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Mississippi Coastal Program Coastal Zone Management Act ... · PDF file 2/7/2020  · Coastal Zone Management Act § 309 Assessment and Strategy 2021 – 2025 Prepared by the Mississippi

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  • DRAFT Mississippi Coastal Program

    Coastal Zone Management Act § 309

    Assessment and Strategy

    2021 – 2025

    Prepared by the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources

    For Federal CZMA § 309 Enhancement Program

    Office for Coastal Management

    National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration,

    U.S. Department of Commerce

    February 2020

  • DRAFT Mississippi 309 Assessment and Strategy 2021-2025 | Page 1

    Table of Contents

    Acronym List ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

    1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 3

    2.0 Summary of Recent Section 309 Achievements .................................................................................................. 4

    2.1 Enhanced Application Procedures and Decision Support Tools ................................................................ 4

    2.2 Coastal Preserves Site Vulnerability Assessment and Management of Public Access in Coastal

    Preserve Areas............................................................................................................................................................... 5

    3.0 Assessment ................................................................................................................................................................... 6

    3.1 Phase I: High Level Assessment .......................................................................................................................... 6

    Wetlands..................................................................................................................................................................... 7

    Coastal Hazards ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

    Public Access ........................................................................................................................................................... 14

    Marine Debris .......................................................................................................................................................... 17

    Cumulative and Secondary Impacts ................................................................................................................... 21

    Special Area Management Planning .................................................................................................................... 25

    Ocean and Great Lakes Resources .................................................................................................................... 27

    Energy and Government Facility Siting .............................................................................................................. 32

    Aquaculture .............................................................................................................................................................. 35

    3.2 Phase II: In-Depth Assessment .......................................................................................................................... 38

    Coastal Hazards ...................................................................................................................................................... 39

    Cumulative and Secondary Impacts ................................................................................................................... 44

    Wetlands................................................................................................................................................................... 48

    4.0 Strategy ........................................................................................................................................................................ 53

    4.1 Creating and Enhancing Policies and Procedures for the Beneficial Use of Dredged Material

    Program ......................................................................................................................................................................... 54

    4.2 Five-Year Budget Strategy .................................................................................................................................. 58

    5.0 Public & Stakeholder Engagement ......................................................................................................................... 59

    5.1 Stakeholder Involvement .................................................................................................................................... 59

    Appendix A: Stakeholder Survey Results ................................................................................................................... 63

  • DRAFT Mississippi 309 Assessment and Strategy 2021-2025 | Page 2

    Acronym List

    APC Areas of Particular Concern

    BU Beneficial Use

    BUG Beneficial Use Group

    BWP Bureau of Wetlands Permitting

    C-CAP Coastal Change Analysis Program

    CMPs Coastal Management Programs

    CRR Office of Coastal Restoration and Resiliency

    CSI Cumulative and Secondary Impacts

    CZMA Coastal Zone Management Act

    EPA Environmental Protection Agency

    FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

    FY Fiscal Year

    GIS Geographic Information System

    GSMFC Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission

    LNG Liquified Natural Gas

    MCP Mississippi Coastal Program

    MDEQ Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality

    MDMR Mississippi Department of Marine Resources

    MSGP Mississippi General Permits

    NFIP National Flood Insurance Program

    NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service

    NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

    NSSP National Shellfish Sanitation Program

    OCM Office for Coastal Management

    SAMP Special Area Management Plan

    SCORP Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan

    USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

    USM-GCRL University of Southern Mississippi-Gulf Coast Research Laboratory

  • DRAFT Mississippi 309 Assessment and Strategy 2021-2025 | Page 3

    1.0 Introduction

    The Coastal Zone Enhancement Program, established under Section 309 of the Coastal Zone Management

    Act (CZMA) of 1972, as amended, encourages state coastal management programs (CMPs) to strengthen

    and improve their programs in one or more of nine enhancement areas. These enhancement areas include:

    • Wetlands • Marine Debris

    • Public Access • Ocean Resources

    • Coastal Hazards • Special Area Management Plans

    • Cumulative & Secondary Impacts • Aquaculture

    • Energy and Government Facility Siting

    Every five years, state CMPs are encouraged to conduct self-assessments of their programs to identify

    challenges and enhancement opportunities within each of the nine enhancement areas. Following this self-

    assessment, the Office for Coastal Management (OCM) within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric

    Administration (NOAA) works closely with state CMPs to prioritize and evaluate state program needs

    and develop strategies to improve its operations to address the program needs identified in the

    assessment. OCM subsequently provides funds through a voluntary enhancement grants program to

    address priority issues identified through this self-assessment process that support fulfillment of one or

    more of the enhancement area objectives.

    This document is the Mississippi CMP’s Assessment and Strategy for the Enhancement Cycle of Fiscal Year

    (FY) 2021-2025 and serves as an update to the previous strategy document published in 2015. Preparation

    of this document began in November 2019 and has involved the efforts of Mississippi Department of

    Marine Resources (MDMR) management, a team of staff professionals with pertinent expertise, and the

    OCM. MDMR contracted Cypress Environment and Infrastructure (Cypress) to assist in the development

    of this document.

    Public and stakeholder involvement in the Section 309 Assessment and Strategy process is important to

    the MDMR and OCM. The Assessment and Strategy is a public document and the MDMR places a strong

    emphasis on public participation and encourages the participation, coordination, and cooperation with and

    among appropriate local, state, federal, and regional groups to help carry out the goals of the CZMA.

    As part of the public and stakeholder involvement process, the MDMR developed a Stakeholder Survey

    to capture stakeholder and private citizen input relative to priority enhancement areas and challenges and

    opportunities to strengthen the Mississippi Coastal Program (MCP). The survey was emailed to 60

    stakeholders that the MDMR works with on a regular basis. A total of 18 responses were received. The

    respondents included six federal/state/local government agency representatives, four private citizens,

    three non-gove