1. OPEN SOURCE , INFORMATION LITERACY AND ALBANIAN LIBRARIES Athina Basha email@example.com Tirana, Albania 3-4 May 2014
2. OVERVIEW The presentation will cover some findings on the : The new paradigm and how to deal with it, What is Information Literacy State of understanding of Media and Information Literacy, State of infrastructure in different libraries in Albania Open sources and the role of libraries and other related institutions on how to assist all levels of users and academic staff in using information properly in professional and daily life decisions, Some recommendations. Keywords : Libraries, Open Sources, Media and Information Literacy, Life Long Learning, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Library Infrastructure, Training, Curricula.
3. INFORMATION LITERACY IN ALBANIA: The Role of Libraries in Fostering and Practicing Policies of Literacy, Life Long Learning and Information Literacy Education Master thesis Thesis Supervisor: Assist. Prof. Polona Vilar Athina Basha (Furxhi) Co-supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Ivanka Stricevic Ljubljana 2014 UNIVERSITY OF LJUBLJANA FACULTY OF ARTS DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE AND BOOK STUDIES
4. New Paradigm of Information Literacy Is clear to all now that computers, Internet and the supportive infrastructure have changed significantly the way information is stored and transmitted. But in order to have full benefit of the potential the information has, it is not enough to have the skills for using computer and media devices. Here comes the new paradigm of information literacy. (Horton, 2008).
5. Why to explore IL understanding in Albania ? When we started No articles or research in Albanian language on IL No official agreement on the IL term No formal information and library education programmes at the university level 40 years of world experience in IL , what about Albania? Basic human right-access to information Basic life and IL skills=economy grow, poverty decline Adopting to dev. of Info Age requires high degree of IL skills OECD research in 20 dev. countries, 1 in 4 do not posses IL skills
6. Information Literacy (IL) & Life Long Learning (LLL) IL is more than a set of skills, it is a process Facilitates social inclusion through education To meet the continuous changes in work methods IL skills facilitate academic success, labor market IL people have learned how to learn IL people know how knowledge is organized, how to find information and how to use information in such a way that others can learn from them. IL people are prepared for LLL, because they can always find the information needed for any task of decision at hand
7. Information Literacy means the set of skills, attitudes and knowledge to know when information is needed, to help solve a problem or make a decision, how to articulate that information need in searchable terms and language, search efficiently for the information, retrieve it, interpret and understand it, organize it, evaluate its credibility and assess its relevance, communicate it to others if necessary, utilize it to accomplish bottom-line purposes
8. Literature Review THE INFORMATION LITERACY CONCEPT & FINDINGS Paul Zurkowski (1974): IL is the catch phrase for the entire trans literacy system that includes Visual, Digital, Media, Cultural, Critical, 21st Century Workplace, Metal, Mobile, Global etc. Bangkok Thailand Findings Australia The American Association of School Libraries (AASL) UK-England-The Leeds University Library (2012) Padua University
9. Literature Review IL Practices and Findings Examples: Regional UNESCO-CEI workshop in Ljubljana (2006) TT Workshop in Ankara (2008) most of the countries in the region do not have specific IL policies and strategies with few exceptions (Slovenia, Croatia, Turkey), the majority of the universities in South-East European countries do not provide Information Literacy courses or programmes for acquiring basic information competencies for their students... an insufficient focus on IL in education; an insufficient support for the library sector; limited cross-country, regional and global cooperation; a lack of firm evidence of existing IL skill levels; and poor Information Literacy skills in the workplace
10. Padua University according to Ferrante (2012): In 2011 about 900 students were trained in library resources and research activity facilities andfor the first time the Library System of Padua University is offering Information Literacy classes and not just induction classes. For the first time an Academic Library is able to issue a kind of licence: the Library gives a pass, a minimal but mandatory permit that allows the student to start his research with his supervisor.
11. Ideally, one should become information literate, and practice those habits and skills over ones entire lifetime. In short, Information Literacy must not be seen as standing alone, as if it were some arcane technical subject that one could learn and then forget about. Also, literacy should not be viewed as a single high point on a scale of learning that can be reached, like scaling a ladder, and then the learner can sit back and feel content and self-satisfied because a personal goal has been reached. Rather, there is no upper limit to literacy because it is a continuum, more like a voyage that must be undertaken over ones lifetime (Horton, 2008).
12. UNDERSTANDING INFORMATION LITERACY
13. Technology and media preferences: results from some user studies in Albanian public libraries. Time : Surveys conducted in Fier Public Library + few libraries in Tirana during 1995-2012 Focus: Study the state of awareness on MIL The role of libraries in increasing their capacity in fostering use of technology Media and practicing polices of LLL and education
14. The Role of Libraries in the Technology Era Surveys conducted in Fier Public Library + few libraries in Tirana during 1995-2012 Survey New Service for Children Preference survey Shaping Our Opinions Library Infrastructure
15. The Role of Libraries in the Technology Era The surveys done in Fier Public Library and few libraries in Tirana during 1995-2012, will bring a contribution to a greater understanding of the situation in most of the public libraries in Albania and the impact that information, media, and new technologies have in our daily life.
16. Results show that Albania needs : a better understanding of the Information Literacy concept, its benefits and requirements, the integration of IL in curricula, creating the right infrastructure in schools and libraries to support the new technologies and take the utmost care for further education and training of the librarians , teachers library users. National Plan and strategies Etc.
17. Sektori i librit shqip Albaninan book departementSektori i gjuhes se huaj Foreing book departementSektori I femijeve Childrens departementQendra e Informacionit dhe e Trajnimit Information & Training Center BIBLIOTEKAT NDRTOJN KOMUNITETIN. Komuniteti ushqen familjet. Familjet forcojn vlerat. Vlerat pasurojn jetn. Jeta krkon lirin. Liria respekton dijen. Dija ushqen t kuptuarit. T kuptuarit prodhon ide. Idet mbshtesin komunitetet. Komunitetet kan nevoj pr bibliotekat. BIBLIOTEKAT NDRTOJN KOMUNITETIN. ALA 1999 LIBRARIES BUILD COMMUNITY Communities nourish families. Families strengthen values. Values enrich life. Life seeks freedom. Freedom respects knowledge. Knowledge feeds understanding. Understanding generates ideas. Ideas sustain communities. Communities need libraries. LIBRARIES BUILD COMMUNITY. ALA1999
18. Information and Training Center: A Turning Point for Modern Standards Realised in 2003 in Fier Public Library
19. Information and Training Center: A Turning Point for Modern Standards Purpose and Objectives: The purpose of the Public Library of Fier is to: provide citizens and community groups with free access to information; train citizens on new technologies; create new human capacities to use technology; to encourage active citizen participation in decision-making; to facilitate use of the library as a center of community learning, so that information and technology will be available to all people, regardless of economic status.
20. Why is the Public Library of Fier a suitable place for the implementation of the Information Center? For years, the library has been interested in having an information center. It was a challenge to establish one in Fier. Information Centre is the next logical step in the evolving role of the library. We offer citizens open access to all materials in all of the departments (open access was previously not the norm in our and in other public libraries in Albania). The library has suitable space and furniture. The permanent site of the library is very favorably located on the main street and 5 minutes walking from the city center.
21. Why is the Public Library of Fier a suitable place for the implementation of the Information Center? About 300 people visit the library every day. The community is interested in more information printed and electronic materials (according to the 2002 Survey) The library has good relations with local government, Department of Education, NGOs, media, Information Office of the Municipality Hall. The library conforms to the Law of Libraries (Year 2000). The library is a source of pride for the community.
22. Partnership with local schools to improve learning proccess and teacher training, using CDs, video and Internet to illustrate different methods of learning Traditional Story time, combined with digital information Improvement in the quality of traditional activities through introduction of electronic information. P
23. Employment training and opportunities Distance learning and correspondence courses ETC. Information for education opportunities in universities in Albania, as well as abroad Information and Training Center offers useful information on: Local institutions and agencies Health
24. To increase the number of people using the library To increase the communitys awareness of their right to useful information in their daily lives
25. Fier Public Library Albania The childrens section has about 30,000 books in Albanian and foreign languages. A successful activity in this section is Story Time.
26. Electronic Resources for Albania
28. What about Albania & the Future of Electronic Resources? people everywhere can create, access, utilize and share information and knowledge, to achieve their full potential and to attain the internationally agreed development goals and objectives
29. People can be information literate in the absence of ICT, but the volume and variable quality of digital information, and its role in knowledge societies, has highlighted the need for all people to achieve Information Literacy skills. For people to use IL within a knowledge society, both access to information and the c...