LordShiva Virtual Piligrimage - The 12 Jyotirlingas

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LordShiva Virtual piligrimage - The 12 Jyotirlingas


<p>The Twelve Jyotirlingas</p> <p>12 JotirlingasSAURASHTRA SOMNATHAM CHA SHRISHAILE MALLIKARJUNAM || UJJAINYAM MAHAKALOMKARE MAMMALESHWARAM || PARLYAM VAIJNATHAM CHA DAKINYAM BHEEM SHANKARAM || SETU BANDHE TU RAMESHAM NAGESHAM DARUKA VANE || VARANASYA TU VISHWESHAM TRIBAKAM GAUTAMITATE || HIMALAYE TU KEDARAM GHURMESHAM CHA SHIVALAYE || AETANI JYOTIRLINGANI SAYAM PRATAHA PATHENNARAHA || SAPTA JANMA KRITAM PAPAM SMARANEN VINASHYATI ||</p> <p>1 Somnath in Saurashtra (Kathiawad), Gujarat 2 Mallikarjun in Shrishailam or Srisailam AP (also listed as a Shakti Pitha site). 3 Mahakal in Ujjain OR Mahakalaswar at Ujjain, MP state. 4 Omkar in Mammaleshwaram (at Omkareshwar on the river Narmada, MP) 5 Vaijnath in Parli (Vaidyanath at Deogarh, Bihar) 6 Bhima Shankar in Dakini northwest of Poona, in Dhakini, Maharashtra 7 Rameshwaram in Setubandha, TamilNadu 8 Nagesh, Naganath/Nageshwar, in Darukavana, Maharaashtra 9 Vishweshwar/ Viswanath in Banaras/Varanasi , UP 10 Trimbakeshwar near Nasik on the banks of river Gautami/Godavari , Maharashtra 11 Kedarnath/Kedareshwar in Utterkhand Himalayas, UP 12 Ghurmeshwar in Shivalaya OR Grineshwar in Visalakam, near Ellora caves, Mah One who recites these 12 names regularly in the morning and evening he washes all the sins committed in the previous 7 births and attains all the powers and Siddhis.</p> <p>Jyotirlinga SthalamsSomanath Mallikarjunam Mahakalam Omkaram Vaidyanatham Bhimshankaram Rameswaram Nagesam Viswesam Triyambagam Kedaram</p> <p>Kusmesam</p> <p>1 Somnath</p> <p>Chandra Devan worshipped Siva at this spot to rid himself of the curse of Daksha. The story : Chandra Devan is considered to have built this temple &amp; hence the name Somanathar to the Lord. Chandran fell in love with Rohini, one of the daughters of Dakshan. But Dakshan wanted to give all his daughters in marraige to one able &amp; loving person, who would treat all his daughters equally. Chandran got married to all, but his love for Rohini was too great &amp; the other daughters complained to their father. Dakshan cursed Chandran to dwindle in power &amp; beauty. When Chandran begged forgiveness, Dakshan said that only prayers to Lord Siva, could free him of the curse. Chandran came to Somanath &amp; prayed to Lord Siva, doing penance for about 4,000 years. Lord Siva appeared &amp; said that he could not fully absolve him of the curse. Instead, he would wane in 15 days, but would grow again. This is the story said for the waxing &amp; waning of the moon, producing new moon &amp; full moon.</p> <p>1 Somnath</p> <p>2 Mallikarjuna</p> <p>Sthala Puranam: When Siva and Parvathi decided to find suitable brides for their sons, Ganesha and Muruga argued as to who is to get wedded first. Lord Siva bade that the one who goes round the world in Pradakshinam could get married first. By the time Lord Muruga could go round the world on his vahana, Lord Ganesha went round his parents 7 times (for according to Sastras, going in pradakshinam round one's parents is equivalent to going once round the world (Boopradakshinam). Lord Siva got Siddhi &amp; Buddhi, the daughtersof Viswaroopan married to Lord Ganesha. Muruga on his return was enraged and went away to stay alone on Mount Kravunja in the name of Kumarabrahmachari. On seeing his father coming over to pacfy him, he tried to move to another place, but on the request of the Devas, stayed closeby. The place where Lord Siva and Parvathi stayed came to be known as Sri Sailam. Lord Siva visits Lord Muruga on Amavasai day &amp; Parvathi Devi on Pournami.</p> <p>3 Mahakaleshwar</p> <p>The theertam opposite the Mahakaleshwarar temple is known as Koditheertham &amp; it is said that the colour of the waters of this theertham keeps changing. The Moola lingam is very small &amp; is located underground. The lingam in the top level is called Ongareshwarar. The Kali Devi who gave darshan to Vikramaditya is known by the name Harasiddhi Matha. There once lived a brahmin in Avanti, who had four sons, who were great devotees of Lord Siva. Dushanan, a demon was giving trouble, disturbing all good &amp; religious activities. The brahmins from all over the land gathered with the four sons &amp; performed pooja to Lord Siva. The spot where they had taken mud to make the Lingam, had become a huge pond. When Dushanan came to disturb their pooja, Lord Siva rose from this pond as Mahakaleshwarar &amp; destoryed Dushanan. On the request of the brahmins, Lord Siva gave darshan to devotees at this sthalam, one of the Jyotir Linga sthalams.</p> <p>4 Omkareshwar / Mamleshwar</p> <p>The Jyotir Lingam split into two, and there are two Siva lingams, Omkareswarar &amp; Amaleshwarar (Amareshwarar). Mandhata was a great Emperor of the Ishvaku clan who ruled this land. He did great penance in this land &amp; there is an ashram called Mandhata ashram here.</p> <p>This spiritual and all powerful jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva is at Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh There Lord Shiva came in the form of Mahakal out of the linga that split and killed the demon. Therefore all those who pray to this linga will never fear death and if their faith is true they will be out of the chakra of life and death.</p> <p>The Omkareshawar temple is built in the North Inidan style of architecture, with high spires. Devotees consider worship to Panchamuga Ganesha, to be very auspicious. There is a shrine for Annapoorani. Siva Lingas of various sizes are sold in great numbers in this place. It is said that once, sage Naradar during his visit to the Vindyas, sang the praise of mount Meru to Mount Vindhya. On hearing this, Mount Vindhya prayed to Lord Siva to gain in importance. Lord Siva blessed him &amp; appeared here as Omkareshwarar &amp; Amaleshwarar and gave the boon of grwoing, but without hindering Siva devotees.. But the Vindhyas did not stop growing, and even obstructed the sun and the moon. Sage Agasthyar subdued its growth by saying it should not grow till he gets back there. He never went back &amp; hence the growth was arrested. Omkareshwar is situated on the Mandhata hills in Madhya Pradesh, known in ancient times as Shivpuri. The temple dates back to the Krita Yuga. River Narmada flows here around the Mandhata hill in the form of an Om (Omkaram).</p> <p>Amareshwar</p> <p>Lord Amareswara temple at Amaravati is 30 km from Vijayawada and 35 km from Guntur. This city is famous for its art and culture. The temple of Lord Amareswara located on the banks of river Krishna, is rich in Dravidian and Buddist architectures. The Lingam is 15 feet high, carved out of marble. The city was named Amaravati after Indra's capital here. Tradition says that Indra and Devas had worshipped the Lord here. Goddess Shakthi is worshipped as Bala Chamundika Devi. It is held sacred by both Hindus and Buddhists</p> <p>.</p> <p>5 Baidyanath Dham / VaidyanathamThe legend of Vaidyanathan goes something like this. The demon lord from the Ramayan, the devout Ravana meditated hard in order to invoke Lord Shiva, and requested him to come over to Sri Lanka, in order that his capital may become invincible. It is said that he attempted to lift the holy mountain, Lord Shiva's abode, Mount Kailash and take it with him to his capital; however Shiva crushed him with his finger, and Ravana prayed to him and sought his mercy, after which Shiva gave him one of the twelve Jyotirlingams with the condition that if it was placed on the ground it would take root immediately and hence Ravana had to carry it back on his trek to his capital. Varuna the God of water, entered Ravana's belly, and caused him to feel the need to relieve himself. Vishnu then came down in the form of a lad and volunteered to hold the Jyotirlingam as he relieved himself. But before Ravana could return, the young lad placed the jyotirlingam on the ground to which it became rooted. A disappointed Ravana offered severe penances to Shiva here, and cut off nine of his heads as a part of his repentance. Shiva revived him and joined the heads to the body, like a Vaidya or a physician, hence this Jyotirlingam goes by the name Vaidyanath. The same legend holds at Gokarnam in Karnataka.</p> <p>Parli-Vaijnath (The 5th Jyotirlinga) : is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga in the country. The temple of Vaijnath, renovated by Rani Ahilyabai Holkar in the 17th century, has some good carvings. A fair is held on Mahashivratri, which attracts about 2,00,000 people.The Biggest Plant to gnerate the power, i.e. "Thermal Power Station" is one of the Key point of Parli Vaijnath.It is one of the biggest markets of Cotton, tobacco in Beed District. Situated at a distance of 240 Kms. from Aurangabad, is one of the important and only Jyotirlingas where both Shankar and Parvati stay together. That is why it is also called "Kashi of the South". All other Jyotirlingas are having temples of only Sankara. The temple here is also very beautiful and robust in construction. A must to see place. Situated at a distance of 240 Kms. from Aurangabad, is one of the important and only Jyotirlingas where both Shankar and Parvati stay together. That is why it is also called "Kashi of the South". All other Jyotirlingas are having temples of only Sankara. The temple here is also very beautiful and robust in construction. A must to see place.</p> <p>6 BhimasankaraBhimashankaram is located at Bhuvanagiri village in Puna district of Maharashtra. River Bhima has its source here. This temple in the Nagara style is an old and not a very large structure. The jyotir Lingam is situated on top of the Sahyadri hill temple. Lord Siva is considered to be taking rest here after the Trpurantaka samharam. The sweat drops of Lord Siva were converted as steam &amp; is running as Bhimarati. New structures have been added. There are two idols of Nandideva. One idol is old, while the other is of fairly recent addition. There is a theertham &amp; a well behind the temple structure. The Bhimashankarar Lingam measures around one and a half feet &amp; quite narrow. The Goddess is worshipped as Kamalaja. Shivaji, the Maratha ruler had made rich endowments for the maintenance of the temple. The moola lingam is at a lower level. There is another temple at Guwahati in Assam known as the Bhimshankaram and there is a belief that this is the real Bhimashankaram. Bhima was an asura, son of Kumbakarnan &amp; Karkadi. On hearing that his grandfather, uncles &amp; father had been killed by a brahmin &amp; kings, he set out to destroy them. He undertook severe penance &amp; got immense might and power from Lord Brahma. King Priyadarman of Kamarupa was also put under prison. Priyadarman &amp; his wife Dakshinadevi prayed sincerely to Lord SIva everyday. Fearing that they would overcome him, Bhima asked them to stop their prayers. When they refused, he set out to kill them. Lord Siva rose out of the Lingam that they had been worshipping &amp; slayed Bhima. On the request of the Devas, Lord Siva resides here under the namam Bhimashankarar.</p> <p>It is believed that the ancient shrine was erected over a Swayambhu Linga or a Self Emanated Shiva Linga. Thus the Linga is exactly in the centre of the floor of the Garbagriha or the Sanctum.</p> <p>6 Bhimasankara</p> <p>7 Rameshwaram</p> <p>The temple at Rameshvaram, besides being considered a Dhama, is also one of the twelve sacred Jyotir Linga sites. These sites, located throughout the sub-continent of India, are where the god Shiva is said to have manifested as a towering column of fire.</p> <p>Rameshvaram</p> <p>The jyotirlingam was worshipped by Lord Rama to atone the sin of killing Ravana. Hanuman flew to bring the Linga from Kailasa, for Lord Rama to wroship. As it was getting late, Rama worshipped the Lingam that was made of sand by Sita Devi. This Lingam worshipped by Lord Rama is known as Ramanathar. When Hanuman returned he was disappointed that his Lord had not used the Lingam that he had brought. Lord Rama pacified Hanuman &amp; named this Lingam Kasi Viswanathar. Devotees have to worship Kasi Viswanathar before worshipping Ramanathar. This shrine is located at the extreme south eastern point of the Indian peninsula. The sethu bridge was constructed to link this land to Lanka for the Varnarams to reach Lanka. This island temple resembles the Panchajanya (Vishnu's conch) and like the Tamil letter 'OM'. Rameswaram is famous for the many teerthams. There are a total of 51 teerthams, 22 of them situated within the temple. Pilgrimage is considered complete with a bath in the Agni teertham. These waters are considered to have medicinal qualities. It is the custom to worship at Dhanushkodi before going to Rameshwaram. Several spots in this island are associated with Lord Rama. The Kothandarama temple stands at the spot where Vibeeshanan sought refuge to Rama.</p> <p>Rameshvaram</p> <p>The greatness of RamesvaraFormerly Vishnu, the favorite of the good, took his incarnation as Rama on the earth. Ramas wife Sita, the daughter of Janaka, was kidnapped by Ravana the wielder of great Maya and taken to his abode in Lanka. Searching for her, Rama went to the city called Kiskindha. Having alliance with Sugriva for his benefit, he killed Bali. After staying there for sometime, Rama held consultations with Laksmana, Sugriva and others to find out about Sita. The Prince Rama sent Monkeys, the chief of whom was Hanuman, to various directions in order to find out Sita. On getting the crest-jewel of Sita, Rama came to know from monkeys that Sita was in Lanka. Accompanied by Hanuman, the chief of monkeys, Laksmana, Sugriva and other monkey chiefs of great might and a vast army of monkeys, eighteen thousand billion in number, Rama reached the shores of the Southern salt ocean. Reaching there, Rama, the favorite of Siva, stationed himself on the shore, being served by monkeys and his brother, Laksmana. They had to cross the ocean knowing the fact that Raksasa of great strength and valour Ravana, up lifter of the Mountain Kailasa had resorted to his strong hold in Lanka. His son was Indrajeet, the conqueror of Indra. Rama then told his brother Laksmana that he was desirous of having water and told him to get some water quickly through some monkeys. Monkeys got sweet, cool and refreshing water for Rama. Just as Rama was about to have water, he realized that he had not yet had the sight of Siva and drinking water without his sight was not possible for him. He then drank water and performed the worship of Sivas earthen image. He worshipped Siva performing all the sixteen ancillary services like invocation etc. with devotion according to the rules. After propitiating him with obeisance, divine eulogies etc. strenuously, Rama joyously prayed to Siva with great devotion. Addressing Siva as Bhavaratna (one who takes devotees across the ocean of worldly existence), Rama expressed that ocean was very deep and Raksasa Ravana was heroic and mighty. The army of monkeys was a very fickle instrument of war. He believed that it was difficult for him to achieve his tasks resulting in pleasing acquisition. He admitted that without Sivas help, his purpose was difficult to be achieved. Ravana too was his devotee. Ravana was invincible in every respect to everyone. He was haughty due to boons granted by Siva. Ravana was a great h...</p>


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