Helmintos - Laboratorio Microbiología Blog ?· Loa loa 13.00 West and ... oLoa loa (African eye worm)…

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  • Parasitic Disease Number of Infections (millions) Morbidity (%) Mortality (number)

    (%)

    Ascariasis 1,472 23 60,000 0.004

    Hookworm infections 1,298 12 65,000 0.005

    Lymphatic filariasis 120 37

    Onchocerciasis 18 4.2 45,000 0.25

    Schistosomiasis 200 10 20,000 0.01

    Trichuriasis 1,049 21 10,000 0.001

  • Helminthspecies Numbers(millions) DistributionAncylostomaduodenaleandNecatoramericanus 1,298.00 Worldwide;developingcountriesAscarislumbricoides 1,472.00 Worldwide;developingcountriesBrugiamalayiandBrugiatimori 13.00 E.Indonesiaislands;Philippines;S.E.Asia;SouthernChina;India.Clonorchissinensis 7.01 China;Korea;Taiwan;VietnamDiphyllobothriumlatum 9.00 Worldwidewherecertainrawfishiseaten.Dracnunculusmedinensis 0.08 Sub-SaharaAfrica;YemenEchinococcusgranulosusandEchinococcusmultilocularis 2.70 WorldwideEchinostomaspp. 0.15 Philippines;ThailandFasciolahepaticaandFasciolagigantica 2.40 China;Egypt;Europe;Iran;SouthAmericaFasciolopsisbuski 0.21 Bangladesh;Cambodia;China;India;Indonesia;Laos;Thailand;Vietnam.Heterophyesheterophyes(andrelatedspecies) 0.24 Egypt;Iran;KoreaHymenolepisnana 75.00 Americas;Australia;developingcountriesLoaloa 13.00 WestandcentralSub-SaharanAfricaMetagonimusyokogawai(andrelatedspecies) 0.66 Korea;S.E.Asia.Onchocercavolvulus 17.66 CentralandSouthAmerica;Sub-SaharanAfrica;YemenOpisthorchisviverriniandOpisthorchisfelineus 10.33 Kazakhastan;Laos;Thailand;UkraineParagonimuswestermani(andrelatedspecies) 20.68 China;Laos;Korea;Ecuador;PeruSchistosomahaematobium 113.88 Africa;E.MediterraneanregionSchistosomaintercalatum 1.73 Sub-SaharanAfricaSchistosomajaponicum 1.55 China;WesternPacificregionSchistosomamansoni 83.31 Africa;Caribbean;E.MediterraneanregionSchistosomamekongi 0.91 Cambodia;LaosStrongyloidesstercoralis 70.00 Worldwide(warmercountries)Taeniasaginata 77.00 Worldwide(relatedtobeefconsumption)Taeniasolium 10.00 Worldwide(relatedtoraisingpigsforpork)Trichuristrichiura 1,049.00 Worldwide;developingcountriesWuchereriabancrofti 107.00 Asia;CentralandSouthAmerica;Sub-SaharanAfrica;WestPacificcountries

  • Phylum Nematoda (the roundworms) Class Aphasmida (=Enoplea)

    oOrder Dioctophymatida oFamily Dioctophymatidae

    oDioctophyme renale oFamily Eustrongylidae

    oEustrongylides tubifex oOrder Trichurida

    oFamily Capillaridae oCapillaria hepatica oCapillaria philippinensis

    oFamily Trichinellidae oTrichinella spiralis (trichinosis, trichinellosis)

    oFamily Trichuridae Trichuris spp. (whipworms)

  • Class Rhabditae oOrder Rhabditidae

    oStrongyloides stercoralis oOrder Strongylida

    oFamily Ancylostomidae oAncylostoma spp. (hookworms) oNecator americanus (hookworms) o(see, also, cutaneuous larval migrans, CLM)

    oPlacoconus (= Arthrocephalus) sp. oFamily Angiostrongylidae

    oAngiostrongylus cantonensis FamilyTrichostongyloidaeCooperiaspp.

    oHaemonchus spp. oNematodirus spp. oObeliscoides cuniculi oOstertagia spp. oTrichostongylus spp.

    oOrder Ascaridida oAscaris spp. (human and pig roundworms) oToxocara canis (canine roundworms) o(see, also, visceral larval migrans, VLM)

    oBaylisascaris procyonis oAnisakis spp.

    oOrder Oxyurida

  • oEnterobius vermicularis (pinworms) oCosmocerella sp.

    oOrder Spirurida oSuborder Spirurina

    oFamily Onchocercidae oBrugia malayi (brugian filariasis, elephantiasis) oDirofilaria immitis (canine heartworm) oLoa loa (African eye worm) oOnchocerca volvulus (onchocerciasis, riverblindness) oWuchereria bancrofti (bancroftian filariasis, elephantiasis)

    oFamily Rhabdochonidae oSpinitectus sp.

    oSuborder Camallanina oFamily Camallanidae

    oCamallanus oxycephalus oFamily Dracunculidae

    oDracunculus medinensis (guinea worm, fiery serpent) oPhilometra cylindracea

  • PhylumPlathyhelminthes(theflatworms)Class Turbellaria

    oOrder Neorhabdocoela oTemnocephala sp.

    Class Monogenea (the monogenetic trematodes) oSubclass Monopisthocotylea

    oGyrodactylus sp. oTetraonchus sp.

    oSubclass Polyopisthocotylea oMicrocotyle sp. oOctomacrum sp. oPolystoma sp. oPolystomoides sp. oRajonchocotyle sp.

    Class Trematoda oSubclass Aspidogastrea

    oAspidogaster sp. oCotylaspis sp.

    oSubclass Digenea (the digenetic trematodes) oOrder Paramphistomiformes

    oFamily Microscaphidiidae oDictyangium sp.

    oFamily Notocotylidae oNotocotylus notocotylus

    oFamily Paramphistomidae oMegalodiscus temperatus oWatsonius sp. oZygocotyle lunata

    oOrder Hemiuriformes oFamily Azygiidae

    oProterometra sp. oOrder Echinostomatiformes

    oFamily Echinostomatidae oEchinostoma spp.

    oFamily Fasciolidea oFasciola hepatica (the sheep liver fluke) oFascioloides magna oFasciolopsis buski

    oFamily Rhopaliasidae oRhopalias sp.

    oOrder Strigeiformes oFamily Brachylaemidae

    oLeucochloridium sp. o(see Urogonimus sp., also)

    oPostharmostomum helicis Urogonimus (= Leucochoridium ?) dryobatae

  • oFamily Bucephalidae oRhipidocotyle sp.

    oFamily Diplostomatidae oDiplostomulum sp. oUvulifer ambloplitis ("black spot" in fish)

    oFamily Strigeidae oCotylurus sp.

    oFamily Schistosomatidae oSchistosoma spp. (the schistosomes or blood flukes)

    oOrder Opisthorchiformes oFamily Cryptogonimidae

    oAcetodextra sp. oAllochanthochasmus sp.

    oFamily Opisthorchiidae oClonorchis sinensis (the oriental or Chinese liver fluke) oMetorchis conjunctus

    oFamily Heterophyidae oApophallus sp. oHeterophyes heterophyes oMetagonimus yokogawai

    oOrder Lepocreadiiformes oFamily Lepocreadiidae

    oApocreadium sp. oOrder Plagiorchiformes

    oSuborder Plagiorchiata oFamily Allocreadiidae oAllocreadium sp. oCrepidostomum sp.

    oFamily Auridistomidae oAuridistomum sp.

    oFamily Cephalogonimidae oCephalogonimus sp.

    oFamily Dicrocoeliidae oConspicuum sp. oDicrocoelium dendriticum (the lancet fluke) oEurytrema pancreaticum oLutztrema sp. oPlatynostomum sp. oZonorchis sp.

    oFamily Haematoloechidae oHaematoloechus medioplexus (frog lung fluke)

  • oFamily Lecithodendriidae oLoxogenes sp. oParabascus sp.

    oFamily Lissorchiidae oLissorchis fairporti oTriganodistomum sp.

    oFamily Macroderoididae oAlloglossidium corti

    oFamily Microphallidae oMicrophallus sp.

    oFamily Plagiorchiidae oStyphlodora sp.

    oFamily Pleorchiidae oPleorchis sp.

    oFamily Prosthogonimidae oProsthogonimus macrorchis

    oFamily Telorchiidae oTelorchis sp.

    oSuborder Troglotremata oFamily Troglotrematidae

    oParagonimus westermani (human lung fluke)

  • Class Cestoidea oSubclass Cestodaria

    oGyrocotyle sp. oSubclass Eucestoda (the tapeworms)

    oOrder Caryophyllidea oGlaridacris catastomus

    oOrder Cyclophyllidea oChoanotaenia sp. oDipylidium caninum (cucumber tapeworm) oEchinococcus granulosus oEchinococcus multilocularis o(see, also, hydatid disease)

    oHymenolepis spp. oHymenolepis diminuta oHymenolepis (Vampirolepis) nana (dwarf tapeworm) oMesocestoides sp. oMoniezia expansa oMulticeps serialis (see T. serialis) oTaenia spp. (pork and beef tapeworms of humans)

    o(see, also, cysticercosis) oTaenia pisiformis (canine tapeworm) oTaenia serialis

    oOrder Proteocephalata oCorallobothrium sp.

  • oOphiotaenia sp. oProteocephalus sp.

    oOrder Pseudophyllidea oBothriocephalus sp. oDiplogonoporus grandis oDiphyllobothrium latum (broad fish tapeworm) o(see, also, sparganosis)

    oHaplobothrium sp. oLigula intestinalis oTriaenophorus crassus

    oOrder Tetraphyllidea Order Trypanorhyncha

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