Climate change, forest governance and REDD+ in Cambodia ... series on climate change, forest governance and REDD+ in Cambodia Pheakkdey Nguon Lecturer, Department of International Studies Royal University of

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  • Climate change, forest governance and REDD+ in Cambodia:

    workshop series for university students

    From February 15 to June 21, 2014

    Coordinated by: Nguon Pheakkdey Lecturer, Department of International Studies

    Royal University of Phnom Penh

  • Workshop series on climate change, forest governance and REDD+ in Cambodia Pheakkdey Nguon

    Lecturer, Department of International Studies Royal University of Phnom Penh

    Introduction The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has been making significant progress at national and

    subnational level on the development and implementation of REDD+, an international policy that

    aims at addressing climate change through improved forest governance in developing countries.

    The RGC has also involved various groups of stakeholders including civil society organizations and

    private sector to work in partnership with the government on REDD+. There has been a variety of

    awareness raising activities that have been conducted by different institutions, in particular the

    Cambodia REDD+ Taskforce Secretariat, for various groups of stakeholders. However, this line of

    work has been limited for the academic community, especially for students who might be interested

    in pursuing REDD+ as a thesis topic. For example, there is no program at national universities such

    as the Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP) or the Royal University of Agriculture (RUA) that

    prepares or even introduces students to the development and implementation of REDD+ policies

    and projects in Cambodia.

    Therefore, to bridge this current gap, a series of workshops (total 10) on REDD+, forest governance

    and climate change was conducted from February 15 to June 21, 2014 at the Department of

    International Studies, Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP). This workshop series attracted

    about 35 students from various departments of the RUPP and the RUA. The NGO Forum on

    Cambodia provided the financial supports to cover the arrangement and refreshment for each

    workshop. Overall, the goals of this workshop series were to:

    1. Introduce students to the development and implementation of REDD+ in Cambodia 2. Encourage students to explore this area of work (forest governance, REDD+, and climate

    change) as potential topics for their undergraduate theses

    3. Introduce students to different institutions that have been involved in realizing REDD+ in Cambodia

    4. Establish network between the two leading universities and institutions involved in realizing REDD+ in Cambodia

    5. Prepare students for potential internships or careers with institutions working on REDD+ in Cambodia

    Guest speakers The 10 workshops took place every Saturday from 14:00pm to 17:00pm at Room 16, Building C,

    DIS, RUPP campus. The first part of the workshop usually started with a presentation by the guest

    speaker on the overview of the work that their institution is undertaking in regards to the

    development and implementation of REDD+, forest governance and climate change in Cambodia.

    The second part of the workshop involved an interactive discussion between the guest speaker and

    the students on potential topics that students can explore as the topics for their theses. Often times,

    conversations in this second part of the workshop also focused on the possibilities for internships at

    the invited guests institution. The following table summarized the list of invited guests of the

    workshop series.

  • Table 1: Summary of the workshop series

    Invited Guests Presentation Title Key Points

    Feb 15 Nguon

    Pheakkdey DIS, RUPP

    Introduction to research on

    climate change and


    1. Introduction to the workshop series

    - Purposes

    - Expectations

    - Participants self-introduction

    2. Brief introduction on

    - Basic science of climate change

    - Current research on forest governance and REDD+

    3. Overview of REDD+ development and implementation in Cambodia

    Feb 22 Koe Kalyan UNDP

    United Nations and

    Climate Change in


    1. The United Nations

    - History and works of the UN

    - UN activities in Cambodia since 1950s

    2. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

    - Objectives of the UNDP

    - UNDP in Cambodia

    3. The UNDPs work on climate change

    - Cambodia Climate Change Alliance

    - Community based adaptation

    - Climate resilience in agriculture and water

    - Cambodia UN-REDD National Programme

    - Sustainable forest management

    - Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

    4. UNDPs key achievements on climate change in Cambodia

    Mar 15 Peter Iversen Cambodia REDD+


    REDD+ negotiations at the


    1. Climate change science and politics

    - Current scientific consensus and global policy negotiations

    - Roles of land use and forestry sector in global climate change mitigation

    and adaptation

    2. REDD+

    - Challenges

    Political/economic Technical

    - Scale of implementation

  • - Other issues

    3. Current works on REDD+ in Cambodia

    - National forest monitoring systems and GHG inventory

    - Forest definition

    - Establishment of reference level

    REDD+ activities Carbon pools Lack of historic data (especially degradation)

    - Safeguards

    4. Dilemma for REDD+ countries

    5. UNFCCC REDD+ mechanism versus voluntary market REDD+ schemes

    Mar 22 Yeang Donal Fauna and Flora


    Empirical experience from

    Siem Reap

    1. Introduction to REDD+ and global negotiations

    2. Decisions on REDD+ at the UNFCCC

    3. Kyoto Protocol

    4. Cambodia progress at the UNFCCC and REDD+

    5. Social and environmental safeguards for REDD+

    6. Three phases of REDD+ development and implementation

    7. Legal context for REDD+ implementation in Cambodia

    8. Experience from REDD+ pilot projects in Cambodia

    - Oddar Meanchey

    - Siem Reap

    Mar 29 Teng Rithiny NGO Forum on


    Experience of NGO

    Forum on REDD+ and

    CSOs Perspective

    1. Background of the NGO Forum on Cambodia (NGOF)

    - History and overview of NGOF

    - Membership and networking

    2. Programs and activities of the NGOF

    - NGOFs organizational structure

    - Roles and functions of the four main programs

    3. NGOFs activities on REDD+

    - REDD+ policy monitoring project

    - Activities and outputs on REDD+

    4. Cambodia CSO-REDD+ Network

    - History and objectives of CSO-REDD+ Network

    - Memberships and activities

    - Participation at the national and local levels

    5. Stakeholders engagement and representation in policy process

  • May 03 Chhoeng


    Non-Timber Forest



    Regional experience with

    REDD+ and social

    forestry in ASEAN

    1. Brief overview on NTFP-EP

    2. NTFP-EP programs and activities in Cambodia and the region

    - Conservation and resource management

    - Food and health security

    - Enterprise development

    - Advocacy

    3. Operationalization of NTFP-EP, community based forest enterprise (CBFE)

    in Cambodia

    - Organizing and strengthening CBFEs

    - Capacity building

    - Incorporating indigenous knowledge, systems, and practices into CBFEs

    - Integrating sustainable resource management plans in CBFE operations

    - Identifying appropriate markets

    - Developing products and appropriate technologies

    - Linking CBFEs to value chain actors

    - Conducting needs-based research

    - Designing standards and applying appropriate certification schemes

    - Providing access to finance

    - Monitor impact

    4. Lessons learnt from NTFP-EP works in Cambodia

    May 24 Chhun Delux Forestry


    Forest Governance and

    REDD+ for the Royal

    Government of Cambodia

    1. Defining governance

    2. Governance components in natural resource management

    - Institutions

    - Process

    - Statutory and customary law

    3. Governance principle in natural resource management

    - Transparency

    - Rule of law

    - Accountability

    - Participation

    4. Forest governance and REDD+ implementation in Cambodia

    - Institutions

    - Process

    - Statutory and customary law

    5. Governance principle for REDD+ in Cambodia

    - Transparency

  • - Rule of law

    - Accountability

    - Participation

    6. Roles of government agencies to ensure successful implementation of

    REDD+ in Cambodia

    - As a coordinator

    - As a facilitator

    Jun 07 Sao Sotheary East West

    Management Institute

    Grassroots Networking

    and Advocacy

    Coordination: Prey Lang

    Communities Network

    1. Overview of EWMI

    2. Forest and communities, linkages

    3. Prey Lang Communities Network

    - History of the network

    - Objectives

    - Members and activities

    - Personal accounts of community members

    4. Social justice and grassroots movement

    Jun 14 Kim Narong Wildlife

    Conservation Society

    Status, experience, and

    recommendations from

    development and

    implementation of Seima

    REDD+ pilot project,

    Mondulkiri Province

    1. History of the Seima Protection Forest

    2. Development of REDD+ pilot project in Seima

    3. Status of Seima REDD+ pilot project

    4. REDD+ and local communities

    5. Land tenure and land uses in Seima

    6. Importance of consultation

    7. Experience of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) with local

    communities in Seima

    8. Results of the FPIC processes in Seima

    9. Recommendations

    Jun 21 Nguon

    Pheakkdey DIS, RUPP

    Research and Scholarship:

    Climate Change, Forest

    Governance and REDD+

    1. Recaps of to the workshop series

    - Purposes

    - Expectations

    2. Summary of key messages from previous sessions

    3. Overview of the progress of REDD+ development and implementation in


    4. Possible topics for research on REDD+, forest governance and climate

    change in Cambodia

    5. Tips on where and how to get support for thesis research

  • Workshops evaluation At the end of the 10

    th workshop, all participants were asked to voluntarily complete an evaluation

    form that focuses on the positive and constructive comments on each of the workshop. The

    following table presents the comments from students. Out of the 35 participants, 25 students

    submitted their evaluation of the workshop series. Similar comments are grouped together. This

    evaluation was done anonymously. It should be noted that these comments are typed exactly as

    written by students.

    Table 2: Evaluation of the workshop

    Positive comments Constructive comments

    I am very grateful to the organizer for this workshop

    series. I have learned a lot.

    I suggest that the organizer should increase

    the numbers of announcement for each of

    the workshop to attract more students

    I learned a lot about climate change and environment

    in general, REDD+ and climate change in Cambodia,

    why Cambodia needs REDD+. I also appreciate the

    tips and advice from guest speakers on internship and

    work opportunities

    I suggest that the organizer advertise about

    this workshop on the internet to make sure

    other students are aware of this great


    I learned about what is REDD, REDD+, the

    importance of environmental protection globally and

    in Cambodia

    Please provide the presentation slides

    before the workshop, if possible. Also, if

    possible, I would suggest that we have a

    roundtable discussion which allow

    everyone to answer the question

    I learned a lot about REDD+, which before the

    workshop series I did not really know about. I also

    learned a lot about climate change in Cambodia and


    I suggest that the organizer advertise about

    this workshop on the internet to make sure

    other students are aware of this great


    Each workshop was very interesting. I learned a lot

    about the REDD+ projects in Mondulkiri province

    I hope that there is a part two of this

    workshop series

    I get clearer view about REDD+ from the workshop,

    especially on its background and its progress in

    Cambodia. It was also a pleasure to have the

    opportunity to meet these amazing speakers. I also

    get a lot of ideas of what I can research for my thesis.

    Finally, additional to REDD+, I also learned a lot

    about other topics such as civil society involvement

    in Cambodia, and grassroots activities, etc.

    In conclusion, although this is a small group, it is a

    splendid workshop. It gives detail about something I

    cannot learned at other places

    Sometimes the presentation is a bit abstract

    and I cannot fully understand

    I have learned a lot. I used to be so interested in

    environment, but since my major is International

    Studies, I got no chance to know much about it.

    Attending this workshop gives me chances to know

    how enthusiastic the national as well as international

    society concerned about climate change issues. I

    started to feel more concerned about this important


    Overall, this workshop has been produced

    greatly already. I do thank and appreciate

    all the efforts from Lecturer Pheakkdey and

    all the guest speakers

  • Overall, I think this is a great workshop series. There

    are so many interesting topics

    I suggest that registration for this workshop

    should be done online, if possible. I also

    think that third year students should be

    prioritized to attend this workshop series

    because it might help them to think about

    their thesis topics. Maybe, in the next

    workshop series, there should be a topic

    that talks about geographic information

    system and remote sensing application for

    climate change and REDD+

    I have learnt a lot of things related to REDD+, the

    implementation of REDD+ and agencies that have

    been working on REDD+. Furthermore, I also have

    learnt how indigenous people depend on forest

    products as well as protect the forest. In additional to

    that I now know a lot of NGOs that work on these


    The workshops should take shorter time

    than the full three hours because some of

    the students might be busy with their

    schools works

    I learnt a lot about how to work with local

    communities and indigenous people on climate

    change and REDD+. I also learnt about the important

    link between forest and climate change

    The guest speakers were great, but I wish

    that we had more speakers who work on

    REDD+ in Cambodia

    I learned a lot about REDD+ and how it works in

    participating countries, including Cambodia. I

    appreciated most about the experiences on livelihood

    activities with local communities by government and

    non-government groups.

    I have no suggestions. Thank you for the


    After the workshops, I have learnt so much about

    REDD+ programme and activities, and how the

    international community has been working on this

    topic. Importantly, these workshops illustrated how

    stakeholders have been involved in forest governance

    in Cambodia. Also, I appreciate the opportunities to

    interact with guest speakers

    In my opinion, the workshops are very

    good with interesting topics and guest

    speakers. In order to improve, I would

    suggest that students talk more during the

    workshops. I would also suggest that the

    next workshop series, if there is a plan,

    should focus on development and climate

    change related issues

  • Photos from the workshops

    Caption: Introducing guest speaker, Ms. Keo Kalyan, UNDP Programme, Cambodia

    Caption: Group photo with guest speaker

  • Caption: Presentation by Mr. Peter Iversen, Cambodia REDD+ Taskforce Secretariat

    Caption: Presentation by Ms....


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