Hermeneutics – part 2. New Life Fellowship. What is hermeneutics?. Methods for r eading, studying, & interpreting the Bible. Why do We need Hermeneutics?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Hermeneutics part 2New Life FellowshipWhat is hermeneutics?Methods for reading, studying, & interpreting the Bible
Why do We need Hermeneutics?Everyone already has a system of hermeneutics, i.e., a system for reading, interpreting, and understanding. The issue is not whether to have one or not, but whether to have a GOOD set of hermeneutics or not!Why do We need Hermeneutics?Culturally, most Americans have developed bad reading and interpretive habits. Also, we have bad interpretive theories underlying our popular hermeneutics (i.e., they are relativistic).Why do We need Hermeneutics?Gods Word is written TO us THROUGH another people, language, culture, and historical context. We need good hermeneutics to interpret the through part of Gods revelation in order not to distort the to part!The basis of our interpretive understandingONE interpretation, SEVERAL applicationsThe basis of our interpretive understandingONE interpretation, SEVERAL applicationsThe basis of our interpretive understandingDont pull the text through your own interpretive keyhole!The basis of our interpretive understandingDont pull the text through your own interpretive keyhole!The basis of our interpretive understandingMeaning is determined by the author, not the text, and not the reader!The basis of our interpretive understandingMeaning is determined by the author, not the text, and not the reader!Why do We need Hermeneutics?To take hold of the gold, you must mine mindfully!Why do We need Hermeneutics?To take hold of the gold, you must mine mindfully!Why do We need Hermeneutics?So how do we mine mindfully?
Step 1: Avoiding the trap of our interpretive keyhole
The focus of both the Old and the New Testaments is on the fulfillment of Gods plan, not on our own individual plansRealigning with Gods planPersonal fulfillment as individual Christians is a byproduct of fulfilling our role within Gods people, the church!Realigning with Gods planThe emphasis of the Bible is not on individual rights or fulfillment, but on the unity of Gods people
Before asking how the Bible applies to us, we must first ask:What is God doing in history?How can I better understand and align with what God is doing?DiscussWhat do you think is the danger of losing our sense of history when we read the Bible? How would the different worldviews affect the kinds of questions we bring to the Bible?
What do you think about the idea of finding fulfillment in Gods plan, rather than personal satisfaction in living?Discovering meaningRead the Bible from a birds-eye view, not a worms eye view!
Old Testament GenresBooks of the Old TestamentHistorical NarrativeGenesis, Exodus, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings, 1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, EstherLawGenesis, Exodus, Numbers, Leviticus, Deuteronomy*WisdomJob, Proverbs, EcclesiastesPoetry (& Psalms)Psalms, Songs of Solomon, LamentationsProphecyIsaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, MalachiNew Testament GenresBooks of the New TestamentHistorical NarrativeMatthew, Mark, Luke, John, ActsEpistlesRomans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 & 2 Peter, 1-3 John, JudeApocalypticRevelationSignificance of background information varies with genre
Culture & HistoryCulture = values, beliefs, mannerisms, people / people groupsWays of relating and looking at the world that its members share and that provide the framework for all communication
History = events & placesUsually the events of history give rise to the culture at handCrossing cultureSome advice for Japanese tourists traveling to the U.S.:3. Youll be pleasantly surprised by American traffic patterns.5. They have free time all week long!6. Knowing how to use sarcasm is a must to communicate with an American.7. They tend to horse laugh, even the women. Its how they show theyre honest.10. But darn it all, theyre so weirdly optimistic you just cant stay irritated at them!Crossing CultureHow would you characterize our church culture?What sort of cultural baggage do we tend to bring to Christian living, church life, or reading the Bible?Crossing cultureModern WestAncient Near EastEgo-centric identityGroup-centric identitySelf is independent entitySelf is organically interlocked with othersPrimary responsibility to selfPrimary obligation to groupEqualityHierarchyStatus is achievedStatus is ascribed/inheritedFriendships are functionalFriendships are long-term obligationsStrong desire to be personally satisfiedStrong desire to be satisfyingPersonal decisions made by selfPersonal decisions submitted to group consultation or leaders willUniquenessConformityCompetition is motivationalCompetition is disruptivemundane bits of culture can flesh out our understandingWhere was Jesus Christ born?A manger in Bethlehem?What manger?mundane bits of culture can flesh out our understanding
LUKE 2:7And shegave birth to her firstborn son; and she wrapped Him in cloths, and laid Him in amanger, because there was no room for them in the inn.katalumaDifferences in Bible TranslationsNote the translations of the difficult term sarx (flesh) in Galatians 5:24:
Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. (NASV)Literal Translations (Pass on the difficulty to the reader) New American Standard Bible the flesh King James Bible/New King James Bible the flesh Revised Standard Version/New Revised Standard Version the flesh Dynamic Equivalent Translations (Find equivalent concept in English) New International Version (until 2011 version!) the sinful nature New Living Translation of their sinful nature New English Bible the lower nature Revised English Bible the old nature New Jerusalem Bible self Paraphrases (Seek to bring maximum clarity with additional words) Todays English Version (Good News Bible) their human nature Living Bible their natural evil desires Phillips their old nature The Message everything connected with getting our own way and mindlessly responding to what everyone else calls necessities The translation Spectrum
5 Steps for interpreting a biblical passageIdentify the genre.State your initial understanding or hypothesis of the passages main idea.Make observations about the context of the passage in 4 categories: literary, grammatical, historical, and cultural.Interpret the meaning of the passage as you meditate on the passage with the observations you made.Apply the passage to yourself and to those around you.Lets try it!Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they may ask,it shall be done for themby My Father who is in heaven.For where two or three have gathered together in My name,I am there in their midst.What is your Initial Hypothesis?Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they may ask,it shall be done for themby My Father who is in heaven.For where two or three have gathered together in My name,I am there in their midst.
Hypothesis: If two or more believers pray together in Jesus name, then God will grant the prayer because Jesus is with them.Matthew 18:19-20Genre: New Testament Gospel NarrativeHypothesis: If two or more believers pray together in Jesus name, then God will grant the prayer because Jesus is with them.Top-Down to Matthew 18Book of MatthewNarrative (13:53-17:27)Jesus transfigurationHeals demonized boyPredicts death & resurrectionPays the temple tax
Discourse (18:1-35)Discussion of relationships in the church: specifically dealing with sinNarrative (19:1-22:46)Questions of divorce and remarriageBlesses the childrenRich young man / cost of discipleship18:1-6Who is the greatest?18:7-9Causing others to stumble18:10-14 Wandering Sheep18:15-20Confronting sin18:16-35 Forgiving your brotherMatthew 18:15-2015If your brother sins, go andshow him his faultin private; if he listens to you, you have won your brother.16But if he does not listento you, take one or two more with you, so thatby the mouth of two or three witnesses everyfact may be confirmed.17If he refuses to listen to them,tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church,let him be to you asa Gentile anda tax collector.18Truly I say to you,whatever youbind on earthshall have been bound in heaven; and whatever youloose on earthshall have been loosed in heaven.19Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they may ask,it shall be done for themby My Father who is in heaven.20For where two or three have gathered together in My name,I am there in their midst.
LiteraryGrammaticalHistoricalCulturalRepetition: two and three, conditional if, listensInstrumentation: progression in 3 steps Listens = won your brotherContrast: bind & loose"Continuation: again I sayCausation: gathered > in their midstGo and show (verbs) his fault (noun) in private (adverb)Verbs: bring witnesses, tell to churchevery & anything within contextagree on decisiongathered together to decide on disciplineTime of book of Matthews writing (post-church?)Surrounding events: Christian persecution?Brotherin privatetwo and three = witnesses (Deut 19)church = Jew + Gentile, male & femaleHeaven & earthname = fame, authorityCapernaum in GalileeMatthew the tax collectorHow should we Interpret the passage?Jesus conveys the importance of ch