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Overview Of Exodus - · PDF file Overview Of Exodus. Introduction • Exodus is the second Book in the Pentateuch (the first five Books of the Old Testament). The Book is named "Exodus"

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Text of Overview Of Exodus - · PDF file Overview Of Exodus. Introduction • Exodus is the second...

  • Overview Of Exodus

  • Introduction

  • • Exodus is the second Book in the Pentateuch (the first five Books of the Old Testament). The Book is named "Exodus" ("departure") to describe the "departure" of the Hebrews from Egypt. There are 40 chapters.

    • It was written by Moses around 1447-1410 B.C.

    • The Book picks up the story of the descendants of Abraham (the Hebrews/Jews) who were in Egypt at the end of the Book of Genesis. It progress through to their time on Mount Sinai.

    • It is a reminder to the people of Israel, especially as they are punished in the wilderness for forty years for their continued rebellions.

    • The key word seems to be "sign."

  • Key Verse

    • Exodus 12:40-41-40    Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41    And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years—on that very same day—it came to pass that all the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

  • Book Overview

  • • The Period Of Detention (Exodus 1-2)

    • The Period Of Deliverance (Exodus 3-14)

    • The Period Of Discipline (Exodus 15-19)

    • The Period Of Directive (Exodus 20-40)

  • Chapter Overview

  • Detention (1-2)

  • • The Egyptians become afraid of the Hebrews living in their land. They enslave them, and then rise up and kill many of the Hebrew males. Moses is saved by his mother. She floats him down the Nile river where he is rescued by an Egyptian woman who raises him as her son. The name "Moses" is similar to many of the Egyptian ruling families of that day. His name literally means "Pulled Out." His mother, Jochebed, was hired as his nurse and raised him. When he was forty years old, he killed and Egyptian soldier who was mistreating a Hebrew and fled to Midian where he became a shepherd.

  • Deliverance (3-12)

  • • The Lord appears to Moses in the burning bush. He sends Moses to confront Pharaoh and demand that the Hebrews be set free.

    • When the Pharaoh refuses, God demonstrates to him and to all of Egypt that He is the one true God. In a series of Ten Plagues, God shows that He is superior to Egyptian gods and goddesses.

  • • Exodus 12:12-For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.

  • • Exodus 18:11-Now I know that the LORD is greater than all the gods; for in the very thing in which they behaved proudly, He was above them."

  • The Ten Plagues

  • • One: Waters To Blood (7:14-25)

    • Two: Frogs (8:1-15)

    • Three: Lie (8:16-19)

    • Four: Flies (8:20-32)

    • Five: Livestock Diseased (9:1-7)

    • Six: Boils (9:8-12)

    • Seven: Hail (9:13-35)

    • Eight: Locusts (10:1-20)

    • Nine: Darkness (10:21-29)

    • Ten: Death Of Firstborn (11:110; 12:29-30)

  • Passover Announced

  • • The Lord passed over Egypt and killed all of the firstborn children.

    • The Hebrews were commanded to slaughter a lamb and cover their houses with its' blood. When this happened, The Lord "passed over" the homes where the blood was found.

    • This foreshadowed the way that the Lord's blood was applied to His people and the Divine wrath "passes over" them.

    • The Passover was celebrated every year in Israel (more attention to the Hebrew calendar will be given to this in future studies).

    • Chapters 12-13 contain many other Passover regulations for the Hebrews.

  • Chapter 14-The Red Sea Crossing

  • • Exodus 14:19-21-19    And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. 20    So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night. 21    Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided.

  • • "Second, we need not assume that they crossed in some single file line, even though much artwork suggest such. The crossing could have been 1-3 miles wide. Therefore, the Israelites could have crossed in as little as 3-6 hours. We can picture an organized type army march, with no panic, or trampling of people. The Israelites had entered the sea bed and were far into the crossing, when Jehovah moved the cloud that had been blocking them off from the Egyptians, to the front, allowing the Egyptians to see them." (Edward D. Andrews, Bible Difficulties In The Book Of Exodus: Answering The Bible Critics-Bible Book Number Two, 2035-20042 (Kindle Edition); Cambridge, OH; Christian Publishing House)

  • • The Deliverance of the people of Israel from Egyptian slavery has been attested to in numerous ways archaeologically (see below).

  • Discipline (15-19)

  • • On their way to Mount Sinai, the Hebrews continually rebelled against God (Exodus 15:24; 16:2-3; 17:1-2).

    • During this period, God provided for their needs and tried to teach them to be grateful and to trust in Him.

    • Sadly, they didn't learn.

    • As we will notice in more detail in a future lesson, the people were condemned to wander in the wilderness for forty years when they left Sinai and refused to go into Canaan (wanting instead to turn back around and go back to Egypt!)

  • • Exodus 16:35-And the children of Israel ate manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

  • The Directions

  • • The rest of the Book of Exodus contains Divine Directions from God to the Hebrews.

    • Moses went up to Mount Sinai to receive the Ten Commandments. These are given orally in Exodus 20; but they are not actually recorded as being given on stone until Exodus 32.

  • • One: No gods before Me.

    • Two: No carved images.

    • Three: Shall not take God's Name in vain.

    • Four: Remember the Sabbath day.

    • Five: Honor your father and mother.

    • Six: Do not murder.

    • Seven: Do not commit adultery.

    • Eight: Do Not steal.

    • Nine: Do not bear false witness.

    • Ten: Do not covet.

  • • Exodus 32::15--And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written.

  • • Moses makes another set of the Ten Commandments (at the command of God). He also intercedes for the people after they have rebelled against Him by committing ritual fornication (Exodus 32-33).

    • In this section, God provides Moses with much direction regarding the worship of Israel (more attention will be given to this in the study of Leviticus). There are also several societal laws put into place here.

  • Prominent People/ Events/Themes

  • The Hardening Of Pharaoh's Heart

  • • One of the most often asked questions about Exodus deals with God's declaration that He would harden the heart of Pharaoh.

    • Let's notice several things about this hardening.

  • • Exodus 4:21-And the LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you do all those wonders before Pharaoh which I have put in your hand. But I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.

  • Who Was Pharaoh Before God Dealt With Him?

  • • Please notice that Pharaoh was already a stubborn and rebellious man.

    • This has been made clear from several facts. First, we see that the Pharaohs before him were hardened in sin (Exodus 1:8). Second, Pharaoh was clearly in favor of the slavery and mistreatment of the Hebrews (Exodus 2-4).

    • Thus, God did not take some indifferent and religiously confused "good man" and harden his heart. He took a man who was already hardened in sin and allowed his heart to be further hardened.

    • The question is not, "Does God harden people's hearts?" The question is, "Whom does God harden?" From Pharaoh we see that God hardens the hearts of those who first harden themselves.

  • Who Does The Hardening?

  • • Notice that there are several indicators that Pharaoh hardened his own heart (Exodus 8:15, 32; 9:34).

  • • "God did not harden Pharaoh’s heart contrary to Pharaoh’s own free choice. The Scriptures make it very clear that Pharaoh hardened his own heart. They declare that Pharaoh’s heart “grew hard” (Ex. 7:13; cf. 7:14, 22), that Pharaoh “hardened his heart” (Ex. 8:15), and that “P

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