themost elementary instruction must at all times be checked;otherwise failure in marksmanship will result.LESSON I . -MAGAZINE FILLING, LOADING,

    UNLOADING, AND SIGHT SETTINGbzstructor s notes

    Stores.---Gun, magazines, drill cartridges, utility pouches.Note. In usin,g drill cartridges in the Bren L. M .G. it isessential to ensure that the gun has been cleared before the ejectionopening cover is closed. f he cover is closed and a dri ll cartridgeis left in the breech, when the gun is reloaded the round does notfall through the ejection opening, and as the breech-block movesforward when the trigger is pressed the round is pushed forwardinto the well at the front end of the slide, and the ejection openingcover jams over it and the gun is put out of action. Should agun become jammed in this manner, it should be taken to thearmourer to be cleared.f it is known or suspected that a round has been left in thebreech, the ejection opening cover must be opened before thecocking handle is pulled back ; otherwise the gun may be damaged,

    This trouble cannot occur with live ammunition.f drill cartridges are not available, magazine filling can betaught and practised with empty cases.I Magazine filling see Fig. 1 .Explain and demonstrate

    i. Hold the magazine in one hand and place each roundwell back between the lips with the base towards theprojections of the magazine platform. Press downand pash forward with the thumb . Continue until28 rounds are filled, ensuring that they are not rimbehind rim and the ammunition is clean.


    Press1nq ta c h rounddown w1t h thunb

    ~ ' - ~ ' \ _ Ma.ql ..Zine rcstc.a. o

    ar;p round.- .. .ru OVt fron cho.rQt.l\

    Fig. 1


    M a q u 1 ~ t c h a r q t ~ h ld' one he n d .

    ii Empty the magazine by pushing each round out withthe point of a bullet.2. Practise squad.3. Loading and unloadingExplain and demonstratei. Lie down with body straight behind gun, legs together.Left hand holds small of butt with over-hand grip ;right hand h ~ l d s pistol grip with first finger outsidetrigger guard. The position of the change lever isimmaterial.ii Loading. Open magazine opening cover; take magazine from pouch equipment, inspect ma:-azine tosee that rounds are correctly positioned and

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