Legal Research & Thesis Writing Syllabus

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<ul><li><p>LEGAL RESEARCH and THESIS WRITING FEU Institute of Law </p><p>First Semester, AY 2015 2016 Atty. Gwen B. Marquez </p><p>Part I Introduction to Legal Research </p><p>A. Definition of Legal Research </p><p>B. Importance of Legal Research </p><p>C. Sources of Legal Research </p><p>D. Sources of Law 1. Primary Sources 2. Secondary Sources 3. Finding Tools </p><p>Part II Introduction to Philippine Law </p><p>A. Historical Evolution of Philippine Law 1. Pre-Spanish 2. Spanish 3. American 4. Japanese 5. Philippine Republic 6. Martial law 7. Republic Revival </p><p>B. Overview of the Philippine legal system 1. Executive </p><p>President - Section 1, Article VII, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>o Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668 - Section 18, Article VII, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>o David v. Arroyo, 489 SCRA 160 Vice President Departments Bureaus </p><p>- Section 17, Article VII, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>2. Legislative - Section 1, Article VI, The 1987 Constitution - Section 26 (2), Article VI, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>o Tio v. Videogram Regulatory Board, 151 SCRA 208 </p></li><li><p>Legal Research &amp; Thesis Writing 2015 </p><p> 2 </p><p>- Section 27, Article VI, The 1987 Constitution Senate of the Philippines </p><p>- Section 2, Article VI, The 1987 Constitution House of Representatives </p><p>- Section 5 (1), Article VI, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>3. Judiciary - Section 5, Article VIII, The 1987 Constitution - Rule-making power </p><p>Supreme Court - Section 1, Article VIII, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>Court of Appeals - Section 9, Batas Pambansa Blg. 129 as amended by Republic Act No. </p><p>7902 Sandiganbayan </p><p>- Section 4, Article XI, The 1987 Constitution Court of Tax Appeals </p><p>- Section 7, Republic Act No. 1125 as amended by Republic Act No. 9282 </p><p>Regional Trial Courts - Batas Pambansa Blg. 129 </p><p>Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts in cities, Municipal Trial Courts, and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts </p><p>- Batas Pambansa Blg. 129 </p><p>4. Quasi Judicial Agencies </p><p>5. Constitutional Commissions - Article IX A, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>Civil Service Commission - Article IX B, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>Commission on Elections - Article IX C, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>Commission on Audit - Article IX D, The 1987 Constitution </p><p> 6. Local Governments </p><p> Part III Sources of Law </p><p> A. Sources of Law </p><p> Primary sources of law - recorded laws and rules enforced by the state </p><p> 1. Constitution </p><p>- Preamble - Article 7, The New Civil Code (NCC) </p><p>o Angara v. Electoral Commission, G. R. No. L-45081, July 15, 1936 </p></li><li><p>Legal Research &amp; Thesis Writing 2015 </p><p> 3 </p><p> 2. Statutes or statutory law </p><p>a. Statutes or Legislative enactments - Enactment of laws </p><p>Section 26 (2), Article VI, The 1987 Constitution Section 27, Article VI, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>- Repeal and amendment of laws - Presumption of validity - Declaration of unconstitutionality </p><p>o De Agbayani v. PNB, 28 SCRA 429 - Effectivity of laws </p><p>Article 2, NCC o Taada v. Tuvera, G. R. No. 63915, December 29, 1983 o Honasan II v. The Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the </p><p>Department of Justice, April 13, 2004 - Article 3, NCC - Article 7, NCC - Article 8, NCC </p><p>o Tawang Multipurpose Cooperative v. La Trinidad Water District, G. R. No. 166471, March 22, 2011 </p><p> b. Executive/Presidential and other issuances of the different government </p><p>agencies including GOCCs - Section 1, Chapter 1, Book III, Administrative Code - Section 2 to 7, Chapter 2, Book III, Administrative Code - Section 7, Chapter 2, Book IV, Administrative Code - Section 50, Chapter 11, Book IV, Administrative Code </p><p> c. Treaties and international agreements - Section 2, Article II, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>o Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Association of the Philippines v. Duque, G. R. No. 173034, October 9, 2007 </p><p>- Section 21, Article II, The 1987 Constitution o Bayan Muna v. Romulo, G. R. No. 159618, February 1, 2011 </p><p> d. Administrative rules and regulations e. Local ordinances and resolutions - Sections 1 to 2, Article X, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>o Magtajas v. Pryce Properties, 234 SCRA 255 - Section 16, The Local Government Code (LGC) </p><p>o City of Manila v. Laguio, G. R. No. 118127, April 12, 2005 o White Light Corporation v. City of Manila, G. R. No. 122846, </p><p>January 20, 2009 </p><p>3. Case Law or Jurisprudence - Article 4, NCC </p></li><li><p>Legal Research &amp; Thesis Writing 2015 </p><p> 4 </p><p>- Article 8, NCC o Spouses Benzonan v. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 97973, January </p><p>27, 1992 o Silverio v. Republic, G. R. No. 174689, October 19, 2007 o Re: Resolution Granting Automatic Permanent Total Disability </p><p>Benefits to Heirs of Justices and Judges Who Die in Actual Service, A.M. No. 02-12-01-SC </p><p>- Decisions Proper </p><p>- Subordinate Decisions </p><p>- Special Tribunals </p><p>- Judicial System at present 1. Trial courts of limited jurisdiction 2. Trial courts of general jurisdiction 3. Court of Appeals 4. Court of last resort </p><p> - Principles in studying case law </p><p> 1. Doctrine of Precedent 2. Stare Decisis and Res Judicata </p><p>o Ting v. Velez-Ting, G. R. No. 166562, March 31, 2009 o Philippine Farming Corporation, LTD. v. Llanos, et al., G. R. </p><p>No. L-21014 August 14, 1965 </p><p>3. Reversal of judgment and Overruling of decision - Section 4 (3), Article VIII, The 1987 Constitution </p><p>o Castro v. JBC, G. R. No. 191002, April 20, 2010 </p><p>4. Ratio Decidendi and Obiter Dictum o Obra v. Spouses Badua, G. R. No. 149125, August 9, 2007 o Office of the Ombudsman v. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. </p><p>160675, June 16, 2006 </p><p>5. Binding authority and Persuasive authority </p><p>- Forms of Decisions 1. Dispositive or Fallo and Ratio Decidendi </p><p>o Obra v. Spouses Badua, G. R. No. 149125, August 9, 2007 </p><p>2. Minute Resolutions and Decisions o Philippine Health Care Providers, Inc. v. Commissioner of </p><p>Internal Revenue, G. R. No. 167330, September 18, 2009 </p></li><li><p>Legal Research &amp; Thesis Writing 2015 </p><p> 5 </p><p> 3. Opinion and Decision </p><p>o Disini v. Secretary of Justice, G. R. No. 203335, February 11, 2014 </p><p> 4. Regulations and rulings of administrative agencies </p><p> Secondary sources of law </p><p>B. Classification by authority 1. Primary authority </p><p>a. Mandatory primary authority b. Persuasive mandatory authority </p><p>2. Secondary authority </p><p>C. Classification by source 1. Primary sources 2. Secondary sources </p><p> D. Classification by Character </p><p>1. Statute Law Books 2. Case Law Books or Law Reports 3. Combination of Stature Law Books and Case Law Books 4. Law Finders </p><p> Part IV Legal Research Process and Strategies </p><p> A. Systematic Approach to Legal Research </p><p>a. Identify and analyze the significant facts surrounding the particular problem </p><p>b. Formulate the legal issues to be researched c. Research the issues presented d. Update determine if your legal bases have been repealed, altered, or </p><p>reversed </p><p>B. Search tools and finders, legal research systems 1. Digests 2. Annotations 3. Indexes 4. Legal encyclopedias 5. Legal research systems 6. Legal knowledge management systems </p><p> C. Elements of legal research </p><p> D. Common methods of search </p><p>1. Topic method </p></li><li><p>Legal Research &amp; Thesis Writing 2015 </p><p> 6 </p><p>2. Fact word method 3. Case method 4. Dictionary method 5. Popular name method </p><p>E. Digesting cases o Keep it to a useful length but do not shortchange the facts </p><p>a. Facts b. Issues c. Ruling d. Ratio </p><p> o Orceo v. Comelec, G. R. No. 190779, March 26, 2010 o Villamaria v. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 165881, April 19, 2006 o People v. Panis, 142 SCRA 664 o People v. Ortiz-Miyake, G. R. Nos. 115338-39, September 16, 1997 o Mercidar Fishing Corporation v. NLRC, 297 SCRA 440 o Philippine Airlines v. NLRC, 302 SCRA 582 o Samson v. NLRC, G. R. No. 121035, April 12, 2000 o PAL v. NLRC, 194 SCRA 139 o Judy Philippines v. NLRC, 289 SCRA 755 o National Bookstore v. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 146741 February 27, 2002 </p><p> F. Synthesizing Cases </p><p> o Santos v. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 112019, January 4, 1995 o Chi Ming Tsoi v. Court of Appeals and Lao-Tsoi, G. R. No. 119190, January 16, 1997 o Republic v. Court of Appeals and Molina, G. R. No. 108763, February 13, 1997 o Marcos v. Marcos, G. R. No. 136490, October 19, 2000 </p><p> Part V Citations </p><p> A. Citation of statutes </p><p>1. Constitution 2. Session laws 3. Codes 4. Bills, Resolutions and Committee Reports 5. Treaties and International Agreements 6. Presidential Acts 7. Administrative Rules and Regulations 8. Ordinances 9. Court Rules </p><p> B. Citation of case law or jurisprudence </p><p>1. Case Names a. General rule b. Exceptions </p></li><li><p>Legal Research &amp; Thesis Writing 2015 </p><p> 7 </p><p>2. Case Reports a. Supreme Court decisions b. Court of Appeals decisions c. Other Courts decisions d. Administrative Decisions </p></li></ul>