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MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014 Building Our Future: Now is the Time for Equitable Growth Housing Stability: A Key Factor in Addressing Community-Wide Prosperity

MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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Housing Stability: A Key Factor in Addressing Community-Wide Prosperity. Building Our Future: Now is the Time for Equitable Growth. MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014. Outline for Today’s Presentation. Ending Homelessness is more than Housing!. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

MN Coalition for the Homeless ConferenceSept 15, 2014

Building Our Future:Now is the Time for Equitable Growth

Housing Stability: A Key Factor in Addressing Community-Wide Prosperity

Page 2: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

Outline for Today’s Presentation

2

1. Overview of a new effort in Ramsey County

– related to Community-wide Prosperity2. Ramsey County’s looking at the drivers for

homelessness in new ways (homelessness and concentrated poverty are linked)

3. The model can be applied to other areas of the state

Ending Homelessness is more than Housing!

Page 3: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

An Economic Prosperity Model for Ramsey County

3

This Region – County – City – Neighborhood model will be used as a reference point throughout the workshop

The Ramsey County community is represented by everything within the heptagon, and it should aspire to grow as fast as or faster than the Region growing around it.

Page 4: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

An Indicator of Economic Prosperity

4

The assets available to use as the basis for current and future consumption and investment

In this section we will examine people, land, and capital.

People (Human Capital)

Land(Natural Capital)

Capital(Physical Capital)

Why is it Important?

• Serves as an indicator of the current strength of a jurisdiction.

• Greater prosperity spread across all three circles indicates greater resiliency and potential for future growth.

• Contributes to preemptively addressing areas of risk.

Page 5: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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PeopleA Closer Look at within Ramsey County

Future economic prosperity requires an educated, trained and available workforce.

County PopulationAnoka 333,140

Carver 92,638

Dakota 402,006

Hennepin 1,168,431Scott 132,556

Washington 241,280

Ramsey 514,696

Metro Area TOTAL2,884,747

Ramsey as % of Metro17.8 %

Source: US Census 2011 American Community Survey

Ramsey County is the second most populous county in the Region with more than half a million residents.

Page 6: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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PeopleA Closer Look at within Ramsey County

Ramsey County is and will remain significantly more racially diverse than the Region, meaning that ongoing, race-based disparities will have a greater impact.

Census 2010 and Minnesota Population Projections by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2005 to 2035.

174,996 people

Page 7: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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PeopleA Closer Look at within Ramsey County

A highly educated workforce builds a sustainable, resilient economy and presents new growth opportunities for businesses

Anoka Carver Dakota Hennepin Scott Washington Ramsey86%

88%

90%

92%

94%

96%

98%

93%

95% 95%

92%

94%

96%

90%

High School Graduate and Above

The lower educational attainment levels of today’s workforce of residents (aged 25+) is a short-term risk for economic growth and resiliency. Workers without at

least some college experience were significantly more likely to lose their job during the recent recession and continue to disproportionately struggle today.

US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2011

32,635 residents 25+

without HS degree

Page 8: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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PeopleA Closer Look at within Ramsey County

“There is a widespread belief that learning is the core factor [that increases] human capital.”

- 2009 OECD World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policy

8th Grade Math Proficiency

Anoka 59%

Carver 77%

Dakota 61%

Hennepin 58%

Scott 67%

Washington 71%

Ramsey 51%

Metro Area AVERAGE 60%

Diff from Metro -9

The chart shows that there are medium-term risks to ensuring that

Ramsey County’s citizens are prepared to thrive in an economy

increasingly featuring technical, high-wage careers.

MN COMPASS. Compiled from the MN Dept of Education. 2013.

Countywide Proficiency Data 2013

Page 9: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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PeopleA Closer Look at within Ramsey County

“There is a widespread belief that learning is the core factor [that increases] human capital.”

- 2009 OECD World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policy

The chart shows that there are Long-term risks to ensuring that Ramsey County’s citizens are prepared to thrive in an economy increasingly

featuring technical, high-wage careers.

MN COMPASS. Compiled from the MN Dept of Education. 2013.

Countywide Proficiency Data 2013

3rd Grade Reading Proficiency

Anoka 60%

Carver 69%

Dakota 63%

Hennepin 55%

Scott 62%

Washington 64%

Ramsey 44%

Metro Area AVERAGE 57%

Diff from Metro -13

Page 10: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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PeopleA Closer Look at within Ramsey County

Compounding factors of race and low-income and is an issue for our entire community.

Saint Paul Children’s Collaborative Master Youth Plan Baseline Data 2012

SPPS Grade Level(34,489 Students)

Students of Color

Free/Reduced Price Lunch

Elementary 76% 74%

Junior High 76% 73%

Senior High 80% 75%

Saint Paul Public Schools 2012 Enrollment Data

St Paul School Enrollment Data

Page 11: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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PeopleRecap within Ramsey County

1. Large urban population of over a half a million people.2. Lower educational attainment for adults 25+ puts pressure

on job growth3. Lower education achievement among current students

reduces future job growth potential and desirability for new residents and business

4. Disparities in educational outcomes based on race and income will greatly impact future earnings and community stability.

We know that homeless families are disproportionately people of color.Students who are high mobile or homeless often suffer academic stain.

Page 12: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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A Closer Look at within Ramsey County

Available land is a key prosperity factor and a predictor of future development and economic growth

Ramsey County is less than 100,000 acres in size and contains 5.5% of the total land area in the Region.

County Land Area (acres)Anoka 269,543Carver 226,390Dakota 362,296Hennepin 353,334Scott 224,663Washington 244,980Ramsey 98,410

Metro Area TOTAL 1,779,618

Ramsey as % of Metro Area 5.5 %

Land

Metropolitan Council 2010 Land Use Data

Page 13: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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A Closer Look at within Ramsey County

A diversified and balanced mix of uses is important for economic growth and sustainability within a community.

Land

Ramsey County has a significantly higher proportion of its total land use dedicated to residential purposes than other counties in the Region. This creates a

unique budgetary dynamic for the County and the cities within it, which must be carefully considered with every redevelopment opportunity.

County Residential Institutional

& ParksCommercial &

IndustrialAnoka 24.8 15.6 3.8

Carver 7.1 6.6 1.2

Dakota 15.7 9.0 4.2

Hennepin 37.4 16.1 8.2

Scott 10.9 8.9 2.4

Washington 20.7 10.9 2.7

Ramsey 48.2 21.3 13.7

Metro Area AVERAGE 22.2 12.0 4.6

Difference from Average + 26.0 + 9.3 + 9.1

Percent Dedicated to Select Land Uses

Metropolitan Council 2010 Land Use Data

Land Use Type

Average Property Tax Revenue Collected per

$1.00 ExpendedInstitutional $0.00

Parks $0.00

Residential $0.85 - $0.94

Commercial $1.06 - $1.23

Industrial $1.31 - $1.40Saint Paul Port Authority, An Industrial Strategy for the City of Saint Paul, 2012

Finding the Right Mix

Page 14: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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A Closer Look at within Ramsey County

Assessing the current and potential for future capital land base provides a measure of capital

Capital

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90%

Anoka

Carver

Dakota

Henne…

Scott

Washin…

RamseyCurrent Capital Base: Commercial & Industrial

Available for Future Growth: Agricultural & Undeveloped

Percent of Total Land Available for Current and Future Capital Use

Ramsey County has a strong capital base when measured as a percent of its total available land, but future expansion is limited. The intensity of use on available capital land therefore matters more than in any other county within the Region.

Metropolitan Council 2010 Land Use Data

Page 15: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

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A Closer Look at within Ramsey County

Current employment figures are an indicator of the presence of capital from which future economic prosperity can occur

Capital

Ramsey County is one of three main employment centers in the Region (Downtown Mpls., Downtown St. Paul, and the Airport). This is a strength from

which the County can build with future investments that leverage its comparatively strong employment per square mile figure.

County Employment FiguresTotal

EmploymentEmployment Per Square

MileAnoka 111,085 264

Carver 33,822 96

Dakota 173,099 306

Hennepin 839,236 1,520

Scott 41,683 119

Washington 73,814 193

Ramsey 317,787 2,067

Employmenyt and Wages-QCEW 2012,, Metropolitan Council 2010 Land Use Inventory

Just because there are jobs here,

does not mean that residents are filling

those jobs.

Page 16: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

Prosperity Means Opportunity for Everyone

16

In order to successfully cultivate economic prosperity, we must ensure that everyone in our community can take advantage of

opportunities to grow and succeed.

HousingEducation

Capacity

Employment

Investment

“Life is lived in a web of opportunity. Only if

we address all of the mutually reinforcing

constraints on opportunity can we expect to make real

progress.”

- Dr. John Powell Chair, Civil Rights & Civil

Liberties - Moritz College of Law, Ohio State University

In this section we will focus on neighborhoods resiliency factors to

assess the web of opportunity.

Page 17: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

Opportunity Through

17

Neighborhood income patterns reflect policy and programs

Housing

Ramsey County has, by a wide margin, the Region’s highest rates for voucher and location-based affordable housing.

This heavy concentration of units, without similar concentrations of investments to increase a neighborhood’s web of opportunity, has the effect of increasing financial poverty within neighborhoods

while also limiting housing choices for residents throughout the Region.

Location Based Housing Includes: HUD Public Housing, Mod Rehab, Section 8 NC/SR, Section 236 and Multi-Family Other Programs Plus Low Income Housing Tax CreditsData: US HUD Picture of Subsidized Housing 2010 (2010 Geography); Metro 2010 Land Use Data; ACS 2012 1 year Total Housing Units

Anoka Carver Dakota Hennepin Ramsey Scott Washington0

50

100

150

200

250

144

15

90

215

6 10

Subsidized Housing Units per 1,000 Acres, 2012

Housing Choice Voucher per 1,000 acres

Location Based, HUD plus LIHTC per 1,000 acres

Subs

idiz

ed U

nits

per

Acr

e

Anoka Carver Dakota Hennepin Ramsey Scott Washington0

20

40

60

80

100

120

30 2835

62

97

26 26

Housing Choice Voucher per 1,000 housing units

Location Based, HUD plus LIHTC per 1,000 housing units 2012 (1 year)

Subsidized Units per 1,000 Housing Units, 2012

Page 18: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

18Data sources: HUD Picture of Subsidized Housing 2012 (2010 Geography

ACS 2011 5 year data.

Opportunity Through HousingAnoka Carver Dakota Hennepin Ramsey Scott Washington TOTAL

All HUD Units 2,792 499 4,357 25,456 15,080 852 1,283 50,319 LIHTC (Low Income Housing Tax Credits) 1,035 500 1,223 6,381 6,066 403 1,142 16,750 Population 336,414 93,707 405,088 1,184,576 520,152 135,152 244,088 2,919,177

Units per 1,000 residents

All HUD Units 8.300 5.324 10.756 21.490 28.991 6.304 5.256 17.237

LIHTC 3.077 5.336 3.019 5.387 11.662 2.982 4.679 5.738

Summary of All HUD ProgramsPublic HousingHousing Choice VouchersMod RehabSection 8 NC/SRSection 236Multi-Family Other

LIHTC

Ramsey County High Poverty Extreme Poverty0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

35%

4.3% 6.6%

27.0%

2.7%

4.8%

6.2%

Subsidized Housing as a Percent of Housing Units in 2012, by Poverty Level in Census Tracts

Housing Choice Vouchers

Location Based Subsidized Units, including LIHTC

Areas with extreme poverty have over one-third of the housing units as subsidized housing, and a very large proportion are location

based units.

HUD units listed above

Page 19: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

Opportunity Through Investment

Page 20: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

Opportunity Through

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Investment

Page 21: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

• Housing solves homelessness for the individual household• Only broader investment alleviates the concentration of

poverty that greatly increases the risk of return to homelessness.

How does this affect our efforts to prevent and end homelessness

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Page 22: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

Our homeless response focuses on housing

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HousingEducation

Capacity

Employment

Investment

Which is appropriate because the solution to homelessness is housing.

Page 23: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

• But the key to ending homelessness is healthy communities with opportunity that is equitably spread.

• Community investment strategies that provide: transportation, employment, child care, and good schools where they are lacking.

• Strategies focused on building workforce skills and connections to work.

• Land use strategies that promote positive mobility and healthy options and choices for everyone.

End Homelessness

23

Page 24: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

• Housing may isolate rather than provide community• Crime and gang activity in the neighborhood can create great

stress• Neighborhood may provide few or no connections for jobs• Parent might perceive that area schools are substandard• Shopping for food and other necessities may be difficult, with

local options overly expensive

Housing meets some needs but not all

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Page 25: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

• Moving from housing that resolves an episode of homelessness that becomes a foundation for healthy stability.

• Housing is Fundamental• Without housing it is much more difficult to:

Find a jobKeep a jobChild attending school and learningMaintain healthy lifestyle (eat and sleep well)Cope with the effects of trauma, depression, substance

abuse.Keep a family intactPlan for the futureHave hope for the future

How do we expand our reach

25

Page 26: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

• Cont of Care Regulations Consolidated Plan Public Housing Plan Community Education Plan

• Why is this important?• Comprehensive Plan includes:

Land use Transportation Parks and Rec Housing Historic Preservation Water Resources

Finding the Bridge from Homeless Solution to Housing Stability

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Page 27: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

• Consolidated Plan includes: Housing and Homeless needs assessment Housing and market analysis Strategic Plan Action Plan

• Role of CoC• Drafting Language• Ensuring Public Participation• Public Education

http://portal.hud.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/program_offices/comm_planning/about/conplan/local/mn#state

Finding the Bridge from Homeless Solution to Housing Stability

27

Page 28: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

• What do you think are key factors for helping address concentrated poverty?

• What are some things your agency or CoC could be doing in your local community?

• Other questions or comments?

Discussing the Presentation

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Comments and Questions:

Page 29: MN Coalition for the Homeless Conference Sept 15, 2014

Thank You for Participating

Information presented by:

Carol Zierman, Senior Policy Analyst, Ramsey County Manager’s [email protected]

651-266-8004

Jim Anderson, Homeless and Low-Income Services Planner, Community Human [email protected]

651-266-4116

www.RCprosperity.org