SAP NetWeaver Master Guide Guide PUBLIC SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.52 Document Version: 1.0 – 2017-09-11 SAP NetWeaver Master Guide

  • View
    219

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Text of SAP NetWeaver Master Guide Guide PUBLIC SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.52 Document...

  • Master Guide PUBLICSAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.52Document Version: 1.0 2017-09-11

    SAP NetWeaver Master Guide

  • Content

    1 Getting Started. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41.1 About this Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41.2 Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.3 SAP NetWeaver Use Cases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81.4 Mapping of Use Cases to Installable Software Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.5 Installation Tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

    2 Planning SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.1 Major Planning Steps and Related Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.2 Unicode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.3 Planning the Use Cases and their System Landscapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    Custom Application Development (ABAP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

    3 Implementing SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153.1 Installation Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153.2 Additional Information for Implementing SAP NetWeaver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163.3 Configuration of Systems and Follow-Up Activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173.4 System Copy and Migration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    2 P U B L I CSAP NetWeaver Master Guide

    Content

  • Document History

    The following table provides an overview of the most important document changes.

    NoteBefore you start the upgrade, make sure that you have the latest version of this document. You can find the latest version at http://help.sap.com/nw752abap Installation and Upgrade .

    Table 1:

    Version Date Description

    1.0 2017-09-11 Initial version

    SAP NetWeaver Master GuideDocument History P U B L I C 3

    http://help.sap.com/nw752abap

  • 1 Getting Started

    1.1 About this Document

    This Master Guide is the central starting point for the technical implementation of the technology platform SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52. It provides you with information about the use cases as well as the installable product instances, and refers you to the detailed documentation (such as the Installation Guides).

    NoteThe Master Guide is regularly updated. Make sure that you have the latest version by checking http://help.sap.com/nw752abap Installation and Upgrade immediately before starting the installation.

    Constraints

    The scenarios that are presented here serve as examples of how you can use SAP software in your company. The scenarios are intended only as models and do not necessarily run the way they are described here in your customer-specific system landscape. Check your requirements and systems to determine whether these scenarios can be used productively at your site. Furthermore, we recommend that you test these scenarios thoroughly in your test systems to ensure that they are complete and free of errors before going live.

    See also

    The upgrade or update to this SAP solution is described in the document Upgrade Master Guide SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.52. The Upgrade Master Guide is available at http://help.sap.com/nw752abap

    Installation and Upgrade .

    4 P U B L I CSAP NetWeaver Master Guide

    Getting Started

    http://help.sap.com/disclaimer?site=http://help.sap.com/nw752abaphttp://help.sap.com/disclaimer?site=http://help.sap.com/nw752abaphttp://help.sap.com/disclaimer?site=http://help.sap.com/nw752abap

  • 1.2 Glossary

    Short overview of some technical terms as well as SAP NetWeaver key terms:

    Table 2:

    Term Explanation

    Client Clients are additional installable programs or tools. They reside either on local front-end PCs accessed by users or on back-end systems where they act as client programs within an SAP NetWeaver system landscape.

    Functional Unit A configured and activated unit of SAP NetWeaver that provides a set of functions, allowing the implementation and execution of activities such as process steps within IT scenarios. It is nestable and can be grouped into larger functional units. Examples include transport management system, system landscape directory, adapter framework, and business process engine.

    Landscape Pattern Defines if a technical system is used by one or several product systems to calculate update and upgrade methods. The landscape pattern can be defined as hub system (if used by several product systems) or as sidecar system (if used by one product system).

    Landscape Management Database (LMDB)

    Central storage and editor for system information in SAP Solution Manager, supplied by a central SLD. In the LMDB, you manage technical information (such as technical systems and hosts) and logical information (such as product systems and technical scenarios). This data is the basis for other applications, like monitoring and alerting, diagnostics, maintenance transactions, and SAP Support Portal.

    Logical Component Group of technical systems that provide a concrete business function by installed product instances and by different roles (such as development, test, or production system).

    Maintenance Optimizer (MOpz)

    Application within SAP Solution Manager up to version 7.1 that guides you through planning and downloading stack XML files for enhancement packages, support packages, and additional update packages. These files can be used as input files for the installation by update tools like Software Update Manager.

    The MOpz is replaced by the Maintenance Planner, which is mandatory for SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 and higher.

    Maintenance Planner Solution hosted by SAP on SAP Service Marketplace to visualize the existing system landscape, and to plan and simulate updates, upgrades, and new installations.

    Maintenance planner helps you plan and maintain systems in your landscape. You can plan complex activities like installing a new system or updating existing systems. All changes can be scheduled to be deployed at a convenient time, to minimize downtime. Maintenance planner is the successor of Maintenance Optimizer, Landscape Planner, and Product System Editor. It simplifies the maintenance process by consolidating critical tasks such as definition of product maintenance dependencies, implementing changes by generating stack configuration, downloading archives, and so on, in one tool.

    SAP NetWeaver Master GuideGetting Started P U B L I C 5

  • Term Explanation

    Product An SAP offering in the SAP price list that performs business tasks.

    The complete product model is shipped as SAP Software Catalog. The availability of products is published in the Product Availability Matrix (PAM). The product model defines the product structure with its product instances, software components, version, and technical dependencies between product and its components. Products typically have a name starting with 'SAP...' and are characterized by a version period and a maintenance cycle. A product can be installed on one or more technical systems. All technical systems that are involved form the product system.

    Examples for products are SAP ERP, SAP NetWeaver, and SAP Solution Manager.

    Product Instance Part of a product version that bundles one or more software components.

    A product instance is part of only one product version. It must be installed and updated as a whole on a single technical system. Patches can still be installed for individual software components. A product instance can contain other product instances. It can be re-used across products.

    Examples for product instances are SAP ECC Server and SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP.

    Product System A group of technical systems on which a product version is installed. Product system descriptions are used to maintain and plan products in the system landscape.

    Product Version A release of an SAP product.

    It bundles product instances and the included software component versions that are available at a particular time for a specific scope of functionality. Like products, product versions are shipped in the SAP Software Catalog. They are the basis for the compatibility of closely coupled systems and the maintenance of product systems.

    An example is SAP ERP 6.0, which is a product version of the product SAP ERP.

    Optional Standalone Units Optional standalone units are additional software units that you install separately. They are based on Application Server Java (AS Java) and provide specific (server) functions in combination with one or more SAP systems.

    System Landscape Directory (SLD)

    Central provider of information on technical systems, for consumers in the system landscape and for external consumers. The SLD obtains its information mainly from SL