Integrated Coastal Zone Management - .Integrated Coastal Zone Management ... Integrated Coastal Zone

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ENGINEERING OBJECTIVES:

Protect Life and Property from Coastal Hazards

Management of Evacuation Planning (roads, bridges), Protective Works etc.

Improve Knowledge of the CoastalComplex, in Terms of its Dynamics and Interactions Between its Component Parts

MAIN COMPONENTS OF MEASURES:

Shoreline Protection & StabilizationMeasures & Works

Establish Flooding Scenarios, Plan & Secure Evacuation Routes

Baseline Inventory & Monitoring Activities

Integrated Coastal Zone Management

ADDITIONAL COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT ISSUES

* Prevention of salt-water intrusion, prevent fresh water, including ground water. (SLR)

* Permitting and remediation of public and private facilities and infrastructure. (Legal & Technical)

* Preservation of public access and regulation of recreation and tourism. (Social)

* Conservation of wetland, estuarine, and nearshore habitats.(Biodiversity)

* Planning and exploitation of natural resources, such as ground water, sand, and corals. (Physical planning)

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Recreation

Environ-mentalissues

Agri-culture

Coastalprotection

Industry

Fisheries

Otherissues...

Inte

rdep

ende

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ecto

ral N

eeds

of C

oast

al R

esou

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Sectoral Strategy

Integrated Planning and Management Approach!

Recreation

Environ-mentalissues

Agri-culture

Coastalprotection

Industry

Fisheries

Otherissues...

Inte

rdep

ende

nt S

ecto

ral N

eeds

of C

oast

al R

esou

rces

Integrated Strategy

Integrated Planning and Management Approach!

Recreation

Environ-mentalissues

Agri-culture

Coastalprotection

Industry

Fisheries

Otherissues...

Inte

rdep

ende

nt S

ecto

ral N

eeds

of C

oast

al R

esou

rces

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Integrated Strategy

Integrated Planning and Management Approach!

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Collectionof data &info on pro-cesses &issues

Develop visions, goals & policies on all levels toguide decisionprocess

Allocate necessary means (financial,legal, technical,institutional, educational)

Balanceneeds ofdiverseinterests

Provideconflictresolutionmechanisms

Foster administrativecoordination

Critical Elements

Inte

grat

ed m

anag

e-m

ent p

roce

ss

Applypolicies indecisionmaking

Applylong-termplanning

Decisions!

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Integrated Strategy

Integrated Planning and Management Approach!

Important issuesIntegration: - spatial integration;

- institutional/administrative integration;- functional integration;- socio-economic integration;- environmental integration

Plan. & Management boundaries: - both terrestrial and marine areas;

Strategic planning: - to develop a vision with tangibleand realistic objectives;

- an action plan/time table to take us from here to the fulfilment of the vision a road map;

Implementation - the link planning - implementation- implementation organisation- zoning; management; action plans;- strategic monitoring - progress, corrections ; - revision - at certain intervals,

Integrated Coastal Zone Planning and Management

Main Stages of the Planning Process

Strategic Plan

Zoning Plan

Management Plan

Action Plan

Implementation

Detail Plan?

To close or minimize the gap: to ensure that the proposed

interventions are achievable; that required resources are

secured properly (human, financial ,management),

mobilisation of stake-holders, village communities, etc

Plans become outdated before implementation > disappointment; lack of trust in planning

and in authorities; waste of resources;

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Integrated Coastal Zone Planning and Management

Spatial integrationTerrestrial Marine

Urban Plan

Marine Plan

No real integration!!

Marinearea

Terestr.area

Int. Urban/Marine Plan

What is:Spatial Integration

An integrated and holisticspatial approach includingboth marine and terrestrial areas based on:

social environmental. economic.

development objectives!!

Coastal zone

marine

terrestrial

Spatial Integration

Institutional and AdministrativeIntegration

Co-ordination and co-operationbetween different administra-tive units at each level ofgovernment: local district national;

Active linkages betweendifferent levels ofgovernment: local districtand national;

National

Province

Local

Integrated Coastal Zone Planning and Management

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National (MMAF,)

Province

Administrative Integration

Co-ordination & cooperation elaborated to explain roles & responsibilities of the actors.

What support should lower level get and what do they get from upper level(s)?

What kind of information need to be communicated up in the system?

How can Regencies cooperate in terms of measurements and analyses?

... to obtain optimal use of resources

Public participation

Regency

Our project is on R level. How are the results communicated up?

Villagers

Pekalongan Indramayu ?????

Institutional and AdministrativeIntegration

Integrated inclusion of thecivil society, NGOs, CBOs andprivate sector and otherstakeholders in the planningprocess;

Clear description and consensusof roles, responsibilities andmandates of all involved; Building trust and confidence Creating a sense of ownership

Integrated Coastal Zone Planning and Management

PARTICIPANTS IN COASTAL LAND DEVELOPMENT

* PRIVATE SECTOR:- Coastal Property Owners- Lenders (banks, financial institutes)- Developers & Builders- Homeowner Associations- Realtors- Neighbors & Others Affected by

the Use of the Site

* PUBLIC SECTOR- Incorporated Municipalities (Villages, Towns, Cities, etc.)- County Authorities- State/Federal Authorities

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Poverty alleviation not a sector approach, but a cross cutting issue;

Local economic development (LED): commercial services land availability; fishing rights value added industry local market facilities access to external markets; financial facilities; training, education; informal economy;

Socio-Economic Integration

fishingerosion

harbour

marine environ.

local market transp.

housing

add-on valuesexternalmarkets

agriculture

social services

commercial services financial

services

tourism

terrestrial environ.

oil prod.

How different functions should impact on or beimpacted by each other, for improved efficiency of resources and synergy effects;

Which functional linkages are desirable, what would they entail;

How could desirable, viable linkages be promoted;

How could conflicts be reduced or eliminated?

waste

aqua-culture

informal economy

Functional Integration

Harbour facilities:Commercial, leisure & tourism;small/large scale users;

Commercial and socialservice facilities:Central & joint location for easyaccess for all;

Communication:Road systems - land uses;

Environmental Assets:Marine protection tourism;

Fishing: tourism potential;

Housing: environment, quality oflife, jobs, services, recreation;

Integrated Coastal Zone Planning and Management

Functional integration examples:

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The inter-action/inter-dependency between terrestrial and marine activities;

Environmental sensitivity what can the environment accept without adverse effects (SIA);

Activities impact on the environment (EIA);

Neighbouring environment quality of life

Good environment as an important economic development driver: attraction; job creation, etc; poor environment-poor economy

Environmental Integration

Strategic planning

Methodology :

Back-casting -The history of the future:

to create a clear and specific vision of a preferred future;

to device strategies to make the referred future happen

Back-casting (step A):

In joint sessions with relevant stakeholders and administrations agree onpresent status of the area, throughavailable information, trend analysisand SWOT analysis!

S: W:O: T:

Strategic planning

StrengthsWeaknessesOpportunitiesThreats

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SWOT Analysis: Group exercises with different

types of stakeholder groupings at both central and local levels;

What is perceived as a strength by one could be perceived as a weakness by others!

SWOT analysis:S: Strengths;W: WeaknessesO: Opportunities;T: Threats

Although recognising problems and shortcomings, to focus on possibilities, embracing th