Information literacy then and now
The information literacy movement & American librariesPatricia Davitt MaughanThe Teaching LibraryUniversity of California, BerkeleyU.S.A.
AgendaInformation Literacy movement in the U.S.Convergence with concept of the Teaching LibraryThe Teaching Library @ University of California, BerkeleyRecent developments in Information Literacy
Information literacy 1974Proposal to the National Commission on Libraries and Information ScienceNational goal of information literacy within a decadePaul G. Zurkowski Information Industry Association
Information literacy 1974Information literatespeople trained in the application of information resources to their work who have learned techniques and skills for utilizing a wide range of information tools as well as primary sources in molding information solutions to their problems.Paul G. ZurkowskiInformation Industry Association
A Nation at Risk 1983U.S. National Commission on Excellence in Education reportA Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reformlargely ignored the roles of libraries
The Boyer Report 1987College: The Undergraduate Experience in Americathe quality of a college is measured by resources for learning on the campus and the extent to which students become independent, self-directed learners.
Response to 1980s educational reform reportsNo mention of emerging information technologyIn response, Columbia University and U of Colorado brought together leaders in higher education and librarianship for a summit meetingQuestion how can meaningful educational reform occur without consideration of the emerging Information Society where future generations of students will live?
Information literacy 1987American Library Association (ALA) Presidential Committee on Information Literacycharge to define information literacyto determine its importance to student performance, lifelong learning, and active citizenship.
Information literacy 1989ALA Presidential Committee on Information Literacy Final Reportthe information literate person able to recognize when information is neededable to recognize what information is needed to address a given issueable to locate, evaluate and effectively use the needed information
Information literacy 1989ALA Presidential Committee on Information Literacy Final Reportnew model of learning based on information resourcesactive & integrated, not passive & fragmenteddevelop critical thinking on the part of studentscommitment beyond the library by schools & collegesto integrate the concept of information literacy into their learning programs.
National Forum on Information Literacyfocus to promote individual empowerment within the Information Societybroad based membership 75 national & international organizationsadopted ALAs definition of Information Literacymeets 3 times per year in Washington, D.C.
National Forum on Information Literacy 2
Tompkins evolution of The Teaching LibraryAmerican universities preeminent in researchundistinguished for the quality of undergraduate teaching & learningAmerican university librariespreeminent in building research collectionslargely unsuccessful in their support of undergraduate teaching & learning
The Teaching Library 1990Tompkins, Philip, New Structures for Teaching Libraries, Library Administration and Management 4 (Spring 1990), pp. 77-81envisions a new role for the university library ... a technology intensive library of the future, which has come to be called the teaching library
Tompkins The Teaching Library1960s and 1970s institutional response to the growing complexity of research libraries on U.S. campuses the separate undergraduate librarycore collection of books and journalslibrarians dedicated to teaching their use
Tompkins The Teaching Library1990s some U.S. libraries afforded the chance to plan for expansionto conceptualize a new type of library
Tompkins defining The Teaching Library an environment that will empower users to create a distinct learning culture with new roles for faculty, computer professionals, librarians and students a facility that will continue via computer courseware, information software, and print products the learning that is formally initiated in the lecture hall.Philip Tompkins Deputy University Librarian University of Southern California
Tompkins Teaching Library goals - 1unique facility to train students & faculty to acquire information the core large numbers of interactive workstationshumanizing the use of technologies
Tompkins Teaching Library goals - 2campus center & retreatencouraging group learning & studycombines traditional information with emerging learning & information technologiesprovides collections & technology for collaborationprint, electronic, graphics, animation, sound & video
Tompkins Teaching Library goals - 3gateway to more extensive library services and collections locally regionally nationally internationallystaff oriented toward supporting & enhancing technology-intensive learningcomfortable with innovationteachers & trainers
The Teaching LibraryUniversity of California, Berkeley (UCB) to bridge the gap between the classroom and the Librarys information resourcesTeaching Library mission to ensure that all graduates of the University are thoroughly familiar with the information resources and tools in their respective fields of studyprepared to conduct a search for information resources in any field of study
UC Berkeley Teaching Library Programfocus humanities & social sciencescustomized in-class presentationsteaching resources & strategies appropriate to particular coursesdrop-in workshopsFaculty Seminar seriesself-help leafletsweb design
Faculty Seminar page
Faculty Technology Program 1998 co-taught by Teaching Library, Information Technology Program & Office of Media Services staffteaching technologyweb page design courseware digital imagingparticipation doubled in 3 yearsprogress slow, incrementalspring 2000 attendance est. 38
UC Berkeley Teaching Library Organization 15.5 FTE
UC Berkeley Teaching Library OrganizationProgram coordinatorsteach faculty & students how to use a wide range of information resources collaborate with selectors, faculty & campus student support units
UC Berkeley Teaching Library OrganizationProgram coordinatorsintegrate library & information literacy instruction into appropriate points within the undergraduate curriculumdesign & provide course-integrated & drop-in instruction sessionspublicize the instructional program
UC Berkeley Teaching Library Statistics
UC Berkeley Teaching Library Instruction Statistics
Number of Sessions
UC Berkeley Teaching Library OrganizationUser research coordinatordesigns programs to better understand library users & focus library services on known user needshelps to identify user needsdescribes library users levels of information literacy and computer competency
UC Berkeley Teaching Library OrganizationTeaching Library User Research ProgramOngoing survey of Information Literacy Competencies Survey of graduating seniors (1994 )pre- and post- testing in 2-hour course-integrated instruction sessionsfold what we learn back into the re-design of library instruction programs
UC Berkeley Teaching Library OrganizationTeaching Library User Research ProgramSurvey of Faculty & Graduate Student Library Use and Satisfaction (1997)Collections and ServicesSERVQUAL Survey of Faculty and Graduate Students (Fall 2000)Strategic Planning Focus GroupsStatewide Resource for Focus Groupsinstruction moderating
UC Berkeley Teaching Library OrganizationCalifornia Heritage Project 1K-12 outreach effort teacher training in Oakland & San Francisco public schoolsbasic training in use of classroom computersMS word, web pages (Netscape Composer), Internet searching, saving images & editing with Photoshop
UC Berkeley Teaching Library OrganizationCalifornia Heritage Project 2training in use of primary resources to teach history & social sciencesCalifornia Heritage databases of historical images, Library of Congress American Memory Collection, National Archivestraining in historical analysissynthesizing, interpretive & evaluative skills training
UC Berkeley Teaching Library CA Heritage Projects
Information Literacy recent developments1996/1997 California Association of Research Libraries Statement of Principles for Information Literacy criteriarevised existing WASC accreditation standardsrecommended institutional information literacy assessment plans1997 Association of College & Research Librariesformed the Institute for Information Literacy
Information Literacy recent developments1998 American Libraries Associationupdated 1989 Presidential Commission on Information Literacy Report2000 American Libraries Association/Association of College & Research Libraries (ALA/ACRL)approved revised draft of Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher EducationMiddle American States Commission on Higher Education distributed as resources for evaluatorsformally endorsed by American Association of Higher Education (AAHE)
ACRL Information Literacy Competency StandardsInformation literacylower order skillshigher order skills
Whats needed to undertake information literacy training by the Library?Strong commitment from the institutionstrong commitment from library administrationproficiency in teaching, technology & assessment among library staffa faculty who will partner with librarians and other information handling professionals
Challenge for the 21st CenturyInstructional librarians must develop rhetorical & political skillsto persuade faculty & administrators that there is a coherent set of intellectual skills in information seeking that can be taught and evaluatedcan be dovetailed with the larger goals of the institution
Implications for Teaching Librariansteachingfaculty developmentoutreach/advocacyassessment
Endnote information literacy must be seen as a concept inextricably connected to the improvement of the undergraduate curriculum and not just the hobbyhorse of librarians information literacy when it is narrowly conceived will continue to be viewed ... as a peripheral activity unless it is an integral component of the teaching and learning process. Broadly construed, information literacy should be seen as a strategy for improving a students ability to learn how to learn.Howard L. Simmons The Challenge and Practice of Academic Accreditation