Me llamo __________ Clase 6 NH La fecha es el 2 de noviembre del 2011
Me llamo __________ Clase 602La fecha es el 23 de octubre del 2015Proposito A: Cual es la diferencia entre Halloween y El dia de los muertos?Actividades:Watch the PowerPoint presentations and TAKE ACTIVE NOTES in your notebook.Begin PROYECTO 2: MI CALACATarea A:Finish the project!DUE MONDAY, October 26th on my desk in room 210!
?????What is it?El Dia de los Muertos, the Day of the Dead, is a traditional Mexicican holiday honoring the dead. El Dia de los Muertos is not a sad time, but instead a time of remembering and rejoicing. When is it?It is celebrated every year at the same time as after Halloween and the Christian holy days of All Saints Day and All Souls Day (November 1st and 2nd). Where is it celebrated?It is celebrated in Mexico, Ecuador, Guatemala, and other areas in Central and South America populated with the Latino ethnic background. The Day of the Dead is also celebrated in areas of the United States, such as California, Texas, and many others, in which the Mexican/American heritage exists. Customs vary throughout Mexico
Most celebrations include:
Decoration and family gathering at cemetery
Ofrendas (offerings) on altars
Religious rites and prayers
Often there are fireworks!
In many regions, November 1 is dedicated to the remembrance of deceased infants and children
Adults are honored November 2
Traditions: Papel PicadoPapel Picado is a traditional art used to decorate homes, businesses, markets and altars in preparation for the Day of the Dead. The thin tissue paper images are usually cut in large quantities and hung in repetitious patterns.
Skeletons are often shown in everyday activities which depict a dead persons profession or interests. The calacas are often placed on altars. This shows the spirit that he has not been forgotten.Traditions: FlowersDuring los Dias de los Muertos the yellow marigold symbolizes the short duration of life. Other flowers commonly seen during this celebration include the white amaryllis, wild orchids, baby's breath and ruby coxcombs are offered as adornment and enticement for the returning spirits. Wreaths made of flowers, both real and plastic, are often placed on the grave sites.
Sugar SkullsChildren are given sugar skulls with their names written on the forehead!Traditions- AltarsIn the homes families arrange ofrenda's or "altars" It is time a way of remembering those that departed - the old ones, their parents and grandparents. Altars should include:A picture of the one being remembered Items they were fond of Something to snack on Candles Flowers Religious ImagesGifts
*Altars have decorations: papel picado, candles, flowers, photographs of the departed, candy skulls with the name of the deceased*Altars have foods and drinks: bottles of favorite drink, cups of atole (or coffee, soda (favorite brand) and fresh water, as well as platters of rice, beans, chicken or meat in mole sauce, candied pumpkin or sweet potatoes, fruits and breads.
Traditions: FoodPan de los MuertosSpecial loaves of bread are baked, called pan de muertos, and decorated with "bones.
Atole de lechea sweet drink made of milk, sugar, and corn starch; sometimes flavored with cinnamon, chocolate, etc.
Tamalesa savory patty made of corn flower, pork and traditional mole sauce, wrapped in corn husk
October 30th-31st, family members clean tombs and gravestones.They pull weeds; Tombs are painted and repaired if needed.Graves are decorated with flower crosses, wreaths, or floral arrangements.
Celebracion: el cementerioFamily members gather at the cemetery. They bring picnics and mariachi bands may play favorite songs. Local restaurants set up food stands. An outdoor church service is usually held. They usually stay overnight celebrating. It is a joyous occasion.
HalloweenOrigenes y tradiciones
OriginsHalloween began two thousand years ago in Ireland, England, and Northern France with the ancient religion of the Celts (Paganism).
They celebrated their New Year on November 1st.This day marked the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death.
Samhain (sow-in)On the night of October 31, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.
CostumesPeople thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes
This way, the ghosts couldnt recognize them!So they wore costumes.
The Christian Influence As the influence of Christianity spread into Celtic lands, in the 7th century, the Pope at the time introduced All Saints' Day, a time to honor saints and martyrs, to replace the Pagan festival of Samhain. But, It was observed on May 13th.
A change of dateIn 834, another Pope moved All Saint's Day from May 13th to Nov. 1st. SoOct. 31st became All Hallows' Eve ('hallow' means 'saint').
November 2nd, called All Souls Day, is the day set apart in the Roman Catholic Church when the dead are remembered
Trick-or-treating began with the poor in the 1400sDuring the All Souls Day festival in England, poor people would beg for soul cakes, made out of square pieces of bread with currants Families would give soul cakes in return for a promise to pray for the familys relatives
then childrenThe practice, which was referred to as "going a-souling" was eventually taken up by children who would visit the houses in their neighborhood and be given ale, food, and money. Today:Children still go from house-to-house, but instead of ale, food, and money, they get candy.
With Irish ImmigrationIn 1848, millions of Irish emigrants poured into America as a result of the potato famine. They brought with them their traditions of Halloween.
Halloween came to America.They called Halloween `Night of Samhain', as their ancestors had, and kept the traditional observances.
The Jack-O-LanternThe Irish used to carry turnips with candles in them to light their way at night and to scare away ghosts.When they arrived in America they found that pumpkins were both plentiful and easier to carve than turnips.
26When they arrived in America they found that pumpkins were both plentiful and easier to carve than turnips.