REDD Preparation in Indonesia Wahjudi Wardojo Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA) Ministry of Forestry, INDONESIA.

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<ul><li><p>REDD Preparation in Indonesia</p><p>Wahjudi Wardojo</p><p>Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA)Ministry of Forestry, INDONESIA</p></li><li><p>FOREST IN INDONESIA Source : Forest Planning Agency, MoF (2006) 57. 53 M ha (47 %)</p><p>Chart1</p><p>20.08</p><p>31.78</p><p>57.53</p><p>14.06</p><p>31.78 M ha (26 %)</p><p>20.08 M ha (16 %)</p><p>14.06M ha(11 %)</p><p>Total area : 123.45 million ha</p><p>Total forest area : 123.45 million ha (~ 60 % of the country land area)</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Total area : 123.45 million ha</p><p>Conservation20.08</p><p>Protection31.78</p><p>Production57.53</p><p>Convertible14.06</p><p>To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.</p></li><li><p>home of mega biological diversity, </p><p>one of the custodians of global peat land</p></li><li><p>source of income and other customary uses for forest communities</p><p>employed around 5.4% of the countrys labor force, in early 1990s</p></li><li><p>BASIC POLICIES OF FOREST MANAGEMENT Based on Forestry Law (1999) and Conservation of Biodiversity Law (1990)</p><p>Accommodating Philosophy of Eco Centrism and Anthropo Centrism </p><p>Balancing between Sustainable Forest Management and Development Purposes</p></li><li><p>Expansion plantation for pulp /paper industry and estate crops (oil palm, rubber, cocoa)Economic crisis &amp;Decentralization euphoriaMoratorium on forest conversion, reduced AAC, law enforcement, improved forest management</p><p>Chart1</p><p>1.87</p><p>2.83</p><p>1.19</p><p>Time period</p><p>Million ha/year</p><p>Deforestation rate</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>YearDeforestation rate (Million ha/year)</p><p>1985-19971.87</p><p>1997-20002.83</p><p>2000-20051.19</p><p>YearForest Cover Change (million ha)</p><p>1979144</p><p>2000121</p><p>2005116</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Time period</p><p>Million ha/year</p><p>Deforestation rate</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>Sheet3</p></li><li><p>Natural Forest Condition in 1980s</p></li><li><p>Natural Forest Condition in 2000</p></li><li><p>UNDERLYING CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION AND FOREST DEGRADATIONPoor Governance at all Pillars: Government, Business, and Community SectorsGovernment e.g.: Ineffective law enforcement and control, insufficient participation and transparency, and ineffective forest managementBusiness e.g. : rent seeking behaviorCommunity e.g.: lack of institution capbLow global and regional commitments </p></li><li><p>FORESTRY SECTOR POLICY: FIVE PRIORITY POLICIES AND PROGRAMS (2004-2009)Combating illegal logging</p><p>Forest &amp; land rehabilitation and forest conservation</p><p>Forestry sector restructuring through enhancement of timber plantation and wood-based industries</p><p>Community empowerment Community forest)</p><p>Securing forest land (strengthening the legal status of state forest land)</p></li><li><p>REDDSome 18% of GHG are caused by deforestation</p><p>Climate regime does not yet provide developing countries with necessary funding to address it</p><p>Participation in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is voluntary</p><p>Indonesia is interested to participate in REDD</p></li><li><p>Forest and Global Challenges</p><p>We are facing two big challenges: climate change and food, energy, water scarcity (FEWS)</p><p>In the context of climate change, forest can be as sink and source</p><p>Forests need to adapt impact on climate change </p><p>In the context of FEWS, forests could play important roles in solving this scarcity</p><p>However, forests could also be threatened by this problems as demand for land will be significantly increase</p></li><li><p>Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance (IFCA)MoF experts, other government officials, CSOs, academician, national and International researchers;</p><p>Financial and technical support from Australian Government, GTZ; UK-DfID, WB</p><p>Kick-off meeting July 2007 followed by studies, national workshops, public consultation</p></li><li><p>Indonesia REDD (REDDI) Road Map</p></li><li><p>KEY ELEMENTS of REDDI Emissions reference (baseline) Strategies to reduce emissions and to ensure their permanence Monitoring and verifying emissions reduction, and preventing leakage REDD market/ financing Payment distribution (mechanism and management)</p></li><li><p>FIVE KEY SECTORS WERE EXAMINEDNatural Production ForestProtected Area ManagementIndustrial Forest PlantationForests and Peat lands, andForest Conversion to Oil Palm</p></li><li><p>Basic Criteria for the Selection of Pilot/Demonstration ActivitiesAvailability of InformationBiophysical Variation e.g. deep peat, and high carbon stocksLevel of Threat, e.g. fire, encroachment, unplanned deforestation.Social Equity pro-poor dimension Economic VariabilityTenure : clarity over rights in land and forest Governance</p></li><li><p>Monitoring &amp; Verifying EmissionsParameters to be monitored:Change in forest cover: using remote sensing technique Change in carbon stock: field measurement and modelingBase line: National, sub-national, or project-based ?National base line: generate larger financial flows and reduce overall risk, but involve higher transaction costs and greater inefficiencies</p></li><li><p>Financing and MarketFund-based Financing, through bilateral and multilateral cooperationVoluntary-based Financing, from CSO, and Private Sectors Market form of REDD is still uncertainIt is expected to be large market for large forest in Indonesia </p></li><li><p>Payment DistributionThe existing institutions should be strengthened to: receive and distribute fund track emission reduction credits adjust existing laws enforce law and resolve disputes ensure achievement in emission reduction handle contract and logistic to organize internal distribution mechanism</p><p>A need to address rights, responsibilities and authority between local, national, and independent entities for sale and payment distribution</p></li><li><p>CONCLUDING REMARKS</p><p>Indonesia forests play significant roles for social, economic, as well as environmental purposes for the national and global benefits.Forest land use planning allocates forest areas into conservation, production as well as convertible forests for development purposes in a balanced way.REDD mechanism offers options to reduce emissions from deforestation , and opportunity to receive benefits on the basis of carbon credits saved Indonesia is ready to implement REDD demonstration activities and share the result for further negotiation.</p></li><li><p>*</p></li></ul>

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