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Papua New Guinea District and Provincial Profiles

NRI The National Research Institute March 2010

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First published in March 2010 Copyright 2010 The National Research Institute. The National Research Institutes (NRI) publications are made possible by the support of the Australian Government, through AusAID, who funds most of the NRIs research activities through a partnership agreement. The NRI is an independent statutory authority established by an Act of Parliament in 1988 and confirmed by the IASER (Amendment) Act 1993. NRIs main aims are to undertake research into the social, political, economic, educational, legal, environmental, and cultural issues and problems of Papua New Guinea and to formulate practical solutions to these problems. Research results are published in the following NRI publication series: Monographs Discussion Papers Special Publications Occasional Papers Educational Reports Post-Courier Index Bibliographies Additional Publications

Direct any inquiries regarding these publications to: The Publications Sales Coordinator National Research Institute P.O. Box 5854 BOROKO. NCD. 111 Papua New Guinea Tel: Fax: E-mail: Website: (675) 326 0300/326 0061 ext. 328 (675) 326 0213 [email protected] www.nri.org.pg

ISBN 9980 75 168 1 National Library Service of Papua New Guinea ABCDE 2013210 The opinions expressed in this report are those of the compilers and not necessarily those of the National Research Institute. The NRI takes no responsibility for the accuracy of information presented in national, provincial and district maps that feature in this report. These maps were supplied by the National Mapping Bureau and in many instances they present different information to that which is contained in the profiles themselves.

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ContentsForeword Acknowledgements Introduction Overview of Indicators Glossary of Terms Guide to Data Sources v vi 1 3 10 12

Southern Region 13 Central Province 15 Abau, Goilala, Kairuku Hiri and Rigo Districts Gulf Province 23 Kerema and Kikori Districts Milne Bay Province 29 Alotau, Esaala, Kiriwina Goodenough and Samarai Murua Districts National Capital District 37 Moresby North East, Moresby North West and Moresby South Districts Oro Province 43 Ijivitari and Sohe Districts Western Province 49 Middle Fly, North Fly and South Fly Districts Highlands Region 55 Eastern Highlands Province 57 Daulo, Goroka, Henganofi, Kainantu, Lufa, Obura Wonenara, Okapa and Unggai Bena Districts Enga Province 69 Kandep, Kompiam Ambum, LagaipPorgera, Wabag and Wapenamanda Districts Simbu Province 77 Chuave, Gumine, Karimui-Nomane, Kerowagi, Kundiawa, and SinasinaYonggamugl Districts Southern Highlands Province 87 Ialibu Pangia, Imbonggu, Kagua Erave, Komo Margarima, Koroba Lake Kopiago, Mendi, Nipa Kutubu and Tari Pori Districts Western Highlands Province 99 Anglimp South Wahgi, Baiyer Mul , Dei, Hagen, Jimi, North Wahgi, and Tambul Nebilyer Districts

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ContentsMomase Region 109 East Sepik Province 111 Ambunti Dreikikir, Angoram, Maprik, Wewak, Wosera Gaui and Yangoru Saussia Districts Madang Province 121 Bogia, Madang, Middle Ramu, Rai Coast, Sumkar and Usino Bundi Districts Morobe Province 131 Bulolo, Finschhafen, Huon Gulf, Kabwum, Lae, Markham, Menyamya, Nawae, and Tewai Siassi Districts Sandaun Province 143 Aitape Lumi, Nuku, Telefomin, and Vanimo Green Districts New Guinea Islands Region Autonomous Region of Bougainville Central Bougainville, North Bougainville and South Bougainville Districts East New Britain Province Gazelle, Kokopo, Pomio, and Rabaul Districts Manus Province & District New Ireland Province Kavieng and Namatanai Districts West New Britain Province Kandrian Gloucester and Talasea District 151 153

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169 171 177

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ForewordVision 2050 is the new roadmap for building a healthier, fairer, smarter and wealthier Papua New Guinea. The central mission of Vision 2050 is for Papua New Guinea to achieve a ranking in the top 50 countries of the United Nations Human Development Index by 2050. This mission is ambitious, but if it can be achieved the rewards for our society will be great. However, the only way this mission will be realized, is if the key social and economic indicators from which the index is developed are carefully monitored over time. More specifically, these and other important indicators must be monitored right down to the district level, because this is the only way policy and funding interventions can be accurately targeted to improve service delivery, achieve concrete improvements to peoples lives as well as improve our development standing in relation to other nations. The objective of this project is simple: to become a central collection point for social and economic indicators that are currently being collected at a district and provincial level by key agencies and stakeholders. In undertaking this project the National Research Institute aims to create a tool that can monitor in detail the performance of districts and provinces around the country, thus giving the nations planners and policy-makers an accurate insight into the areas of social and economic development which may be preventing Papua New Guinea from achieving the central mission of Vision 2050. This project is in its infancy. There is much more work to be done to identify those agencies collecting relevant data and to collaborate with those agencies to include that data in this unique monitoring tool. This initial pilot report has been developed to simulate feedback and ultimately inspire collaboration and support. Therefore, in releasing this report, I am making a direct appeal to Members of Parliament, key agencies and other interested community members to give their feedback and input to help to develop this project further. I look forward to the opportunity to explore the future possibilities of this project with all interested stakeholders in Papua New Guinea.

Dr Thomas Webster Director National Research Institute

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AcknowledgementsThe following people are gratefully acknowledged for their various contributions to this project: Dr Thomas Webster, Dr Musawe Sinebare, Dr Alphonse Gelu, Linda Duncan, Dr Arnold Kukari, Dr Israel Sembajwe, Dr Helen Cheney and Katherine Wheen formed the project team and devised and developed this project throughout 2009. Katherine Wheen managed the production of this pilot report. Lindsay Kutan, Mathlina Somo and Michael George also made a contribution to data collection and data entry. The printing of this report was made possible with the support of the Australian Government (AusAID) who funds most of NRIs research activities through a partnership agreement.

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IntroductionIn Papua New Guinea, there are more than 800 languages spoken. More than 80 percent of the population lives in rural areas and some of these areas are extremely remote. With 20 provinces, 89 districts, 313 local-level governments and 6,131 wards the challenges for policy makers and service delivery agencies are substantial. The 1995 reforms to the Organic Law on Provincial Governments and Local-level Governments were significant in relation to decentralization of public administration to the district level in the hope of improved service delivery. An ongoing reform process is expected to simplify administrative arrangements, increase accountability and ensure that funds are spent where they are most needed. It is essential that any reform process is carefully monitored to detect evidence of change. The ability to monitor the progress of policy and administrative reforms is limited unless there is up-to-date, accurate and relevant information that can be disaggregated to the level of the district. This will help governments to better understand the unique needs of each district, to focus on areas most in need and to identify where there are signs of improvement, no change or deterioration. The NRI Provincial and District Profiles have been prepared to draw attention to the need for information at the district level. They provide basic information and establish key socioeconomic indicators related to services at the district level. This will establish a baseline from which individual districts can monitor their progress over time. These profiles can be used by public administrators and policy makers to monitor the progress of districts and to assist in planning and policy development. There have been a number of exercises where information and analysis has been focused at the district level. The Papua New Guinea Rural Development Handbook and the NEFCs Review of Intergovernmental Financing Arrangements: District Development Index, among others. Although these are useful resources, the NRI believes that much more can be done to collect and publish a broad range of district level indicators related to services and the monitoring of these over time.

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It is clear that there is limited accessible and up-to-date data and information disaggregated at the district level. For the effective monitoring of changes in service delivery, there needs to be substantial investment in information management across all agencies responsible for services. Improved services will require more effective public administration. In relation to monitoring performance, there will need to be particular attention given to systematic record keeping and timely performance reporting. With a greater emphasis on implementation, reporting, monitoring and evaluation, it is expected that, over time, there will be improved data and information for future versions of this publication. Each district profile contains a map, some general Information regarding the population, geography, government and access to services. There are also specific indicators on education, health and economic activity and it is anticipated that future editions will include in