q Farm development is part of the economic development that is gearedto increase revenue, welfare, standard of living, and independence ofcattle farmers, and in order to achieve food sufficiency.
q Dairy cows are dairy cattle, as well as cattle that produce meat.
q Dairy development in Indonesia is very important because of its vitalrole in improving the quality and competitiveness of Human Resources(HR) nations in the current global era.T
q he 1945 Constitution mandates that the Government of Indonesia mindsof the people, the Government has an obligation to provide food ofanimal origin that are highly nutritious in an amount sufficient,affordable, safe and lawful
q Dairy cows population in Indonesia is 518.649 heads with fresh milk production 835,1 ton in 2015 (Livestock Statistics 2015)
q National milk consumption in 2015 is less than 15 L / cap/year, and much lower than the consumption of milk ASEAN countries that reached 25 L/cap/year.
q Looking from the distribution of milk production turns out to 99.31% is produced in Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi while contributing to respectively 0.34%, 0.10% Kalimantan and Bali, NTT, NTB amounted to 0.02%.
q It shows the very real imbalance between the production of fresh milk produced on the island of Java and islands in Indonesia.
q Imports of dairy products continued to increase although the majority will be used as raw material for processed milk.
Milk Consumption and Production 2012 - 2015
Source: Statistics of Indonesia. Livestock Statistics 2016, Blue Print of Milk Sector 2013-2025
Information:Demand for milk to meet the needs of domestic consumption increased by an average 12% per year.The growth of domestic production of fresh milk (SSDN) is only about 4%.There was a decrease in 2013 of about 18% from 2012 due to the dairy cow population is down because a lot of cut to meet the needs of fresh beef.
No Description Year
2012 2013 2014 2015
Population (people) 245,425,000 248,818,000 252,165,000 255,881,000
Percapitaconsumption (L/cap/year) 11 12 13 15
Totalconsumption (ton) 2,699,675 2,985,816 3,278,145 3,838,215
Dairycowspopulation (head) 611,939 444,266 502,516 518,649
Localproduction (ton) 959,700 786,900 800,800 835,100
Import(ton) 1,739,975 2,198,916 2,477,345 3,003,115
3 Supply share
Localproduct 0.36 0.26 0.24 0.22
Import 0.64 0.74 0.76 0.78
Issues in Indonesian Dairy Sector
Import 3 million tonnes / year of fresh milk equivalent (78%)in the form Skim Milk Powder, Whole Milk Powder, Anhydrous Milk Fat, Buttermilk Powder
Milk DemandMilk Processing
Industry3.8 million tons / year
(Equivalent to fresh milk)
Indonesian Dairy Sector
Powderedmilk Liquid milk Yoghurt
National milk consumption 15 kg / capita / year under Brunei 129.1 kg / cap / yr, Malaysia 36.2 kg / cap / yr, Myanmar 26.7 kg / cap / yr, Vietnam 12.1 kg / cap / yr
The increasing trend of consumption affected by rising per capita income and the number of middle class
Strengthen the industrial processing of milk-based SSDN
Local fresh milk30%
Import of Industrial Raw
Issues:1. Low dairy cows population Cows ownership 2-3 cows/farmer Considered as subsistence business
2. Low productivity (on average 11 L/day) Land for forage is limited High price of concentrate Lack of management and infrastruture Low quality of milk, result in low farm gate price
3. Institutional The role of cooperatives is not maximized the
interests of farmers
Strategies to Improve MilkProductivity
Deskripsi 2016 Target 2019(Realistic)Target 2019 (Optimist) Unit
Number of dairy famers 90.000 90.000 90.000 farmer
Cows ownership 3-4 4-5* 5-6* Cow/farmer
Cows population 300.000 360.000 480.000 cow
Number of lactating cows 150.000 180.000 240.000 cow
Productivity 10-12 14 15 Ltr/day/cow
Milk production 600.000 990.000 1.350.000 ton/year
Total Plate Count (TPC) 2 million
Imported Milk3 million ton/year equivalent fresh milk(78% of national demand)
Threat Threats to the independence and food sovereignty
(influence on employment, investment, etc.)
SolusiIncrease the independence of Indonesia IPS uses a minimum of 20% SSDN (local fresh milk):
Short Term Policy Increasing the number of dairy cattle per farmer
from 2 into 5 cows/farmer through the help of cages, feed, seed, etc.
Costs of good sold guarantee regulation of milk (Rp7,000 / liter)
Corporate Social Responsibility IPS Regulatory obligations IPS uses 20% SSDN
Mid term Policy Coaching application of good farming practice to
improved quality of SSDN Increased production through genetic
improvement of dairy cattle Revitalization cooperative dairy farmers IPS encourage investment outside Java
Indicators Increased total dairy cows Increased integrated dairy
industry Growing IPS10% per year
2. Developing a partnership of farmers / cooperatives and IPS
Indicators The increasing number of
supply SSDN to IPS Increased scale livestock
1. Development of Mega Farm / Dairy Industry Integrated integrated with the farm (now only 2 companies)
STRATEGIES FOR INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY DAIRY CATTLE POPULATION CONDUCTED by DGLHS
Maintaining female calf on farmers / cooperatives Rearing BPTU Build / develop a good rearing in UPT / D, cooperatives,
groups of farmers Guidance on farmers, groups, cooperative Strengthening of venture capital groups in order rearing
2. Imported Heifers
3.Development of new production centre
1. Maintain heifers for calfrearing
Preparation of master plan development of dairy farm businesses
Facilitation of facilities and infrastructure management in every production chain
PMUK to increase the cattle population and groups Dairy cattle business development outside Java Island that
integration of upstream and downstreamCreating a business climate that is conducive to the development of milk processing industries outside Java island
Subsidized credit facilitation (KKPE) for groups, cooperativesor companies
Import dairy cows to the province of West Sumatra, NorthSumatra, West Java, Central Java, East Java, South Sulawesi,was developed to groups of farmers
Procurement of superior dairy cows to be developed in UPT
B. PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS
ET policies directed to form a superior cattle breeding focused on UPT or private / cooperative which has been managed very well
Embryos used, prioritized on the purification of dairy cows through in vivo and in vitro embryos.
1.Optimalisation ofArtificial Insemination(AI) and EmbryoTransfer (ET)
Tests to improve the genetic quality of dairy cows (milkproduction) through the production of children of malecandidates. The goal is to produce superior male dairycows that have high adaptability, fits with Indonesia agro-climatic conditions, and reduce dependence on importsof superior male.
2. Zuriat Test
Implementation of data base applications dairy cowscomputerized system to support the provision of datathat is accurate, relevant and easy to use by farmers,officials and other stakeholders
3.Application of SISI
Construction of mini feed mill to produce green feed,concentrates and other feed ingredients.4 Feed availability
Will be carried out through the handling of livestock reproductionstatus, the equipment will meet the adequate veterinary services.(Medical Vet, Paramedic, PKB, ATR, inseminator)
5. Herd health management
the application of production methods and handling of dairy hygiene(good handling practices / GHP)
provision of means of production and handling of fresh milk (TPS) Preparation of reward and punishment system The implementation of mandatory SNI fresh milk Zoonotic disease control (brucellosis and tuberculosis)
6. Improved safety and quality of fresh milk
7. Communication, information and education of consumption of fresh milk
Socialization to drink milk, especially in children of school age Coordination with other ministries, the Ministry of Education, Youth
and Sports, Health and Trade Promotion through print and electronic media Coordination with the LG Provincial / District / City
AGRIBUSINESS DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES DAIRY CATTLE OUT OF JAVA
q Dairy cattle business is labor intensive so it can absorb the workforce, as well as to generate economic activities in the countryside.
q Value ratio of domestic milk consumption with lower imported products, opening up opportunities to increase domestic milk production to meet the needs of the national dairy.
q Sumatra, Sulawesi and Kalimantan is rich with ruminant feed, as well as land that is still roomy enough there are also appropriate areas for dairy development.
q Rapid population growth, especially children of school age, the main consumers of dairy products and increasing public awareness of nutrition resulted in increased consumption of milk, so that the marketing potential is still wide open.
q In some of the new centers of dairy cows outside Java, culture milk-based foods (danke in South Sulawesi, curds in North Sumatra and West Sumatra), sufficient potential for development.